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  • Virtual Chitchatting 5:17 PM on 2013/10/21 Permalink  

    FYP 2010DN 


    Newark Part Number: 50H4394
    Price: $0.844/piece

    Manufacturer Name & Part Number: FAIRCHILD SEMICONDUCTOR FYPF2010DNTU

    Product Description:
    DIODE, RECTIFIER, 100V, 20A, TO220F-3; Diode Type:Standard Recovery; Diode Configuration:Common Cathode; Repetitive Reverse Voltage Vrrm Max:100V; Forward Current If(AV):20A; Forward Voltage VF Max:770mV; Diode Case Style:TO-220F ;RoHS Compliant: Yes



    Introduction Fairchild offers a wide range of digital display solutions that increase power efficiency and decrease standby power- helping to meet the ever-increasing worldwide demand for energy conservation. Our products can help you meet the most stringent energy regulations including EnergyStar, 80 Plus and other standards specified by organizations such as the California Energy Commission (CEC), EU Code of Conduct, and Group for Energy Efficient Appliances (GEEA). As a long-time, lead …



    • Low forward voltage drop • High frequency properties and switching speed • Guard ring for over-voltage protection

    • Switched mode power supply • Freewheeling diodes
    1 2 3


    1. Anode 2.Cathode 3. Anode

    Absolute Maximum Ratings TC=25°C unless otherwise noted °
    Symbol VRRM VR IF(AV) IFSM TJ, TSTG Parameter Maximum Repetitive Reverse Voltage Maximum DC Reverse Voltage Average Rectified Forward Current @ TC = 120°C Non-repetitive Peak Surge Current (per diode) 60Hz Single Half-Sine Wave Operating Junction and Storage Temperature Value 100 100 20 150 -65 to +150 Units V V A A °C

    Thermal Characteristics
    Symbol RθJC Parameter Maximum Thermal Resistance, Junction to Case (per diode) Value 1.7 Units °C/W

    Electrical Characteristics (per diode)
    Symbol VFM * Parameter Maximum Instantaneous Forward Voltage IF = 10A IF = 10A IF = 20A IF = 20A Maximum Instantaneous Reverse Current @ rated VR Value TC = 25 °C TC = 125 °C TC = 25 °C TC = 125 °C TC = 25 °C TC = 125 °C 0.77 0.65 0.75 mA 0.1 20 Units V

    IRM *

    • Pulse Test: Pulse Width=300µs, Duty Cycle=2%

    ©2002 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation

    Rev. A, September 2002


    Typical Characteristics



    Forward Current, I F[A]


    Reverse Current, IR[mA]


    T J=125 C


    TJ=75 C



    T J=25 C










    Forward Voltage Drop, VF[V]

    Reverse Voltage, VR[V]

    Figure 1. Typical Forward Voltage Characteristics (per diode)

    Figure 2. Typical Reverse Current vs. Reverse Voltage (per diode)

    1000 900 800 700 600 500 400 300 200

    TJ=25 C

    Juntion Capacitance, C J[pF]

    100 90 80 0 20 40 60 80 100







    Reverse Voltage, VR[V]

    Pulse Duration [s]

    Figure 3. Typical Junction Capacitance (per diode)

    Figure 4. Thermal Impedance Characteristics (per diode)



    Average Forward Current, IF(AV)[A]


    Max. Forward Surge Current, I FSM[A]
    80 100







    0 0 20 40 60 120 140 160

    0 1 10 100

    Case Temperature, T C [ C]

    Number of Cycles @ 60Hz

    Figure 5. Forward Current Derating Curve

    Figure 6. Non-Repetive Surge Current (per diode)

    ©2002 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation

    Rev. A, September 2002



    Package Dimensions

    9.90 ±0.20
    1.30 ±0.10 2.80 ±0.10

    4.50 ±0.20

    (8.70) ø3.60 ±0.10


    1.30 -0.05


    9.20 ±0.20


    13.08 ±0.20



    15.90 ±0.20

    1.27 ±0.10

    1.52 ±0.10

    0.80 ±0.10 2.54TYP [2.54 ±0.20] 2.54TYP [2.54 ±0.20]

    10.08 ±0.30



    (45° )

    0.50 -0.05


    2.40 ±0.20

    10.00 ±0.20

    Dimensions in Millimeters
    ©2002 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation Rev. A, September 2002

    The following are registered and unregistered trademarks Fairchild Semiconductor owns or is authorized to use and is not intended to be an exhaustive list of all such trademarks.

    ACEx™ FACT™ ActiveArray™ FACT Quiet series™ Bottomless™ FAST® FASTr™ CoolFET™ CROSSVOLT™ FRFET™ GlobalOptoisolator™ DOME™ EcoSPARK™ GTO™ E2CMOS™ HiSeC™ EnSigna™ I2C™ Across the board. Around the world.™ The Power Franchise™ Programmable Active Droop™ DISCLAIMER


    PACMAN™ POP™ Power247™ PowerTrench® QFET™ QS™ QT Optoelectronics™ Quiet Series™ RapidConfigure™ RapidConnect™ SILENT SWITCHER® SMART START™

    SPM™ Stealth™ SuperSOT™-3 SuperSOT™-6 SuperSOT™-8 SyncFET™ TinyLogic™ TruTranslation™ UHC™ UltraFET® VCX™


    FAIRCHILD’S PRODUCTS ARE NOT AUTHORIZED FOR USE AS CRITICAL COMPONENTS IN LIFE SUPPORT DEVICES OR SYSTEMS WITHOUT THE EXPRESS WRITTEN APPROVAL OF FAIRCHILD SEMICONDUCTOR CORPORATION. As used herein: 1. Life support devices or systems are devices or systems which, (a) are intended for surgical implant into the body, or (b) support or sustain life, or (c) whose failure to perform when properly used in accordance with instructions for use provided in the labeling, can be reasonably expected to result in significant injury to the user. 2. A critical component is any component of a life support device or system whose failure to perform can be reasonably expected to cause the failure of the life support device or system, or to affect its safety or effectiveness.

    Datasheet Identification Advance Information Product Status Formative or In Design First Production Definition This datasheet contains the design specifications for product development. Specifications may change in any manner without notice. This datasheet contains preliminary data, and supplementary data will be published at a later date. Fairchild Semiconductor reserves the right to make changes at any time without notice in order to improve design. This datasheet contains final specifications. Fairchild Semiconductor reserves the right to make changes at any time without notice in order to improve design. This datasheet contains specifications on a product that has been discontinued by Fairchild semiconductor. The datasheet is printed for reference information only.


    No Identification Needed

    Full Production


    Not In Production

    ©2002 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation

    Rev. I1




    Manufacturer Part Number 2010DN
    Description Search —–> FYP2010DN
    Manufacturer Fairchild Semiconductor

    Download datasheet http://datasheet.elcodis.com/pdf2/86/65/866576/2010dn.pdf

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    2010DN Summary of contents

    Page 1
    … JC Electrical Characteristics Symbol V Maximum Instantaneous Forward Voltage * FM I Maximum Instantaneous Reverse Current * RM * Pulse Test: Pulse Width=300 s, Duty Cycle 2% ©2002 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation FYP2010DN TO-220 =25 C unless otherwise noted C Parameter @ T = 120 C C 60Hz Single Half-Sine Wave Parameter (per diode) Parameter …

    Page 2
    … Reverse Voltage, V Figure 3. Typical Junction Capacitance (per diode Case Temperature, T Figure 5. Forward Current Derating Curve ©2002 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation o =125 = = 1.0 1 …

    Page 3
    … Package Dimensions ©2002 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation TO-220 9.90 0.20 (8.70) ø3.60 0.10 1.27 1.52 0.10 0.10 0.80 0.10 2.54TYP 2.54TYP [2.54 ] [2.54 ] 0.20 0.20 10.00 0.20 4.50 0.20 +0.10 1.30 -0.05 +0.10 0.50 2.40 0.20 -0.05 Dimensions in Millimeters Rev. A, September 2002 …

    Page 4
    … TRADEMARKS The following are registered and unregistered trademarks Fairchild Semiconductor owns or is authorized to use and is not intended exhaustive list of all such trademarks. ACEx™ FACT™ ActiveArray™ FACT Quiet series™ Bottomless™ FAST CoolFET™ FASTr™ …




    Newark Part Number:

    Manufacturer Part No:

    Technical Data Sheet (51.68KB) EN
    Technical Data Sheet (51.68KB) EN http://www.fairchildsemi.com/ds/FY/FYPF2010DN.pdf

    Product Information
    DIODE, RECTIFIER, 100V, 20A, TO220F-3
    Diode Type: Standard Recovery
    Diode Configuration: Common Cathode
    Repetitive Reverse Voltage Vrrm Max: 100V
    Forward Current If(AV): 20A
    Forward Voltage VF Max: 770mV
    Diode Case Style: TO-220F
    RoHS Compliant: Yes

    1000 available to ship today
    Price For: 1 Each
    Minimum Order Quantity: 1
    Order Multiple Quantity: 1
    Price: $0.844

    Qty Price
    1 – 9 $0.844
    10 – 24 $0.81
    25 – 99 $0.773
    100 – 249 $0.705
    250 – 499 $0.633
    500 – 999 $0.553
    1000 – 2499 $0.475
    2500+ $0.432


    Home > All Categories > Electronic Components & Supplies > Active Components > Integrated Circuits
    FYPF2010DNTU DIODE SCHOTTKY 100V 20A TO-220F FYPF2010DN Fairchild Semiconductor 2010 FYPF2010 2010D FYPF20 2010DN

    US $9.90 / lot
    10 pieces / lot , $0.99 / piece
    Bulk Price

    Product Description
    Part NO. FYPF2010DNTU
    Manufacture Fairchild Semiconductor
    Package TO-220-3FullPack
    Description DIODE SCHOTTKY 100V 20A TO-220F
    Other Name 2010,FYPF2010,2010D,FYPF20,2010DN


    Product Details
    Item specifics

    Brand Name:
    Fairchild Semiconductor

    Model Number:


    Voltage – Forward (Vf) (Max) @ If:
    770mV @ 10A

    Current – Reverse Leakage @ Vr:
    100µA @ 100V

    Current – Average Rectified (per Diode):

    Voltage – DC Reverse (Vr) (Max):

    Reverse Recovery Time (trr):

    Diode Type:

    Fast Recovery = 00mA (Io)

    Diode Configuration:
    1 Pair Common Cathode

    Mounting Type:
    Through Hole

    Supplier Device Package:

    Packaging Details

    Unit Type:
    lot (10 pieces/lot)

    Package Weight:
    0.500kg (1.10lb.)

    Package Size:
    8cm x 8cm x 4cm (3.15in x 3.15in x 1.57in)

    Shipping & Payment

    Calculate your shipping cost by country/region and quantity.
    Quantity: 1
    Ship to: Indonesia

    Shipping Company Shipping Cost Estimated Delivery Time Processing Time
    China Post Air Mail US $7.37 15-60 days 7 days
    US $6.63 (It may take longer during the holiday seasons.)
    You save: US $0.74 (about 10%)
    DHL US $53.73 3-7 days
    US $32.23
    You save: US $21.50 (about 40%)

    IMPORTANT: China Post Air Mail, China Post Air Parcel, HongKong Post Air Mail, HongKong Post Air Parcel may not be tracked and may result in delays or lost parcels.

    Shipment & Import Taxes/Duties

    Seller Guarantees

    Return Policy
    If the product you receive is not as described or low quality, the seller promises that you may return it before order completion (when you click ‘Confirm Order Received’ or exceed confirmation timeframe) and receive a full refund. The return shipping fee will be paid by you. Or, you can choose to keep the product and agree the refund amount directly with the seller.

    N.B.: If the seller provides the “Longer Protection” service on this product, you may ask for refund up to 15 days after order completion.

    Seller Service: On-time Delivery
    If you do not receive your purchase within days, you can ask for a full refund before order completion (when you click ‘Confirm Order Received’ or exceed confirmation timeframe).

    Warranty/Guarantee and Payment


    2010DN Related Names

    2010DN Price
    2010DN Search —–> FYP2010DN
    2010DN Datasheet
    2010DN Buy
    2010DN Pb-Free
    2010DN Stock
    2010DN Fairchild Semiconductor
    2010DN pdf
    2010DN Circuit
    2010DN Equivalent
    2010DN Datenblatt
    2010DN Application Notes
    2010DN Distributor
    2010DN Technical
    2010DN Schematic
    2010DN Manual
    2010DN RoHS
    2010DN Cross Reference
    2010DN Component
    2010DN Manufacturer
    2010DN Availability
    2010DN Parts
    2010DN Featured
    2010DN Pin-out
    2010DN Supplier


    Related keywords

    2010DN datasheet
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    2010DN pdf datasheet
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  • Virtual Chitchatting 6:25 PM on 2013/10/18 Permalink  

    Reformasi 1998 berhasil menciptakan raja-raja kecil di daerah atas nama desentralisasi, otonomi daerah, crony capitalisms

    by S3ra Sutan Rajo Ali
    Jakarta, 18:25 PM 2013-10-18


    Gurita Politik Kekerabatan
    Koran Sindo, 18 Oktober 2013, hal.6-7

    Dinasti politik bukan cuma dibangun keluarga besar Gubernur Banten Ratu Atut Chosiyah. Fakta menunjukkan tabiat memupuk, melanggengkan, dan mewariskan kekuasaan itu terjadi di banyak daerah, mulai Lampung hingga Maluku.

    Amat wajar bila Menteri Dalam Negeri Gamawan Fauzi mewacanakan untuk membatasi keluarga dari pejabat incumbent dalam mencalonkan diri di pemilihan kepala daerah.

    Tidak dimungkiri, politik kekerabatan sering dicap sebagai cermin keserakahan atas kekuasaan.

    Hubungan kekerabatan dalam jabatan kepala daerah / wakil kepala daerah


    1. Bachrum Harahap
      1. Bupati Padang Lawas Utara
      2. Ayah kandung dari Walikota Padang Sidempuan
    2. Andar Amin Harahap
      1. Walikota Padang Sidempuan
      2. Anak Bupati Padang Lawas Utara


    1. Zumi Zola Zulkifli
      1. Bupati Tanjung Jabung Timur
      2. Anak Mantan Gubernur Jambi
    2. Kemas Muhammad
      1. Wakil Bupati Muaro Jambi
      2. Menantu Gubernur Jambi


    1. Sjachroedin
      1. Gubernur Lampung
      2. Ayah dari Bupati Lampung Selatan
    2. Rycko Menoza
      1. Bupati Lampung Selatan
      2. Anak dari Gubernur Lampung
    3. Handitya Narapati
      1. Wakil Bupati Pringsewu
      2. Anak Mantan Bupati Pringsewu


    1. Ratu Atut Chosiyah
      1. Gubernur Banten
    2. Hikmat Tomet
      1. Suami Gubernur Banten
      2. Anggota DPR, Komisi V
      3. Ketua DPD I, Partai Golkar Banten
      4. Caleg DPR 2014 dari Dapil Pandeglang-Lebak
    3. Andika Hazrumy
      1. Anak Pertama Ratu Atut
      2. Anggota DPR
      3. Caleg DPR 2014 dari Dapil Pandeglang-Lebak
    4. Ade Rosi Khairunnisa
      1. Menantu Ratu Atut
      2. Istri Andika Hazrumy
      3. Wakil Ketua DPRD Serang
      4. Caleg DPRD Banten
    5. Andiara Aprilia Hikmat
      1. Anak Ratu Atut
      2. Anggota DPD Banten
    6. Ratu Tatu Chasanah
      1. Adik Kandung Ratu Atut
      2. Wakil Bupati Serang
    7. Aden Abdul Cholik
      1. Adik Ipar Ratu Atut
      2. Anggota DPRD Banten
    8. Tubagus Haerul Jaman
      1. Adik Tiri Ratu Atut
      2. Walikota Serang
    9. Heryani
      1. Ibu Tiri Ratu Atut
      2. Wakil Bupati Pandeglang


    1. Neneng Hasanah Yasin
      1. Bupati Bekasi
      2. Mantu Mantan Bupati Bekasi
    2. Anna Sophanah
      1. Bupati Indramayu
      2. Istri Mantan Bupati Indramayu
    3. Ati Suharti
      1. Walikota Cimahi
      2. Istri Mantan Walikota Cimahi


    1. Widya Kandi Susanti
      1. Bupati Kendal
      2. Istri Mantan Bupati Kendal
    2. Sri Hartini
      1. Wakil Bupati Klaten
      2. Istri Mantan Bupati Klaten
      3. Ibu dari anggota DPRD Klaten
    3. Ikmal Jaya
      1. Walikota Tegal
      2. Adik dari Bupati Brebes
      3. Kakak Wakil Bupati Pemalang


    1. Sri Suryawidati
      1. Bupati Bantul
      2. Istri Mantan Bupati Bantul


    1. Puput Tantriana Sari Aminuddin
      1. Bupati Probolinggo
      2. Istri Mantan Bupati Probolinggo
    2. Haryati Sutrisno
      1. Bupati Kediri
      2. Istri Mantan Bupati Kediri
    3. Mohammad Makmun Ibnu Fuad
      1. Bupati Bangkalan
      2. Anak Mantan Bupati Bangkalan


    1. Ferry Zulkarnain
      1. Bupati Bima
    2. Syafrudin M Nur
      1. Wakil Bupati Bima
      2. Bupati dan Wakil Bupati merupakan kakak-adik


    1. Supian Hadi
      1. Bupati Kota Waringin Timur
      2. Menantu Bupati Seruyan


    1. Rita Widyasari
      1. Bupati Kutai Kertanegara
      2. Anak Mantan Bupati Kutai Kertanegara


    1. Sinyo Harry Sarundajang
      1. Gubernur Sulut
      2. Ayah dari Wakil Bupati Minahasa
    2. Ivan SJ Sarundajang
      1. Wakil Bupati Minahasa
      2. Anak Gubernur Sulut
    3. Harley Alfredo Benfica Mangindaan
      1. Wakil Walikota Manado
      2. Anak Mantan Gubernur Sulut


    1. Syahrul Yasin Limpo
      1. Gubernur Sulsel
      2. Kakak Kandung Bupati Gowa
    2. Ichsan Yasin Limpo
      1. Bupati Gowa
      2. Adik Gubernur Sulsel
    3. Andi Idris Syukur
      1. Bupati Barru
      2. Anak Mantan Bupati Barru
    4. Adelheid Sosang
      1. Wakil Bupati Tana Toraja
      2. Istri Mantan Bupati Tana Toraja
    5. Natsir Ibrahim
      1. Wakil Bupati Takalar
      2. Anak Mantan Bupati Takalar


    1. Tuasikal Abua
      1. Bupati Maluku Tengah
      2. Kakak Mantan Bupati Maluku Tengah Abdullah Tuasika

    iv70 mspe gpk

    mspe dinasti politik atut merged 50%pixel

  • Virtual Chitchatting 11:12 AM on 2013/10/11 Permalink  

    Strategi menghancurkan SBY, sang durno yang masih menjalankan psy-ops dalam mengubur hidup-hidup musuh-musuh politiknya 

    Strategi menghancurkan SBY, sang durno yang masih menjalankan psy-ops (operasi intelijen psikologis) dalam rangka mengubur hidup-hidup musuh-musuh politiknya

    by S3ra Sutan Rajo Ali
    Jakarta, 10 Oktober 2013



    Definisi durno, Pengertian durno atau arti dari durno serta istilah durno atau Sinonim dari kata durno adalah:

    dur·no n (dikatakan tt) orang yg suka menghasut, memfitnah, berbuat licik, mengadu domba, dsb (berbuat spt Durno dl cerita wayang)

    dorna – dor·na n orang yg suka menghasut atau membangkit perselisihan, mengadudombakan dsb (bertabiat spt…
    dalang – da·lang n 1 orang yg memainkan wayang: – wayang kulit; – wayang golek;…
    jahat – ja·hat a sangat jelek, buruk; sangat tidak baik (tt kelakuan, tabiat, perbuatan): orang…
    wayang – wa·yang n 1 boneka tiruan orang yg terbuat dr pahatan kulit atau kayu…
    setan – se·tan /sétan/ n 1 roh jahat (yg selalu menggoda manusia supaya berlaku jahat);…
    kerucil – ke·ru·cil n wayang yg dibuat dr kayu pipih, biasanya untuk melakonkan cerita Panji,…
    risau (1) – 1ri·sau a buruk kelakuan (suka berbuat jahat); me·ri·sau v hidup dng tidak beraturan;…
    petilan – pe·til·an Jw n sebagian dr cerita lakon (pertunjukan wayang orang dsb)…
    durnois – dur·no·is 1 a bersikap (bersifat) spt durno; 2 n orang yg melakukan persekongkolan…
    gatal – ga·tal a 1 berasa sangat geli yg merangsang pd kulit tubuh (krn kutu…

    Dorna dalam Mahabharata

    Dalam wiracarita Mahabharata, Drona (Sanskerta: द्रोण, Droṇa) atau Dronacharya (Sanskerta: द्रोणाचार्य, Droṇāchārya) merupakan anak yang dibesarkan dari sperma bapaknya, Bharadwaja, yang keluar dan ditampung di dalam guci setelah melihat bidadari mandi (Joko Tarub?).

    Bharatayuddha merupakan puncak perselisihan antara para Pandawa dan Korawa dilatarbelakangi oleh ketidakpuasan para Pandawa atas sikap para Korawa yang menghalalkan segala cara agar tahta kerajaan Kuru tidak jatuh ke tangan Yudistira, sebagai putra mahkota tertua. Kresna bertindak sebagai juru damai, namun upaya perundingan gagal karena para Korawa-yang dipimpin Duryodana-tidak mau mengalah. Di samping itu, Duryodana senantiasa dihasut oleh pamannya, Sangkuni.

    Sewaktu muda, Durna bernama Kumbayana yang sangat sakti. Walau demikian, kesaktiannya berada jauh di bawah Gandamana (guru dari Raden Bratasena) yang memiliki kekuatan setara dengan seribu gajah. Kumbayana menjadi bulan-bulanan sehingga wajahnya rusak. Kumbayana ditolong oleh Sangkuni yang bernasib sama.

    Dalam Bharatayuddha, Drona berhasil dibunuh oleh Drestadyumna, anak Drupada.
    Drupada bersumpah untuk mendapatkan 2 anak:
    1. Drestadyumna, anak Durpada yang bisa membunuh Drona yang licik.
    2. Dropadi, anak yang menikahi Arjuna dan para Pandawa.

    Prinsip Drupada: “Persahabatan, adalah mungkin jika hanya terjadi antara dua orang dengan taraf hidup yang sama”.

    Kekuatan Dorna bertumpu pada Arjuna yang berstatus murid kesayangan.
    Kelemahan Dorna terletak pada kasih sayangnya yang berlebih terhadap Aswatama, anaknya.

    Prinsip Dorna, Sang Brahmana dan Begawan: “Hal yang membuatku lemas dan tidak mau mengangkat senjata adalah apabila mendengar suatu kabar bencana dari mulut seseorang yang kuakui kejujurannya”.

    Kelemahan dan prinsip Dorna dimanfaatkan Sri Kresna dengan menghembuskan isu kematian anak Dorna, Aswatama. Dalam kenyataannya, Aswatama yang mati adalah nama gajah yang dibunuh Bhima. Sementara Yudistira yang ‘jujur’ membenarkan bahwa Aswatama telah mati, tanpa mengklarifikasi yang mati itu anaknya Dorna atau gajah (“naro va, kunjaro va” – “entah gajah atau manusia”).

    Dalam Bharatayuddha, Dorna memimpin pasukan Korawa, menggantikan Bisma (kakek Pandawa-Kurawa) yang tewas pada hari kesepuluh oleh duet Srikandi dan Arjuna yang berpihak pada Pandawa. Bisma merasa bahwa Srikandi, anak Drupada, telah dilahirkan untuk membunuhnya.

    Drona mendapat amanat dari Duryodana untuk menangkap Yudistira hidup-hidup. Yudistira membenarkan Aswatama telah mati. Jawaban Yudistira itu membuat Drona jatuh lemas dan kehilangan semangat hidup. Ia membuang semua senjatanya dan duduk bermeditasi. Tiba-tiba saja Drestadyumna putera Drupada mendatanginya dan kemudian memenggal kepalanya dari belakang. Drona pun tewas seketika.

    Konon kematian Resi Drona akibat dendam Prabu Ekalaya, raja negara Parangggelung yang arwahnya menyatu dalam tubuh Drestadyumena.

    Yudistira (Sanskerta: युधिष्ठिर; Yudhiṣṭhira) merupakan sulung dari lima Pandawa. Sifat-sifat Yudistira tercermin dalam nama-nama julukannya, sebagaimana telah disebutkan di atas. Sifatnya yang paling menonjol adalah adil, sabar, jujur, taat terhadap ajaran agama, penuh percaya diri, dan berani berspekulasi.

    Beberapa julukan Yudistira:
    Ajataśatru, “yang tidak memiliki musuh”.
    Bhārata, “keturunan Maharaja Bharata”.
    Dharmawangsa atau Dharmaputra, “keturunan Dewa Dharma”.
    Kurumukhya, “pemuka bangsa Kuru”.
    Kurunandana, “kesayangan Dinasti Kuru”.
    Kurupati, “raja Dinasti Kuru”.
    Pandawa, “putera Pandu”.
    Partha, “putera Prita atau Kunti”.

    Dalam pewayangan Jawa, beberapa julukan untuk Yudistira:
    Puntadewa, “derajat keluhurannya setara para dewa”.
    Yudistira, “pandai memerangi nafsu pribadi”.
    Gunatalikrama, “pandai bertutur bahasa”.
    Samiaji, “menghormati orang lain bagai diri sendiri”.


    The GodFather: Membungkam Lawan dgn isu Korupsi & Terorisme
    Kamis, 10 Oct 2013

    JAKARTA (voa-islam) Satu persatu semua musuh politik Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono dan Partai Demokrat terseret kasus korupsi. Bukan suatu kebetulan apabila lawan politik habis diberangus KPK.

    SBY cukup pandai memainkan silent operation dalam memberangus dengan menggunakan isu korupsi dan terorisme yang telah menjadi momok menakutkan di Indonesia. Memang seorang presiden secara UU tidak bisa mencampuri yudikatif, akan tetapi ia pandai mengunakan perannya, presiden kita ini, dia mencampuri urusan yudikatif dengan “meminjam tangan2 orang yg berwenang” untuk menghajar lembaga yudikatif, eksekutif maupun legislatif.

    Johan Budi, juru bicara KPK menyatakan “Saya menyimpulkan, korupsi tidak berjalan sendirian, ada kerjasama antara Lembaga YUDIKATIF, LEGISLATIF, EKSEKUTIF dan PENGUSAHA.”

    Misalnya saja pusaran korupsi Partai Golkar ini, sedikit demi sedikit mulai menyeret dinasti Banten Chasan Sochib dan Ratu Atut. Dengan tertangkapnya Ketua MK Akil Mochtar yang berasal dari Partai Golkar, bersama kroni Golkar lainnya Chairunisa yang menjabat Bendahara MUI, Tubagus Chair Wardana alias Wawan Sochib yang merupakan adik kandung Gubernur Banten Ratu Atut, dan Bupati Gunung Mas, Kalimantan Tengah Gambit Bintih.

    Lalu pusaran kasus PDI-P mulai diangkat Ahok Center dan Kroni Jokowi yang disinyalir bagian dari pengusaha hitam pengemplang dana BLBI ratusan triliun, disebutlah Edward Suryajaya, lalu kroni lain James Riady yang di duga bagian dari intelejen Cina, lalu ada Djan Faridz dan tentunya keluarga Prabowo Subianto dan Hashim Djoyohadikusumo.

    Kongkalikong Bunda Putri dan Luthi Hasan Ishaq

    Berikutnya, dinasti PKS nampaknya menjelang ajal dan sulit meningkatkan elektabilitas dalam waktu cepat. Rusaknya reputasi dihantam dengan isu yang di benci Ibu-ibu di Indonesia, dibumbui perselingkuhan di luar nikah Fathanah dengan skandal seks artis porno majalah Popular Vitalia Sesha! Kasus korupsi PKS ini di setting dengan menyeret Luthi Hasan Ishaq dan Fathanah dengan isu memalukan yang lebih parah dari korupsi, yaitu poligami dibawah umur Darin Mumtazah maupun sepak terjang Don Juan Fathanah. Benar atau tidaknya kasus suap sapi import ini sudah bukan tujuan utama pelaku Spin doctor (agen pembuat & pengalihan isu), esensi yang terpenting berangus dan kendalikan persepsi publik atas pembunuhan karakter petinggi PKS menggunakan tangan perantara seperti Bunda Putri, dan misi berhasil, mission accomplished!

    Bunda Putri memiliki nama lengkap Non Saputri. Pengaruh Bunda Putri untuk membantu memuluskan proyek di berbagai Kementerian, tampaknya bukan isapan jempol semata. Menurut Luthfi, Bunda Putri memiliki informasi yang valid terkait kebijakan reshuffle karena dekat dengan SBY. Fathanah didakwa bersama-sama Luthfi menerima uang Rp 1,3 miliar dari PT Indoguna Utama terkait kepengurusan kuota impor daging sapi. Keduanya juga didakwa melakukan tindak pidana pencucian uang dengan menempatkan, mentransfer, mengalihkan, membayarkan, dan membelanjakan harta kekayaan.

    Luthfi mengungkapkan bahwa Bunda Putri adalah orang yang sangat dekat dengan Presiden Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (SBY). Luthfi pernah mendatangi rumah Bunda Putri di Pondok Indah, Jakarta Selatan.

    Inilah smooth criminal ala SBY atas belitan skandal korupsi Demokrat, ia bereaksi dengan mengatakan partai lain lebih korup dari Demokrat dan dia akan membuktikan hal tersebut, dan bagaimana hari ini seluruh petinggi partai politik yang menyerang Demokrat mungkin hanya Hanura yang masih selamat, sebab yang lain mulai petinggi dari PKS, PPP, Golkar, PDI-P sudah terbongkar kasus korupsinya, bahkan termasuk skandal seks maupun narkoba mereka. Terakhir telah terjadi pengejaran dari sisi hukum terhadap Dinasti Banten yang merupakan pendukung Golkar dan PDI-P.

    Kasusnya jebakan batman sepertinya sama dengan kasus Antasari Azhar, hanya beda cara penjebakannya dan diprediksi kasus ini akan bertahan hingga pilpres. Presiden dan Abraham samad pun senang. Presiden selamat dari kasus century dan hambalang sedangkan Abraham Samad selamat dari janjinya yang akan mundur jika 1 tahun kerjanya di KPK tidak bisa membongkar century maka dia akan mundur

    SBY, dengan hanya bergerak di belakang layar saja mampu mendorong jalannya reformasi

    Dari sisi apapun jelas operasi senyap kubu SBY yang dilakukan intelejen lebih efektif dan efisien daripada operasi terbuka. Terbukti mayoritas lawan politik SBY hari ini mulai dibungkam melalui serangkaian operasi intelejen senyap yang mana tanpa mereka duga tiba-tiba mereka ditangkap oleh KPK atau aparat lain.

    Kisruh MK hari ini membuktikan pameo bahasa Inggris yang mengatakan “don’t judge book by it cover” dan bisa dibilang sejauh ini SBY adalah satu-satunya pewaris dinasti intelejen militer Indonesia yang pernah terkenal dan menjadi momok bagi sebagian rakyat Indonesia mulai dari Zulfikli Lubis, Ali Moertopo, sampai Benny Moerdani.

    Tinggal “Bobok Celengan” demikian istilah aparat dalam membongkar dan melemahkan jaringan koruptor. Tinggal menunggu waktu saja. Dalam setahun ini akan ada Conflict, Crisis, dan yang terakhir adalah Chaos! Nah, kalo sudah terjadi Chaos, tidak ada lagi hukum yang mampu mengendalikan negara dalam kondisi chaos, kecuali MILITER!

    Operasi Tangkap Ternyata Pengalihan Isu demi Godfather

    Lalu bagaimana dengan aktivis Islam? Saudara muslim yang aktif di dunia pergerakan dan dakwah terus menerus dimandulkan dengan isu deradikaliasi terorisme yang terus dihembuskan BNPT dan Densus 88.

    Bahkan BNPT akui penggerebekan teroris untuk pengalihan isu dan ternyata hal itu bukan omong kosong. Kepala Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Terorisme (BNPT) Ansyaad Mbai mengakui hal tersebut.

    “Perbandingan 80 persen dan 20 persen. 20 Persennya yang pengalihan isu, tetapi kalau di era Soeharto dulu persentasenya sangat tinggi,” ujar Ansyaad saat ditemui di ruangannya, Jumat (10/5) malam.

    Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Terorisme (BNPT) mengakui bahwa penggerebekan aktivis islam yang di tuduh teroris adalah pengalihan isu. Para teroris itu sebenarnya sudah dipantau cukup lama, namun kapan dilakukan penggerebekan menunggu saat yang tepat sehingga bisa memecah isu yang sedang berkembang di masyarakat.

    Abu Roban misalnya, Kepala Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Terorisme (BNPT) Ansyaad Mbai menyebut bahwa jihadis yang di fitnah sebagai teroris ditembak mati di Batang itu telah diendus sejak tahun 2012. Namun Densus 88 baru melakukan penggerebekan untuk menunggu waktu atau moment yang tepat. Penggrebekan terduga teroris sudah di setup sejak lama (baca: dijebak, didanai, disulut semangatnya, dan diprovokasi untuk membuat makar dan akhirnya lalu ditangkap), lanjut Mbai, juga menunggu moment yang tepat. Menurut Mbai, penggrebekan teroris adalah berita seksi yang bisa digunakan untuk mengalihkan isu.

    “Memang iya benar Abu Roban 2012 sudah kita cari dan dipantau sejak ramai kasus perampokan di Sumatera,” ujar Ansyaad di kantornya, Jumat (10/5) malam.

    Menurut Ansyaad, Menko Polhukam Djoko Suyanto sudah memerintahkan agar teroris secepatnya ditangkap. Meski demikian aparat baru bergerak bila kelompok teroris itu dianggap cukup bukti akan melakukan aksi.

    Tak hanya itu, isu penembakan polisi sebenernya adalah isu “jeruk makan jeruk” demi menjaga sentimen kebencian kepada umat Islam terus meningkat hingga Pemilu 2014 nanti, kita bisa cata setiap bulan akan ada isu baru yang terus menyerang lawan politik dan umat islam dengan isu-isu yang dikembangkan oleh agen spin doctor.

    Jurnalis senior Hanibal mengkonfirmasi isu tersebut “Ada kejanggalan kasus pada penembakan polisi ini, dikerjai sesama aparat dalam bisnis pengawalan. Kejanggalan bisa dibandingkan penanganan yg di kuningan sama di Ciputat dan Tangsel… juga yang di Depok, mengapa lama sekali? Namun, apabila di konfirmasi kepada petinggi TNI dan POLRI memang mengarah kepada aparat yang bermain, hanya saja mereka bungkam karena tidak menguntungkan mereka…”

    Penggerebekan menunggu mereka merencanakan, lalu ada senjata, ada bom dulu lah. Tidak langsung digerebek, Kepentingan itu ada (pengalihan isu), Ini supaya di media massa yang diangkat ya itu (penggrebekan teroris)” terangnya.

    Korupsi Rombongan Partai adalah musuh sesungguhnya

    Fakta infografik di atas cukup banyak berbicara, ini lebih dari sekedar fenomena gunung es, partai terkorup adalah GOLKAR, lalu PDI-P dan berikutnya partai anak kemarin sore, Partai Demokrat. Dalam 10 tahun terakhir, si anak kemarin sore nampaknya sudah berani mendekati partai generasi Orde Baru ini.

    Dengan fenomena demikian, masihkah anda percaya pada sistem demokrasi yang begitu sesat dan menyesatkan banyak pihak. Indonesia sudah lebih dari 60 tahun merdeka dan menyandarkan kekuasaan pada sistem demokrasi ini, namun hasilnya tak lebih hanya melahirkan raja-raja baru bak fir’aun moderen yang arogan.

    Kini saatnya hati nurani akan bicara mengungkap kebenaran sejati.

    Demokrasi adalah Thaghut

    Thoghut atau Thaghut adalah istilah dalam agama Islam yang merujuk kepada setiap yang disembah selain Allah yang rela dengan peribadatan yang dilakukan oleh penyembah atau pengikutnya, atau rela dengan ketaatan orang yang menaatinya dalam melawan perintah Allah SWT.

    Bentuk-bentuk thoghut antara lain :

    1. Setan

    Thoghut ini selalu menyeru beribadah kepada selain Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala. Dalil-nya adalah firman Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala, yang artinya: “Bukankah Aku telah memerintahkan kepadamu hai Bani Adam supaya kamu tidak menyembah setan? Sesungguhnya setan itu adalah musuh yang nyata bagi kamu.” (QS: Yaasiin: 60)

    2. Penguasa zhalim

    Penguasa zhalim yang mengubah hukum-hukum Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala. Seperti peletak undang-undang yang tidak sejalan dengan Islam. Dalilnya adalah firman Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala yang mengingkari orang-orang musyrik. Mereka membuat peraturan dan undang-undang yang tidak diridhai oleh Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala. Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala berfirman, yang artinya: “Apakah mereka mempunyai sembahan-sembahan selain Allah yang mensyari’atkan untuk mereka agama yang tidak diizinkan Allah?” (QS: Asy-Syuuraa: 21)

    3. Hakim Zhalim

    Hakim yang tidak memutuskan menurut apa yang diturunkan Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala. Jika ia mempercayai bahwa hukum-hukum yang diturunkan Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala tidak sesuai lagi, atau dia membolehkan diberlakukannya hukum yang lain. Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala berfirman, yang artinya: “Dan barangsiapa yang tidak memutuskan menurut apa yang diturunkan Allah, maka mereka itu adalah orang-orang yang kafir”. (QS: Al-Maa’idah: 44)

    4. Mengaku Tahu Ilmu Ghaib

    Orang yang mengaku mengetahui ilmu ghaib selain Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala. Dalam hal ini Allah Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala berfirman, yang artinya: “Katakanlah, ‘Tidak ada seorang pun di langit dan di bumi yang mengetahui perkara yang ghaib, kecuali Allah’.” (Qs: An-Naml: 65)[2]

    5. Penyembah Atau Yang Disembah

    Seseorang atau sesuatu yang disembah dan diminta pertolongan oleh manusia selain Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala, sedang ia rela dengan yang demikian. Dalilnya adalah firman Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala, yang artinya: “Dan barangsiapa di antara mereka mengatakan, ‘Sesungguhnya aku adalah Tuhan selain Allah’. Maka orang itu Kami beri balasan dengan Jahannam, demikian Kami memberikan pembalasan kepada orang-orang zhalim.” (QS: Al-Anbiyaa': 29) (ikhlas/voa-islam)

    Bunda Putri


    Membongkar 10 Strategi ‘Sihir Muslihat’ ala Jokowi http://www.voa-islam.com/counter/intelligent/2013/10/04/27062/membongkar-10-strategi-sihir-muslihat-ala-jokowi/


    Sandiwara Pilpres2014: Sibak Topeng SBY ‘Sang Jenderal Prihatin’
    Rabu, 09 Oct 2013

    “I Love United States with all its faults and consider it as second country”..

    Sebuah ungkapan mendasar tanpa makna, namun anda akan bergeming apabila ternyata itu ucapan fenomenal Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, ia mengungkapkan betapa dalam cintanya pada Amerika Serikat!

    Taukah Anda Sisi Menakutkan Dari Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
    Mungkin Anda adalah salah satu dari sekian banyak rakyat Indonesia yang meremehkan SBY dengan segala stigma yang dilekatkan kepadanya di media-media nasional yang terkait dengan karakter dan kinerjanya selama menjadi presiden, misalnya “Jenderal kok peragu”, atau “Jenderal belakang meja”, atau “SBY lamban seperti kerbau” atau “Jenderal yang hobi curhat”, dan lain sebagainya.

    Akan tetapi kisruh Partai Demokrat yang beberapa bulan lalu diserang kanan-kiri oleh lawan politiknya dengan tuduhan partai paling korup telah membuka mata kita semua bahwa SBY tidak selemah penampilannya, apalagi melihat bagaimana SBY bereaksi dengan mengatakan partai lain lebih korup dari Demokrat dan dia akan membuktikan hal tersebut, dan bagaimana hari ini seluruh petinggi partai politik yang menyerang Demokrat mungkin hanya Hanura yang masih selamat, sebab yang lain mulai petinggi dari PKS, PPP, Golkar, PDI-P sudah terbongkar kasus korupsinya, bahkan termasuk skandal seks maupun narkoba mereka. Terakhir telah terjadi pengejaran dari sisi hukum terhadap Dinasti Banten yang merupakan pendukung Golkar dan PDI-P.

    Dari sisi karakter atau sifat, tampaknya SBY termasuk dalam orang-orang yang bersifat plegmatif yang dari luar selalu terkesan peragu, pendiam, lamban dan perlu didorong. Akan tetapi karakter plegmatif yang terlalu sering ditekan dapat membalas dengan lebih keras sekali dia membulatkan tekad bahwa dia telah cukup bersabar dengan para penganggu. Jadi secara teoritis orang plegmatis hanya tampak lemah di luar tetapi sebenarnya mereka berkarakter kuat.

    Selain itu, kita juga melupakan bahwa SBY memang bukan jenderal yang ahli pertempuran lapangan sehingga tidak heran secara wibawa dia kalah dan tampak tidak setegas dari purnawirawan jenderal lain, katakanlah Prabowo, namun demikian jenjang karir SBY sebagai intelejen ABRI (sekarang TNI) justru dapat membuatnya jauh lebih menyeramkan daripada purnawirawan jenderal lain.

    Bangsa kita memang pelupa sehingga melupakan bahwa SBY adalah lokomotif utama reformasi. Berkat operasi intelejen yang dilakukannya-lah maka “para pseudo reformis” dapat menjatuhkan Pak Harto yang saat itu dikawal dua jenderal paling kuat, Wiranto sebagai mantan ajudan dan Prabowo yang masih menantunya, termasuk dengan penyebaran press release tanpa izin Wiranto bahwa ABRI sudah tidak mendukung Soeharto. Jadi “Bapak Reformasi” yang sebenarnya adalah SBY dan bukan Amien Rais atau yang lain.

    Penyebaran press release tanpa izin Wiranto bahwa ABRI sudah tidak mendukung Soeharto. Jadi “Bapak Reformasi” yang sebenarnya adalah SBY dan bukan Amien Rais atau yang lain.

    Saat itu dengan hanya bergerak di belakang layar, SBY bukan saja mampu mendorong jalannya reformasi, akan tetapi juga mengambil kesempatan dari rivalitas antara Wiranto dan Prabowo untuk kemudian memetik hasilnya sehingga sanggup menjadi presiden Indonesia sebanyak dua periode dan membangun Dinasti Cikeas.

    Dari sisi apapun jelas operasi senyap yang dilakukan intelejen lebih efektif dan efisien daripada operasi terbuka. Terbukti mayoritas lawan politik SBY hari ini mulai dibungkam melalui serangkaian operasi intelejen senyap yang mana tanpa mereka duga tiba-tiba mereka ditangkap oleh KPK atau aparat lain.

    Kisruh MK hari ini membuktikan pameo bahasa Inggris yang mengatakan “don’t judge book by it cover” dan bisa dibilang sejauh ini SBY adalah satu-satunya pewaris dinasti intelejen militer Indonesia yang pernah terkenal dan menjadi momok bagi sebagian rakyat Indonesia mulai dari Zulfikli Lubis, Ali Moertopo, sampai Benny Moerdani. –

    Demi mengejar kekuasaan pribadi dengan menggadaikan SDA negara untuk kekuasaan dan menikam 3 Presiden sebelumnya, yakni Suharto, Gus Dur dan Megawati.

    “Salam sandiwara bangsa” [Ahmad/Ridwan S/voa-islam.com]

    Sebelum PsyWar, Baca Juga :

  • Virtual Chitchatting 2:25 PM on 2013/10/10 Permalink  

    Here are the checklists for your buying and usage preferences in printing at home or at the office

    by S3ra Sutan Rajo Ali
    Jakarta, 10 October 2013

    Printer, model, type

    Printer, Price

    MTBF (lifetime)


    Warm-up time

    Connectivity (ease of use)

    Parallel port




    card reader


    LCD viewer (control panel)

    internet apps

    Power consumption




    printing capabilities

    Print quality:

    Better photographic images

    PhotoVoltaic production

    Higher resolution

    Water-resistance (dye-sublimation)


    long-term durability

    ultraviolet resistance

    Print speed ppm

    Features (duplex)


    operating before requiring service
    or repair

    repairable or disposable consumable

    last before replaced

    Cartridge type

    Cartridge price

    Cartridge printing pages

    Cartridge cost per page

    single–ink cartridges

    multi-ink cartridges

    cost per 100 ml refill tube

    silver ink, can be produced with

    one-fifth the cost

    silver paste

    a squeegee

    screen printing


    Dried up (due to lack of use)

    Wasted after cleaning process

    non-contact printing feature:

    thin, sensitive substrates

    breakage eliminated

    resulting scrap eliminated

    poisoning power

    dust (toner)

    liquid (ink)

    potential hazards





    waste management

    toner cartridge

    ink cartridge


    Printer buying guide
    Last updated: April 2013

    Getting started

    Inkjet printers have become the standard for home-computer use. They can turn out color photos nearly indistinguishable from lab-processed photos, along with stickers, transparencies, T-shirt transfers, and greeting cards. Many produce excellent black-and-white text. With some very good models selling for less than $200, it’s no surprise that inkjets account for the vast majority of printers sold for home use.

    Laser printers still have their place in home offices. If you print reams of black-and-white text documents, you probably need the quality, speed, and low per-copy cost of a laser printer. Printers use a computer’s microprocessor and memory to process data. The latest inkjets and lasers are so fast partly because computers have become more powerful and contain much more memory than before.

    Before you start shopping, decide whether to get an inkjet or a laser model, and a plain printer or an all-in-one. You can base your decision on what you’ll be printing. This printer guide will help.

    Inkjet vs. laser

    Text only. If you’ll print only text, a laser printer is your best choice for fast, low-cost, top-quality black-and-white text. The best inkjet can match lasers’ excellent text quality, but not their speed or cost.

    Color text and graphics. For printing graphics or text in black and color, go with an inkjet. Though you can find them for less than $250, color laser printers are still more expensive than their monochrome counterparts. And unlike black-and-white laser printers, they use four toner cartridges that can result in costs higher than that of an inkjet, even considering the greater capacity of a laser’s toner cartridge.

    Text, graphics, and photos. While tops for text, lasers aren’t well-suited for printing photos. Even models that can print in color aren’t intended for use with glossy photo stock or other specialty papers, and photo quality is poor. Inkjets offer excellent print quality for photos and text, and accept a variety of paper types and sizes. Most can print photos directly from a digital camera. But keep in mind that ink cartridges don’t last long, so supply costs can be high. Inkjets also print slower than lasers do.

    Plain or all-in-one?

    Inkjet and laser printers are available either as plain printers or as all-in-one (multifunction) models. Besides printing, all-in-ones copy, scan, and sometimes fax. A space-saving all-in-one can be less expensive than buying several separate devices.

    Printing only

    For the money, plain inkjets are the best choice for printing text and color photos. Most can print almost anything, including photos up to 8×10 inches or larger, text, and graphical items such as greeting cards. You can also use various types and sizes of paper.

    Printing, copying, scanning, and faxing black text

    If you don’t need to print or scan color photos, an all-in-one laser provides superior quality, faster print speed, and a lower cost per page. Most have a feeder for multipage copying. The downside of any multifunction device, whether inkjet or laser, is that if one function breaks, you have to repair or replace the whole unit.

    Printing, copying, and scanning text, graphics, and photos

    Inkjets excel at printing photos, so if you need them, go with an all-in-one inkjet. The best can produce excellent color photos and text, and most will print photos without a computer. A few can fax as well as copy and scan. They may have fewer features than stand-alone scanners, though.

    Printing photos only

    Snapshot printers are convenient, small, and fast, with speeds as quick as a minute per 4×6 photo. Some have handles and run on batteries, handy for use on the road. All can print photos from a digital camera without requiring a computer. Many models use dye-sublimation technology to make prints that are more water-resistant than those from inkjets. The drawback is that snapshot printers can print only small photos; they’re not intended for text or graphics. In our tests, most didn’t provide the photo quality of the best plain inkjets, and at $100 to $200, they cost about the same as a full-sized printer.

    How to choose

    Consider supply costs as well as price. High ink- or toner-cartridge costs can make a bargain-priced printer a bad deal in the long run. Shop around for the best cartridge prices, but be wary of off-brands. We have found that brand-name ink cartridges have better print quality and fade-resistance, and per-page costs are often comparable.

    Also consider whether an inkjet has a single or separate color cartridges. Those with a single color cartridge usually have a separate black cartridge for text. But some have individual color cartridges. Depending on your photos, separate color cartridges may be more economical.

    Another way to save money is by using plain paper for works in progress and saving the good stuff for the final results. Glossy photo paper costs about 25 cents to $1 a sheet. We got the best results using the recommended brand of paper. You might be tempted to buy a cheaper brand, but lower-grade paper can reduce photo quality.

    Do you want to print photos without a computer?

    This saves you an extra step and a little time. Features such as a memory-card reader, PictBridge support (a standard that allows a compatible camera to be connected directly to the printer), or a wireless interface are convenient. Without the computer, though, you lose the ability to tweak image characteristics such as size, color, and brightness. You can do some editing on a printer that has an LCD screen, but your options will be very limited.

    Weigh convenience features

    Inkjets can make borderless prints like those from a photo finisher. That matters most if you’re printing to the full size of the paper, as you might with 4×6-inch sheets. If you plan to use 4×6-inch paper regularly, look for a printer with a 4×6-inch tray or a second paper tray, which makes it easier to feed paper this size. With those small sheets, though, the cost per photo might be higher than combining a few images on 8½x11-inch paper.

    Consider connections

    All printers have a USB port for connecting to a computer. Many also offer wired or wireless networking, which lets you print from any computer on your network. You can share a printer that lacks this feature, but the computer it’s connected to must be turned on in order to print from a different computer.

    Memory requirements

    While inkjet printers use a computer’s memory to process the print job, laser printers have their own onboard memory, which must be large enough to hold full pages of the most complex graphics you need to print. If you print large files with a lot of graphics or have multiple users on your network, look for a laser with at least hundreds of MB of onboard memory, or the ability to add more.

    Be skeptical of vendor specs

    When shopping for a printer, you’ll notice a number of specs, such as print speed and resolution. Those numbers are not all that useful, even for comparison purposes, because each company performs its tests in a different manner.

    Your speed may vary

    Print speed varies depending on what you’re printing and at what quality, but the speeds you see in ads are generally higher than you’re likely to get in normal use. You can’t reliably compare speeds for different brands because each company uses its own methods to measure speed. We run identical tests on all models, printing text pages and photos that are similar to what you might print. Thus the print times in our Ratings are realistic and can be compared across brands.

    Don’t get hung up on resolution

    A printer’s resolution, expressed in dots per inch, is another potential source of confusion. All things being equal, the more dots a printer puts on the paper, the more detailed the image. But dot size, shape, and placement also affect quality, so don’t base your choice solely on resolution.


    Inexpensive inkjets print color superbly, and they do it faster than ever. Laser printers excel at printing black-and-white text. Economical all-in-one models can scan, copy, and sometimes fax. Here’s how to find the type of printer that best suits you needs.

    Inkjet printers

    Inkjets use droplets of ink to form letters, graphics, and photos. Some have one cartridge that holds the cyan (greenish-blue), magenta, and yellow inks, plus a second one for black. Others have a separate cartridge for each color. For photos, many inkjets have additional cartridges that contain lighter cyan and magenta inks, or gray ink, which can give a smoother look in light areas of a photo.

    Most inkjet printers output black-and-white text at 3 to 13 pages per minute but are much slower for color photos. Various models we tested took from 1.5 to 10 minutes or more to print a single high-quality 8×10.

    Printing a 4×6 snapshot can take as little as 1 minute, and cost as little as 25 cents. The cost of printing a color 8×10 photo can range from $1 to $2 or more, including ink and paper. The cost of printing a black-text page with an inkjet varies considerably from model to model, typically between 2 and 10 cents. Printer prices range from $30 to $400.

    Laser printers

    These work much like plain-paper copiers, forming images by transferring toner (powdered ink) to paper passing over an electrically charged drum. The process yields sharp black-and-white text. Laser printers usually outrun inkjets, cranking out black-and-white text at a rate of 12 to 20 ppm. Black-and-white lasers generally cost about as much as midpriced inkjets, but they’re less expensive to operate. Laser cartridges, about $50 to $100, can print thousands of black-and-white pages for a cost of 2 to 5 cents per page.

    Lasers that can be networked–shared by all the computers on a home network–start at $130.

    All-in-one laser printers add scanning, copying, and sometimes fax capability.

    Color lasers are slower than black-and-white models. They cost as much to use as the better inkjet models, and they’re not a good choice for printing photos. They’re also very bulky. They cost $250 and up.

    All-in-one printers

    You can also get printers with scanning, copying, and sometimes fax capability. Many all-in-ones cost no more and take up little more space than a plain printer. What’s more, all-in-ones are actually getting less expensive and more versatile. They cost $60 and up.

    In our tests, inkjet all-in-ones and plain inkjets performed similarly, cost about the same to use, and printed at similar speeds. A few inkjet all-in-ones and plain inkjets printed a color 4×6 in one minute, and a few relatively frugal ones printed one for as little as 25 cents.

    Whether you choose an inkjet or a laser all-in-one, look for one with a flatbed design, so you can copy books, photos, and other items you can’t, or don’t want to, put through the slot on a sheet-fed model.

    Specialty snapshot printers

    For printing photos at home, a speedy snapshot printer can be more convenient than a full-sized model. Most are limited to 4×6-inch snapshots, but a few models can also print on 5×7 paper. Snapshot printers use either inkjet or dye-sublimation technology, in which a waxy ink is fused to paper from a roll of plastic film.

    Like most full-sized inkjet printers, these models typically hook up directly by cable to a digital camera through a PictBridge connection, or print directly from your camera’s memory card so you can print without using a computer. They cost $100 to $200.

    Some snapshot printers have handles and can run on batteries, handy for use on the road. The drawback of snapshot printers is they can print only small photos; they aren’t intended for text or graphics. In our tests, most didn’t provide the photo quality of the best full-sized inkjets, and at $100 to $200, they cost about the same.

    Mobile or personal printers

    These smaller versions of inkjet printers are good for executives–or others–on the go. Most have a built-in battery in addition to an external power cord. And they come equipped with memory card readers so you can print photos without a computer. What they lack in speed, they make up in portability. They’re lightweight and can fit into a briefcase or backpack.


    USB port arrow | Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, or infrared wireless arrow | Memory-card reader arrow | LCD viewer arrow | Ink monitor arrow | Networking arrow | Internet Connectivity. arrow | Double-sided printing arrow | Printing on CD/DVD. arrow | Recycled parts arrow

    To determine which printer features you’ll need, consider how you’ll be using your printer and what you need to print. If you’re printing photos, you’ll need a memory card reader, PictBridge compatibility, or some other form of connectivity. And if you’re planning to network your printer to a number of computers, look for that capability too.

    USB port

    The way a printer connects to a computer depends on what kind of connectivity it has. All printers have a USB port that lets them connect to Windows or Mac computers.

    Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, or infrared wireless

    Many printers have optional Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, or infrared wireless connectivity. A printer with PictBridge can connect directly to a camera, and some models can print and download photos right from your camera’s memory card.

    Memory-card reader

    This feature lets you print image files from a digital camera’s memory card without using a computer. You can also transfer the files to a computer.

    LCD viewer

    Many printers incorporate a built-in LCD screen for viewing and editing images from a memory card. A few printers have screens that are 4 inches or more in width, but most are smaller.

    Ink monitor

    Most inkjet printers have an ink monitor to warn when you’re running low, but accuracy varies.


    Networking lets you print from any computer in either a wired or wireless home network.

    Internet Connectivity.

    Some all-in-one printers can communicate directly with the Internet, running “apps” that enable you to print online content directly, or even send printing to your home from a remote computer.

    Double-sided printing

    For double-sided printing, you can print the odd-numbered pages of a document first, and then flip those pages over to print the even-numbered pages on a second pass. A few printers make this process easier by incorporating built-in duplexers for automatically printing on both sides.

    Printing on CD/DVD.

    Some models will let you print your own labels directly on special CDs and DVDs with blank white backs.

    Recycled parts

    Companies are finding new uses for recycled plastics. HP, for example, has designed the print head on one of its photo printers using 55 percent recycled polyethylene terephthalate (RPET) plastic derived from ink cartridges collected through its HP Planet Partners recycling program. You can also buy printer cartridges that have been recycled, refilled, or rebuilt. For more information, read our glossary of printer terms.


    Brother arrow | Canon arrow | Dell arrow | Epson arrow | HP arrow | Kodak arrow | Lexmark arrow | OKI arrow | Panasonic arrow | Samsung arrow

    The printer market is dominated by a handful of well-established brands. Hewlett-Packard is the market leader. Other major brands include Brother, Canon, Dell, Epson, and Lexmark. Printers designed for printing 4×6-inch snapshots are also sold by Canon and Epson. These profiles will help you compare printers by brand.


    Brother, best known for black & white and color laser printers, also offers multifunction inkjet printers.


    As it does with digital cameras, Canon reliably offers every type of printer for every genre at all price points.


    Dell, well-recognized in the computer segment, offers black & white and color lasers, and multifunction printers, from low to high price ranges.


    Epson has many lines (including Workforce, Artisan, and the newly introduced Expression Home and Expression Premium). Available at all price ranges, its printers accommodate all types of consumer needs.


    HP continues to have the largest market share in this category. With a plethora of products announced throughout the year, its offerings satisfy all types of consumers, especially due to their constant new enhancements and technologies.


    Kodak entered the catagory in 2007. Although it made a splash with its “costaffordable ink strategy,” the company suffered financial woes in 2010. But new printers are scheduled to be introduced later this year.


    Lexmark offers a variety of printers for all consumers. It recently introduced its OfficeEdge series.


    OKI specializes in mostly commercial printers. But the company does offer some printers with LED technology for small workgroups.


    Panasonic, a well-respected consumer electronics brand, only offers laser printers for the small business/home office market.


    Samsung, similar to Panasonic, also offers laser printers for office environments, only with more selection and at higher prices.

    Shopping tips

    Consider supply costs. High ink- or toner-cartridge costs can make a bargain-priced printer a bad deal in the long run. Shop around for the best cartridge prices, but be wary of off-brands. We have found that brand-name ink cartridges have better print quality and fade-resistance, and that per-page costs are often comparable.

    Also consider whether an inkjet has a separate cartridge for each ink color. Some have only one cartridge for all colors and a separate black cartridge for text. Depending on your photos, separate color cartridges might be more economical.

    Another way to save money is by using plain paper for works in progress and saving the good stuff for final results. Glossy photo paper costs about 25 cents to $1 a sheet. We got the best results using the recommended brand of paper. You may be tempted to buy a cheaper brand, but lower-grade or incompatible paper can reduce photo quality.

    Do you want to print photos without a computer? Printing images directly from your printer saves you an extra step and a little time. Features such as a memory-card reader, PictBridge support, or a wireless interface are convenient. Without the computer, though, you lose the ability to tweak image characteristics such as size, color, and brightness. Your editing options are very limited from a printer’s LCD screen.

    Before you buy, consider these additional tips to help you save money over the life of the printer.

    Avoid blank pages

    Before printing Web pages, preview them to avoid generating lots of blank pages. Some printer manufacturers, such as HP, offer software that helps you cut paper use. A free program called GreenPrint (www.printgreener.com) analyzes pages you want to print and skips those with little or no content.

    Print fewer pages

    You can use more of a page by decreasing a document’s margins, using a smaller font size, or avoiding double line spacing. Also, some printers, including the Canon Pixma MP610 inkjet all-in-one that we recommend, have a built-in duplexer to print on both sides of the page.

    Conserve ink or toner

    Many printers have more than one quality setting. Figure out which is best for you. If you’re not printing photos, which should be printed at the best quality setting, consider using a lower, or “draft,” mode, which should use less ink. Note that we don’t recommend cheap off-brand inks for performance reasons.

    Power it down

    Many of today’s printers conserve power, especially during periods of inactivity. The power scores in the Ratings indicate which models do so most effectively.

    Seek efficiency

    When choosing a printer we haven’t rated, look for an Energy Star label. The Environmental Protection Agency recently toughened qualifications for the label. To be awarded one, a printer must consume very little power when not printing. For details, go to http://www.energystar.gov.

    Recycle cartridges

    Programs to recycle used ink and toner cartridges reduce waste and can save money. Some are easy to take advantage of. At Brother’s website, for example, you can print a prepaid shipping label to send your used cartridge back to the company. HP also offers free cartridge recycling. Office Depot, OfficeMax, and Staples let you drop off used cartridges at local stores and offer a $3 credit for Dell, HP, and Lexmark cartridges.

  • Virtual Chitchatting 2:24 PM on 2013/10/10 Permalink  

    The reasons of why you should not use printing machines 

    The reasons of why should not use printing machines


    Leveraging Quality and Savings on Printing Inks
    by Nitin Vaghela on September 7, 2013

    When you think of printers you instantly think of the costly prices of printer ink. However, in recent years the amount of ink available in cartridges have been reduced because printer manufacturers are now making printers which are printing much more efficiently with the use of less ink.

    What Makes A Printer Tick

    A printer is not a very simple device and neither is the inkjet cartridge which is used in it. When an image or text is to be printed a series of electronic instructions are sent to the tiny ink nozzles of the printer which are about a third of the thickness of a human hair. When a printer nozzle gets the instruction it creates a vapor bubble that forces ink droplets to come out of the nozzle and onto a page at about 30 mph. This happens about 36,000 times before you get your finished print. Now imagine trying to drop a coin from 30 feet high at precisely the same spot as many times. You can imagine the intricacy of such a system.

    Quantity vs Efficiency

    While many people complain that the amount of inks you get in a cartridge has gone down, manufactured have pioneered ways that printers consume lesser ink while printing and limit the wastage of ink and paper.

    You may find the OEM inks costly; they are aimed at keeping your printing systems running properly. A recent study of systems using Brother Ink was tested with both OEM cartridges and refilled cartridges. The result seen is that the refilled cartridges failed 72% of the time either during testing or right out of the box.

    When you buy your inks you consider quality, reliability and value. But at the same time you need to place importance on efficiency. All these factors are considered to constitute the total cost of ownership of any given system. Be it a system using Brother Ink, Lexmark Ink or HP Ink. You need to buy the systems that provide the most overall value.

    This cost varies according to what system is printing. Is it just text? Or are you adding graphics? Or maybe you are printing photos and Webpages. So ultimately you are deciding the cost of ownership based on your preferences.

    Conserve While Printing

    You can save money and get quality prints at the same time. Here are a few tips on how to do so:

    Use high-yield cartridges which can offer up to 3 times more printing on your regular systems.
    You can save more money by buying ink in bulk in multi-packs.
    If your printer has a draft mode then print using that setting because it is set to print using less ink and is configured to print faster.
    You can save money on photo printing by buying your photo paper and inks together in value packs.
    Widen your margins and print on double sides.

    By doing this you can save some money on your printing supplies. While inks can cost more, you get the guarantee that the systems will be efficient and the prints will be of great quality.


    How to Save Cash, Ink, and Paper by Printing More Efficiently

    If you’re shocked by the costs your printer incurs-and who isn’t?-then this guide is for you. Learn how to slash printing costs by making some simple and free tweaks to your printing routine and print settings.

    Printing costs, especially if you have an inkjet printer, are astronomical. Today we’re taking a look at techniques you can use to minimize your printing costs. The majority of the techniques don’t cost you a dime and those that do will save you piles of cash in the long run.

    Rethink the Whole Idea of Printing

    The first thing you can do to save huge chunks of money in the printing department is to rethink your relationship with printing. It’s the 21st century. We don’t need a hard copy of everything. There are dozens of ways that information can be transferred and manipulated that doesn’t involve a printer. You might already be pretty conservative with your printing practices but consider just a few of the ways you can cut back:

    Email documents to the recipient instead of printing them. This seems painfully elementary but quite a few people, especially in corporate environments, have simply got in the habit of firing up the printer left and right when it would be cheaper, more efficient, and environmentally friendly to email the document.

    Use your smartphone for directions instead of printing a map-an added bonus here is that you can get new directions automatically if you screw things up. Even if you don’t have a GPS enabled phone just cutting and pasting the directions for use on your phone helps.

    Transfer articles to your tablet or smart phone for comfortable away-from-computer reading. Tools like Send to Kindle for Google Chrome and Read It Later’s support for sending articles to your ereader make it easy to shuttle what you want to read to your portable device. With a little digging you can find all manner of tools for your specific device or reading needs.

    These are but a few examples of how you can keep things digital and cut down on your printing costs in the process.

    Outsource Big Printing Jobs

    Home printing and the accompanying printers have never been intended to take over the role of your local copy shop or photo lab. Sure it’s convenient to have a home printer to print whenever you want but you’re paying a premium for that convenience. When you factor in the cost of the printer, the cost of the ink/toner, the cost of the electricity, the wear and tear, and the paper cost you’re either paying more than you would at a copy shop or breaking about even. Sometimes breaking even isn’t really breaking even either, especially when it comes to color and photo printing where home machines generally give lackluster results.

    Speaking of color photos, don’t print them at home. The amount of money you’ll spend chasing lab-quality prints is high and the chance you’ll end up with the same quality that the ten cent 4x6s from your local Walgreen’s photo kiosk have is low. At any reasonable consumer price point you’re just not going to get the kind of quality that will ensure your photos still look good a few years down the road. For small volume printing those photo kiosks are actually a great deal compared to trying to print photos at home. Doing a lot of photo printing? You should use a price comparison service like this one to find the best value for your needs. If you’re willing to wait a week or two to get the prints in the mail you can save a mint.

    For the most part the same thing applies to color documents. The crappiest color copier at your local copy shop is still ten times better than that inkjet you got free with your computer-and way cheaper for you to use for your intermittent color printing needs.

    Think in terms of cost and wasted material. If you print color pages a few times a year then it’s a complete money sink for you to have an inkjet printer. Spend $5 on a flash drive and use that to cart files back and forth to the copy shop when you need a presentation printed.

    Adjust Your Printer’s Output

    That’s all well and good, you say, but what about saving money with the printer sitting on my desk right now? Fair enough! As much money as you can save by reducing your printing needs and outsourcing the large and/or costly jobs, you can save even more by making small changes.

    First, get in the habit of looking at print jobs with the lens of “What can I do to reduce the size of this job?” at all times. Some things are simple to do like using the print preview button to make sure you’re not printing blank pages at the end of the web site you’re about to print off. If you’re not using the print preview you’re just asking to end up with all sorts of crap out of the printer. When you preview you can see if the document will look the way you want on the page and you can also see if the last page will, for example, be nothing but the web site footer and a big ad for Car Fax.

    Second, start shrinking your print size. Can you shrink to fit the page and still read it? Can you double your printing mileage by 2-upping or even 4-upping your document? As long as you have your reading glasses handy 2-up for regular documents and 4-up for presentations like PowerPoint slides are completely legible. Adobe Acrobat, Microsoft Word, and most major document reading and editing applications support shrink to fit and n-up page printing.

    Switch to draft mode as the default setting. Depending on your printer the actual title will vary. Some companies call it “draft mode” others call it “toner saver”, “print saver”, “economy” and so on. Regardless of the name it’s a setting or series of settings that allow you to dial back how much ink and toner your using. For simple things like articles and basic documents you’ll likely not even notice the difference. If you do notice it won’t likely decrease your ease of reading. What it will do is radically cut down on how much ink and toner you’ll laying down on the paper.

    Start Selectively Printing

    Earlier we suggested using the print preview in order to see what your printer was cranking out before it wasted the ink. Selective printing is an even more aggressive approach where you hack out or otherwise edit prints before they spool up, saving yourself a bundle in the process. A variety of solutions exist to help people conserve ink and toner by selectively printing.

    When printing from the web, PrintWhatYouLike.com is a great resource for on-the-fly web site editing. By either plugging in the URL to their web site or launching the bookmarklet-seen in the screenshot above-you can quickly and easily edit a site and pull out the content you don’t want. Want the article, a few of the how-to photos you might need to reference, and that’s it? Go ahead and click on (and delete or resize) all the elements you don’t need. You can adjust the font size, selectively edit, and otherwise reduce the footprint of the document.

    Other web and bookmarklet-based solutions you may want to look at include The Printliminator, MyPage, and Print Friendly.

    If you want that functionality built in to your browser instead of using a third-party site or bookmark you should check out Printee for Internet Explorer and for Google Chrome, Print Edit for Firefox, and Nuke Everything Enhanced for Firefox.

    There’s no need to waste your paper and ink printing the ads, sidebars that can’t be clicked in hard copy, and other web-only elements.

    DIY Savings: Refilling Your Ink and Toner

    One final way you can save big is by manually refilling your toner and ink cartridges. Be forewarned, however, that this is one of those areas that either goes swimmingly well and you exclaim how you can’t believe you haven’t been doing it for years or it goes terribly wrong and you end up either wasting money or outright buying a new printer.

    This method is tricky not because it’s insanely difficult to pop a little cap off a toner drum and dump toner in but because print companies use all manner of cartridges and accompanying electronic mechanisms that make things difficult. Some Epson cartridges, for example, have a microchip on board that keeps track of prints and ink; you can’t just inject more ink into the cartridge and expect it to keep on trucking. Other cartridges are much easier to work with-one How-To Geek reader even showed us how he prolongs the life of his cartridges by simply injecting water into them.

    Fortunately there are plenty of resources online to help you. The best thing you can do is to search Google for the specific company and printer model you’re dealing with and do your research. Replacement ink and toner is available at a fraction of the price of retail ink. Find yourself a dependable printer that takes well to refills and a quality source for refill supplies and you’ll have a long and happy relationship.


    Improving PV production efficiency through inkjet printing
    by Steve Liker, business manager, Trident Solar

    In the battle for the business of price-sensitive consumers, highly efficient photovoltaic production at reduced processing costs is key to survival. One approach that can generate significant cost savings and greater production efficiencies is use of digital inkjet printing.

    Inkjet printing of contacts and bus bars has several key benefits over alternative technologies. The ability to print narrow features with small drop volume and high resolution makes it possible to minimize shadowing on the active layer. Inkjet printing can be used to dispense etchants to controllably produce undercuts or features in PV layers. This high-resolution, direct-write printing method also saves in process steps, speeds set-up time, eliminates waste, reduces cost through automation, and enables non-contact printing for thin, sensitive substrates.

    Inkjet printing brings several key advantages to photovoltaic production processes. Lines or holes (50μm × 5-10μm) can be produced without the damage and defects associated with lasers. Digital printing is non-contact so breakage and resulting scrap are eliminated. In addition, inkjet can be used to jet conductive metal inks (such as silver ink) to digitally produce contact lines with thickness down to 50μm, 2×-3× finer than can be produced with silver paste, a squeegee, and screen printing – and at one-fifth the cost. This allows manufacturers to print exactly the amount of material they need exactly where they need it, saving significant time, expense, and waste. It also enhances efficiency, as contact widths can be minimized to ensure that valuable sunlight is not blocked.

    Choosing the right inkjet printing system can give companies an important edge in a competitive marketplace. Not all printing systems are created equally. In order to evaluate the quality of an inkjet printing system, take a look under the hood, at the printhead. The printhead is the heart of most inkjet printing systems and its characteristics often determine the cost effectiveness and quality of the inkjet printer. Durability, print quality, and cost-effectiveness are three key elements to look for in an inkjet printhead.

    Click to Enlarge
    Figure 1. The printhead is the heart of most inkjet printing systems and its characteristics often determine the cost effectiveness and quality of the inkjet printer. For inkjet printing of etchants for photovoltaic cell production, an inkjet printhead with stainless steel construction can last up to eight times longer than a similar printhead of less inert material construction.


    Inkjet printing systems must be ruggedly designed to work alongside the hustle and bustle of employee and machine activity in a production environment. When producing photovoltaic contacts, very aggressive and potentially damaging materials such as acids, alkaline etchants, and conductive materials are jetted from the inkjet printhead. It is essential that an inkjet printing system be highly inert and robustly designed to provide consistent quality performance even when routinely exposed to extremely challenging materials.

    Printheads typically feature orifice plates made of either metallic substances like stainless steel, or polyimide plastic films; each material provides different benefits to end-users. Plastic orifice plates are typically less expensive to produce, while stainless steel orifice plates offer greater scratch resistance, greater inertness, and increased durability.

    There are other important questions to be asked about durability before purchasing an inkjet printing system:

    • On average how long does the printing system run without requiring service or repair?
    • Can the inkjet printhead be repaired or is it a disposable consumable?
    • How many years will the printhead last before it needs to be replaced?

    Carefully selecting a durable printing system for the most difficult industrial environments and the most aggressive materials can prevent costly production delays and save money on inkjet printhead components. For inkjet printing of etchants for photovoltaic cell production, an inkjet printhead with stainless steel construction can last up to eight times longer than a similar printhead of less inert material construction.

    Print quality/resolution

    Another key factor to consider when selecting an inkjet printing system is print resolution – typically determined by the minimum drop volume capability. Precision printing of materials is important to produce the typical high tolerance features. When printing solar cell contacts it is necessary to minimize contact widths so that light is not blocked. High-resolution inkjet printing produces the narrowest possible contacts.


    A third important element to study when selecting an inkjet printing system is cost. Three factors are particularly important in cost-effective printing systems: cost-per-system, jettable material cost, and printhead life/repairability.

    Depending on the printable area and number of fluids dispensed, a number of inkjet printheads may be required in the manufacturing process. Fluid controls, printhead drivers and other printer system components contribute to the overall capital cost of the system.

    Click to Enlarge
    Figure 2. Trident’s new 256Jet-S inkjet printhead featuring a rugged, serviceable design is inert to corrosive etchant materials, offers an industry-leading lifespan and can print conductive metal contacts up to 3× higher resolution than possible with screen printing.

    In addition to being very aggressive, the jettable materials used in inkjet printing photovoltaic contacts are often expensive. Inkjet printing is an additive process, so it allows manufacturers to print exactly the amount of material they need exactly where they need it, saving significant time and expense vs. subtractive printing methods that waste valuable printing materials.

    Another important factor to look for when searching for a cost-effective inkjet printing system is printhead life/reparability. When the orifice plate becomes clogged with debris, does the entire printhead need to be replaced or can it simply be repaired? A printhead with a repairable design that allows the front chamber and orifice plate to be removed, cleaned, and reassembled can save money on costly product replacements.


    Finding the right inkjet printing system is key to enhancing PV production efficiency and identifying cost-saving opportunities. Taking the time to understand the technology within printing systems – especially durability, print-quality, and flexibility – is time well-invested to find the printer that is right for a particular operation.

    Steve Liker is business manager at Trident Industrial Inkjet, Brookfield, CT USA; e-mail sliker@trident-itw.com.

  • Virtual Chitchatting 2:23 PM on 2013/10/10 Permalink  

    Speed and the quantity of printed sheets are the notorious reasons why laser-jet printers chosen
    but the price of its refilled toner and cartridges?


    Inkjet vs. Laser printer


    Inkjet vs. Laser printer.


    For the general consumer, when buying a printer, the basic choice is whether to get an Inkjet printer or a laser printer. Both printers have their pros and cons, which need to be weighed based on the features and functionality needed by the consumer.

    Inkjet printer

    There are several types of Inkjet printers available:
    Basic document printer
    Photo printer
    Copier/Scanner/Printer (All-in-One)

    If you need a printer to just print basic documents, with or without color, like a Word document, Excel spreadsheet, Web page or an E-mail message, a basic document printer is adequate for the job. This type of printer is the least expensive of the 3 types, typically priced under $100.

    If you’re interested in printing photos up to 8 x 10 in size and needs the photos to be high quality, the Photo printer is the best choice. Most photo printers can print relatively high resolution photos and can many times look just as good as a photo developed and printed by a professional photo printing business.

    If you need the ability to make copies of documents and scan documents or photos into a computer, as well as print documents, the All-in-One printer is the best choice. Some All-in-One printers may also even have Fax capabilities and document feeders built in as well, allowing the user to copy a multi-page document, just like a large copy machine.

    Inkjet Pros & Cons

    With Inkjet printers, there are pros & cons to owning and using one.

    The Pros include:

    Smaller Size – most Inkjet printers are relatively small and can fit in tight spaces. All-in-One Inkjet printers are a bit larger but are still typically smaller than a laser printer and much smaller than a normal office copy machine.
    Low Cost – Inkjet printers, overall, have lower sticker prices than laser printers. When the time comes, they are also cheaper to replace since it’s often easier and cheaper to just buy a new printer if it breaks down.
    Cheaper Ink cartridges – ink cartridges for Inkjet printers have become cheaper in price in the last few years. Often ink is half the price of a laser toner cartridge.
    Easier to replace cartridges – replacing ink cartridges in an Inkjet printer is quick and easy to do.
    Great photo quality – Inkjet printers geared towards photo printing can produce amazing results, printing pictures with vivid colors, great contrasts, and virtually no pixelation. There is almost no need to go to a professional photo printer to have your photos printed.

    The Cons include:

    Less efficient ink use – Inkjet printers have a higher cost per page when it comes to printing, due to their rather inefficient usage of ink. When compared to Inkjet printers laser printers are much more efficient with their toner.
    Slower printing of large documents – printing a document with multiple pages will take a bit longer on an Inkjet printer than a laser printer.
    Messy to clean – cleaning an Inkjet printer is no easy task, nor is it a clean one. Inkjet cartridges can sometimes leak, and the ink can stain almost anything it comes in contact with, including clothes and hands.

    Overall, the Inkjet printer is the most common choice for consumers. When visiting an electronics store, it is common to see a larger selection of Inkjet printers than laser printers. Nowadays, consumers look for good quality printing at the lowest initial cost and Inkjet printers fit that criteria well. There are a large number of different models from a good number of different brands. Hewlett Packard, Canon, and Epson have proven to be solid brands to go with, each with models that fit the needs of most consumers.

    Laser printer

    There are two types of laser printers available:

    Basic document printer
    Copier/Scanner/Printer (All-in-One)

    If you only need to print documents, like a Word document, Excel spreadsheet, or a web page, the basic laser printer is a good choice. Laser printers at the lower end of the price scale are just black & white. There are color laser printers as well, but they will command a higher price.

    If you’re looking to be able to make copies of documents, scan a document to a computer, and print documents, the All-in-one laser printer is a good choice. As with the basic laser printer, the majority of All-in-One versions are black & white. Laser color printers are available but are higher priced.

    Laser printer Pros & Cons

    With laser printers, there are pros & cons to owning and using one.

    The pros include:

    More efficient toner use – laser printers are efficient on toner use, compared to Inkjet printer usage of ink. The cost per page for laser printers can be considerably less, which means a total lower cost of ownership over the life of the printer.
    Faster print speeds – laser printers can print documents quite fast, especially larger documents, when compared to an Inkjet printer.
    Less mess to clean up – toner doesn’t stain like ink does and cleaning a laser printer is not the messy task that an Inkjet printer can be.

    The cons include:

    Higher toner cartridge cost – toner cartridges do cost more than Inkjet cartridges, sometimes twice as much. However, they will last much longer than Inkjet cartridges.
    Larger physical size – while laser printers have gotten smaller in size over the years, they are still typically a bit bulkier than an Inkjet printer and don’t fit into the tight spaces as easily, if at all
    Can be noisy – laser printers are not known for their quiet operation. They are known to be louder when in use and can sometimes be a disruption or annoyance when trying to talk to someone in person or on the phone.
    High cost for color – laser printers are not common choices for consumers who want to print photos or even color in general. They are much pricier and while they can print good quality color, most consumers will opt for an Inkjet printer due to the lower price.

    Overall, laser printers are excellent for document printing, as well as copying and scanning. When it comes to long-term cost of ownership, they have the Inkjet printers beat. For basic home use, they may not be the printer of choice, but for the home office setting or even business setting, they can be a great choice and are often the choice made.


    When making the choice between an Inkjet printer and a laser printer, the consumer needs to weight the pros and cons for both printer types. Ultimately, it may come down to initial up front cost and the Inkjet printer often wins that battle, but if the long-term cost of ownership is important, the laser printer should be a consideration.

    If photo printing is a high priority, the Inkjet printer is a logical choice. While ink usage is not as efficient as a laser, the Inkjet printer cost can be considerably less than its laser counterpart, which is usually enough of a reason to make the choice of buying an Inkjet photo printer.

    In terms of the ability to copy and scan, it can be a toss up in this category. If the printing & copying is just black and white, it may be worthwhile to go with a laser All-in-One printer. If color is important, the Inkjet All-in-One printer may be the better option.


    Inkjet or laser printing: which is more cost-effective?
    David Robinson, The Guardian, Saturday 30 March 2013

    With the standard inkjet cartridge now producing a measly 200 pages, we look at whether laser printers represent a cost-effective alternative for the home consumer

    Xerox set the scene in the 1960s with its trailblazing printer and photocopier. Photograph: Xerox Historical Archives

    Back in 1969, a graduate named Gary Starkweather, working in the copier department at Xerox in the US, had a visionary idea. He wanted to utilise new laser technology to create a radically different type of printer. It would scan an image, transfer it electrostatically, and then use heat to fuse tiny specs of toner dust on to a piece of paper.

    The top brass at Xerox thought his idea was wildly unrealistic. But Starkweather persisted and a decade later the first commercial laser printers went on sale. The only drawback was that they were the size of a small car – and equally expensive.

    As home printing took off three decades ago, it was cheap inkjet models – which simply hammered tiny dots of ink on to paper – that would end up in most people’s homes. The bulky laser version was a business-only product.

    However, the last few years have seen the size and price of laser printers drop dramatically. Some models can now comfortably fit on a desktop.

    Basic monochrome models can be bought for less than £100, although more sophisticated colour versions – with features such as Wi-Fi and duplex printing – can sell for three times that, and more. This compares with the £50 and less that inkjet printers sell for. So a laser will only make sense if the savings on ink outweigh the extra cost of the machine.

    Standard laser cartridges – coloured toner (dry ink), typically cyan, magenta, yellow, and black (CMYK) – contain a lot of intricate components, print anything from 1,500-3,500 pages but can set you back a hefty £60-£120 each. Still, that compares well with the measly 200 pages you are likely to get from the standard inkjet cartridge costing around £15.

    So do laser printers now represent a cost-effective alternative for the home consumer?

    “It depends on how many pages you print,” says Patrick Stead, head of cartridge recycler Environmental Business Products. “Laser can be better value over the longer term, but the initial outlay can be a lot more.”

    Hewlett Packard manufactures more than half of the printers sold in the UK. Its bestselling HP Deskjet 3050A inkjet retails for about £90. The cartridges sell for £10-£15 and have a standard page yield of 190 (black) and 165 (colour).

    The company’s top-selling HP CP2025 colour LaserJet sells for about £300. Cartridges retail for about £110 and have a page yield of 2,800 (colour) and 3,500 (black).

    Cursory number-crunching indicates that if you print only, say, 1,000 pages a year – based on ISO standard 5% paper coverage – then the inkjet, at about 5p per page, is better value

    But for anyone who prints more than 2,000 pages a year, a laser printer, at about 3p per page, is cheaper. The savings increase the more you print. A screenwriter, for instance, who prints 10,000 pages, stands to save hundreds of pounds by switching.

    “If you print a lot of black and white documents then a laser can save you a lot of money,” says Laura Heywood, managing director, at laser cartridge remanufacturer Kleen Strike.

    But inkjet does have its advantages. At the domestic end of the market the print quality is higher and the colour definition better. “If you print mostly photos then you probably want to stick with an inkjet printer,” Heywood adds.

    David Connett, editor of industry magazine The Recycler, says: “If you’re buying a laser printer, it’s important to work out what you’re going to use it for before deciding on a model. As a rule of thumb, the cheaper the printer, the smaller the cartridge, and the lower the page yield.”

    Samsung’s ML2160 monochrome laser printer, for example, costs about £50. But the cartridges also cost £50 – and print a comparatively modest 1,500 pages.

    “Do not buy a laser printer on price alone,” says Heywood. “Always look at the cost of the replacement cartridges and their print yield.”

    One way to save money on these is to buy refilled cartridges, which can be 30-50% cheaper than the original price, according to the European Toner & Inkjet Remanufacturers Association.

    Peter Thompson, director at laser cartridge recycler PBT International, says: “Properly remanufactured laser cartridges are excellent value. But some producers find ways to cut corners, which can result in leakage and sometimes uneven printing. Try to buy from a reputable seller.”

    Experts say it’s always worth investing in a laser that supports duplex printing – printing on both sides of the paper – which cuts down on energy and paper consumption.

    “Some laser printers automatically print on both sides,” says Connett. “Other models allow you to reinsert pages manually to print the second side. And some do not support duplex printing at all.”

    It may also be worth buying a printer that is Wi-Fi compatible so that one click of a button will allow you to print, whether from laptop or smartphone.

    Thomson concludes: “If you think how little ink is in the average inkjet cartridge compared to the average laser cartridge the economics are in favour of laser. Sometimes the cartridge prices aren’t that different. But those for the laser can last an awful lot longer.”
    What you pay – and what you get

    HP CP2025N A4 colour laser printer Cost: Around £350

    Speed: Up to 20 pages per minute

    Features: Auto Duplex (automatically prints on both sides of a page)

    Cartridge cost: Original HP: Colour £110 (2,800 pages at 3.9p per page). Black £120 (3,500 pages at 3.4p per page).

    Warranty: One-year limited

    Brother HL-4140CN A4 colour laser printer

    Cost: Around £200

    Speed: Up to 22 pages per minute

    Cartridge cost: Standard Brother*: Colour £66 (1,500 pages at 4.4p per page); Black £46 (about 2,500 pages at 1.8p per page)

    Warranty: One-year onsite (upon registration)

    Oki C301dn A4 colour LED printer

    Cost: Around £100

    Speed: Up to 20 pages per minute

    Features: Auto Duplex (automatically prints on both sides of a page)

    Cartridge cost: Original Oki: Colour £64 (1,500 pages at 4.3p per page); Black: £60 (2,200 pages at 2.7p per page)

    Warranty: Three-year return to base

    (*All page yields based on ISO standard 5% paper coverage.)

    BettyWindsor, 30 March 2013 8:22am
    Two things are missing from this article

    1. Laser toner cartridges are usually refillable. Several companies sell bottles of toner that match specific manufacturers cartridges – usually comes with instructions as to how to refill the cartridge, reset the page counter, and empty the waste toner container. Toner cost me about £10 a bottle whereas a new original manufacturers cartridge was about £70. After about fifteen refills the drum gave out – not a problem as a generic replacement was about £20 and easily fitted

    2. Colour inkjets. Before you buy, check that the printer has four colour cartridges (cyan, magenta, yellow & black) and that generic cartridges are available. Buy generic cartridges on ebay – for my Epson printer generics cost about £1 and manufacturers about £10. You may also run into the page count limiter problem – basically stops the printer working when you’ve reached 150,000 pages – go to Google and you’ll usually find a software fix for this. You might run into the “waste ink collector full up” problem. Replacing this collector is a non-starter financially – my solution was several pieces of kitchen roll applied to the collector strip and soaked up the waste ink

    conejo, 30 March 2013 9:50am
    Some models can now comfortably fit on a desktop. At the risk of being accused of nitpicking, this is inaccurate. I bought an HP Laserjet 5L in 1997 which has been sitting very comfortably on my desktop ever since. Still going strong, as well, although I now keep an ancient laptop going as a print server because it’s the only machine in the house that still has a parallel printer port. :-(

    But on a wider note, my default printer is now the Bullzip PDF creator and I discover that neither of my sons owns a printer any more. On the very rare occasions when they need to commit something on to sheets of dead trees, they pop down to the local library or cybershop. There are fewer and fewer reasons for actually printing stuff these days and this will surely change the rationale for choosing printers and the market.

    pol098, 30 March 2013 3:03pm
    If I didn’t already have one, I’d get a second-hand B&W HP Laserjet 4L, a budget printer from the days when HP were streets ahead of anything else. Original HP cartridges have been cheap on eBay whenever I’ve needed one (about £15 for 2000 claimed pages). Don’t buy if you need speed, though, or if you print a lot. I’ve thrown away a number of (colour) inkjets in the time I’ve had it, mostly dried up from disuse. BTW, inkjets used infrequently are especially expensive, as they use a lot of ink in the initial cleaning cycle when switched on.

    bedrock2 pol098, 30 March 2013 5:24pm
    @pol098 – I have one of those. Must have owned it for donkey’s years and it is still only on its second toner cartridge, ever! The only drawback this printer has is the parallel interface. There is no support for USB or Ethernet, but I have mine plugged into an HP JetDirect card which connects to a wifi router, giving me wireless printing from Windows 7 and Linux machines. At my current rate of printing, I think this cartridge should last me another 10 years and unlike ink will never dry out.

    pol098 bedrock2, 30 March 2013 6:50pm
    @bedrock2 – Re HP LJ4L. Good point I’d forgotten; most computers these days don’t have parallel ports. Most parallel printers, including in particular the LJ4L and LJ4P, work fine with an easily-available USB-to-parallel adaptor, but I too use a print server box with a parallel port, which supports WiFi. On reflection I wouldn’t recommend buying an old printer with only a parallel port these days, cheap though it is, works fine but adds complexity. As recommended in a later post an old business-quality printer may be a good idea, but they’re pretty big for home use (the 4L is small). Old HPs are good. A Kyocera in good condition may be a good buy; they were amongst the cheapest to run as the drum itself didn’t need changing when the toner ran out.

    Rider000 bedrock2, 31 March 2013 3:53pm
    @bedrock2 – You can buy USB to parallel cables cheaply. Loads on EBay and here is one for £2.50 incl p&p.


    I have an old HP 6P running on Windows 7 via a USB cable. Been waiting for the cartridge to fail for years. Its a much better solution for home users as a common problem is ink clogging in low usage machines often rquiring the printer is ditched. For high volume office internal prints I default an inkjet as Epson compatible cartridges can be had for a little over a £1 which makes the paper by far the largest cost item.

    bedrock2, 30 March 2013 5:16pm
    Most cost effective of all is to buy a second-hand business laser printer (HP LaserJet 4 or 5) fitted with an HP JetDirect ethernet card. This can be plugged in to your wifi router, effectively giving you wifi printing. I bought one of these from ebay for less than 2 pounds (I was lucky!) but they are not difficult to find for 30 – 40 pounds. Remanufactured toner cartridges are available for about 20 pounds and yield about 3000 – 5000 pages. This set up gives you cheap, fast, mono printing.
    On the downside, some older printers may need a service kit to replace pickup rollers, etc. But these are cheap and easy to replace. Fuser units and control boards can fail and are more expensive.

    bateleur pol098, 31 March 2013 5:25pm
    @pol098 – I have an ancient (by computer standards) HP Laserjet 4P. Bloody good printer. Never had any problems with it and cartriges go on forever. When I got a new computer running Windows 7 I simply had a parallel port installed. I’ve also bought an HP Officejet Pro 8600 for colour printing, scanning, etc. I must say, in my so far limited experience, the cartriges in that go on for quite a while too. I’ve had it about 6 months and the set up black cartrige has only just run out. Impressed so far.

    dourscot, 30 March 2013 10:33am
    Nah, lasers win hands down. As long as you buy the right model (not HP or Samsung) they are cheaper per page for any black and white printing over the life of the cartridge every time. They are also quicker and – pay attention – *far* more reliable. If you doubt that last point take a trip to your local recycling centre and check out the heap of broken inkjets.

    eddimerckxx, 30 March 2013 5:50pm
    After using an inkjet for a few years, PC World made me an offer I couldn’t refuse, and I bought, on price alone, an HP Colour Laserjet 1600 for one hundred pounds. I’ve been using it for over four years, and the black cartridge has been running out for about twelve months or more. I couldn’t go back to inkjets, they’re too slow, and laserjet quality is far superior.

    BazzaDP, 30 March 2013 9:59am
    “Do not buy a laser printer on price alone,” says Heywood. “Always look at the cost of the replacement cartridges and their print yield.” The exact same advice applies to Ink Jet. A little extra initial outlay can be paid off many times over in ink costs – even if you are print infrequently.

    Skydata BazzaDP, 30 March 2013 3:17pm
    @BazzaDP -
    And check the power consumption too. InkJet printers use minimal electricity, but laser printers use far, far more, even on standby because of the way they work. A hot roller is used to fix the toner onto the paper. As usual, an article that has ignored other factors in the total cost of ownership, which includes manufacturing and disposal costs.

    optimist99 Danden, 30 March 2013 2:23pm
    @Danden 30 March 2013 10:53am. Try “Vuescan” as alternative source of drivers. Works fine with my old HP printer and Windows 7 64 bit.

    pol098 Danden, 30 March 2013 2:50pm
    @Danden – Re Konica Minolta printer with no Win7 drivers: it’s very often possible to get printers working in this sort of case. (I’m using a 19-year-old laser printer which has run under many Microsoft and Linux operating systems). Do a Google search, with your model number, for terms like “Konica Minolta” 1350W “Windows 7″ (you’ll have to distinguish between 32- and 64-bit drivers). Also look for forums and ask for advice. A page with useful ideas is


    though different models will have different requirements.

    Skydata pol098, 30 March 2013 3:28pm
    @pol098 -
    I hope your school did not install 64 bit Win 7 (unless it is the Pro version). The non-pro 64 bit Win7 is going to sniff at a lot of old software, but the pro 64 bit allows you to run 32 bit Win XP as a protected image. This might allow you to run older drivers and software.
    Remember that as long as you can install older software, using right-click on its desktop icon allows you to set the compatibility flags. I am using MicrografX Picture Publisher V8 circa 1998 on 32 bit Win 7 and it works just fine.

    pol098 qvideh, 30 March 2013 2:54pm
    @qvideh – “I print very little ad the inkjet cartridges dry out. Would a laser printer be better from this point of view?”
    Yes, without question. In my experience laser cartridges last until empty, regardless of use.

    Skydata spatstl000, 30 March 2013 3:39pm
    @spatstl000 – The cartridges supplied with new printers are deliberately designed to run out quickly. You are effectively forced to buy a set of cartridges as well when you buy the printer. And to make more money not only do they have less ink, the more-recent printer software tends to be more clever at rejecting 3rd party cartridges.
    And QE has increased their price in parallel with the drop in the pounds value.

    ofghent, 31 March 2013 9:08am
    The other option which hasn’t been considered here is converting your inkjet to continuous feed – by paying for generic ink by the litre instead of branded cartridges by the millilitre, you can cut your per page cost to barely more than the paper. Generally, always buy a machine designed for the load you intend to use it for. If you’re doing high volume, long runs of relatively simple prints (primarily text) also worth considering is a Riso or other digital duplicator. They have a very high outlay, but they’re vastly cheaper per copy once you’ve got one.

    Tiberman, 31 March 2013 2:11pm
    I’m secretary of two community groups and for me the answer is to have both. I have an inexpensive (£50) Samsung monochrome laser printer to produce minutes, agendas and volume stuff in black in white. This is set as my default. I have a colour printer (again a pretty basic Epson SX 4 series) for when it’s needed to produce maps or coloured documents and photos. Usually this is kept switched off until needed rather than having it on standby, which I believes keeps the wastage of ink to a minimum. Even on a budget laser printer the speed of printing and the time it saves me makes recommend it to others.

    TrinityX, 01 April 2013 10:57am
    At work, we were always advised that toner can cause pregnant women to miscarry. I can’t find any references to back this up (and obviously we were going to try it out!) but this is a point that might be worth considering. Toner is known to be poisonous and has been alleged to have carcinogenic qualities. It’s easy to control exposure to it in an office environment, but how easy is it at home? I’m toying with the idea of a laserjet, to replace my broken inkjet… but this is an important nagging question to which I just can’t find an answer.

    generalschnitzel, 01 April 2013 11:47pm
    Can I just say… that it would be cheaper having a drug habit, than running a so-called modern printer!
    Used to have an Epsom inkjet (6 colours) which delivered extraordinary results, but replacement cartridges were horrendously expensive. When the printer is switched on it delivers ink to the print head to deliver optimum results, and to stop the head drying out. However this waste ink, apart from being expensive also saturates the waste pads, and needs to be serviced, including replacing pads and resetting printer CPU. Needless to say I skipped that one.
    Replaced it for a Kodak. Yes, ink is cheaper, but quality isn’t as good. If you can afford it – then laser is the way to go, especially if you have kid’s homework to print, etc.


    Laser vs. inkjet printers: which is better?
    Campbell Simpson (PC World Australia (online)), – 28 July, 2010 14:20

    We look at the pros and cons of laser and inkjet printers

    If you’re buying a printer, either for work or for home, one of the choices you’re likely to be faced is whether to get an inkjet printer or a laser printer. Inkjet printers use liquid ink sprayed through microscopic nozzles onto the paper, and laser printers use a toner cartridge (filled with fine powder) and a heated fuser.

    Each technology has its own strengths and weaknesses. The two types use different approaches and each is appropriate for meeting different printing needs.

    Initial costs

    Surprisingly enough, you can purchase a basic laser or inkjet printer for almost the same price. If you’re looking for a budget multifunction printer — which will include the ability to photocopy and scan images as well as print — there’s not much difference in price between inkjets like the Canon PIXMA MX350 and lasers like the Dell 1133. One distinct difference between these two models, however, is that only the inkjet model can print colour pages – budget laser printers are only capable of producing black-and-white documents.

    The cheapest laser printers will generally cost around $130; you can pick up inkjet printers for as little as $60-$70. However, these budget inkjet printers generally come with ‘starter’ cartridges, which don’t have a full ink tank. This means you’ll need to refill them after fewer prints.

    Ongoing costs

    As you continue to use your new printer over a period of time, you’ll need to keep it supplied with appropriate consumables like paper and ink or toner. The ongoing running costs of printers are generally quoted in cents per A4 page. You can calculate this by dividing the number of pages an ink or toner cartridge can produce (this figure is provided by the manufacturer) by the price of the cartridge. This doesn’t include the cost of paper though (but this won’t change depending on the type of printers).

    Generally inkjet printers have a price per page of around 20 cents, although this includes both black and colour cartridges – if you intend to print only black, ongoing print costs are generally 7-8 cents per page. Cheap black-and-white laser printers have a price of around 6c per page on average. If you spend more on a laser printer, the cost per page generally drops quickly.

    Larger laser printers have additional ongoing costs when compared to inkjets: they often require an additional fuser cartridge or the replacement of parts with a maintenance kit.

    Print speed and text print quality

    When it comes to printing black and white text pages, laser printing is unbeatable. Even in low-end cheaper monochrome laser models you can expect print speeds of up to 20 pages per minute. Inkjets are significantly slower, with budget printers rarely printing more than 6 pages per minute of black text.

    For normal print sizes (of around 12pt and larger) text printing quality is similar between both laser and inkjet printing platforms. However, if your printing needs include printing small fonts then lasers are normally superior to inkjets, as the fusing technology better lends itself to the minute curves and dots of small text.


    Colour printing and colour print quality

    If you want to print colour – whether it’s a full-page colour photograph or simply a pie chart – you’ll almost certainly be better off with an inkjet printer. Colour laser printers are often bulky and quite expensive and generally aren’t suited to home or small office use.

    Even when comparing a colour laser printer to a colour inkjet, the inkjet is likely produce better colour images. Inkjet printers are able to reproduce subtle colour gradation in images where laser printers will display banding (distinct changes in colour saturation).


    Size is an important consideration for some users. If you’re looking for something to fit into a small space on or underneath your desk, it’s hard to go past an inkjet printer. However, if you don’t need scanning or copying a single-function laser printer may be small enough to suit your needs.


    If you’re buying based on price – and most consumers are – the choice between a laser printer and an inkjet is simple. If you can afford to pay a little more upfront and if you’ll only be printing black text documents, a laser printer is a convenient solution. Inkjet printers are far more versatile, which is important for home use, but you’ll pay more in ongoing running costs and will have slower print times. Choose carefully!

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  • Virtual Chitchatting 2:22 PM on 2013/10/10 Permalink  

    The reasons of why ink-based printers are expensive and troublesome for common users’ experiences

    To inexperienced ink-based printer users, beware of the slicky things in the printing ink business. Ye shall pay more but getting a lot less.


    Printer ink: Tired of feeding the cash cow?
    Inkjet refills typically cost significantly more than the printer itself.
    By Lamont Wood
    March 28, 2012 06:00 AM ET

    Computerworld – Human blood costs about $17.27 an ounce, silver about $34 an ounce. But both are bargains compared to the ink sold to the owners of inkjet printers, which can exceed $80 an ounce. Meanwhile, the ink used to print newspapers costs about 16 cents an ounce.

    Today, color inkjet technology offers essentially photo-realistic output from consumer or home-office printers that cost less than $100. But even those who print out as few as 20 pages a week will probably have to buy several ink refills a year, at minimum, costing way more than the original price of the printer. Those who understand the issues can avoid the worst shocks. (See “Shopping advice,” below.)

    “Everyone complains about the price of ink, but consumers do not do a net-present-value analysis when shopping — we only do it with higher-ticket items,” explains Federico De Silva, an analyst at Gartner, a market research firm. “They are going for a $49 printer, but when they have to refill it they realize they are spending $50 to $60 just on ink.”

    Computerworld – Human blood costs about $17.27 an ounce, silver about $34 an ounce. But both are bargains compared to the ink sold to the owners of inkjet printers, which can exceed $80 an ounce. Meanwhile, the ink used to print newspapers costs about 16 cents an ounce.

    Today, color inkjet technology offers essentially photo-realistic output from consumer or home-office printers that cost less than $100. But even those who print out as few as 20 pages a week will probably have to buy several ink refills a year, at minimum, costing way more than the original price of the printer. Those who understand the issues can avoid the worst shocks. (See “Shopping advice,” below.)

    “Everyone complains about the price of ink, but consumers do not do a net-present-value analysis when shopping — we only do it with higher-ticket items,” explains Federico De Silva, an analyst at Gartner, a market research firm. “They are going for a $49 printer, but when they have to refill it they realize they are spending $50 to $60 just on ink.”

    Shopping advice

    The rule of thumb is that, generally, the more expensive the printer the less expensive the refill ink, sources agree. But there is no cross-over point, or a printer price at which you can expect minimal ink prices, because multiple factors, such as print speed, can affect the machine’s price.

    For the best deal, know your needs when printer shopping, and establish the cartridge yields of the units you are considering. So for instance, if you print 100 pages a week, that’s more than 5,000 a year; with a low-end machine with 400-page yields you may have to refill monthly. Picking the right machine can save you hundreds of dollars over its life. If you print two pages per week, ink is a non-issue.

    Be careful about using higher print resolutions, as doing so drives up ink consumption exponentially, but the difference in quality may not be visible to the unaided eye, says Andy Slawetsky, head of Industry Analysts, a research firm in the print industry. For instance, Kodak’s inkjets have a default setting of 600 by 1200 dots per inch and can optionally be set as high as 9600 dots per inch, but the difference is often indistinguishable, says Rod Eslinger, comparative advertising manager at Kodak.

    Thom Brown, a supplies technology specialist at HP, suggests that inkjet owners leave their machines on. The printers will go into sleep mode and do print head cleaning in the background as required, he notes. But if they are turned off between use they may launch a major priming and cleaning cycle when turned back on, wasting ink each time.

    Some OEM cartridges have expiration dates built into their chips, and cannot be installed after that date, warns Slawetsky. Buying cartridges in bulk at a discount may be self-defeating for such machines, he warns, as a cartridge may expire before it is needed.

    An often overlooked issue is durability, or how long it takes the ink to fade. For example, Wilhelm Imaging Research in Grinnell, Iowa, rates the ink from most OEMs as likely to outlive the owner by decades when used to print photos that will be displayed under glass. But all third-party refill ink for HP cartridges that it has tested fade noticeably within a year. As for unlit archival storage, Brown at HP said the issue is really the choice of paper, since yellowing is a bigger problem than fading.


    “The model works,” Eason says, and Kodak has seen its inkjet revenue grow 39% year over year, according to its latest quarterly figures. (That said, keep in mind that Kodak has filed for bankruptcy protection.)

    Your mileage may vary

    Brown at HP also makes the point that buyers should not pay attention to the ink’s cost per ounce — not just because it’s unnerving, but because the total cost per page is a more useful metric. Anyway, of the major manufacturers, only HP and Canon list the weight of their cartridge contents. In contrast, all the manufacturers publish the expected page yield of their cartridges, online if not on the box. Even then, the buyers must calculate the cost per page themselves and then decide how relevant the page-yield data is.

    All the major printer makers use the ISO 24711 standard to establish page yields. The procedure is to install new, full cartridges and start printing out a suite of five documents until there is noticeable fading, or the machine announces that it is out of ink.

    The ISO suite consists of a business letter; a newsletter page with some text blocks with background color and a color photo that’s less than 2 x 2 inches; two pages of large color charts and graphs, and a color registration page. According to Lexmark product literature, the ISO documents are designed to give each color 5% coverage, averaged across all five pages. If you are printing family photos, coverage may far exceed 5% per color. If you are printing e-mails, coverage may be lower and will mostly involve black ink.

    Also, most people don’t do all their printing in one session, and their machines stand idle for long periods. During those periods an inkjet will occasionally come to life and perform print head cleaning, consuming additional ink. Sources agree that there is no rule of thumb about how much ink is lost this way, but the ISO test does not take it into account.

    In other words, as they say in the car ads, your mileage may vary.

    But accepting the standard as a basis for comparison, a random sampling of 33 black ink cartridges have published yields ranging from 175 to 2,400 pages, with the average being 661. Nine have page counts in the 400s. The cost per page (dividing the retail price by the yield) ranges from 1.6 cents to 15.4 cents, with the average being 5.9 cents. The average retail price of the black cartridges is $25.26.

    Keep in mind that a full refill will require at least one and perhaps three more cartridges for color (non-black colors are sometimes combined in a cartridge) and the price of each may be comparable to that of the black cartridge. Some printers shut down completely even if only one color runs out, or, if you’re able to press on, you risk ruining the print head fed by the ink cartridge that has gone dry.

    Third-party ink

    Meanwhile, in response to the high costs, a third-party cartridge industry has arisen based mostly on refilling recycled cartridges made by the original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) and collected through various channels. Lyra’s Lecompte estimates that a third of cartridges selling at retail are refilled, often selling for half the original price.

    But reservations about refilling are widespread, and include leaking, streaking, print head failures and unmatched colors. “I usually don’t get good results out of refilled cartridges,” says Andy Slawetsky, head of Industry Analysts, a research firm in the print industry, located in Rochester, NY. “I don’t recommend it with color, since it is tough to get good calibration.”

    “The quality is not quite as good since it is used equipment,” says Lecompte.

    Indeed, Micro Solutions Enterprises (MSE), a refilled toner cartridge supplier in Van Nuys, Calif., got out of the refill ink business two years ago because quality was hard to maintain, says Luke Goldberg, MSE vice president. MSE promotes the reputation of its refurbished laser toner cartridges, but maintaining the same quality with ink cartridges proved too difficult — there were too many leaking cartridges, too many that left streaks on the page, and other failures, Goldberg says.

    A note concerning prices

    The $17.27 per ounce cost of blood is based on figures for 2008 (the latest available) by the American Association of Blood Banks, for a one-pint (16-ounce) unit of blood, adding a 5.5% yearly cost increase since 2008. Note that this is a cost, not a price; human blood is not sold on the open market, but there are processing costs.
    The price of ink per ounce was determined using the listed retail price of the cartridge divided by the stated weight of the contents, when given, assuming that the specific gravity of ink approximates water so that a milliliter equals 0.0338 ounces. A random sample of 33 averaged $45.40 for ounce, ranging from $17.90 to $80.63.
    The cost of newspaper ink (about $2.50 per pound for black) was supplied by the National Association of Printing Ink Manufacturers.
    The price of silver was established in early March at http://silverprice.org.


    Ironically, by getting out of the business MSE was also reacting to a trend toward lower cartridge prices, as more machines have the print head built into the body rather than in the cartridge, Goldberg added. (A Hewlett-Packard spokesman said that its cheapest cartridge with an integrated print head retails for about $15, while those without print heads start at about $10 and are usually found in more expensive printers.)

    On the other hand, online third-party refill ink vendor Castle Ink of Greenlawn, NY, is still in the business. Spokesman Bill Elward acknowledges that quality is a challenge, and that there are refillers who skate over the issue, giving the others a bad name. His firm has gone through four suppliers since 2005 looking for low defect rates, he says.

    “The average cartridge can be refilled at most six times, but for quality control the best practice is to not refill more than three times,” Elward notes. “But there are refillers who push it to the limit.”

    There are also third-party vendors that make their own copycat cartridges, risking patent infringement lawsuits. Goldberg explains that sticking to empty OEM cartridges is legally safe due to the principal of patent exhaustion, which says that after the OEM has sold its patented product the subsequent owners can do whatever they please with it. Elward notes that his firm sticks to OEM cartridges, but, since the supply depends on empties getting collected, various print-cartridge models often go in and out of stock.
    Printer refills

    Meanwhile, Goldberg also notes that some manufacturers put chips on some of their cartridges to identify them to the printer — and to prevent the machine from using third-party cartridges that lack the chip. Refillers often find workarounds, but the process may take two years, he says. By that time, a printer manufacturer may have upgraded its models and the cartridges needed for it.

    Phoenix Ink of Sarasota, Fla., represents a different approach: It supplies stores with ink-refill kiosks. Customers bring in their own empty cartridges for refilling, generally spending half what they would spend for a new cartridge, says the firm’s president, David Scanlan.

    “Used cartridges are a commodity and everyone is after them, so the prices fluctuate dramatically,” he notes. Phoenix Ink gets its ink from Kodak, and is able to service about 200 different cartridge models with nine different inks, he adds.

    As for color matching, most “people don’t care about that, and anyway if I put our samples in front of you alongside the OEM samples, I would be surprised if you could say which was which,” says Scanlan.

    Clouded future

    But as it turns out, defending ink prices is not the biggest problem facing the OEMs — it’s that the market for inexpensive inkjet printers isn’t growing, apparently because those who buy them have less and less use for them.

    “Photo printing in the home was a fad, and now they go to Wal-Mart for prints, or just upload their vacation photos to social media,” notes Gartner’s De Silva. “Then there were recipes from the Internet, and maps, but those moved over to smartphones and tablets. More and more material is being produced specifically for the Internet and is not suitable for printing. The inkjet market is still large, but is not growing,” he adds.

    In response, the major vendors are mostly moving to more sophisticated machines that would appeal to businesses, offering Internet-connected units that can print images sent to them from mobile devices, De Silva says. They also have processors that run apps that connect to cloud services, and run various kinds of document-related software — and have ink tanks instead of cartridges, he adds.

    And while laser printers typically cost more — although prices continue falling — lasers offer something that inkjets can’t compete with: printouts with a crisp sheen, thanks to the heated roller used in the laser process.

    “There is the perception that if I am printing a business proposal I want it to shine,” says Industry Analysts’ Slawetsky. “They feel that a laser is a more business-class machine, and having laser output shows that I am with a real company with a real printer. But photos come off better from an inkjet, and today’s office inkjets give better results than the photo inkjets of just a few years ago. There’s room for both.” (Sources also agree that the best per-page cost can usually be had with a small, low-end monochrome laser printer.)

    But don’t expect the manufacturers to shore up their market by cutting ink prices. “That boat left the dock many years ago,” De Silva says.

    Lamont Wood is a freelance writer in San Antonio.

    Read more about Hardware in Computerworld’s Hardware Topic Center. http://www.computerworld.com/s/topic/12/Hardware
    But all third-party refill ink for HP cartridges that it has tested fade noticeably within a year. http://wilhelm-research.com/hp/NonGenuine-3rdPartyInkRefills.html
    Kodak decided to offer printers http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9025966/Ink_wars_Kodak_vs._HP_in_the_ink_jet_consumables_battle
    Kodak has filed for bankruptcy protection http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9223543/Eastman_Kodak_files_for_Chapter_11_of_U.S._bankruptcy_code


    The high cost of wasted printer ink
    It’s pricey, yet tests show much of it may never hit the page
    Published: June 2013

    It’s enough that printer ink might be the most expensive liquid you buy. Even the cheapest ink, at about $13 an ounce, costs more than, say, fine Champagne, while the priciest, at about $75 an ounce, is more costly than, say, Chanel No. 5 perfume. Check our graphic, “The Case of the Disappearing Ink,” to see just how expensive printer ink can be.

    But exclusive new tests in our labs show that some, even a lot, of that precious ink probably never even makes it onto printed pages. Instead, it’s used to clean print heads and for other maintenance chores, typically when the printer is preparing to print after sitting idle for some time.

    Tests in Consumer Reports’ lab, done in cooperation with International Consumer Research and Testing, an independent consumer testing and research organization, confirm that some printers use much more ink than others in those rituals-and the extra cost of using those models can add up to $100 or more a year.

    Here’s more about our tests and what you can do, and what we think printer manufacturers should be doing, to keep ink consumption (and ink bills) to a minimum.

    The inky truth

    For some time, we’ve been hearing from readers that they were getting a lot less mileage out of their printers’ inkjet cartridges than they expected-less than even our rigorous printer tests showed they should get. The ink usage tests we have conducted in recent years, which are similar to the standard industry tests that printer manufacturers rely on to measure ink usage, consist of printing pages continuously in big batches.

    The fact that our readers were able to print far fewer pages than we did in our tests suggested that, for some consumers, those tests were not appropriate. One reason for this shortfall, our engineers believed, was that those readers were printing intermittently, perhaps a handful of pages a few times per week, rather than continuously.

    To determine whether intermittent use would cause such a shortfall, we devised a new test, in which we printed 30 pages, in batches of two or three pages, once or twice every day or two (skipping weekends) for three weeks. And we shut off the printer between sessions, as we believe many consumers do.

    The results, based on tests of dozens of current all-in-one inkjets representing the leading brands, confirmed our suspicions: In intermittent use, plenty of models delivered half or less of their ink to the page, and a few managed no more than 20 to 30 percent.

    True, most models wound up using the majority of their ink to actually print, though only a few came within striking distance of using it all. (Our intermittent tests included text and graphics, but not photos because we’ve found that most people print those relatively infrequently).

    ‘Diapers’ and ‘spittoons': Where the ink goes

    Manufacturers say it’s par for printers to consume ink in ways that don’t wind up on the page. For example, HP referred us to its website, which said, “Some ink . . . must be used to maintain the health of the print head; some ink is residual; and some ink evaporates.” [edited 7/2/2013]

    But when we contacted them, manufacturers were mum on just how much ink consumers should expect to be consumed in such ways, though they did volunteer that the ink spent in cleaning may actually end up in a reservoir inside the printer that one manufacturer calls a “diaper” and other manufacturers call a “spittoon.”

    In our tests so far, only Brother printers were consistently frugal with ink when used intermittently. Other brands varied widely depending on the brand line. For example, with HP, the Envy series of printers used relatively little ink for maintenance, while the Photosmart series used a lot more.

    We also found that you don’t need to sacrifice performance in order to save on ink. Several models that were fine performers were also among the stingiest with ink used for maintenance.

    Join our printer-ink discussion on Twitter! Hashtag: #DontDrinkMyInk
    Also watch our Vine video at the bottom of this page.

    What consumers should do

    Weigh performance

    If you’re shopping for a new printer, ink cost is just one of many factors to consider when making your choice. In fact, we don’t factor such costs into the overall score in our printer Ratings, which we use to rank models, because printer usage varies widely. Instead, we rank models on such key factors as print quality, speed, and convenience.

    As you may see from the Ratings, we’ve found little correlation between ink costs and quality, nor between quality and the amount of ink used for maintenance.

    Consider ink costs

    If you don’t print a lot of pages, focus on the top performers and consider ink cost only as a tie-breaker among closely ranked models. If you print a lot, check the Ratings to estimate your monthly ink cost.

    That figure will depend not only on the ink the printer uses for maintenance but what it actually puts on the page-and, of course, what the manufacturer charges for ink in the first place. Ink costs per ounce vary dramatically: from the $75-per-ounce figure down to about $13 per ounce.

    And as with ink usage for maintenance, there’s as much variation within brand, according to the cartridge used, as from one manufacturer to another. (For example, HP’s 60XL cartridge, used in such models as the Envy 120, contains ½ ounce of black ink and costs $32, which works out to $64 per ounce. But its 950XL cartridge, used in such models as the Officejet Pro 251dw, contains 2.5 ounces and costs $37, which works out to less than half as much per ounce.)

    The Ratings show how much it would cost in ink to continuously print a 40-page mix of black text, color graphics, and photos, a typical monthly usage. (We present that figure because we have it for all printers, new and old, while we have the intermittent-printing costs only for newer models.)

    If you know you print more or less than that amount, adjust the calculations accordingly. And the more intermittently you print-with pages printed here and there through the month-the more you’ll want to choose a newer model that has undergone our ink-maintenance tests. Note the scores for that attribute on newer models. We’ll include that score for other new inkjet models as we test them.

    You’ll save by choosing a model that’s relatively frugal in the ink costs shown for continuous use and in how much ink it spends on maintenance. Fortunately, some models fill that bill and perform at least decently, including the Brother DCP-J140W, $80, along with two Epsons: the XP-800, $180, and XP-600, $100.

    Adjust your habits to conserve ink

    No matter which printer you own or buy, you can’t directly control how often a printer maintenance cycle occurs. We’ve found that such cycles occur automatically based on a frequency the printer manufacturer sets. But you can reduce the number of such cycles, and ink consumption, in several ways.

    First, you can leave the power on. Leaving the printer on all the time avoids triggering a maintenance cycle each time you use the printer. When we did that with some of the most ink-hogging models, it did noticeably reduce ink consumption. Canon told us that “if the printer is switched off then it may do a longer clean.”

    Worried about the cost and environmental impact of the extra energy consumed? Inkjets left on consume very little power when not in use, so your ink savings should considerably outweigh the energy cost.

    For less-critical work, print in Draft mode, which will reduce the amount of ink used in printing (though not the ink used in maintenance). And don’t print lots of large photographs, especially in high-quality mode, since they use the most ink.

    Also, don’t change cartridges unless you must. Whenever you exchange an ink cartridge that still has plenty of ink left for, say, a less-costly off-brand one for less critical work, you trigger an ink-consuming initialization cycle.

    Consider buying a laser printer as a second printer for black-and-white, since laser printers don’t use maintenance ink, and they print excellent text.

    How high are your printer-ink costs? Join the discussion in our forums.

    What manufacturers should do

    We accept that maintaining optimal printer performance may require that ink be consumed, and that not all printers can be as miserly as the most frugal we found in our tests. But we also believe that if manufacturers can make some printers that are frugal, they can better apply the design lessons from those models to make more, if not all, of their models use ink efficiently, no matter how often they’re used.

    Based on our tests, in which maintenance cycles were initiated in some printers by simply turning the printer off and then on again, one way to minimize ink used in such printers could be to have them keep track of time even when shut off, and initiate such cycles according to need rather than each time they are powered on.

    Until manufacturers take such steps, we think it’s fair to consider at least some of the ink manufacturers charge so much for to be wasted. That’s because some of their models use so much of it in maintenance-and other models that each manufacturer makes clearly demonstrate that such usage needn’t be so excessive.

    A tale of two printers: Ink miser vs. ink guzzler

    Here’s how dramatically the differing cost of ink for cleaning and maintenance can affect printing costs. These two printers have about the same price and high level of performance, yet one is frugal in ink used for cleaning and maintenance, and the other is profligate. The table shows the annual ink costs for each to print 380 pages of text and color graphics and 65 photos, intermittently-the way many people print. The figures show how ink used for maintenance accounts for all of the $120 gap in annual ink costs between the two.

    Printer Price Annual ink cost
    Approximate total (cost of ink used for maintenance)
    Epson Expression Premium XP-800 $180 $110 ($21)
    Canon Pixma MX922 $160 $230 ($150)

    The case of the disappearing ink


    Editor’s Note: This article appeared in the August 2013 issue of Consumer Reports magazine.


    Consumer Reports: Save On Printer Ink
    June 26, 2013 5:45 PM

    PITTSBURGH (KDKA) – When it’s time to buy new ink cartridges for your printer, the cost can be a real shock.

    Did you know your printer is gobbling up ink that never lands on a page? Well, Consumer Reports’ recently tested nearly 30 big-name printers and found exactly that.

    Keeping a printer full of ink is one of life’s really annoying expenses.

    You may not realize it, but printer ink is one of the most expensive liquids you can buy. In fact, ounce for ounce, it can cost more than fine champagne.

    So, when Consumer Reports’ readers complained their printer ink seemed to be disappearing, testers got on the case.

    “Ink is used as the printer prepares to print after not being used for a while. So if you print infrequently, that could mean more ink used for maintenance chores like cleaning the print heads,” Paul Reynolds with Consumer Reports.

    Consumer Reports designed a special test to see how much ink was actually making it onto paper. Testers printed 30 pages of text or color graphics intermittently over a three-week period.

    Some printers were much less efficient with ink. The worst offenders used as much as $120 a year in ink that never gets used to print anything. They were the HP Officejet Pro 8600 and the Lexmark OfficeEdge Pro 4000.

    Test data also showed most brands had printers that used a lot of ink for maintenance, as well as ones that were easy on ink.

    “If they can keep ink usage down for some, they should be able to keep it down for all their printers,” Reynolds said.

    But one brand stood out – Brother.

    All three of the Brother printers tested were frugal with ink at start-up and a Consumer Reports Best Buy the Brother DCP-J140W at $80.

    You can save on ink no matter which printer you own by following this advice from Consumer Reports. First, try to print all at once rather than every few days. Also, leave your printer on between jobs. The tiny amount of standby power used will cost much less than the ink used up when the printer turns on.


    7 On Your Side
    Printer ink efficiency tested by Consumer Reports
    Michael Finney, Wednesday, July 10, 2013

    If you’ve ever had to buy ink for your printer, you know the frustration of expensive cartridges. So how much ink is your printer really using? Consumer Reports has partnered exclusively with 7 On Your Side to find out.

    When it’s time to buy new ink cartridges for your printer, the cost can be a real shock. And what if your printer is gobbling up ink that never lands on a page? Consumer Reports’ tests of nearly 30 big-name printers found exactly that.

    Keeping a printer in ink is one of life’s really annoying expenses.

    Many don’t realize it, but printer ink is one of the most expensive liquids you can buy. Ounce for ounce, it can cost more than fine champagne. So when Consumer Reports’ readers complained their printer ink seemed to be disappearing, testers got on the case.

    “Ink is used as the printer prepares to print after not being used for a while. So if you print infrequently, that could mean more ink used for maintenance chores like cleaning the print heads,” said Paul Reynolds of Consumer Reports

    Consumer Reports designed a special test to see how much ink was actually making it onto paper. Testers printed 30 pages of text or color graphics intermittently over a three-week period.

    Some printers were much less efficient with ink. The worst offenders used as much as $120 a year in ink that never gets used to print anything. They’re the HP Officejet Pro 8600 and the Lexmark OfficeEdge Pro4000.

    Test data also showed most brands had printers that used a lot of ink for maintenance as well as ones that were easy on ink.

    “If they can keep ink usage down for some, they should be able to keep it down for all their printers,” said Reynolds.

    But one brand stood out – brother. All three of the brother printers tested were frugal with ink at start-up; a Consumer Reports best buy is the Brother DCP-J140w at $80.

    You can save on ink no matter which printer you own by following this advice from Consumer Reports. First, try to print all at once rather than every few days. Also, leave your printer on between jobs. The tiny amount of standby power used will cost much less than the ink used up when the printer turns on.

    Consumer Reports is published by Consumers Union. Both Consumer Reports and Consumers Union are not-for-profit organizations that accept no advertising. Neither has any commercial relationship with any advertiser or sponsor on this site.

    (All Consumer Reports Material Copyright 2011. Consumers Union of U.S. Inc. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.)

    (Copyright ©2013 KGO-TV. All Rights Reserved.)


    Guzzling Printers Can Waste $100 of Ink a Year, Report Finds
    By: Herb Weisbaum, Tuesday, 2 Jul 2013 | 7:33 AM ET

    You already know printer ink is expensive. Actually, it’s one of the priciest liquids you buy. Ounce-per-ounce, even the cheapest ink (about $13 an ounce) costs more than fine champagne.

    But here’s the real shocker: A lot of that precious material doesn’t get onto the paper but ends up wasted.

    Consumer Reports found that some printers gobble up a significant amount of ink-50 percent or more-for nonprinting functions such as cleaning print heads.

    The extra cost of using a model that soaks up ink for routine maintenance could be as much as $120 a year, the editors estimated.

    “We were surprised by the amount of ink some printers used,” said Electronics Editor Paul Reynolds.

    (Read More: 3-D Printing: This Generation’s ‘Moon Shot’ Moment, http://www.cnbc.com/id/100796266)

    Consumer Reports investigated the problem of disappearing ink after readers complained that they weren’t getting their money’s worth-fewer copies than the magazine projected based on its rigorous tests.

    Its engineers suspected the problem was caused by intermittent printing. So, they designed a new test to simulate real-world conditions: print a few pages now and then, and keep the machine off in the meantime.

    The revised test protocol was to print 30 pages of text or color graphics intermittently over a three-week period.

    In the lab, Consumer Reports put several dozen big-name all-in-one inkjet printers through their paces. While most of the models used most of their ink to print, only a few came within striking distance of using all of it.

    Based on this new testing, the researchers verified the cause, documented the difference between models and figured out how to get more pages per cartridge.

    “Our tests confirm that it’s worth paying attention to how much ink is used for cleaning and maintenance, and to make that part of your buying consideration,” Reynolds said.

    The worst offenders for wasted ink were the HP Officejet Pro 8600 and the Lexmark OfficeEdge Pro 4000.

    (Read More: Amazon Rolls Out 3-D Printer Shopping Section, http://www.cnbc.com/id/100809948)

    Brother stood out from the pack. All three of its printers tested were consistently frugal with ink when used intermittently. Consumer Reports named the Brother DCP-J140W at $80 a CR Best Buy.

    With other manufacturers, the amount of maintenance ink used varied widely, even within brands. For example, the HP Envy series of printers used relatively little ink for maintenance, while HP’s Photosmart series used a lot more.

    Good news: You don’t need to sacrifice performance to save on ink. Several models that were fine performers were also some of the stingiest with maintenance ink.

    (Read: “The High Cost of Printer Ink” from the August issue of Consumer Reports, http://www.consumerreports.org/cro/magazine/2013/08/the-high-cost-of-wasted-printer-ink/index.htm)

    How Do 3-D Printers Actually Work?
    Sylvain Preumont, founder and director of iMAKR, the world’s largest 3-D printing store, tells CNBC how the printers work.

    Why Is So Much Ink Wasted?

    Whenever you power up your printer, it goes through a maintenance cycle that uses ink. That’s what’s happening when the printer head moves back and forth after your turn it on.

    This intermittent use can burn through more than half the ink in the cartridge. A few of the models Consumer Reports tested were so wasteful that only 20 percent to 30 percent of the ink in the cartridge ended up on the paper.

    Manufacturers are aware of these results. They told the magazine it’s necessary to use this ink to preserve quality.

    Reynolds said he understands this and realizes that every printer cannot be as miserly as the best ones tested. But people should be able to turn their printer on and off without triggering more cleaning and maintenance than is needed, he added.

    “If manufacturers can make some printers that are frugal, why can’t they better apply those design lessons to make more models use ink efficiently?” he asked. “We encourage manufacturers to learn from the best models they have and apply that to some of the worst.”

    How to Squeeze More Ink Out of Those Expensive Cartridges

    There’s no way to directly control the frequency of your printer’s maintenance cycle. That’s determined by each manufacturer. But based on Consumer Reports testing, we know that turning the printer on triggers a maintenance cycle. Obviously, the fewer cycles the better.

    That’s why the magazine now suggests leaving the printer on. It did that with some of the most ink-hogging models and got noticeably reduced consumption.

    Yes, that will use more electricity, but Reynolds said inkjets go into a sleep mode and use very little power when they’re not in use.

    (Read More: Law Student Gets Around Gun Control With 3-D Printing, http://www.cnbc.com/id/100661606)

    “Your ink savings should considerably outweigh the energy cost,” Reynolds assured me.

    Other money-saving suggestions from Consumer Reports:
    Don’t change cartridges unless you must. Whenever you exchange an ink cartridge that still has plenty of ink left for, say, a less-costly off-brand one for less-critical work, you trigger an ink-consuming initialization cycle.
    Print in draft mode for less critical work. This will reduce the amount of ink used in printing (though not the ink used in maintenance). And, don’t print lots of large photographs, especially in high-quality mode, as they use the most ink.
    Consider buying a laser printer as a second printer for black-and-white, as they don’t use maintenance ink and they do an excellent job with text.

    -By Herb Weisbaum, CNBC. Follow him on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/Consumerman and Twitter https://twitter.com/TheConsumerman or visit The ConsumerMan http://www.consumerman.com/ website.


    HP Printing Efficiency: Helping Customers Save Ink and Money

    When making purchase decisions about printers and inkjet print cartridges, customers typically are most concerned with printing capabilities, print quality, speed, product features and ease of use-but cost comparisons are also an important consideration. In comparing costs, customers may look at cartridge price, measurements of page yield and related estimates of cost per page. But cartridge price and cost per page are only part of the economic picture.

    Some customers also compare cartridge ink volumes in milliliters, but this comparison is not a reliable indication of the relative number of pages that can be printed. HP recommends that customers consider page yield when comparing printers and cartridges, because printers from different manufacturers vary in how they use ink.

    A range of other factors-including price, quality, reliability, customer usage and the way printers use ink-impacts printing costs. When comparing costs, customers also need to consider these factors. HP wants customers to have meaningful information on all the factors involved to help them make the best choices for their needs. This article explores how differences in the way printers use ink-known as printing efficiency-impact page yields and printing costs.

    The impact of efficiency on printing costs

    The page yield that customers derive from their printing systems depends on several factors, including their printing habits and how their printing system uses ink both to print pages and to maintain reliable performance.

    To keep the ink flowing smoothly and the nozzles clear, all inkjet printers use some of their ink before printing when a new cartridge is installed as well as for system maintenance when the printer has not been used for a while. This ink usage is critical for optimizing printing performance and reliability. Some printers use a lot of ink during this process, while others are engineered to use very little.

    Printing efficiency is reflected in the amount of ink available to print pages after accounting for the ink the printer uses in everyday, start-and-stop printing for system maintenance between print jobs. Inkjet printing systems are not equally efficient in their use of ink for system maintenance. Therefore, in comparing printers from different manufacturers, it is important to understand the impact that printing efficiency has on page yields during typical customer usage.

    The new ISO standard measures printer yield by printing continuously until the cartridge is empty. Since there is no break in printing, this approach does not account for the ink used for system maintenance during everyday operation. Therefore, testing based on continuous printing does not capture the efficiency differences of different printing systems and may not represent the page yields a customer will actually experience. Much as city and highway driving results in different fuel consumption and fuel economy, continuous printing delivers different results than normal start-and-stop customer usage, and customers will experience different page yields based on their actual usage and the efficiency of their printer.

    Independent testing assesses the impact of efficiency

    To demonstrate the impact of printing efficiency on page yields, HP commissioned an independent study by SpencerLab Digital Color Laboratory.1 Conducted from April through June 2006, the study tested several manufacturers’ popular printer models used by home customers.2

    The purpose of the study was to:
    1. Compare the efficiency of different inkjet printing systems-that is, how much ink they use for maintenance and how much ink is available to them for printing pages, and
    2. Gain insight into the page yield of inkjet cartridges during typical, start-and-stop customer usage.

    The research revealed that:

    The Epson printers tested used over twice as much ink and the Canon printers almost twice as much ink as the comparable HP printers tested to print the same number of pages.1

    1. Page yields derived from typical start-and-stop printing are different from those measured when printing continuously. The graphs below show that the relative yield rankings of the printers tested change in start-and-stop vs. continuous printing.
    The HP printers tested demonstrated the smallest percentage change between continuous printing and start-and-stop, or intermittent, printing.

    2. There are significant differences in printing efficiency among the printers tested.
    The HP printers had the highest average printing efficiency among all the printers tested.

    3. More efficient design and performance preserve a greater percentage of ink for printing pages.
    The Epson individual ink cartridge printers tested used over twice as much ink and the Canon printers tested used almost twice as much ink as the comparable HP printers tested to print the same number of pages. This is because the Canon and Epson printers consumed about 50 percent of the supplied ink-significantly more ink than consumed by the HP printers- during system maintenance and cartridge changes

    4. Printers with individual ink cartridges for each color are not inherently more efficient than printers with tri-color cartridges. The design and performance of the printing system itself-not the type of cartridge the system uses-determine efficiency.

    Intermittent vs. Continuous Yield Change

    Page yields derived from typical start-and-stop printing are different from those measured when printing continuously. As shown in the charts above, the relative yield rankings of the printers tested change between start-and-stop printing and continuous printing. The HP printers tested demonstrated the smallest percentage change between continuous printing and start-and-stop printing.

    How HP delivers efficiency

    “Printing efficiency significantly impacts the normal user’s page yields and actual printing costs. Our testing revealed striking differences in how efficiently different inkjet printers performed and the effect this had on yields during typical usage.”
    -David R. Spencer, President
    SpencerLab Digital Color

    It is important to look beyond the claims to consider what factors contribute to printing efficiency and costs. For example, a small amount of ink may remain in a depleted tri-color cartridge depending on color use during printing. However, some HP competitors expend significant amounts of ink for system maintenance.1 This can be considerably more than the ink left behind in tri-color cartridges during normal use. And HP printers are engineered to use very little ink for system maintenance.

    HP printers with tri-color cartridges and with individual ink cartridges deliver exceptional printing efficiency. This results from three design features that closely interact and for which HP has demonstrated technology strengths:

    Ink design. HP’s patented inks are highly pure and uniquely formulated to keep nozzles clear without frequent cleaning cycles. This increases reliability and reduces the need to use ink for maintenance-saving the ink for printing pages.

    System maintenance design. HP’s patented wiper-blade technology keeps print-head nozzles clean and reliable, and our leak-resistant capping system helps prevent nozzles from clogging during non-use. Both technologies reduce the need to draw ink from the print cartridge to maintain print-head reliability.

    Air management. Air, which naturally builds up in inkjet ink, can create bubbles and affect print quality. Advanced HP cartridge technology solves this issue by automatically removing air from the system, without wasting ink.

    HP printing efficiency limits ink consumed for system maintenance and results in higher page yields in typical start-and-stop printing mode when compared to competitors’ products under similar conditions.

    The design and performance of the printing system itself-not the type of cartridge the system uses-determine efficiency. For more details on how ink is used in inkjet printers, see the companion article “Ink Usage in Inkjet Printers” at http://www.hp.com/go/inkusage.

    Toward a more complete picture of costs

    Many factors impact printing costs, so customers should look carefully at the information they use to compare costs. For example, how, what, and how often customers print can impact a printer’s use of ink, and therefore the number of pages printed per cartridge. Printing efficiency significantly impacts page yields, and therefore costs.

    HP has designed its inkjet printers and cartridges, including both individual ink and tri-color cartridges, for efficient ink usage so customers can save ink and money. When customers compare the costs of different printing systems, HP encourages them to consider not only price and page yield, but also reliability, quality and efficiency.

    The independent test results presented here show that HP inkjet printing products demonstrate excellent yield performance-in the lab and in real life-during the start-and-stop printing typical of actual customer usage. Customers can look to HP products to deliver printing efficiency, along with reliable performance and excellent print quality.

    1 Inkjet Printing Efficiency: Yield and the Customer Experience, SpencerLab Digital Color Laboratory, August 2006.
    2 All-in-one printers tested: HP Photosmart C3180, HP Photosmart C4180, Epson Stylus CX4800, Epson Stylus DX3850, Epson Stylus DX4850 and Canon PIXMA MP170.


    Study: Inkjet printers are filthy, lying thieves
    According to a recent study, inkjet printers are woefully wrong when they …
    by Ken Fisher – June 19 2007, 11:34am SEAST

    A new study says that on average, more than half of the ink from inkjet cartridges is wasted when users toss them in the garbage. Why is that interesting? According to the study, users are tossing the cartridges when their printers are telling them they’re out of ink, not when they necessarily are out of ink.

    The study by TÜV Rheinland looked at inkjet efficiency across multiple brands, including Epson (who commissioned the study), Lexmark, Canon, HP, Kodak, and Brother. They studied the efficiency of both single and multi-ink cartridges. Espon’s printers were among the highest rated, at more than 80 percent efficiency using single-ink cartridges. Kodak’s EasyShare 5300 was panned as the worst printer tested, wasting 64 percent of its ink in tests. TÜV Rheinland measured cartridge weights before and after use, stopping use when printers reported that they were out of ink.

    That’s the first problem. Printers routinely report that they are low on ink even when they aren’t, and in some cases there are still hundreds of pages worth of ink left.

    The second issue is a familiar one: multi-ink cartridges can be rendered “empty” when only one color runs low. Multi-ink cartridges store three to five colors in a single cartridge. Printing too many photos from the air show will kill your cartridge faster than you can say “blue skies,” as dominant colors (say, “blue”) are used faster than the others. Therein lies the reason Epson backed the study: the company is singing the praises of its single-ink cartridge approach, an approach which is necessarily more efficient in terms of wasted ink because there’s only one color per cartridge, and thus only one cartridge to replace when that color runs out.

    Single ink cartridges aren’t exactly perfect, however. Such cartridges still were reported as empty with an average of 20 percent of their ink left, which means that an entire cartridge worth of ink is wasted for every five which are used. Given the sky-high prices of ink, this is an alarming find. Epson’s own R360 posted the best numbers, with only 9 percent wasted. Yet again, Epson commissioned the tests, so we must ask what’s missing.

    The study did not measure how much ink is lost due to lack of use, or through cleaning processes. Inkjet cartridges are known to suffer from quality problems if they are not used for long periods of time, sometimes “drying up.” This problem has been addressed in recent years, but it has not been eliminated.

    The study also did not calculate the total cost per page, which arguably is more important than efficiency. If Epson’s multicartridge approach is more efficient, it could nonetheless still be more expensive per page than multi-ink cartridge systems. In its defense, Epson and TÜV Rheinland said that their study focused on the ecological impact of inkjet printing. This is a familiar argument: hybrid cars have also been criticized for their supposed efficiency, with debates raging as to whether or not your average driver will ever see cost savings from better miles-per-gallon given the relative expensive of hybrid engines.

    As such, anyone in the market for an inkjet printer still needs to compare specific models to one another to get a feel for efficiency, and Epson’s efficiency claims needs to be weighed next to the comparative cost of competing inkjet solutions.

    Still, the unintended result of this study is that regardless of the battle between single- and multi-ink cartridges, inkjet printers themselves are significantly off the mark when it comes to reporting the fullness of their cartridges. As the Eagles would say, you’re best off when you “take it, to the limit.” (Or with a laser printer, one can always do the toner cartridge cha-cha.)


    The Secret Of Ink Cartridges Revealed
    by Erika Celario on November 30, 2012

    “Low on ink,” every printer users hate that notification popping out their screens especially when their printing a very important material at the moment. Unfortunately, this frequently happens on inkjet printers which are commonly used at home and micro-offices.

    Inkjet printers are more popular in small working environments since it cost lower than laser printers or multifunction printers. Their printer consumable, inkjet cartridges, also has a low price compare to toner cartridges that the laser printers used. However, in regards to this, inkjet cartridges has a lower page yield or printing page capacity which means it is totally predictable to say that the ink on your inkjet printer are likely to be empty at a shorter span than laser toner cartridges.

    Unbeknownst to many though, inkjet cartridges hold a secret that manufacturers wouldn’t want to share to the printer users. So what is that? Well, have you ever ask how your printer is able to read the amount of ink within its cartridge? It’s because inkjet cartridges have a small circuit board that contains memory and a command that checks the level of ink within your cartridge every now and then to notify the user if ever the ink is near to becoming empty. On the other hand, these circuit boards don’t always give an accurate reading which might lead the printer users actually thinking that their ink cartridge is already empty when actually it’s not. So before you dump that ink cartridge to the nearest trash can, you might want to check if it’s really empty or not, by following this steps.

    First, you should find the tiny circuit board in the inkjet cartridge. Once you found it, you will notice a small hole usually on top of it. There is a button inside it; this is the reset button for the circuit board. You can press it using the end of a paper clip. This will initialize the circuit board in re-reading the level of ink more accurately this time since it had been reset. After you have done this, place back the ink cartridge on your inkjet printer, refresh your computer and then check out if the level of ink within your cartridge have changed on the printer setting window.

    This procedure will help you to get the best out of your inkjet cartridges and get what you really pay for. This will also avoid you from wasting your ink cartridges when it is not actually empty in the first place.

    To make sure, in the first place, you should purchase your inkjet cartridges at reliable printer supplies retailer which offers warranty for their printer cartridges. You shouldn’t be worry if you’re buying replacement compatible inkjet cartridges too as long as you check that their page yield and performance are comparable to OEM-branded cartridges and they went under strict quality-tests to pass the standards of the printing industry in terms with printer consumables.


    Printer ink cartridges: why you’re paying more but getting a lot less
    David Robinson, The Guardian, Saturday 23 February 2013

    Big printer companies are accused of ‘squeezing ever-increasing amounts of cash out of the poor consumer’

    It’s a busy morning at Cartridge World in Aylesbury, part of a chain of almost 200 outlets across the UK that sell branded and refilled printer cartridges. It’s a thriving business. The shop has seen turnover double in the past five years.

    But store owner Martin Dyckhoff says customers come to him time and again with the same complaint: the branded inkjet cartridges they have bought run out of ink too quickly.

    The sky-high price of printer ink – measure for measure more expensive than vintage champagne – has been well documented. Less well-known is the fact that the amount of ink in the average cartridge has shrunk dramatically. “Newer cartridges contain a fraction of the ink a similar product contained a decade ago,” Dyckhoff says. “The amount can be minuscule.”

    For example, the Epson T032 colour cartridge (released in 2002) is the same size as the Epson colour T089 (released in 2008). But the T032 contains 16ml of ink and the T089 contains just 3.5ml of ink. It’s a similar story with Hewlett Packard (HP) cartridges. A decade ago, the best-selling HP cartridge had 42ml of ink and sold for about £20. Today, the standard printer cartridges made by HP may contain as little as 5ml of ink but sell for about £13.

    Cut open a HP inkjet cartridge and you’ll find what is going on. The size of the sponges inside, which hold the ink, have progressively reduced over the years. The rest of the cartridge is now simply empty space. In Epson cartridges, meanwhile, the ink tank has been systematically reduced in size.

    “The strategy has been to nudge the consumer towards a high frequency of purchases,” says David Connett, editor of The Recycler, a trade magazine covering the remanufacturing industry. “The big printer manufacturers have reduced the amount of ink in a cartridge, encrypted the chip technology, and used aggressive marketing tactics to discourage refills.”

    Chris Brooks, technical director of industry group the UK Cartridge Remanufacturers Association, is more forthright: “The big printer companies do all they can to squeeze ever-increasing amounts of cash out of the poor consumer in exchange for less ink.”

    Worst value, say the experts, are the colour cartridges. All three leading players, including Canon, sell single tri-colour cartridges – cyan, magenta and yellow – often with less than 2ml of ink per colour. “They’re very bad value because when one of the three colours runs out the entire cartridge stops working,” Dyckhoff says. “We always recommend people buy a printer with a separate cartridge for each colour.”

    The shrinking amount of ink in cartridges has enabled manufacturers to offer a remarkable new product – called “XL” (extra large) but almost exactly the same size as the standard cartridge. For example, HP makes the HP300, which contains 5ml of black ink and sells for about £13. It also makes the HP300XL, which has more ink – about 16ml – and sells for around £20-£25. But both are nearly identical in size. Indeed, some makers’ “XL” cartridges may contain less ink than standard cartridges issued a few years ago.

    XL cartridges are an “insult” to the consumer, says Patrick Stead of cartridge recycler Environmental Business Products: “HP sells half-full cartridges, then sticks an ‘XL’ on, fills them up, and sells them for even more money. The difference in manufacturing costs is pennies. It’s a shocking rip-off.”

    The printer companies dispute that they are squeezing consumers to ramp up profits. “Focusing on any single factor such as the point of purchase, the up-front cost of the cartridge or printer, the cost per page, or the millilitres of ink in a given cartridge is not an accurate way to measure the cost of printing,” HP said in a statement. It says consumers should focus on the cost per page of printing. It claims that on its Officejet Pro models, ink costs on a per-page basis have been maintained at the same levels since 2009.

    Epson, meanwhile, argues that print heads are more efficient compared with 10 years ago because of advances in technology. “They are able to produce a greater number of pages with an equivalent amount of ink,” the company said in a statement.

    Of the leading manufacturers, Canon has been the least aggressive in its ink reduction, but volumes have still shrunk. Its recent PGI-525BK inkjet cartridge, for example, contains 19ml of ink compared with its 26ml BCI-3BK issued in 2005. The company has also introduced standard and XL cartridges.

    Critics accept there have been improvements in technology and modern print heads are more efficient. “But these improvements cannot justify a five-fold decrease in the amount of ink in a cartridge,” Brooks says. “The cost of printer ink is the lowest it’s ever been, a few euros for a litre. Many cartridges cost less than 50p to make. The mark-up is enormous. The consumer is paying far more pro-rata today than a decade ago for cartridges containing very little ink.”

    There is an intense battle between manufacturers (HP, Epson and Canon) and “remanufacturers”, represented by Brooks, who refill cartridges to sell at a discount. Remanufacturers have grabbed a third of UK sales, at the same time as counterfeit cartridges from China are flooding into the country.

    In addition, aggressive competition from new entrants such as Kodak, which threw itself into the market in the mid-2000s offering cheap plastic printers and even cheaper cartridges, has eaten into their bottom line. (Kodak said last year that it was pulling out of the inkjet market.)

    “The big three have seen a year-on-year erosion of their market share,” Brooks says. “They had to do something drastic.”

    The response has been to sell cheaper printers and recoup the money on low-ink cartridges, which consumers have to replace more often. A decade ago, the average household printer cost upwards of £150, but today they retail for as little as £30.

    Many new printers come with “start-up” cartridges that contain tiny amounts of ink so the owner has to buy new cartridges almost immediately. Others have embedded technology to block cheap refills. “The logic is simple,” Stead says. “Once a consumer buys a HP printer they have to buy HP cartridges, no matter what they cost.”

    Save while you print

    • Beware really cheap cartridges, which run out in no time. XL cartridges cost more but do provide better value in the long run.

    • Don’t buy printers with single tri-colour cartridges. When one colour runs out the entire cartridge stops working even if there is plenty of ink left in the other two chambers. Buy a printer with a separate cartridge for each colour.

    • A DIY kit – £5.47 at Asda, £8 at Tesco – provides enough ink to refill a cartridge up to six times. Jettec and JR have kits with 90ml of black ink, enough to fill some cartridges 45 times, for £8-£10. But DIY refilling can be an incredibly messy business.

    • Buy refilled cartridges, saving 20%-70% on branded originals. Try cartridgeworld.co.uk and viking-direct.co.uk.

    • If you print mostly black-and-white documents, a laser printer uses toner, which lasts longer than ink. Page yield is in thousands rather than hundreds.

    1 http://discussion.theguardian.com/discussion/p/3ev85?orderby=oldest&commentpage=1&per_page=50
    Printer ink cartridges: why you’re paying more but getting a lot less
    David Robinson, The Guardian, Saturday 23 February 2013

    BettyWindsor, 23 February 2013 8:22am
    The solution is to buy generic inkjet cartridges on eBay
    for my printer (Epson) manufacturer’s cartridges cost about £10 whilst generics cost less than £1

    SpursSupporter BettyWindsor, 24 February 2013 9:39am
    @BettyWindsor – I agree. The only thing I’d say is don’t buy a lot at one time since they can seem to clog up if stored for a long time.
    Also, print in ‘draft’ quality if you can, it’s quite readable for pages of A4 text and uses less ink. And, print ‘greyscale’ only if you can to avoid odd bits of colour printing in documents if you don’t need the colour as black cartridges are often cheaper than colour, especially tricolours.

    leadballoon BettyWindsor, 25 February 2013 9:44am
    @BettyWindsor – The problem is the ‘chip’ arms race. The printer in the shops today have chips the generic or compatible manufacturers don’t make yet. They need some time to crack the chip and the volume sales to make it worthwhile. For the first year or more you’re stuck with the ‘genuine’ cartridges or refills. Once reliable generics are around, they’re cheaper and more convenient than refilling. Fine for maps, letters, notice boards, timetables and all the day to day stuff. Don’t leave them for months without use and expect them to work first time; they do clog more than ‘genuine’. There are some brands in the market with a reasonable reputation, some of the Amazon sellers tend to be reliable suppliers of the same brand over time.

    If you plan to move to generics, always avoid HP. They build part of the print head into the cartridge so even the ‘re-manufactured’ cartridges are expensive. The largest manufacturers have the best availability of generics so Canon and Epson were always the brands of choice. The reduced volume of the latest Epsons appears to leave the field open for Canon.

    Smollett BettyWindsor, 25 February 2013 10:21am
    @BettyWindsor – Agree. I pay £5 or less on eBay for a set of five compatible cartridges for my Canon ip4500.

    Somua35 BettyWindsor, 25 February 2013 5:12pm
    @BettyWindsor – The Free Market works.

    epinoa BettyWindsor, 25 February 2013 10:21pm
    @BettyWindsor – As you know printer ink is just carbon. The big name brands are obviously using ground diamonds rather than soot.

    FrankLittle Somua35, 25 February 2013 11:31pm
    @Somua35 – The Free Market works. It works fine for a while, then quickly runs out and people are left looking around for economy measures.

    mabrow, 23 February 2013 8:40am
    The shocking thing I have found is that it is almost cheaper to buy another colour laser printer than to replace the toners. What a waste, more landfill.
    Agree about the black and white printing though, you can’t beat a laser. They for on forever.

    hamishsdad mabrow, 23 February 2013 1:38pm
    @mabrow – too right, last year my relatively new samsung laser printer failed just after I had bought 2 sets new cartridges. I found the price for a new printer (including a set of cartridges) was only a bout 10% more than the set of cartridges I had just bought. Meaning that if it cost more than £ 10 to get a repair man out I was out of pocket.
    I had up to that time only ever bought the proper branded cartridges, but as the printer only lasted me about 15 months I fail to see any benefit in spending twice as much on the branded product. may as well buy a new printer and one set of non branded cartridges and then throw the printer out!
    What does it mean for the environment when a printer becomes a throw away commodity because of the pricing of the cartridges?

    AlanAudio mabrow, 25 February 2013 10:02am
    @mabrow – It’s not that simple. Printers these days usually come with what they call ‘starter’ cartridges. They’re just like ordinary cartridges but they’re nearly empty, so although a new printer with cartridges may appear to be similar in price to just buying new cartridges, the included cartridges won’t last long.
    I’ve also discovered that on my HP inkjet printer, the longer lasting ‘XL’ cartridges now contain substantially less ink than the previous set of ‘XL’ cartridges that I bought for that printer, but the price has increased.

    MyCatPi mabrow, 25 February 2013 11:20am
    @mabrow – Absolutely. I bought an HP laser in 2007. It has had 2 new blacks and 1 each of the three colours. Ok they are 60 quid each but they don’t dry up. Also when you upgrade windows they use generic HP drivers so you don’t generally have driver issues.

    xiyangyang mabrow, 25 February 2013 6:22pm
    It is amazing that so many people are still being fooled by the crappy printers these companies aim at consumers.
    If you need to do any real volume of printing at all, buy the cheapest office laser you can find that offers the features you need- for me ‘need’ meant full duplex and network connection, no need for junk like cheap scanner/fax built in. Just forget about inkjets altogether, and for colour photos go to a print shop where you will get vastly better quality for the price of colour ink.
    If you get something nice and boring and generic like the HP P1012 series, you will get a cheap, reliable, high quality, fast laser printer with cheap cartridges that print thousands of sheets each. Fake Chinese cartridges are even cheaper.

    Don McNaughton, 23 February 2013 9:37am
    Here’s a concept that acknowledges the fact that plastic cartridges don’t color documents! Refill only the ink!!!! WOW imagine that! In Canada we have a company called printwell that does this and it costs less than one third of the cost of a new cartridge and sends less dirty fossil fuel/carbon based plastics to the landfill and into our air while saving cash and giving less to the rich who really don’t need it anyhow. So maybe you can ask for a place that refills your existing cartridge too! Yay!

    fensaddlerinoz Don McNaughton, 25 February 2013 2:47am
    @Don McNaughton – It helps if you read the article. Surprisingly enough the UK has a chain of retailers which do offer refilling of cartridges. They are called Cartridge World, and are mentioned in the first sentence of the article. Surprisingly people outside Canada do get the idea of recycling and resource conservation.

    TurangaLeela Don McNaughton, 25 February 2013 4:06pm
    @Don McNaughton – not very green of you to waste all that expensive ink with those unnecessary exclamation marks.

    bartelbe fensaddlerinoz, 25 February 2013 9:05pm
    @fensaddlerinoz – The problem is the printer companies are making it increasingly impossible to refill cartridges. Which benefits nobody, but the printer companies.

    fflump, 23 February 2013 9:40am
    Surely in an era of tablets, smartphones, kindles, pdfs people are printing less and less? I’d be interested to learn exactly what people print out these days. Photos I guess but the quality is poor compared to paying 5p per print to outsource it. If you work from home I guess a printer is needed but in that case go for a b/w laser printer the toner lasts for eons.

    oommph fflump, 23 February 2013 10:15am
    @fflump – Well, more and more of us work at home for a start. I find I’ve gone back to printing a lot more recently. The increasing use of electronic devices means I find I have so much on screen that it’s quite hard to keep track of it. Reading things on screen (notably small ones) can also difficult to do accurately and you can’t “mark up” relevant bits so easily, and you get into “now which email said this and from who and where exactly did I file it” and all the rest.
    There’s also endless new printing ops – all those useful maps and directions from googlemaps, travel tips etc to have to hand etc. I minimise it using some tips from a past column here – print “draft” version and only back where possible, print “two sides per page” if possible, only relevant pages and so on.

    Halo572 oommph, 23 February 2013 10:39am
    @oommph – I have printed 8 pages so far this year related to work and that was to go through onsite with a client with a pen to make notes. Everything else is electronic and can be read onscreen or on a tablet. Where there may be printing I forward it on electronically to the recipient and they can print it if they choose. If it doesn’t exist I take photo of it or scan it and then it does. And when I do print and it requires no presentation I use a stock of blank backed junk letter paper that provides me an FOC solution. Anything off the Internet can be saved electronically, be it a PDF, webpage or cut and paste into a word document. No hardship to carry my compact laptop to refer to in combination with a Tom Tom.
    And why print mysupermarket list every week when I can write it on the back of a used envelope. Printing is a defunct habit, there is a way around it in most non-essential instances and people choose to print as they don’t know how not to or think about how they can avoid it. That obviously doesn’t apply to self printing photos.

    fflump oommph, 23 February 2013 10:51am
    @oommph – I don’t accept that marking up documents is harder to do electronically-incredibly easy to add comments, edits, annotation of pfds on Acrobat Pro, track changes on Word etc. You argument of how to search for emails seems bizarre-“where exactlt did I file it”? Lol that applies surely to printed out emails not electronic ones which are 3 seconds away via any simple search. As for having travel tips “to hand”-come on! Save them, bookmark them-there’s no need to print them out and stuff them into a large lever arch folder marked “hand travel tips”!

    OverThereByTheDoor fflump, 24 February 2013 10:21am
    @fflump – Almost the only things I print out these days seem to be forms that I receive electronically, send back electronically, but in between have to print out, sign and scan back in. Which is clearly complete madness. I’ve got a new Epson and haven’t had to replace the cartridges yet, but I’m assuming I can get them refilled from the shop on the high street like I did with my old Canon – is that not the case?

    SoundWay OverThereByTheDoor, 24 February 2013 12:46pm
    @OverThereByTheDoor – get a digital signature, you can do it free online, save it, and bung it onto any document.

    samwilsonau fflump, 25 February 2013 4:19am
    Another reason to print (actually, the only reason, really; but there’s those stupid-but-valid reasons that others have mentioned on this page) is when one wants to produce archival-quality paper documents for long-term storage. Then, the best bet is pigment ink in an inkjet printer, using archival paper. Never print, unless planning on keeping the printed page for at least a hundred years (well, maybe fifty).

    laguerre SoundWay, 25 February 2013 7:45am
    @SoundWay – get a digital signature, you can do it free online, save it, and bung it onto any document
    No you don’t. Lots of organisations don’t accept digital signatures.

    LePendu OverThereByTheDoor, 25 February 2013 10:49am
    @OverThereByTheDoor – Almost the only things I print out these days seem to be forms that I receive electronically, send back electronically, but in between have to print out, sign and scan back in. Which is clearly complete madness. Many years ago I scanned my signature and saved it as a Jpeg image – easy to insert into documents without the need to print them.

    MarkWE LePendu, 25 February 2013 12:56pm
    @LePendu – The big problem I have with this concept is that YOU can do this, but so can anybody who has a copy of your signature.

    afinch fflump, 25 February 2013 3:24pm
    @fflump 23 February 2013 10:51am. Backlink by cifFix. I don’t accept that marking up documents is harder to do electronically. I find it varies. Paper is far easier to read than any screen, especially for things like legal contracts where you need to move back and forth very quickly. I find it much easier to read and mark up contracts on paper. Sometimes I then re-type my comments into an electronic version of the contract.
    Small screen devices (including small laptops) are a bit worthless for anything with complex diagrams in, so I still print those out to look at. Also, marking up diagrams is generally much easier in print.

    FatAl123 fflump, 25 February 2013 9:04pm
    @fflump – i print out crap for the kids. which is why my magenta cartridge always goes first :)

    dourscot, 23 February 2013 10:29am
    The real answer is simply to dump inkjets once and for all and buy a laser printer. Avoid brands like HP and Samsung, both infamous for their poor value for money consumables. Brother and Kodak are the best, Canon somewhere between the two extremes. And never buy the cheapest models of any printer – they are the ones built on a model of sky-high consumable prices.

    mabrow dourscot, 23 February 2013 10:40am
    @dourscot – I almost agree re the brands. I’ve had great service from an old HP though. Lexmark! Spawn of the devil!!

    AttendantLord dourscot, 23 February 2013 7:12pm
    @dourscot – Agree about using a laser, but would add my vote (from experience with two cheap colour lasers) that a decent black and white laser is much better in both quality of print and value. Visit a decent specialist printer supplier (online or for real) for bargains such as older models discounted. Ours is on the network (so anyone in the house can use it) and duplex (prints both sides) – very useful paper saver, especially if like me you have tried to do this manually and get it all wrong…. It’s even possible to refill laser toner cartridges yourself (I used U Refill toner in Birmingham), which worked on my old Xerox, though it is a bit fiddly and I was glad to be able to do it in the garage!

    dourscot mabrow, 24 February 2013 11:59am
    @mabrow – Check re Lexmark. Terrible reputation that lot, which is probably why they slowly went bust.

    AndreNZ, 23 February 2013 10:38am
    The “lovely” people at Epsom update their software regularly so that newer generics are rejected, their printers also stop working without a full set of cartridges e.g. you cannot print in black if one of the colour cartridges is empty and they also identify cartridges as empty when there is clearly ink present – viva la capitalism – no wonder the right wingers don’t want the “red tape”of consumer protection – how would they make super profits otherwise. I have heard that the red ink is actually horse blood!

    LadyMuick AndreNZ, 23 February 2013 11:09am
    @AndreNZ – my HP printer is exactly like that too, in terms of rejecting cartridges without a chip identifying them as genuine HP; refusing to print without the full complement of cartridges; and claiming they are empty when they clearly are not. ‘Viva la capitalism’, as you say.

    FelineOne AndreNZ, 23 February 2013 8:46pm
    @AndreNZ – yeah this annoys me more than anything – a dopey “print status monitor” utility which insists my cartridges are “empty” when they’re still printing fine and won’t print black & white documents because I’m low on magenta arrrrrrrrrrgh

    arooo AndreNZ, 25 February 2013 11:04am
    @AndreNZ – Ditto to this. Why should I need to have a new magenta cartridge to print in black and white?

    Seth Gaines AndreNZ, 25 February 2013 2:24pm
    @AndreNZ – Such a scam. If consumer protection regulation can’t fix this, maybe the good folks at Anonymous or similar could ‘retrieve’ the codes for us?

    borisoftickfen, 23 February 2013 11:00am
    Furthermore, my Epson sometimes can’t tell the difference between real Epson cartridges and generic – it makes printing a nuisance with “wrong ink” warnings regardless of what is in there. It also tries to make me put in new cartridges even when there is still 1/4 cartridge by its own calculations. I agree about the irritation of being unable to print in black because the blue cartridge is empty. What’s really annoying is that this Epson had to be bought because my lovely lovely Lexmark wouldn’t run in xp on the previous computer upgrade.

    Boeingclipper, 23 February 2013 1:07pm
    I’ve got a cheap and cheerful Brother printer/scanner DCP135C. The last time I needed to replace the ink cartridges, PC World wanted to charge me over £40 for a set, almost as much as the cost of the printer! Instead, I ordered a generic alternative online which came to about a tenner, next day delivery, and they’ve proved fine. The company I used is called Distinctly Inky (I’ve no connection with them btw), but there are plenty of others you can choose from.

    GreatBlah Boeingclipper, 23 February 2013 7:06pm
    @Boeingclipper – I have an ancient brother too. I’ve never used brother cartridges in it after the ones it came with. The printer cost about £125 5 years ago but after my £50 HP gave up after a year I’m not complaining.

    wichdoctor Boeingclipper, 24 February 2013 9:51am
    @Boeingclipper – I too ‘had’ a brother all in one though mine was a 145c. Cost £35 and lasted 3 years. It left me with two sets of cartridges that cost me a tenner from an ink supplier up the road from me. Can’t complain about it from a cost point.

    imladeris1 Boeingclipper, 25 February 2013 1:42pm
    @Boeingclipper – I had the same printer for years. Split the cartridge and inject ink .See youtube Easy to refill. The machine wore out before I ever bought a new cartridge. Worked fine on Tesco’s refill inks!

    DoctorWhom wichdoctor, 25 February 2013 7:19pm
    @wichdoctor – Amazing what you can find on the internet. My HP Laserjet 1010, the most basic model was only available between 2003 and 2005. No idea when I bought it but it’s still going strong up to ten years later.

    QueenBoadicea, 23 February 2013 2:06pm
    Well we’re screwed by everyone else, just another bunch of corporate thieves to contend with.

    Wellesz, 23 February 2013 3:32pm
    When i started buying printers HP was the default option. Now I will NEVER buy HP again.

    Bluestone, 23 February 2013 4:24pm
    I’m not sure why Trading Standards or the OFT has never done anything about these scam artists. They’re exhibiting the sort of behaviour that’s quite clearly not allowed in other areas – imagine if car manufacturers pulled the same stunts with petrol or tires or spare parts (although they’ve tried it to some extent with engine diagnostic computers).
    Epson, HP, Canon et all, need to be slapped into last week and publicly shamed. Massive fines and stringent new consumer protection laws – and environmental laws. Also, get yourself a laser printer. Mine was working with the cut-sized, bundled cartridge until a few weeks ago, about 2 years after I’d bought it.

    edgeofdrabness Bluestone, 25 February 2013 9:21am
    @Bluestone – Epson and/or HP have been taken through the courts by the EU, if I remember rightly, because of the “I won’t print without genuine ink” mess. I’m not 100% sure but I think the consumer lost at the time. Even if the verdict went in favour of the consumer, the practice of “genuine ink only” printers clearly continues. I too am a former happy HP printer customer. Started with HP many years ago (I have a semi-pro Deskjet still in use), great stuff, now won’t go near them ever again after a number of bad experiences a few years back (even before current business practices). I’m happy with my Canon(s) at the moment.

    todobien, 23 February 2013 7:54pm
    In Bolivia you can get your black and white and colour cartridges refilled for £4 for the two. :-)

    londonMike todobien, 24 February 2013 8:32pm
    @todobien – £4 + plus the cost of the return air fare :-(

    todobien londonMike, 25 February 2013 12:46pm
    @londonMike – not for me. I live here :-)

    TomKington todobien, 25 February 2013 2:21pm
    @todobien – great, i have been trying to get my white refilled for ages ;-)

    Perfectgame, 24 February 2013 6:19am
    Can someone recommend a laser printer that works as an ‘air’ printer easy to connect to my iPad please?

    jacob123 Perfectgame, 24 February 2013 6:31pm
    @Perfectgame – I use a number of Brother printers and it works well for me

    propforward Perfectgame, 25 February 2013 7:57am
    @Perfectgame – There’s a pretty long list at http://support.apple.com/kb/HT4356

    rbliss, 24 February 2013 8:51am
    HP also lock printer cartridges to a specific country, as we found out when we tried to buy cartridges in Cyprus for a printer bought in Dubai. 3 weeks, 27 emails, 3 phone calls later we gave up and asked a friend to post us some. I will never ever buy an HP printer again.

    wichdoctor, 24 February 2013 9:59am
    I replaced my broken Brother all in one with an HP for the sole reason it was the only one I could find locally that would print on a Linux OS. So far the ink that came with it has not run out after printing around 300 pages of A4. If I get a couple of years out of it I’ll be satisfied. I have had to scrap printers because the cartridges became more difficult to source. My old Epson C62 was still printing when I gave it away for that reason. i still have a 9 pin dot matrix fanfold printer with a ribbon that gets reinked. New ribbons impossible to find but I may try buying a differewnt one and see if it is possible to wind it on to the spool.

    dourscot, 24 February 2013 12:04pm
    On second reading I think the computer magazines that push these products have a bit of explaining to do. I hadn’t realised that ink volumes had been chopped so ruthlessly but has a single tech magazine ever pointed this out? Or even noticed?

    Douglas Hope, 24 February 2013 12:36pm
    There must be a MASSIVE demand for a simple B&W printer capable of using generic handicrafts-shop bottled ink. I’d love to see a startup to give it a go.
    Most important?:

    I’m heartily sick and tired of being ripped off by printer firms. It seems every time I REALLY need to print, some colour cartrige is so thoroughly expired, I can’t print simple black and white. Support organisations repeat rote rubbish about having to keep colour cartridges nozzle’s clear – nozzles irrelevant to essential B&W printing.

    Ism10, 24 February 2013 12:37pm
    It really is a case of the OFT to look into the matter.

    David Stephenson, 24 February 2013 1:07pm
    A laser printer can print in colour as well. Invest say £250 in a used one and another £200 in toner on eBay. It’s expensive to set up but the only real option if you do a lot of printing.

    MightyMekonOfMekonta David Stephenson, 25 February 2013 2:32pm
    @David Stephenson 24 February 2013 1:07pm. Get cifFix for Chrome. A laser printer can print in colour as well. Not only will it print colour, but will print decent colour photographs on the cheapest, crappy photocopier paper. With inkjet printers, unless you use special (and expensive) coated papers the ink spreads out, making the photo blurred and… well, pretty yucky.

    Douglas Hope, 24 February 2013 1:44pm
    There is another side to this. Every one of these firms claim to have USER interest and business ETHICS at the centre of their everyday work. This printer scam reveals what utter hogwash this is. Moreover, when I look at the pile of trashed hardware we’ve accumulated from one of them (3 laptops whose motherboards were bricked by dud graphics processors, and a pile of dead power adaptors), it becomes obvious that THIS manufacturer has long learned not to give a toss. Their top managers earn millions. For what?

    wichdoctor, 24 February 2013 2:10pm
    The point being avoided is that unless you do a lot of printing then the cost of ink or toner is pretty much an irrelevancy. I paid £13 for a set of cartridges for a HP. I rarely print photo quality so I would expect to get at least a thousand pages of A4 out of them. At my rate of use now I don’t expect to need a new set until next year. I did work in an office as the IT guy until my retirement. In an office environment you need a laser printer. Or even a few. Modern mono lasers are pretty well foolproof and quite economical whichever one buys. For a basic home laser I’d go for the Brother HL 2130 if you can still find them
    Inkjets are too costly in resources and operator time but a good one for the times one needs a colour print is invaluable. For that the HP cartridge combined printhead seems to win over the Epson ink tank. From experience they have less clogging. I’ve thrown away Epson printers because the cost in time of cleaning was more than a new printer

    GiantIronPhil, 24 February 2013 3:14pm
    I use an Epson B1100 inkjet for producing exposure acetates for screen printing. I installed a Constant Ink Supply System in it the week I bought it (search for CISS on eBay). Without this I would have spent literally thousands of pounds in replacement cartridges by now as I go through a LOT of black ink. Now I buy the stuff in 1 litre bottles and have about 100 ml of it running into the printer at any given time.

    Also, all consumer-grade Epson printers (and probably most cheap inkjets) have a built-in obsolescence in that all waste ink is dumped onto a pad in the base of the casing. The amount discharged is monitored so sooner or later your printer will fill up with waste ink then simply stop working. This nearly did for mine last week, fortunately I was able to use a chip resetter app and install an external waste tank. But even the professional large format machines force you to buy a new waste tank periodically.

    PreahPithu GiantIronPhil, 25 February 2013 2:28pm
    @GiantIronPhil – I print fabric and have been running a Continuous Ink System for a couple of years. I recently had to replace my Epson wide format printer and found my old system did not work. However, I am pleased to note that I now have cartridges that I refill easily and the cost is minimal. Others may not want to do the refilling but for me it is part of running my studio.

    Rider000, 24 February 2013 6:35pm
    OEM cartridge £13 or compatible for £2.50. It’s compatibles everytime for my Epsons. They are a third of the cartridge world prices too from online retailers of whom there are many. Just make sure the chip technology is the latest when buying compats.

    Johnyordinary, 24 February 2013 6:47pm
    Buy epson, get the crack sowtware and use compatibles,£2.50 a set of 4 for my sx215 printer, also never allow a working driver to update, manufacturers are sneaky and will try and stop you using copy cartridges.

    Chris Knibbs, 24 February 2013 7:12pm
    Why no mention of CISS (continuous ink systems)? They replace the cartridges with new heads with pipes that run to refillable ink tanks outside of the printer. They are easy to install and extraordinarily cheap to run. I’ve had a Canon printer with a CISS set-up running for 3 years with no problems. A chip on the system sorts out the sneaky counter in the printer that tries to tell me that the ink is running out after so many copies. I buy cheap black ink by the litre and colour in smaller bottles.

    Nancy Smith Chris Knibbs, 25 February 2013 12:35am
    @Chris Knibbs – absolutely. the ciss systems are tops! people always go for the cheapest bang for the dollar and end up with cheap. buy a commercial quality unit, it will outlast and deliver better quality prints, and will run quiet/

    kelse, 24 February 2013 8:26pm
    Agree with most of the comments above, I have been staggered by the cost of replacement inks, however, bought a cheap all in one Canon inkjet from Amazon for 20 quid and first cartridges were Rymans compatibles. Since then, I have bought a simple refill kit off Ebay for circa a tenner and refilled them several times myself with no issues. You just press the override button when ink is running low and although there is an error message on the printer you just ignore it. The cost is an absolute fraction, 10s of pence to refill! Works on both Windows and Linux OS by the way for the reader above….

    Guardian contributor
    Cosmonaut, 24 February 2013 8:35pm
    Things have become so ridiculous that there is now the Scumbag Printer meme…

    Nancy Smith, 25 February 2013 12:31am
    a few years ago, an eBay seller error made a boo boo. i bid on a nice server, w/ 4 xeon 1.2gHZ and tons of memory. what i received on delivery was this massive HP office JEt printer, by mistake. i was going to return but the seller said “keep it’, it would cost him more for return shipping than it was worth. as it turns out it has four massive bottles of inkjet juice, with these octopus supply tubes that end up at the massive jet printer head. each bottle holds about a full pint of ink. best printer i’ve ever had. after three years of household printing and no refills so far! its not the smallest, but by far the best quality, color, no-jams, can use 17 inch wide cardboard straight fed thru too!

    Tailspin, 25 February 2013 1:11am
    We use Brother mono laser and HP colour laser printers, both very cheap, then buy compatible cartridges off Amazon or EBay. Quality of the compatibles varies a lot with supplier so you need to experiment, but overall it works out fairly cheap. We print a fair volume for our business and for our needs this is the most cost effective approach.

    Pinturicchio10, 25 February 2013 1:18am
    Anyone has tried the Kodak printers? I’ve read somewhere that Kodak sells printers for a high initial cost, but then sells the cartridges at a much lower price than competitors. I’d like to know if that is true and if the Kodak printers perform well.

    Admin User, 25 February 2013 2:30am
    I have an HP CP1700 Color Ink Jet printer, circa 1998. It was about $3000 brand new, but someone gave it to me for free when the LCD panel stopped working. I don’t need the LCD panel because the software displays the same information on my computer. Since 2007, this printer has output beautiful color prints up to 18″ x 20″ @ 1200DPI with no mechanical problems whatever. Each color cartridge and print head can be replaced separately. The first time I tried to use aftermarket ink cartridges, the printer driver sent me a warning message that the cartridge was empty.

    I googled the message and it turned out that the printer was reading a chip in the cartridge that let the printer know it was not made by HP. The same google search result said that if you removed a small battery from inside the printer, you could use aftermarket ink cartridges without restriction. Long story short, I pay about $12 for replacement printheads and about $21 for replacement aftermarket ink cartridges, and tend to get more than 500 pages of brilliant quality output between exchanges. Also, the cartridges don’t say they are empty until they are really empty. New HP cartridges will tell you they are empty once they are more than six months old, whether or not they are empty. I have to print from a virtual machine running XP, because Apple stopped supporting printer drivers for this model (except for open source drivers which are crap) and the Windows 7 drivers don’t print as nicely as the ones that came with the printer originally.

    I also have an HP LaserJet 4000DN that I bought for $10 three years ago. The network card was bad, I got a new one on eBay for $10. For $20, I have been printing flawlessly with the original used toner for three years. HP used to make great stuff, but once the last two CEOs got in there, their engineering went to hell. Buy used and save, better quality and cheaper prices, better for the environment…

    Elder1, 25 February 2013 2:59am
    quote: Others have embedded technology to block cheap refills. “The logic is simple,” Stead says. “Once a consumer buys a HP printer they have to buy HP cartridges, no matter what they cost.”
    No they don’t. It is illegal in the EU to block refilling or replacement cartridges from other sources. For instance, my HP colour laser has a setting that stops it from automatically quitting when it thinks the cartridge has run out. They don’t advertise it but by law it must exist. About those “startup cartridges”: I spent 23 years working for Xerox. In many cases, especially with laser printers such as mine the “startup” cartridge is exactly the same as the regular cartridge but is programmed to claim to be empty after 600 prints instead of 2000. Disable the auto-quit setting and it prints just as long as the “full size” replacement.

    bluezoo Elder1, 25 February 2013 7:16am
    @Elder1 – Good information, I just checked my HP Inkjet – in Settings, Preferences, right at the bottom there is an option to turn off the memory chip for ink status – hey presto! I need to replace the colour cartridges so I’ll now try one generic and see what happens!

    Jaimelo bluezoo, 25 February 2013 10:14am
    @bluezoo – the only writer who shows a bit of commonsense. Instead of whining, he went and DID something about the problem. Give him a job someone!

    BusinessWriter bluezoo, 25 February 2013 10:35am
    @elder1 and @bluezoo – Looking on my Epson – can’t see that setting – any clues? Thank you for the tip.

    MaxsDemon, 25 February 2013 4:53am
    Epson L series has refillable tanks for all inks. I can’t see where to buy them in Europe though: Philippines and India no problem.There is little indication available as to prices either.

    indcoup, 25 February 2013 5:47am
    bit like a mars bar really.

    gothicguru indcoup, 25 February 2013 1:06pm
    @indcoup – can’t print with a mars bar, the caramel clogs the nozzles…..

    Frequent, 25 February 2013 5:55am
    I’ve got a nearly ten year old Canon all in one that has always been great. Recently I got sick of the ever increasing prices for Canon ink and bought generics. I did quite a bit of research and went for a reputable seller on Amazon. Eight months and one set of generic cartridges later, the nozzles are blocked. Galling. Anyone recommend a decent replacement that prints out good quality colour, that I can AirPrint from, and that scans effectively?

    deshepherd Frequent, 25 February 2013 11:16am
    @Frequent – My experience too … I’ve got a Canon printer that’s probaby 6 or 7 years old. Tried using “compatible” ink in the past a couple of time and got clogged heads both times. First time managed to unclog them but second time couldn’t … but fortuantely found someone selling replacement print heads for that model! Been thinking about going to a colour laser printer recently but while reading reviews saw one recommending looking at Epson business inkjets/all-in-ones … you pay much more than a “conusmer” inkjet but less than a laser and they have seriously large ink cartridges availbale which bring per page costs way done

    MouseTheLuckyDog, 25 February 2013 6:45am
    There are several ways to approach this problem. The first thing I say is not to give these hog manufacturers any business you absolutely don’t have. Sure you can have the government intervene and then have these companies come up with more and more tricky ways to screw you out of your money. Just don’t give them your money. This applies to the home individual a bit or a small business who only prints a little. If you are a business with massive printing then I have to assume you have alternate means. If you absolutely must do inkjet printing then do a little research, google “continuous ink systems”, find a forum and ask about what modern p[rinters work well with what continuous ink systems. For those that don’t know a CIS is a system where a fake cartdridge is connected to a set of bottles which you can fill with ink.

    If you can do without but must still print some things, get an laser printer as others have said. Here is a trick though. Instead of buying a new printer, get a refurbished printer. Hell LaserJet II’s can be had dirt cheap and are real workhorses. Then either get an old computer ( PentiumIV should be good enough ) or something similar to a Raspbery Pi. The first will have the disadvantage that it will consume more power and be noisy, for the second to work with an old printer you will have to find a way to interface to the old Centronics style printer port. Ask around DIY sites like http://www.instructables.com and they will help you out. Put linux on the computer and connect the printer. So now you have a simple network printer. If drivers are a problem, then simply print to pdf and copy over the file and print from linux. Plus in a normal household the cartridge will last at least a year. Sorry I can’t be more detailed the last time I printed was in December when I printed a bus ( tram ) schedule. Before that it was six months.

    TheJoyOfEssex, 25 February 2013 7:44am
    The Guardian must be saving a few quid on ink these days.

    Tobone TheJoyOfEssex, 25 February 2013 9:20am
    @TheJoyOfEssex – Probably as print readership declines, while they offer free online news they must have lost a tremendous amount of income too.

    NottsRed, 25 February 2013 9:25am
    What annoys me about printers nowadays is that when one colour runs low (not empty) they refuse to print at all, even in black & white. I thought it was just Kodak, bought I’ve since bought an Epson and that’s the same. However at least I can just replace the individual colour with the Epson. However, what annoyed me more was when I was printing a black & white document on my Kodak. It was printing well, no loss of quality whatsoever, then just stopped, and said the black cartridge was empty. However it quite obviously wasn’t because the last page it had printed was perfect. So even when the cartridge has ink in it with Kodak they force you to buy new ones. With Kodak they advertise cheap ink – however I’d suggest its probably cheaper to buy the cheapest printer on the market each time you run out – you’d get more pages out of it.

    Cynic24 NottsRed, 25 February 2013 9:57am
    @NottsRed – Ah, but you’ll find that a lot of the printer manufacturers have anticipated this and the cartridges supplied with printers often have even less ink in them than the cartridges on sale in the shops. It used to be just inkjets they did this with, but they’ve moved on to lasers as well now – e.g a cheap moni laser I’ve bought a few of come with a 1000 sheet cartridge, but the standard cartridges are 3000 sheets.

    Jaimelo Cynic24, 25 February 2013 10:11am
    @Cynic24 – The operative word is “cheap”. What did you think, you would get 3000 for the price of 1000?

    Tobone, 25 February 2013 9:29am
    It’s the environment that really pays for all this cheap disposable technology. Technology firms should certainly have to pay higher environmental taxes and governments should make it law that technology products are recyclable and reusable. Having said that, the reality is no one give a shit about the environment, only about profit.

    David Houssein, 25 February 2013 9:31am
    Fortunately I’ve not needed to use a printer at home since I graduated. I was thinking of getting the damn things refilled, but every time I pay for ink I’m fairly sure that god kills a kitten. What an absolute scam.

    Jaimelo David Houssein, 25 February 2013 10:09am
    @David Houssein – so i guess you don’t (and never will) run a business

    David Houssein Jaimelo, 25 February 2013 2:00pm
    @Jaimelo – I don’t run a business. No need to be patronising. For the record, I worked freelance in the past and never needed a printer.

    Suckspencil, 25 February 2013 9:48am
    Kill capitalism!

    supernaturalberlin, 25 February 2013 9:56am
    Colour printers are a waste of money. Go to a print shop if you need colour printing, there are pleanty of them now and they are cheap. If you really need a printer get a b&w laser, the toner drumb will last for several thousand pages.

    Guardian contributor
    DarrylGodden supernaturalberlin, 25 February 2013 2:06pm
    @supernaturalberlin – I’m not sure I agree. I print out my photographs at A4, with mount and frame they’re good enough to sell. Granted if I need A3 or above I go to an on-line print company.

    mysimplegiant, 25 February 2013 10:04am
    I’ve simply stopped printing things out and now don’t have a printer. On the rare occasion I need to print (tickets etc) I use the printer at work or in the library. For photos I use boots, snapfish or whoever has an offer on. Printer and ink manufacturers have forced me to be a bit more frugal and avoid their products if I can help it.

    Jaimelo mysimplegiant, 25 February 2013 10:08am
    @mysimplegiant – cheating, stealing your boss’s money

    deshepherd mysimplegiant, 25 February 2013 11:18am
    @mysimplegiant – If you have children at school (especially secondary school) then a printer is a necessity as they seem to expect you to print out all the materials for “home learning” etc yourself.

    geoffk Jaimelo, 25 February 2013 1:47pm
    @Jaimelo – Are you on the Works computer?

    reggiedixon, 25 February 2013 10:04am
    Every time you want to print something – don’t. When I say this people display almost Nobel Prize winning ingenuity about why they absolutely must print everything they even look at on a computer screen – why not apply that intelligence the other way?

    Jaimelo, 25 February 2013 10:07am
    What is this commie nonsense? If you don’t want to p[ay, don’t buy it. Or look for something cheaper. Stop this nonsense about poor hard done by consumers. When the bought the printer, they knew what the ink would cost, right? Caveat emptor

    geoffk Jaimelo. 25 February 2013 1:42pm
    This comment was removed by a moderator because it didn’t abide by our community standards. Replies may also be deleted. For more detail see our FAQs.

    eigeneye Jaimelo, 25 February 2013 4:20pm
    @Jaimelo – I thought you capitalists believed in choice. What manner of choice is it when there is no choice other than to be ripped off?

    tynegal, 25 February 2013 10:08am
    Buy compatibles or refill yourself. It works!

    stephentags tynegal, 25 February 2013 12:08pm
    Where do I get the ink to refill myself? Please

    imladeris1 stephentags, 25 February 2013 1:34pm
    @stephentags – Tesco’s et al

    geoffk stephentags, 25 February 2013 1:35pm
    @stephentags – http://www.colourbest.co.uk

    BusinessWriter, 25 February 2013 10:22am
    There must be an opportunity for an open source printer manufacturer – to make the printer only and to make it fully compatible a standardised set of generic cartridges – so totally cutting out the big players.

    JonathonFields, 25 February 2013 10:38am
    I generally don’t print things, and have a nice programme called Cute PDF which is free to download, and “prints” any document by converting it to a PDF file to look at on screen. PDF files are much smaller to store, and are visually rich.

    However I do use a printer for printing photographs, DVD discs and covers for the DVD boxes, and here curse the printer manufacturers money making tactics. Each cartridge is fitted with a chip, which decides when the cartridge is “empty” by usage. I have always bought Epson printers as the photo-printing is very good quality, but I have vowed, “never again”. The Epson cartridges are declared “empty”, not only before they are, but right in the middle of a print: this is not just a warning message, but a dead stop. Some of their printers will simply then, eject the paper half printed, so wasting the paper and the ink.

    The one I have, at least resumes printing. However, when you change the one cartridge, it then recharges the print head from that cartridge by pumping ink to waste. That is bad enough, but it does that with all the cartridges, (nine of them in my printer), and often brings a further cartridge to “empty”, so having to change that cartridge, and yet more ink pumped out, and wasted. I find it is cheaper in the long run to change all the cartridges that are getting low, when the first runs out, so it only pumps ink out once. I never buy Epson originals, as it costs about £100 for one set of cartridges for my printer. I buy cheap clones, off the internet, which cost a tenth of that price, and seem to last about as long. For Epson Ink I would be paying about £1,200 per litre.

    For anyone doing a lot of printing, there is a company called Lyson, or Marrut that produce systems to attach a big bottle of ink to each cartridge via a flexible tube. This is so much cheaper, and less hassle.

    BusinessWriter, 25 February 2013 10:43am
    Thank you Guardian – just found these compatible cartridges on Viking as you suggested – http://www.viking-direct.co.uk/specialLinks.do?&ID=ink_cartridges – around a third of the cost of the Epson equivalents.

    Paralysed, 25 February 2013 11:23am
    £80 for a printer and £50 for a set of cartridges is an insulting price structure. I just bought a second identical HP Officejet because, after I use the included starter cartridges in my existing printer, I only have to use two sets of generic cartridges to break even. No warranty worries with a brand new spare printer still in its box safely stored in the loft. Meanwhile my bulk printing is with a 10-year old Epson that costs 60p a cartridge.

    2 http://discussion.theguardian.com/discussion/p/3ev85?orderby=oldest&commentpage=2&per_page=50
    3 http://discussion.theguardian.com/discussion/p/3ev85?orderby=oldest&commentpage=3&per_page=50
    Printer ink cartridges: why you’re paying more but getting a lot less
    David Robinson, The Guardian, Saturday 23 February 2013

    ColdRobin, 25 February 2013 12:02pm
    Don’t forget the other worst offender, Dell. They actually sell printers with half filled cartridges !

    cleangun, 25 February 2013 12:03pm
    All I need is a formula to make my own ink. The ingredients surely are cheap. Perhaps isopropyl alcohol, distilled water, carbon black and a trick to make it work right.

    DoctorWhom cleangun, 25 February 2013 7:42pm
    @cleangun – Bulk buy a few hundred Bic Biros and suck the ink out?

    Drumboy, 25 February 2013 12:07pm
    In addition to the blatant rip-off that is the printer ink business, there is also the ridiculous “unblocking printer head” programmes that not only use inordinate amounts of ink to clear, but also clean unaffected heads as well, resulting in even more expensive waste. It would be a simple matter to have an individual cleaning programme as part of the software, but these companies are on a par with the bankers in the greed stakes, so I doubt that that will happen any time soon.Scandalous!

    hexa Drumboy, 26 February 2013 3:11am
    @Drumboy – This. Every time my HP Officejet gets switched on, it cleans the printer heads. Even if the printer has not actually been used. I hardly use colour ink, only black, yet the cleaning means that I have to constantly purchase the rip off HP cartridges in all three colours at absurd prices just to ensure I can print in b/w from time to time, because Hewlett Packard are siphoning off the absurdly priced ink they sell. This is basically double theft, first for the absurd prices, second for the use of ink for alleged ‘cleaning.’

    Merluza, 25 February 2013 12:07pm
    The problem with generic cartridges isn’t whether or not they print it’s the quality of the ink. I’ve been down the generic route but after a while it became obvious that the colours were poor and the viscosity of the ink was below par, so much so that even though you got more they ran out almost as fast. I purposefully looked for what seemed one of the better manufacturers but in the end I returned to Epson. Everybody claims that their ink is identical when it clearly isn’t and there is no reliable source of information. Cartridgeworld is recommended but their comparable ink is only a few pounds less than Epson branded, you may even get less ink and who knows what the quality is like? The printer manufacturers are certainly screwing us over with the ink but at least it works.

    Siarl Phillips, 25 February 2013 12:17pm
    I just checked – and the cost for me to replace all of the cartridges in my current photo printer at the best market price (pricerunner) with the HP original cartridges comes to $172.34! 3 of these cartridges contain 3 sets of ink – and so the volume of each ink comes to about 5ml (total 17ml for the cartridge). I’m an enthusiast photographer, needless to say I stopped printing at home – and now only use a professional lab – which I find considerably cheaper – and considerably higher quality – I just have to wait a little longer for the results.

    DickSpanner, 25 February 2013 12:23pm
    Dont print things out! What REALLY needs to be printed these days?

    Nyah DickSpanner, 25 February 2013 1:53pm
    @DickSpanner – Tickets for Chessington.

    poissongateux DickSpanner, 25 February 2013 8:18pm
    @DickSpanner – Ryanair Boarding Passes !

    Tynfoylaat DickSpanner, 25 February 2013 10:40pm
    @DickSpanner – Tickets for gigs, I’d rather print them out myself rather than having them posted to me.

    HarmoniousFrog, 25 February 2013 12:48pm
    They can also make sure your printer doesn’t work with the next version of Windows (Canon). Another ploy (HP) is to let the firmware go haywire with no advice on their website and no possibility of corrective action.

    haardvark, 25 February 2013 12:52pm
    “The strategy has been to nudge the consumer towards a high frequency of purchases,” says David Connett, editor of The Recycler, a trade magazine covering the remanufacturing industry. “The big printer manufacturers have reduced the amount of ink in a cartridge, encrypted the chip technology, and used aggressive marketing tactics to discourage refills.”
    Interesting business tactic. It’s discouraged me from printing anything at all. I no longer own a photo printer. If I was to offer one tip it would be get hold of a vintage HP laserjet printer, the ones built like tanks. I have a 4000P model which was £15 secondhand. Add a small print server and stick in on your network at the wireless hub, in my case this was free from the recycling bin
    You’ll be rewarded with £25 non-genuine toner cartridges that’ll print up to 40,000 pages. I’ve had mine 8 years at zero cost other than paper. Not only that it prints far better than any inkjet for documents.

    Hugo Faster, 25 February 2013 1:05pm
    You are looking up the wrong end of the printer! The printer is effectively given away these days as it costs next to nothing to buy the printer which now tends to be a scanner too. Some dealers, even offer a free printer on condition of buying a set of inks. This moel was adopted by the razor blade / shaving industry years ago low cost “holder” and high price consumable blades. What is wrong with a corporation making some profit? oh, forgot, this is the Guardian and we don’t approve of that here…..

    ToshofSuberbaville Hugo Faster, 25 February 2013 1:44pm
    @Hugo Faster – As I mention below it is an issue of sustainability and making the best uses of natural resources and energy as much as the consumer being backed into a corner and shafted by a closed market.

    eigeneye Hugo Faster, 25 February 2013 4:17pm
    @Hugo Faster – you wanna be ripped off? Tell you what – you buy inks for me, then I can make an effective profit by not shelling out. You get a warm cosy feeling that someone is making money from you. Just let me know, and I’ll be happy to send you my details.

    Waltermorgan, 25 February 2013 1:19pm
    It’s still shocking to see the figures even though it has been obvious for a long time that customers get sold a bit of pup with the cost of printers artificially low and running costs exceptionally high. I make sure that I only print small items via phone/tablet and route things wherever possible via computer to maximise control over print quality and size. Print only when absolutely necessary. It’s really a case of playing them at their own game – the more I pay then the less I print. In 2009 I could get through 150-250 A4 pages per week. Today I print less than 20 pages per week. Clearly a decent profit is wanted by these firms but they are using design nuances and tricks to dodge reasonable competition.

    kaleeyed, 25 February 2013 1:24pm
    I would have to say whilst the price of printer ink is ridiculous, Cartridge World are not themselves above exploiting the customer. We went in on Saturday to get a price on refilling a fairly recent HP black cart. Price quoted: £18!! We went to an independent computer shop and they did it for £8, and it’s working fine now, good quality. I could buy a new generic cart for that, where’s the saving?

    imladeris1, 25 February 2013 1:30pm
    I have been buying Brother printers for around 5 years. They are(were) relatively easy to refill , and/or Amazon has very cheap replacement (non Brother Cartridges). Moral BEFORE you buy a printer, find out which has the cheapest ink, i.e. can you get cheap non generic cartilages from the likes of Amazon. For refilling, those good with their hands , go to youtube and put your cartridge number in and I guess you’ll find someone telling how to refill them yourself. I always found the marketing model used buy the Shaving Industry dishonest.

    dor35 imladeris1, 25 February 2013 4:17pm
    @imladeris1 – I’ve been going through these comments and surprised to find little mention of Brother. I’ve found them to be good reliable printers, both inkjet & laser, and my current Brother mulit-function uses cheap (~£1 each) refills from Amazon wityh no problems at all. The ink is completely separate from the print head. I certainly wouldn’t touch HP ever again. Please people, do the same!

    ToshofSuberbaville, 25 February 2013 1:36pm
    I gave up on having a printer years ago as I refuse to be robbed by these swindlers. It’s not only that but it’s a deliberate waste of natural resources. I go to the library if I need to print something and pay them 10p a sheet. Standards issuing authorities need to get in gear and only licence products which make the fullest and best use of scarce resources and manufacturing energy – not just safety. All mass-produced products should have to undergo the same stringent tests to push manufacturers into operating sustainably.

    SimpleTaxman, 25 February 2013 1:36pm
    Oh dear. I feel a case of “The Emperor’s New Clothes” here. We have printers. A plastic box, some shiny, slidy metal rails, an electric motor and a rubber drive belt. Technology that has been around for… well, a long time. Plus a mass produced chip. We have printer ink. It’s probably little different from the ink Shakespeare used. And we have printer cartridges. A device that can eject an incredibly small amount of ink, at precisely the right moment onto a sheet of paper with such microscopic accuracy so that it merges and flows into neighbouring droplets of ink so well that we get exactly the right shade of colour at exactly the right place on the paper without any smudges or excess colour. A device where only the most talented engineers in the world can dream of producing a “head” with holes smaller than the human eye can see. A device of jaw-droppingly brilliant, post space-age engineering.
    I wonder which of these three is the expensive bit? Think carefully. Cartridge World and the other “remanufacturers” refill existing cartridges to extend their life a bit. Ever wondered why they don’t “manufacture” replacement cartridges?

    David Houssein SimpleTaxman, 25 February 2013 2:30pm
    @SimpleTaxman – Nobody is disputing that ink cartridges are expensive to engineer and manufacture, but that’s not justification for reducing the amount of ink inside of them.

    MrNotQuiteWright SimpleTaxman, 26 February 2013 3:09am
    @SimpleTaxman – You have got that arse about face. The cartridges are cheap as chips, it is the actual printer that’s A device that can eject an incredibly small amount of ink, at precisely the right moment onto a sheet of paper with such microscopic accuracy so that it merges and flows into neighbouring droplets of ink so well that we get exactly the right shade of colour at exactly the right place on the paper without any smudges or excess colour. A device where only the most talented engineers in the world can dream of producing a “head” with holes smaller than the human eye can see. A device of jaw-droppingly brilliant, post space-age engineering. Sorry you don’t seem to know anything about print technology and even less about capatilism.

    MrNotQuiteWright David Houssein, 26 February 2013 3:11am
    @David Houssein – They could put in ‘dumb’ cartridges and it would make absolutely no difference to the print quality.

    padav, 25 February 2013 1:42pm
    Not sure if they still carry this feature but EPSON printers used to have embedded software that supposedly sensed when the cartridge was running low and simply stopped you from printing, effectively forcing you to change the cartridge – unsurprisingly I never bought an EPSON printer for myself and told anybody I knew to steer clear – I discovered this feature because my employer had EPSON printers at work – in effect the inbuilt software represents a licence to print (profit) money on behalf of EPSON!
    I had a HP printer (that’s just packed up after about five years of daily operation) at home – I’ve been using Cartridge World generic refills for at least the last three years – the cost of branded replacements is outrageous. I’ll be looking carefully at ink costs per 1000 pages before I replace it because these far outweigh any initial investment cost in the printer itself

    Guardian contributor
    DarrylGodden, 25 February 2013 2:09pm
    I’m surprised no ones mentioned this, but I’ll be your huckleberry and state the obvious. Go to Start – Devices and Printers, right click your printer and select ‘Printing Preferences’. Check draft or fast print. Check duplex, if your printer has it. Check grayscale. Save these as the default printing options. This will increase the life of your cartridges. You can override these settings on individual prints, like photographs or a colour document you need printing in the print dialogue.

    midian DarrylGodden, 25 February 2013 8:52pm
    @DarrylGodden – this is what i do. i was surprised that adding duplex also changes the colour of the ink. making it even fainter. for the record i use a canon and it has 3 separate colour cartridges, all of which have been empty for ages, and 2 black ones. I refilled the 2 black ones for £13 at cartridgeworld last week instead of paying around £10.00+ each for branded ones. do i need 2 different black ones? i dunno, but i thought why not. i have tried generics but refills from a reputable shop gives me a (false?) sense of security that the heads are less likely to get blocked in the long run. from the design of these canon cartridges you can see when they are empty and they give loads of warning before they are completely dry. bit shocked to hear about printers stopping mid job. that is just unacceptable – i think i would just throw a printer like that away!

    Luizmleitao, 25 February 2013 2:12pm
    This no news for consumers down here in Brazil, where the cartridge HP 300 is labelled HP 60, with the same shrunken ink foam. But, yet worse, HP cartridges in Brazil are no longer remanufacturable, onde they burn out as they run out of ink! In the case of Epson printers, the rechargeable cartridges are available from generic manufacturers. Once I bought one of these for my Epson TX220W, I no longer needed to buy such expensive cartridges. A set of four 250ml flasks of ink for these (four) rechargeable cartridges costs in Brazil less than USD40, and is sufficient for about 20 refillings.
    Oh, what’s more: HP cartridges manufactured in UK or any other countries won’t fit the same printers in Brazil. They are “regional”, so importing them would be useless!! Now, Epson has lauched a model with an “ink tank”, which is nothing but the old so-called “bulk”. Of course, it tries to sell its own ink refills, but anyone can buy generic ones, which are by far cheaper.

    SowellFriedman, 25 February 2013 2:13pm
    Here is the real cause of your problem:
    In the same way we have horse burgers- cheaper meats exchanged from more expensive meats.
    Your 500ml of coke is now 350ml for the same price
    Milk is watered down
    Chicken is pumped up full of water but price remains only slightly higher
    Ready meals contain more garbage preservatives and less meat but cost is not that much more.

    Welcome to the world of inflation: When real inflation in the US and the UK is 7%, which comes as a result of printing money, suppliers are forced to find ways of competing. Debasing your currency debases your standard of living. Pay more for less, it’s the central banks way.

    Davewhoever, 25 February 2013 2:17pm
    You also need to watch Brother Laser Cartridges. The Laser will decide the cartridge is empty and completely stop when there is still ink for another 500 pages and Brother charge around £50 a cartridge while the same can be bought on Amazon as a remanufactured for £13. There are a lot of articles on the net on how to fool the Brother checking system so you can get the extra life.

    Merluza, 25 February 2013 2:18pm
    SimpleTaxman makes a good point but the problem lies in the needlessly small amounts of ink inside the things. They obviously can take more as some refillers supply them with twice as much liquid inside. There is obviously a fine line to be found between putting in enough ink that people feel they’re getting something for their money but as little as possible to maintain obscene profits. After the manufacture of the cartridge it’s the action of squirting in the ink that adds to the cost so they could put in 15 ml for little more than they inject 7.4 ml, the same way that double sized bottles of coke cost less per per ml and not force us to throw away a precision built container quite so quickly.

    So, taking full account of SimpleTaxman’s point of where the production costs are and accepting that we are being ripped off we also have the waste on a fairly large scale of materials and resources which brings us to the point where the thing becomes immoral. Which brings us to the refillers who have not incurred the manufacturing costs but are often charging sizeable amounts for simply filling them up. And we still don’t know if what they are putting in them is any good without buying them and throwing them away when they turn out to be not up to scratch.

    I’m off to start a printer company and make my fortune.

    SimpleTaxman Merluza, 25 February 2013 6:32pm
    @Merluza (and David Houssein, above) – Please, please, don’t think I’m defending the actions of the major printer manufacturers. I’m certainly not. I’m simply pointing out that when you buy a replacement from, say, HP, you’re buying ink + cartridge; if you buy from, say, Cartridge World, you’re buying only ink. Hence the price difference.
    And perhaps the amount of ink inside the cartridge is a red herring? Perhaps modern printers/cartridges use the ink more economically? We should really look at how many printed pages a cartridge produces. Has anyone done this? Ultimately, it’s the cost per page that matters. Kodak, the only company to have challenged the business model used by the others, has not been a success.

    DoctorWhom SimpleTaxman, 25 February 2013 7:52pm
    @SimpleTaxman – If a printer is built that takes cartridges that can hold 50ml and the printer company starts out by supplying cartridges that hold 50 ml, but 2 years down the line puts only 30ml of ink in a cartridge, and another 2 years down the line puts only 10ml of ink in the cartridge then it is clear fraud. Because the advertising shows the cartridge, not the ink content.

    MrNotQuiteWright Merluza, 26 February 2013 3:18am
    @Merluza – He doesn’t make a good point. He seems to think an ink cartridge is more sophisticated and expensive to make than an actual printer. They aren’t. As other posters have mentioned Continual Ink Supply System is the way to go but the printer companies are constantly adding useless chips, for the consumer at least, to prevent people having the option of using their printers more for a tenth of the price.

    edgeofdrabness, 25 February 2013 2:19pm
    The article mentions Kodak, as do a couple of posts here. They did have a range of well-reviewed inkjets which they were marketing as “low running cost” printers. Kodak went into administration earlier this year; I don’t see that mentioned here and I’m not sure what their current status is. There may be bargains around (after all, who needs a warranty provider on something disposable like an inkjet printer???).

    edgeofdrabness edgeofdrabness, 25 February 2013 2:21pm
    @edgeofdrabness – Should have said “went into administration in 2012″.

    Helen44, 25 February 2013 3:00pm
    To add to the discussion, Epson has found a clever way of ensuring that consumers use only their ink AND their paper. On their higher end printers, the printer will print the white area if you try to use another ink or another paper. This affects the quality of the output and it ensures that a non-Epson ink will run out faster on an Epson printer.

    Novelist, 25 February 2013 3:16pm
    I invested $250 (carriage paid) in a colour laser printer and frankly, my view of inkjets is that they are from the bronze age of printing. So messy and primitive! So unreliable! The colour laser allows me to print on materials such as self-adhesive vinyl or polyester film, so I can print things such as waterproof transparent product labels. An inkjet can’t do that. I found a cartridge refilling kit on the Internet that allowed me to recharge the toner, complete with replacement ‘chips’ to beat the encryption.

    Novelist, 25 February 2013 3:27pm
    By the way, if you refill TONER yourself, do use gloves. If you get any on yourself use COLD water to wash. If you use hot water the toner will fuse into your skin. A long time ago I tried to clear a photocopier jam and got the toner all over my hand, and used hot water. For the next few weeks I looked like a member of the Black and White Minstrel Show. It does not come off, except with sandpaper.

    RabidButter Novelist, 25 February 2013 4:59pm
    @Novelist – Used to work in printer technical support. I can’t stress enough how important this is in getting printer ink out of anything.

    BryanHemming, 25 February 2013 3:31pm
    I print phots on a regular basis. My third HP printer now does not print colours anywhere near as accurately as the two others that preceded it. It´s horsemeat yet again: pay more without getting what it says on the label.

    SimpleTaxman BryanHemming, 25 February 2013 6:19pm
    @BryanHemming – Two questions: First. Is your current printer one of HP’s “photo-quality” models? Second. You say your printer “now does not print colours accurately”. Are you (still) using HP ink cartridges?

    Cloudyday, 25 February 2013 3:51pm
    For my new Epson px720 I bought self resetting cart’s via ebay, How ever do not update your software as i am seeing complaints that epson is dissableing them in updates..

    peterainbow Cloudyday, 25 February 2013 5:28pm
    @Cloudyday – this is another area where big companies are running roughshod over consumer rights as there is no real justification for the tech

    BillBarnes, 25 February 2013 4:17pm
    Having recently bought a new 6 ink multifunction photo printer and scanner (Canon MG6250 in sale online) I can report that pattern chipped inks are £6.50 a set of six delivered quickly post free from giant you know who on the internet and excellent. Inks of any sort dry up if you don’t use the machine at least once a month or run a cartridge empty (the instructions do warn you). I buy a new printer every three years or so and always seek out one that has compatible cartridges. I find local refill shops expensive. Yes the cartridges have got smaller but they do use a lot less at one picolitre a droplet. Only a con if you buy the manufacturers ones.

    BobHughes, 25 February 2013 4:19pm
    I gave up on buying branded cartridges a while back as although I take hundreds of photos I now find I rarely, if ever, print them off. I have resorted to the cheapest possible cartridges on Ebay. I need six different colours but find, two complete sets, with a couple of extra blacks thrown in, come to about £20 so the cost to me now is negligible. Supermarket photo printing is dirt cheap so if I need to send a couple of family photos to an ageing relative, I will go there in future.

    Micktrick, 25 February 2013 4:25pm
    Started with a cheap HP printer which was great on Windows XP. Sadly it never adapted to the change to Vista and gave constant problems. Then the cartridges printed less and less as the price went up. Started refilling them at a specialist shop untill they closed down. Had a go at refilling myself with ink kits. Fine if you like your work looking like its been printed with Ribena. Decided to log all the prints after a new cartridge ran out in no time at all. The last black ink HP cartridge I bought cost £25 and printed 58 single sides of A4. Home printing? Forget it. Total rip off.

    david42, 25 February 2013 4:31pm
    That and the problem with what little ink you got drying up made me switch to a laser printer. Eight years now on the original. If I need color, I just run down the block. Much cheaper in the long run.

    peterainbow, 25 February 2013 5:34pm
    can someone get the eu to put a stop to this chipping tech on printers, it’s clearly anti competitive and has no tech justification, just like the years of mobile phone charger sockets and how many of those have ended up in landfill and how many resources and energy has been wasted. why is our democracy so f*cked up when this stuff is allowed to happen. i see those tesco coffee shops have continued to flourish and in no way is that in anyone’s interest apart from the tesco mega rich family and why are most people so f*cking dumn they go into them. one in north finchley right opposite a genuine family italian cafe and yet people still going into ‘Harris+Hoole’, WAKE THE F*CK UP PEOPLE’

    kvlx387, 25 February 2013 5:48pm
    I wonder what kind of job satisfaction the designers and engineers at HP, Samsung, Canon, Epson, etc get from making their products progressively worse. I wonder what keeps them going to work day after day when it costs their companies more money to engineer crap into their products than it would take to just make good ones. Most of all, I wonder why they haven’t figured out why the Chinese find it so easy to muscle into their markets when they go to such lengths to provide poor value for money.

    Halloway kvlx387, 25 February 2013 7:24pm
    @kvlx387 – But it won’t be the designers and engineers doing this. All the gouging will come from the bean counters and via edicts issued by the board who will have nothing on their consciences except shareholder value.

    Amadeus37, 25 February 2013 6:26pm
    They should make printers dearer and inks cheaper to protect landfill. My last printer allowed me to select draft as default – now I am stuck with normal which I believe takes three times as much ink.

    Andyarry, 25 February 2013 6:35pm
    If someone would make an inkjet printer that you could refill directly from bottles of ink, even if it cost £150 I’d buy it. The cost of printing is outrageous plus modern printers are designed to fail after just a couple of years whether used or not.

    kelse Andyarry, 25 February 2013 8:44pm
    @Andyarry – see my earlier post, Canon MP282, loads in Rymans and the sort for 30.00 bought mine off Amazon. Buy a compatible set of inks first not manufacturer’s , then use refill bottle kits from Ebay and the sort. The quality is fine, no issues…override empty sign and ignore LED light on printer , won’t affect it in anyway…and best to switch off/ignore “updates” from manufacturer..

    MrNotQuiteWright Andyarry, 26 February 2013 3:23am
    @Andyarry – As people have posted earlier google CISS, basically 100ml cartridges that you can fill up from 1ltr bottles.

    Agingtudor, 25 February 2013 6:57pm
    When buying a new printer is cheaper than the ink cartridges you know something dodgy is going on. All they are doing is milking the market at the expense of the consumer. Any excuse around R&D costs wore off years ago.

    bbmatt, 25 February 2013 7:15pm
    It’s why I only use Canon. I have a Pixma – now over 5 years old – still going strong – and it gets used a LOT. I can also hold my hand up and say that using generics with my printer is a *bad* idea – the quality is definitely lower. It’s fine if your just printing out documents (which begs the question, why? – read it on a computer!), but if you want to print high quality photographs or artwork, generic ink is terrible.
    I’m not shocked at this report, I’ve always known the entire printer system is akin to the old cheap razor, expensive blades method of sales. Bottom line, don’t buy cheap.

    CollinK, 25 February 2013 7:40pm
    I gave up home printing a couple of years ago. It’s wasteful and expensive. Thanks to cloud storage, Google Docs, etc. using a printer on a daily (or even weekly basis) is ridiculous. If I need a document printed, I email it to a small, independently run business center up the street and run by and pick it up while I’m doing other errands. I probably have need for a printer about a twice a year. It makes no sense to keep one at home.

    Euphobia1 CollinK, 26 February 2013 4:58am
    @CollinK – I do this too. Haven’t used a printer for years and never missed it. Nasty expensive things.

    nabisco, 25 February 2013 7:46pm
    One tip: use Ecofont

    nabisco, 25 February 2013 7:51pm
    or Century Gothic, apparently it’s even more efficient

    desseenan, 25 February 2013 8:04pm
    This comment was removed by a moderator because it didn’t abide by our community standards. Replies may also be deleted. For more detail see our FAQs.

    maplegirl, 25 February 2013 8:35pm

    grousetoo, 25 February 2013 8:36pm
    Kodak haven’t just pulled out of the inkjet business, they’ve pulled out of every business haven’t they? I thought they went under.

    lairdoflard, 25 February 2013 8:45pm
    I want to buy a laser printer, but Mrs Lard is concerned about the health risks from microparticles. Are there any options out there with a demonstrably better health and safety record? http://www.cbc.ca/news/health/story/2007/10/22/printer-study.html

    Mulefish, 25 February 2013 8:50pm
    Isn’t that what we have governments for? To stop us being fleeced by unscrupulous multi-national companies? We are, after all, a captive market. (It took our goons fifty years to stop their goons poisoning us with tobacco.)

    bartelbe, 25 February 2013 9:02pm
    Printer ink is one of the worst examples of market failure, and shows why we need regulation. Sell the printers at a loss, then ripoff customers with the ink. This wasn’t so bad when you could just refill the cartridges, or buy generic ones. Now you can’t do this, because the printer companies have spent their R&D budget on making thousands of cartridge designs. Not to use the ink more efficiently, but to make it impossible for them to be refilled or copied by another company. The companies have created a vast wasteful collection of cartridge designs.
    Worse they have actually started fitting chips which render a cartridge useless even if it still has ink in it. Don’t use it by a certain date, it is worthless. God knows how much useable ink is simple thrown away. All I want is a printer which has a tank I can pour ink into, from any manufacturer. If that printer costs £200 or more, so be it. It has to be better than the current situation, were it is cheaper to buy a new printer, than buy ink for your old one.

    WatTylersSister, 25 February 2013 9:36pm
    I thought the OFT was carrying out some kind of study into ink cartridges a few years ago. Sometimes it’s cheaper to buy a new printer and bin it when the ink runs out than it is to buy replacement cartridges. At least the new printer comes with basic cartridges. I tried printing out photo quality on my old HP printer a few years ago and despite having large cartridges, it worked out at about 8 A4 photo’s were all that I could get at reasonable quality. Now I have an Epson with four separate cartridges and it says 150 pages in black. At least my first (dot-matrix) printer lasted longer than a couple of weeks.

    zapo, 25 February 2013 9:43pm
    An unofficial cartel.

    TheD0CT0R, 25 February 2013 10:10pm
    Best thing I ever did in terms of printers is buy a large all-in-one with seperate cartridges, then I brought refillable versions from ebay and swapped the chips. Now I only need to buy litre bottles of ink. I’ve brought a few to sent them to hospitals in the third-world. The cartridges are great and work a treat. Only thing to remember is that the ink may fade so you have to be careful what you use the printing for.

    Bannon, 25 February 2013 11:04pm
    As a home user my printer has been gathering dust for months as I refuse to be ripped off any more these guys. Some 10 years ago I would print out almost until the cows came home but now, sod that for a game of soldiers. Thieving tykes the lot of ‘em.

    caroassassino, 25 February 2013 11:13pm
    I’d recommend watching the documentary The Lightbulb Conspiracy, on built in obsolescence: http://topdocumentaryfilms.com/light-bulb-conspiracy/ Printer-wise have a HP Laserjet 4 which is 15+ years old and just works. Now wondering if the toner cartridges have less toner than before though.

    Comments for this discussion are now closed.

  • Virtual Chitchatting 2:21 PM on 2013/10/10 Permalink  

    The iron-oxide hazards in the toner of laser-jet printing

    The flying dusty chemical things are highly potential hazards to be inhaled, ingested, and absorbed by the skin and eyes.


    Printer particles as bad as cigarettes
    Richard Macey, August 1, 2007

    SMOKERS have been banished from the office – but another threat, potentially as dangerous, may still be lurking by the water cooler.

    It is the laser printer, says Lidia Morawska, a Queensland University of Technology professor.

    A study led by the physics professor found many laser printers emit clouds of ultra-fine particles that she compared with cigarette smoke and motor vehicle emissions. “They are so small you can’t see them.”

    Although her team has yet to analyse their chemistry, she warned that such small particles “can get deep into the lungs”, leading to respiratory and cardiovascular problems. Some particles were potential carcinogens.

    Professor Morawska said that of about 40 models of laser printers her team had tested, 13 were “high emitters” of particles from the toner. All were relatively new. Office photocopiers failed to produce similar particles.

    The emissions were detected when the researchers, undertaking a joint project with the Queensland Department of Public Works, began studying the efficiency of office air ventilation and filtration systems.

    They discovered concentrations of microscopic particles five times higher than outdoor levels often produced by traffic.

    Using an electronic sniffer they traced the emissions to the office laser printers. “Concentrations were considerably higher than outdoors by a busy road. We didn’t expect the emissions could be so high.”

    Concerned by the discovery, staff in her university office checked their own printers, and those found to be high emitters were relocated away from people.

    She now wants to conduct another study, looking at the chemistry of the particles, and called for rules to regulate emissions from office equipment.

    “Governments regulate emission levels from outdoor devices, such as motor vehicles, power stations and factories, so why not printers?”

    Bill Physick, a CSIRO atmospherics air quality scientist, said the danger created by ultra-fine particles only began to be appreciated in the 1990s.

    “While large particles get trapped in the hairs of the nose or only go partially down into the respiratory system, ultra-fine particles are so small they can get to the very lowest reaches of the lungs,” Dr Physick said.

    “The current thinking is that it’s other toxic chemicals, which adhere to the ultra-fine particles, that could be the source of the health problems.”


    Study reveals the dangers of printer pollution
    Date: 02 August 2007

    The tiny particles emitted from some home or office laser printer are as dangerous to human health as inhaling cigarette smoke, according to a new study by Queensland University of Technology.

    The study, which was conducted by Professor Lidia Morawska from QUT’s International Laboratory for Air Quality and Health, found that out of 62 laser printers tested, 17 were “high particle emitters”.

    Professor Morawska said these 17 printers were releasing potentially dangerous levels of tiny toner-like material into the air.

    The results of the study are being published in the latest edition of the American Chemical Society’s Environmental Science and Technology journal.

    “Most of the particles detected in the study were ultrafine particles,” Professor Morawska said. “Ultrafine particles are of most concern because they can penetrate deep into the lungs where they can pose a significant health threat.

    “The health effects from inhaling ultrafine particles depend on particle composition, but the results can range from respiratory irritation to more severe illness such as cardiovascular problems or cancer.”

    Professor Morawska said the study, conducted in a large open-plan office building, found indoor particle levels in the office air increased fivefold during work hours due to printer use.

    “Printers are a common device in both the home and office environment,” she said.

    “However, they are a potential source of indoor pollutants producing volatile organic compounds and ozone, as well as particle emissions.

    “This study showed that printers were the most significant source of particle number concentrations in the office building.”

    Professor Morawska said in general the study found that printers emitted more particles when the toner cartridge was new, and when printing graphics and images as they require greater quantities of toner.

    “It appears that there are large differences in the emission levels between different types of printers,” she said.

    “Many factors, such as printer model, printer age, cartridge model and cartridge age may affect the particle emission process.”

    Professor Morawska said the study highlighted a need for governments to regulate particle emissions from laser printers.

    “Governments regulate emission levels from outdoor devices such as vehicles, power stations and factories, so why not for printers?” she said.

    “Until something is done, I suggest that people ensure rooms in offices and homes are well ventilated to allow the airborne particles to disperse.”

    Media contact – Sandra Hutchinson, QUT media officer, 07 3138 2130 or s3.hutchinson@qut.edu.au
    **A high resolution photo is available for media use


    U.S. Bans Large Printer Ink, Toner Cartridges on Inbound Flights
    By Tony Hoffman, November 8, 2010 03:41pm EST

    In a predictable move, as part of a United States Homeland Security directive after the discovery of bombs hidden in laser toner cartridges aboard two airplanes in late October, the Transportation Safety Administration (TSA) has banned the shipment of large ink and toner cartridges aboard overseas flights bound for the U.S.

    A statement today by Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano on new procedures in the wake of the bombing attempts includes the passage “…Toner and ink cartridges over 16 ounces will be prohibited on passenger aircraft in both carry-on bags and checked bags on domestic and international flights in-bound to the United States….”

    This ban won’t have an effect on average travelers, few of whom would be transporting heavy toner cartridges, anyway. And it should have a minimal effect on the shipment of ink cartridges, few (if any) of which weigh anywhere near a pound. It will presumably affect the importing of laser printer supplies, however, as many laser toner cartridges weight well in excess of a pound.

    The normally innocuous laser toner cartridge took on a nefarious significance for its role in the thwarted bomb plot made public on October 30. Yemen-based terrorists in Yemen had hidden powerful bombs within modified toner cartridges being shipped aboard airplanes. They were addressed to synagogues in Chicago, though the real targets were apparently the airplanes themselves, one a passenger flight and one a UPS cargo flight. After a tipoff and worldwide alert, both packages were found and safely defused. Al Qaeda on the Arabian Peninsula has claimed responsibility for sending the bombs.

  • Virtual Chitchatting 2:20 PM on 2013/10/10 Permalink  

    Can waxy frozen ink outgrow the laser-jet and ink-jet business printing?

    It is a long way to go.
    Consumer habits and consumer preferences are hard to change.
    A nice try, folks.


    Toner industry overview

    Direct Electrostatic Printing

    Photocopying, laser printing and industrial digital printing all have their roots in electrophotographic technology invented 30 years ago. Since that time, companies such as AGFA-Gevaert, Xerox, Lexmark, Sharp, Hewlett Packard, and others have incorporated various forms of electrophotographic technology into their printers.

    Direct electrostatic printing is based on a principle that is deceptively simple. A toner source delivers charged toner particles through a print head structure (consisting of a polymeric substrate with apertures and at least one set of control electrodes) to the image receiver (a sheet of paper, for example) in front of a back electrode. The propulsion field present between the toner source and the back electrode, means that negatively charged toner particles are attracted to the receiver on the back electrode, thus creating an image on the paper.

    Toner Manufacturing Process

    The traditional “pulverization technique” of toner particle production involves the blending of resin, charge agent control, wax, carbon black, and iron oxide. This is then heated and melted under high pressure, extruded through a dye and granulated.

    The resulting flakes are ground by air jet milling. Air jet mills can produce micron-sized particles without generating heat, which would otherwise denature the toner product. Spinning classifier wheels at the top prevent particles leaving the mill before they have been ground to a size below the classifier cut size. Unground particles are returned to the bed via an internal mill recycle. The cut size is controlled by varying the speed of the classifier (the faster the spin, the lower the cut size). Superfines (whose presence often represents wastage in the milling process) are removed and additives may be blended with the toner before final bagging.

    Toner particle size can be controlled to within ±0.3 – 0.5 µm, whereas the average particle size is 8 µm. Particle size distribution can also be controlled. Depending on specific requirements, the standard deviation of particle size distribution can be around 1.0 µm.

    On-line particle size measurement is now used by many toner manufacturers to continuously monitor the particle size distribution and, by using multiple analyzers at different steps of the process, measure the unit operation yield in real-time.

    Why is toner particle size distribution important?

    A great deal of R&D effort has gone into improving print head design and toner transfer. The goal has been to produce simpler and increasingly more accurate systems with fewer components and improved imaging, which are suitable for a wide range of consumer and industrial digital printing applications. Final image quality though can be compromised by the quality of the toner itself.

    Toner companies have therefore been faced with the task of improving the toner particles. While individual manufacturers have their own formulae for toners, most comprise around 90% thermo-plastics that are colored with 10% carbon black pigment and set with infrared following transfer to paper. Traditionally, dry toner particles are made by compounding, pelletizing and granulation, followed by micronization, classification and sieving. This results in a fine powder with a tight specification for particle size distribution. However, the method has several drawbacks, notably variation in particle shape and charge-to-mass ratio as well as the creation of dust particles. These can cause problems as the particles are propelled through tiny apertures in the print head. Larger or irregularly shaped particles can cause blockage while dust particles adhere to the print head surface and are too small to have enough charge to be controllable.

    The ability to control the effects of electrostatic and electrodynamic forces lies with the way in which the toner is prepared. Preparation affects particle shape, particle size, particle size distribution, charge and surface treatment. The trend is to the smaller, narrower particle size and particle size distribution requirements needed for the production of higher resolution images.

    Traditionally the electrozone counter method has been the standard for particle size analysis in toner manufacture, something that is now being replaced with on-line, real-time particle sizing that allows direct and immediate control of the production process.

    Why is toner particle shape so important?

    Recent years have seen the development of wet chemical toner processes such as suspension polymerization and emulsion polymerization, which do not involve a milling or classification stage and which have the merit of allowing much greater control of the size distribution, shape and material properties of the toner particles produced. Compared to pulverized toner the shape is far more regular. Many companies are now producing both monochrome and color toners using a wet polymerization process. The toners produced using this process produce material with a narrower particle size and particle shape distribution; this offers improved powder flowability, improved transfer ratio from the photoconductor to the paper and improved image quality.

    A number of companies have patented chemical processes for growing toner particles of well-defined shapes. With the ability to produce toners with more precise shape and size distributions comes the need to characterize such materials. Most particle size analysis instruments are not able to measure shape but one exception is the Sysmex FPIA-3000. This instrument has wide use in the toner industry and many patents have been produced based on the optimization of particle shape. Methods have been developed using circularity as the key parameter. A circularity of 0.95-0.96 is optimum, lower than this the toner particles act as an abrasive, higher than this and they act as a lubricant.

    The Sysmex FPIA-3000 uses sheath flow and patented high speed image analysis for rapid particle size and shape characterization. Analysis typically takes 5 minutes compared with the 2-3 hours necessary using traditional techniques such as conventional microscopy.

    Toner manufacturers invest heavily in novel production techniques in order to develop processes that will maximize the proportion of particles with high circularity.

    The main problem has always been to find a simple way of monitoring this parameter. The Sysmex FPIA-3000 offers a rapid way for routine shape characterization. In addition to particle size data it displays images of the particles and also displays a circularity diagram to the analyst who then has all the necessary data for informed decision-making.


    Toner Particle Size and Shape Analysis

    New manufacturing techniques

    Early toner manufacturing involved the pulverizing and sorting of black, charged graphite. However, toner technology has become gradually more sophisticated in order to meet the ever-increasing quality and technical demands of the industry. The mobility of the toner in the supply reservoir mechanism, the transferability performance to paper, and the property of peeling from the drum are all affected by toner particle size, shape and material properties. In addition, colorants (predominantly pigments), resins, electric charge control agents and releasing agents have been added to toners as blend components. Fluidizing agents, lubricants and electric charge control agents have also been applied to the exterior of the toner particles.

    Toner production methods have also continued to develop. There are two fundamental technologies applied to toner production – the pulverization method and the polymerization method. The conventional pulverization method, where an ingot (or a film) as raw toner material is pulverized and sorted, is slowly being superceded by the polymerization method, which is capable of yielding toner particles closer to a spherical shape. The polymerization method, which is also referred to as the chemical toner method is a technique in which granulation is conducted by utilizing an aqueous medium.

    Size and shape measurement

    With the ability to produce toners with more precise shape and size distributions comes the need to characterize such materials. Size can be characterized using the circle equivalent diameter – which is defined as the diameter of a circle that has the same area as the projected particle image. With this diameter, various irregularly shaped particles can be evaluated on the basis of a single consistent measure. Shape is characterized using circularity – a parameter that compares the perimeter of the projected particle image with the circumference of the area-equivalent circle thus permitting a numerical representation of complex particle shapes. Figure 1 shows an example of how circularity is calculated.

    Figure 1: Calculation of circularity parameter

    A circularity of 0.95-0.96 is optimum. Toner particles with a lower than optimum circularity value, act as an abrasive, reducing the lifetime of printing mechanism components and producing a lower quality image. Equally toner particles with a higher than optimum circularity (i.e. perfect spheres with a circularity of 1.00) act as a lubricant and do not transfer to the print medium properly.

    Optimized image quality depends to a great extent upon achieving both a narrow size distribution (centered around a mean diameter of 8um-10um) and a narrow shape distribution (centered around a mean circularity of 0.95-0.96). Figure 2 shows the effect of toner particle circularity on image quality.

    The effect of toner particle circularity on image quality

    Typical low quality toner – low circularity and heterogeneous

    Typical high quality toner – high circularity and homogeneous

    Figure 2: The effect of toner particle circularity on image quality


    Xerox Launches Solid-Ink Color Printer
    By William M. Bulkeley, May 6, 2009 11:00 pm

    Many companies restrict the use of color printers because of high costs – up to eight cents a page, compared to a penny a page for black and white. Xerox hopes to loosen up the color pursestrings with a new $20,000 printer that is says will sharply cut those costs.
    Blocks of solid ink in Xerox’s ColorQube printer

    Xerox says printing color using the new machine, which uses a proprietary “solid ink” technology, will be up to 62% cheaper than the price of current laser prints. Robert Palmer, an analyst with InfoTrends, a market research firm in Weymouth, Mass., said in a research report that the new product “could have a major impact on the office imaging landscape,” due to its pricing.

    The machine, called ColorQube, is expected to be unveiled Thursday. It’s a multi-function device that prints, copies, scans and faxes, and is designed to be shared over a computer network by several dozen people in an office.

    ColorQube uses a new formulation of Xerox’s solid ink, a waxy crayon-like substance that is melted and sprayed onto a spinning drum that deposits the ink on a sheet of paper. Color laser printers use powdered toner.

    “The goal here is to try to break the price barrier and get more customers to use color,” said Ursula Burns, Xerox’s president. “We’re trying to replace a lot of black-and-white machines.” Ms. Burns said that only 15% of the 2.25 trillion pages printed in offices world-wide last year were in color.

    Angele Boyd, an analyst with market researcher IDC Corp., says that Xerox is the leader in color printing in the office with a 23% share. She said the new device will have “to displace other vendors’ color lasers” to be successful. If customers simply swap the machine for another Xerox model, Ms. Boyd said usage revenue could be lower.

    Office printing is a huge market, amounting to $81 billion last year, according to IDC. However, the market is growing very slowly, and it is expected to decline this year along with the world-wide economy.

    Xerox said that on the per-click pricing plans, a page with limited color, such as a small color chart, would cost two cents, and a page that was about half color would be three cents. In these pricing plans, used by both Xerox and its rivals, customers place a meter on their color printers and are charged by vendors per printed page.

    Tom Codd, a marketing executive at Hewlett-Packard, said he didn’t know about Xerox’s pricing plans, but he said “making a lot of noise about a printing technology isn’t news.” He said H-P is trying to help customers cut their overall printing costs by consolidating on a few standard models and removing desktop machines. Xerox also has a big business managing print services for customers.

    Xerox acquired the solid-ink technology in 2001 from Tektronix for $925 million. Since then it has used it in machines that run at up to 30 pages per minute. The ColorQube runs at up to 85 pages per minute, in the middle range of current speeds.

    Xerox says solid ink provides some ecological benefits by eliminating the need for replaceable cartridges – under its system, the solid ink stick is dropped into printer reservoirs. Solid ink printers usually use more energy than lasers because of the need to melt the ink, but Xerox said it had closed that gap by reducing the melting temperature. Solid ink can also be used on recycled paper and other paper that doesn’t work well in laser printers, said Infotrend’s Mr. Palmer.


    Color Solid Ink Printing
    C. Wayne Jaeger, Ph.D., Xerox Corporation

    How does a solid ink printer work?

    Normally ink is thought of as a liquid. However, there is a printing technology that utilizes solid ink, also called phase change ink or hot melt ink. The names are often used interchangeably, but the term solid ink will be used in this description of the technology.

    The concept of solid ink is that it is solid at normal ambient temperatures but in the ink-jet printing device, the ink is melted, converting it into a liquid that can be jetted much as any other liquid ink is handled in a piezoelectrically driven ink-jet printer (but not, of course, in a thermally driven bubble-jet printer). The real advantage of solid ink over aqueous ink is that the molten ink does not have to dry. Instead, it freezes (solidifies) almost instantaneously on the cool printing surface. This also means that solid ink does not dry out in the nozzles of the ink-jet, as aqueous inks are prone to do. In addition, solid ink does not wick into the paper as liquid inks do. It remains bound to the surface of the paper, resulting in more vivid colors and producing an enhanced color gamut.

    After several attempts by various companies (Howtek, Exxon, Dataproducts, Hitachi, Spectra, Brother), Tektronix successfully developed and introduced a color ink jet printer in 1991 using solid inks. The first-generation solid ink printer had 16 ink-jets per color (cyan, magenta, yellow) and 48 jets for black. It printed an A-size page (8.5 x 11 inches) in just under two minutes. Since then, the technology has progressed to the point where the same size page can be printed at 24 pages per minute. The latest solid ink printer’s resolution is more than four times the resolution (sixteen times the amount of data) of the first solid ink printer. The cost of the latest printer is less than one-tenth the cost of the original printer and further improvements are expected in costs and performance.

    The first generation of solid ink-jet printers worked by printing ink directly onto the paper or transparency printing media. The printhead was rapidly shuttled back and forth across the page, as the paper was incrementally advanced upwards after each printhead pass. On each pass, a stripe 16 pixels wide was printed. (A similar strategy is still employed in most desktop aqueous-ink printers.)

    The disadvantages of this approach made it quite clear that if solid ink were to succeed, a completely different printer configuration had to be developed for it. The printhead with ink weighed over 1.8 kg, or almost four pounds. The printer had to be placed on a very sturdy table to prevent them both from walking across the room as the heavy printhead shuttled back and forth. Most of the time to make a print was spent in decelerating the printhead, stopping, and then accelerating in the reverse direction. The ink drop placements going in one direction would be slightly offset from those of the ink droplets going in the opposite direction. Although the drop placement error was very small, the spatial frequency of the 16-pixels pass was in the resolution range for which the human visual system is most sensitive. To print secondary colors, two primary color droplets were overlapped, but the order in which the primary colors were printed changed when the printhead was printing in the reverse direction. For instance, printing a magenta droplet over a yellow droplet created a slightly different red than printing a yellow droplet over a magenta droplet, and this caused unacceptable hue shifts.

    In addition, the gap between the printhead and the substrate to be printed must be consistent to give predictable drop placement. Printing on paper of different thickness changed the printhead/paper gap enough to produce visibly different prints. The complexity of precisely controlling the motion of the printhead and paper made it clear that in order to have better reliability, increase the speed (number of prints per minute), improve the image quality, and also decrease the cost of the printer, both the paper handling and the paper path had to be greatly simplified.

    The key innovation of the solid ink printers developed by Tektronix1 starting in 1995 was the development of indirect printing. The concept was to replace oscillating motion with an ink-jet printhead that would rapidly and precisely spray-paint a complete image on a spinning drum, the print head moving axially like the cutting tool on a lathe as it deposited a spiral track. After the image is applied to the drum surface, it is offset (transferred) from the drum onto paper. This approach enabled a very simple paper path to be used, with the paper going straight through the printer in what is essentially an offset printing process. While this greatly simplifies the paper path, the indirect printing process places fairly severe constraints on the ink. The ink must be tough and hard at ambient temperature. The ink must be extremely clean and have a low melt viscosity so that it can be easily jetted through the tiny apertures of the printhead. (The printhead is intended to last the lifetime of the printer.) The ink must quickly freeze on the drum surface and stay in place on a rapidly spinning drum. Finally, the ink must easily and completely transfer from the drum to paper in the offset printing step.

    The heart of the printer is an anodized aluminum cylindrical drum. A multi-aperture printhead as wide as the drum is used to precisely apply the ink droplets to the drum surface. The ink droplets are generated by a piezoelectrically driven printhead made of stainless steel. The printhead is not fully populated with apertures, but contains many spaced sets of aperture columns. Each aperture column is made up of four jets: cyan, magenta, yellow and black. The aperture columns are equally spaced across the width of the array. Each time the drum makes a revolution, each four-jet column prints any desired combination of cyan, magenta, yellow and black ink droplets on every pixel in the line over which the four-jet column passes. Each four-jet column prints simultaneously, printing parallel paths of ink droplets around the drum. In the next drum revolution, the printhead is incremented over so that the next set of drops is printed parallel to the first set. After each drum revolution, the printhead is moved over one step, until the entire image is painted on the drum. The total lateral movement of the printhead during the printing process is actually quite small and depends on the gap between the columns of each four-jet set of the printhead. Depending on the selected image quality, the drum makes approximately eight revolutions in the process of generating the image plus one additional revolution to offset the image to paper and simultaneously clean the drum and treat its surface for the next image. The keys to producing high image quality are the consistency of the ink jets and the interlace method for generating each set of parallel lines on the drum surface.

    The process of printing an image on paper breaks down to three basic steps:

    A drum maintenance unit cleans the drum surface of any residual ink from a previous print and applies an extremely thin layer of silicone release oil to the clean anodized aluminum print drum surface.
    The uniformly heated (135 °C) printhead sprays microscopic drops of molten ink onto the rotating print drum very precisely. The print drum is maintained at an intermediate temperature (65 °C). The ink droplets striking the oiled print drum change almost instantly from a molten liquid to a malleable semisolid.
    The paper to be printed passes through a preheater into a pressure nip formed by a pressure roller and the print drum. Under heat and pressure the image transfers from the drum onto the paper in a single pass. By the time the paper exits the printer the ink has fully set and the print is immediately ready for use.

    Figure 1 solid_ink_fig1.jpg
    Figure 1. Solid ink printer with offset printing. Molten color ink is sprayed onto the drum by an ink-jet printhead.

    There are no solvents and hence no drying time. The prints are completely water-fast. Because the inks are not liquid when they come in contact with the paper, the ink fuses to the paper rather than soaking into it, giving vivid colors on a wide range of papers. The order in which the secondary colors are printed is always the same, which gives consistent and predictable color. The process of printing on a drum and then transferring the image means that the drum-to-printhead distance is always the same. This consistent gap makes possible accurate and predictable drop placement, thus producing enhanced image quality.

    Figure 2 solid_ink_fig2.jpg
    Figure 2. Solid ink printer with offset printing path. Semi-solid color ink transfers from the drum onto a heated sheet of paper. The duplex path allows two-sided printing.

    Solid ink technology has proven to be a good solution for office and workgroup users. One of the disadvantages of the technology is that it requires 12 to 15 minutes to be ready to make a print from a cold start. Once the printer is turned on, it is best to leave the printer on continuously. During any extended inactivity, the printer goes into a standby mode in which the temperature of the ink reservoir is allowed to drop to just above the freezing point of the ink. The printer can then be “awakened” and ready to print in just a couple of minutes. It also does not require any purging of the ink to prepare the printhead as is required from a cold startup. An “Intelligent Ready” feature of the printer learns the normal office routine and will have the printer up to temperature and ready to print when office activity begins. The “Intelligent Ready” will learn when the weekends occur and remain in the standby mode.

    Because of solid ink’s good image quality and low cost, photographers are now using it to generate proof sets for school pictures. Many schools are using the printer technology because of its ease of use in loading the ink sticks and supplies and because it can print on just about any paper. Solid ink technology is best, the more it is used. It is unaffected by humidity or temperature and is consistent week after week and month after month through many years of use.

    Figure 3 solid_ink_fig3.jpg
    Figure 3. Cut-away view of a solid ink printer

    Front Panel Display. Intuitive front panel interface eases installation, helps with the management and troubleshooting of the printer and gives local access to advanced features
    Paper Trays. It has large paper capacities with a 100-sheet multipurpose tray (Tray 1) and a 525-sheet main tray (Tray 2). Additional trays may be added. Supported media sizes range from 3.5″ x 5″ to 8.5″x14″ legal size pages.
    Print Drum. Solid ink technology mimics the process of larger, commercial offset printing presses by spray painting the image onto the high precision drum before transferring the image to paper. This helps deliver fast print speeds while avoiding issues common to lasers, such as challenges with accurate registration.
    Ink-Jet Printhead. A full page width ink-jet array is a permanent printer component made of stainless steel. It has 1236 ink-jets capable of producing on-demand 24,000 drops per second per jet. In other words, nearly 30 million ink droplets per second are accurately and precisely applied to the print drum from the image.
    Paper Path. The simple paper path allows the use of a broad range of media weights. The built-in duplexer allows the automatic printing of both sides.
    Paper Preheater. Slot through which the paper passes to raise the temperature of the paper surface to make it receptive to transfer of the print image. (For simplicity, not shown in this diagram.)
    Ink Loader. Clean, environmentally friendly solid ink sticks are easily loaded into the printer through a top door. Modeled after the way staples are loaded into a stapler, the slots are keyed so that only the right color ink can be installed. Ink can be loaded into the printer mid-job, and unlike any other technology the printer can be “topped-off” prior to large print jobs – helping customers keep their printer up and running.
    Ink Melter. The ink melter is at the end of the ink load chute. (For simplicity, the ink melter is not shown in diagram.) Ink is melted on-demand. The melting of the ink is controlled by the level-sense in the ink-reservoir of the printhead.
    Electronic Access. Side panel access to all connections means customer does not need access to the back of the printer – allowing customers to save space.
    Melted Ink Reservoirs. Four reservoirs hold the melted primary colors, yellow, cyan, magenta, and black. Melted ink flows into the ink-jet printhead where the ink is precisely sprayed onto the print drum.
    Maintenance Kit. The only replaceable part is the maintenance kit, which comes in 10,000 or 30,000 page capacities and is easy and inexpensive for customers to replace.
    Waste Ink Tray. Emptying the waste ink tray is the only other regular maintenance required, and is accessed through the same side door as the maintenance kit. It is an easy and clean process.

    1 Xerox purchased the Color Printing and Imaging Division of Tektronix, January 1 2000.


    Improve efficiency of ink use by minimizing ink waste

    Ricoh has developed a technology to significantly decrease the amount of ink consumed for purposes other than printing and use ink in a cartridge.

    Is ink used for other than printing?

    An ink jet printer, in general, consumes ink in a cartridge for purposes other than printing. When there is an interval of use, for example, ink may dry at the head nozzles or air bubbles may be entrapped. When this happens, ink ejection may become unstable, causing printing to blur or streak. Cleaning is required to prevent this and to recover and maintain normal ink ejection.

    Cleaning consumes a bit of ink, so Ricoh has continued our efforts with GELJET printers to minimize the amount of ink discharged without being used for printing. We have also developed an ink supply system to use cartridge ink.

    Develop technology to eliminate excessive ink consumption

    With the Aficio GX e and Aficio SG series, we have reduced running costs by reducing excessive ink consumed other than for printing. To do so, we have developed the following three technologies.

    1. Minimize ink intake during cleaning to the lowest in the industry

    To discharge the air entrapped in the nozzle, the air is sucked out with ink by applying a cap on the print head. It is very important to discharge air completely while reducing suction as much as possible. At this time, if ink bubbles, it causes air bubbles to remain inside the nozzle. To eliminate the bubbles, we had to intake and discharge air together with a certain amount of ink.

    In the Aficio SG series, Ricoh has decreased discharge to its limits by developing an ink less likely to bubble and also to withdraw ink uniformly from all 384 nozzles arranged on the print head. The industry minimum (as of January 16, 2012) of only 0.0005ml intake per nozzle was achieved while ensuring complete air discharge.

    2. Develop a new idea to reuse ink wasted by the ink supply system

    An ink jet printer enables stable ink ejection by maintaining negative pressure on the print head. In the past, to maintain negative pressure, a given amount of ink had to be periodically discharged from the head ink tank through the nozzles.

    Ricoh has developed a unique feed pump to allow reciprocal transport of ink to maintain negative pressure without discharging ink. This feed pump is incorporated into the Aficio GX e series and Aficio SG series. A tubing pump feeds cartridge ink to the print head for printing. By inverting the drive, negative pressure is created by taking ink in from the print head to the cartridge side (Figure 1).

    ricoh-geljet 041_01.jpg

    A conventional ink jet printer does not have a function to make ink flow backwards from the print head. Therefore another pump is used for suction from the ejection plane at the print head. This is done to create negative pressure. When this is done, because the ink taken out must be discharged, fewer sheets can be printed per cartridge. (The effect varies with conditions, such as how often the printer is used and the number of sheets to be printed.) With the Ricoh system, however, where a tubing pump returns ink, the ink returned to the cartridge can be reused. This sharply improves ink-use efficiency, thereby increasing the number of sheets printable per cartridge.

    3. Use up ink in a cartridge effectively

    When the ink in a cartridge is depleted, high negative pressure accrues inside a pump. When ink cartridges are exchanged at this time, a certain amount of air will mix in the supply tube, and the cleaning action to discharge air is needed. To avoid this problem, in the past, cartridges needed to be changed while some ink remained. The remaining ink was discarded with the cartridge-so it was futile ink.

    With the Aficio GX e series and Aficio SG series, as soon as the ink in a cartridge is depleted, the tubing pump is reversed to suck a minute amount of ink from the print head and relieve high negative pressure inside the pump. This makes it possible to change a depleted ink cartridge without entrapping air. In this way, introducing the tubing pump makes it possible to return ink, to relieve negative pressure in the pump, and to thoroughly reduce unnecessary ink consumption.


    Environmental Technologies:Technology Development:Products
    -Improvement of Ink Use Efficiency-

    Reducing ink consumption of GELJET printer

    JAPANJapan/Ricoh Co., Ltd.

    Ricoh’s GELJET printer features high-viscosity ink, developed to enable high-speed duplex printing on plain paper with high picture quality to support work at offices. Furthermore, to achieve high-volume continuous output, the print head and ink cartridges are separate from each other. To ensure stable printing performance with this layout and using a viscous ink, a state of negative pressure1 needs to be maintained inside the print head. Previously, to create a constant negative pressure condition within the print head, the GELJET printer was designed to regularly eject ink, even when the machine was not in a printing operation, resulting in the unnecessary consumption of ink. Seeking solutions to this problem caused by the repeated ink ejection pattern, Ricoh developed a new technology to create a constant negative pressure condition within the print head. The key element is a newly developed pump that can convey ink in two directions between the head and the cartridge, as opposed to the conventional one that allows ink to flow only in one direction, from the cartridge to the head. The new dual-direction pump enables the printer to create and maintain a negative pressure status inside the print head by sucking ink from the head towards the cartridge, thus saving ink by eliminating the need for ejection while the printer is not in operation. The new method is also beneficial as it has remarkably improved ink usage efficiency, because less ink is consumed for printing the same volume. This benefit is particularly notable for low print volume users2, for whom the frequency of the motion for creating negative pressure is relatively high in proportion to print volume. After the first mounting of the innovative pump on the IPSiO GX e3300 printer, released in May 2009, it was employed on the IPSiO GX e5500 series, which was launched in February 2010. Following this recent utilization, the new technology will be mounted on newer models rolled out in the years to come.

    1Refers to a condition of a given area in which gauge pressure is below zero
    (i.e., negative) compared with the ambient air pressure.
    2Users whose monthly print output ranges approx. from 50 to 100 pages.



    ABC’s of ISO Toner and Ink Yield Standards
    April 24, 2013 Dave Jollota

    By Dave Jollota

    Most printer companies in the world are now beginning to report the yield of their ink and toner cartridges using recently released ISO standard methods. In the past, each company used their own internal methods for testing and reporting yields and while each method on its own may have been good, there was no way to compare one printer to another because everyone’s method was different. Now, you can actually compare the claims of different printer manufacturer’s to each other!

    Typically, ISO has a number for a test methodology and a different number for a test target. For example, ISO 24711 defines the method that is used for testing the yield of ink cartridges using the ISO 24712 test suite. You will see printer manufacturers report the yield of their color and black cartridges referencing this standard. However, ISO also provides the option of using other test targets for comparing different technologies or for more focused testing. So, in ISO 24711, you can also run the mono toner test target (ISO 19752) to get pure mono yield numbers (and just to keep you on your toes, ISO 19752 is also the number of the mono toner methodology!)

    OK, so what ISO number should you look for?

    Mono Toner (black and white laser printers) – ISO 19752 Methodology and Test Target

    Color Toner (color laser printers) – ISO 19798 Methodology using ISO 24712 Test Suite, but ISO also allows the optional use of the ISO 19752 test target if someone wants to look at pure black and white printing on a color laser printer

    Color Ink – ISO 24711 Methodology using the same ISO 24712 Test Suite that is used for color toner and the optional use of the ISO 19752 test target if someone wants to look at pure black and white printing. This is very cool because you can now compare the yields of laser printers versus inkjet printers using the same test targets.

    What’s missing? Photo Yield. ISO is hard at work developing a methodology and test target for photo yield and expect to be done in 2009. QualityLogic has developed and published our own methodology and HP also describes their methodology well on their site (they look very similar and are patterned after ISO 24711).

    So, the next time you look at a printer or cartridge and want to now what kinds of yields to expect, look to see if they are using one of these ISO standards to help you make an informed decision.


    What is edible ink printing?

    Edible ink printing is the process of printing with edible inks over an edible surface (rice paper used on early stages of this invention, or or frosting sheets more commonly used today) using normal home use inkjet printers with installed edible ink cartridges. The frosting sheet will dissolve and the image printed on it will be fixed at the top of the cake.

    What is necessary to print and edible image?

    Not any printer can be used for print edible images. The only printers that can be used are the ones that has piezoelectric injectors like the Canon Bubble Jet technology or the Epson inkjet technology. Then, is recommended to use a new printer in order to avoid the contamination of the edible ink with normal inkjet ink. The use of a compatible to the printer ink cartridge with the appropriate edible ink density is necessary, is not recommended to buy bulk edible ink to refill an empty clean cartridge because each printer has different ink injectors and the appropriate liquid density is necessary for a correct functionally.

    The preferred printers for the edible printing task are the Canon Bubble Jet printers.

    Why are Canon printers recommended for edible imaging?

    Canon printers have a print head that can be easily serviced or replaced. Inkjet printers as a whole are susceptible to print head clogs, an issue that can be compounded by the use of edible inks. Should the print head in your Canon printer become seriously clogged or damaged, it can be easily removed and serviced or replaced.

    Which Canon printers can be used to print edible images?

    There are different technologies, there are the 2 ink cartridges printers, and the 4 to 6 ink cartridges printers, is not recommended to use for edible ink printing more than 4 ink cartridge printers because those printers are intended for photo printing and are more delicate and difficult to configure for edible ink printing.

    Choose a 2 cartridge printer system if you will be printing on average less than four edible images a week.

    Choose a 4 cartridge printer system if you will be printing on average four or more edible images a week.

    2 Cartridge Systems

    Printer Settings Media/Paper Type: Plain

    Print Quality: High
    Pixma iP1500 i470 MultiPass MP360 BJC-4000
    Pixma iP2000 i470D MultiPass MP370 BJC-4100
    Pixma MP130 i475D MultiPass MP390 BJC-4200 MultiPass F20
    i250 S200 BJC-4300 BJC-4400
    i320 S300 BJC-2000 BJC-4550
    i350 S330 BJC-2010 BJC-4650
    i450 S330D BJC-2100 BJC-5000
    i455 BJC-2110 BJC-5100

    4 Cartridge Systems

    Printer Settings Media/Paper Type: Plain

    Print Quality: High
    Pixma iP3000 S500 S520 MultiPass MP700 BJC-3000
    i550 S530D BJC-6100 i560 S600 MultiPass MP730 BJC-6000
    i850 S630 MultiPass F30 BJC-6200
    MultiPass F60 BJC-6000 S400 S6300 MultiPass F50 BJC-3000 S630N
    MultiPass F80 BJC-6100 S450 S750 BJC-6200 S4500 BJC-6500

  • Virtual Chitchatting 2:19 PM on 2013/10/10 Permalink  

    The laser printing technology


    Laser Printer
    Ckatz, 2008-07-16T07:26:05Z

    A ”’laser printer”’ is a common type of computer printer that rapidly produces high quality text and graphics on plain paper. As with digital photocopiers and Multifunction printer|MFPs, laser printers employ a xerographic printing process but differ from analog photocopiers in that the image is produced by the direct scanning of a laser beam across the printer’s photoreceptor.


    Laser printers have many significant advantages over other types of printers. Unlike Computer printer impact printers, laser printer speed can vary widely, and depends on many factors, including the graphic intensity of the job being processed. The fastest models can print over 200 monochrome pages per minute (12,000 pages per hour). The fastest color laser printers can print over 100 pages per minute (6000 pages per hour). Very high-speed laser printers are used for mass mailings of personalized documents, such as credit card or utility bills, and are competing with lithography in some commercial applications.

    The cost of this technology depends on a combination of factors, including the cost of paper, toner, and infrequent drum replacement, as well as the replacement of other consumables such as the fuser assembly and transfer assembly. Often printers with soft plastic drums can have a very high cost of ownership that does not become apparent until the drum requires replacement.

    A duplexing printer (one that prints on both sides of the paper) can halve paper costs and reduce filing volumes. Formerly only available on high-end printers, duplexers are now common on mid-range office printers, though not all printers can accommodate a duplexing unit. Duplexing can also give a slower page-printing speed, because of the longer paper path.

    In comparison with the laser printer, most inkjet printers and dot-matrix printers simply take an incoming stream of data and directly imprint it in a slow lurching process that may include pauses as the printer waits for more data. A laser printer is unable to work this way because such a large amount of data needs to output to the printing device in a rapid, continuous process. The printer cannot stop the mechanism precisely enough to wait until more data arrives, without creating a visible gap or misalignment of the dots on the printed page.

    Instead the image data is built up and stored in a large bank of memory capable of representing every dot on the page. The requirement to store all dots in memory before printing has traditionally limited laser printers to small fixed paper sizes such as letter or A4. Most laser printers are unable to print continuous banners spanning a sheet of paper two meters long, because there is not enough memory available in the printer to store such a large image before printing begins.


    The laser printer, based on a modified xerographic copier, was invented at Xerox in 1969 by researcher Gary Starkweather, who had a fully functional networked printer system working by 1971.Laser printing eventually became a multibillion-dollar business for Xerox.

    The first commercial implementation of a laser printer was the IBM model 3800 laser printer in 1976, used for high-volume printing of documents such as invoices and mailing labels. It is often cited as “taking up a whole room,” implying that it was a primitive version of the later familiar device used with a personal computer. While large, it was designed for an entirely different purpose. Many 3800s are still in use.

    The first laser printer designed for use with an individual computer was released with the Xerox Star 8010 in 1981. Although it was innovative, the Star was an expensive ($17,000) system that was purchased by only a relatively small number of businesses and institutions. After personal computers became more widespread, the first laser printer intended for a mass market was the Hewlett-Packard HP LaserJet 8ppm, released in 1984, using a Canon (company)|Canon engine controlled by HP software. The HP LaserJet printer was quickly followed by laser printers from Brother Industries, IBM, and others.

    Most noteworthy was the role the laser printer played in popularizing desktop publishing with the introduction of the Apple Computer|Apple LaserWriter for the Apple Macintosh, along with Adobe PageMaker|Aldus PageMaker software, in 1985. With these products, users could create documents that would previously have required professional typesetting.

    As with most electronic devices, the cost of laser printers has fallen markedly over the years. In 1985 the HP LaserJet sold for $2995.00 and weighed 71 pounds (32 kg). The Apple LaserWriter (which shipped with a more powerful processor and the Postscript page description language) weighed about 70 lb and cost almost $7000.00. (Work rules in the factory producing the Laserwriter forbade any worker lifting the printer unassisted.) Today a comparable laser printer with more memory, a higher speed and duplexing capability costs about $300.00. A bare-bones laser printer costs less than $100.00.

    How it works

    There are typically seven steps involved in the laser printing process:

    === Raster image processing ===
    [[Image:RIP Data Flow.svg|thumb|300px|Generating the raster image data]]

    Each horizontal strip of dots across the page is known as a [[raster scan|raster]] line or [[scan line]]. Creating the image to be printed is done by a [[Raster Image Processor]] (RIP), typically built into the laser printer. The source material may be encoded in any number of special page description languages such as Adobe PostScript (PS) or HP [[Printer Command Language]] (PCL), as well as unformatted text-only data. The RIP uses the page description language to generate a bitmap of the final page in the raster memory. Once the entire page has been rendered in raster memory, the printer is ready to begin the process of sending the rasterized stream of dots to the paper in a continuous stream.

    === Charging ===
    [[Image:Corona charging.svg|thumb|300px|Appyling a negative charge to the photosensitive drum]]

    A [[Corona discharge|corona wire]] (in older printers) or a primary charge roller projects an [[electrostatic]] charge onto the photoreceptor (otherwise named the photoconductor unit), a revolving photosensitive drum or belt, which is capable of holding an electrostatic charge on its surface while it is in the dark.

    Numerous [[patents]] describe the photosensitive drum coating as a [[silicon]] sandwich with a photocharging layer, a charge leakage barrier layer, as well as a surface layer. One version uses amorphous silicon containing hydrogen as the light receiving layer, [[Boron nitride]] as a charge leakage barrier layer, as well as a surface layer of [[Doping (semiconductor)|doped silicon]], notably silicon with oxygen or nitrogen which at sufficient concentration resembles machining [[silicon nitride]]; the effect is that of a light chargeable [[diode]] with minimal leakage, that resists scuffing

    === Exposing ===
    [[Image:Laser printer-Writing.svg|thumb|300px|How the bitmap is written to the photosensitive drum.]]

    The laser is aimed at a rotating polygonal mirror, which directs the laser beam through a system of lenses and mirrors onto the photoreceptor. The beam sweeps across the photoreceptor at an angle to make the sweep straight across the page; the cylinder continues to rotate during the sweep and the angle of sweep compensates for this motion. The stream of rasterized data held in memory turns the laser on and off to form the dots on the cylinder. (Some printers switch an array of [[light emitting diodes]] spanning the width of the page, but these devices are not "Laser Printers".) Lasers are used because they generate a narrow beam over great distances. The laser beam neutralizes (or reverses) the charge on the white parts of the image, leaving a [[static electricity|static electric]] negative image on the photoreceptor surface to lift the [[toner]] particles.

    === Developing ===

    The surface with the latent image is exposed to [[toner]], fine particles of dry plastic powder mixed with carbon black or coloring agents. The charged toner particles are given a negative charge, and are electrostatically attracted to the photoreceptor where the laser wrote the latent image. Because like charges repel, the negatively charged toner will not touch the drum where light has not removed the negative charge.

    The overall darkness of the printed image is controlled by the high voltage charge applied to the supply toner. Once the charged toner has jumped the gap to the surface of the drum, the negative charge on the toner itself repels the supply toner and prevents more toner from jumping to the drum. If the voltage is low, only a thin coat of toner is needed to stop more toner from transferring. If the voltage is high, then a thin coating on the drum is too weak to stop more toner from transferring to the drum. More supply toner will continue to jump to the drum until the charges on the drum are again high enough to repel the supply toner. At the darkest settings the supply toner voltage is high enough that it will also start coating the drum where the initial unwritten drum charge is still present, and will give the entire page a dark shadow.

    === Transferring ===

    The photoreceptor is pressed or rolled over paper, transferring the image. Higher-end machines use a positively charged transfer roller on the back side of the paper to pull the toner from the photoreceptor to the paper.

    === Fusing ===
    [[Image:Laser printer fusing.svg|thumb|300px|Melting toner into the paper using heat and pressure.]]

    The paper passes through rollers in the fuser assembly where heat and pressure (up to 200 Celsius) bond the plastic powder to the paper.

    One roller is usually a hollow tube (heat roller) and the other is a rubber backing roller (pressure roller). A radiant heat lamp is suspended in the center of the hollow tube, and its infrared energy uniformly heats the roller from the inside. For proper bonding of the toner, the fuser roller must be uniformly hot.

    The fuser accounts for up to 90% of a printer’s power usage. The heat from the fuser assembly can damage other parts of the printer, so it is often ventilated by fans to move the heat away from the interior. The primary power saving feature of most copiers and laser printers is to turn off the fuser and let it cool. Resuming normal operation requires waiting for the fuser to return to operating temperature before printing can begin.

    Some printers use a very thin flexible metal fuser roller, so there is less mass to be heated and the fuser can more quickly reach operating temperature. This both speeds printing from an idle state and permits the fuser to turn off more frequently to conserve power.

    If paper moves through the fuser more slowly, there is more roller contact time for the toner to melt, and the fuser can operate at a lower temperature. Smaller, inexpensive laser printers typically print slowly, due to this energy-saving design, compared to large high speed printers where paper moves more rapidly through a high-temperature fuser with a very short contact time.

    === Cleaning ===

    When the print is complete, an electrically neutral soft plastic blade cleans any excess toner from the photoreceptor and deposits it into a waste reservoir, and a discharge lamp removes the remaining charge from the photoreceptor.

    Toner may occasionally be left on the photoreceptor when unexpected events such as a paper jam occur. The toner is on the photoconductor ready to apply, but the operation failed before it could be applied. The toner must be wiped off and the process restarted.

    Waste toner cannot be reused for printing because it can be contaminated with dust and paper fibers. A quality printed image requires pure, clean toner. Reusing contaminated toner can result in splotchy printed areas or poor fusing of the toner into the paper. There are some exceptions however, most notably some [[Brother Industries|Brother]] and [[Toshiba]] laser printers, which use a patented method to clean and recycle the waste toner.<ref>[http://www.freepatentsonline.com/5231458.html U.S. Patent 5231458 - Printer which utilizes previously used developer]</ref><ref>[http://www.fixyourownprinter.com/forums/laser/39806#12 Simplified explanation of Brother waste toner recycling process at fixyourownprinter.com]</ref>

    === Multiple steps occurring at once ===

    Once the raster image generation is complete all steps of the printing process can occur one after the other in rapid succession. This permits the use of a very small and compact unit, where the photoreceptor is charged, rotates a few degrees and is scanned, rotates a few more degrees and is developed, and so forth. The entire process can be completed before the drum completes one revolution.

    Different printers implement these steps in distinct ways. Some "[[laser]]" printers actually use a linear array of [[light-emitting diode]]s to "write" the light on the drum (see [[LED printer]]). The toner is based on either [[wax]] or [[plastic]], so that when the paper passes through the fuser assembly, the particles of toner melt. The paper may or may not be oppositely charged. The fuser can be an infrared oven, a heated pressure roller, or (on some very fast, expensive printers) a [[xenon flash lamp]]. The ”Warm Up” process that a laser printer goes through when power is initially applied to the printer consists mainly of heating the fuser element. Many printers have a toner-conservation mode or "economode", which can be substantially more economical with fuser consumption at the price of slightly lower contrast.

    == Color laser printers ==

    Color laser printers use colored toner (typically, but not always [[cyan]], [[magenta]], [[yellow]], and [[black]]– see [[CMYK]]) in four steps or passes. Color adds complexity to the printing process because very slight misalignments known as registration errors can occur between printing each color, causing unintended color fringing, blurring, or light/dark streaking along the edges of colored regions.

    To permit a high registration accuracy, some color laser printers use a large belt the size of a full sheet of paper to generate the image. All four layers of toner are precisely applied to the belt, and the combined layers are then applied to the paper in a single step.

    Color laser printers typically require four times as much memory as a monochrone printer to print the same size document, because each of the four CMYK color separations needs to be rasterized and stored in memory before printing can begin.

    == DPI Resolution ==

    1200 DPI printers were commonly available during 2008, with 2400 DPI electrophotographic printing plate makers, essentially laser printers that print on plastic sheets, available

    == Laser printer maintenance ==

    Most consumer and small business laser printers use a cartridge that combines the photoreceptor (sometimes called "photoconductor unit") with the supply toner and waste toner bottles and various wiper blades. When the supply toner is consumed, replacing the cartridge automatically replaces the photoreceptor, waste toner bottle, and blades.

    Some small consumer printers use a separate toner bottle that can be replaced several times separately from the photoreceptor, allowing for a much lower cost of operation. High-volume business laser printers separate all components into individual modules.

    After printing about fifty thousand pages, typical maintenance is to vacuum the mechanism, and clean or replace the paper handling rollers. The rollers have a thick rubber coating, which eventually suffers wear and becomes covered with slippery paper dust. They can usually be cleaned with a damp lint-free rag and there are chemical solutions that can help restore the traction of the rubber.

    After one hundred thousand pages, it is common for the fuser assembly to either wear out or need cleaning. The fuser heating rollers are often coated with an oil that prevents toner from sticking to the rollers. A small amount of the oil coating is absorbed by each piece of paper passing through the fuser, eventually requiring the oil supply to be replenished or the pressure roller assembly to be completely replaced. It is common for the fuser assembly to be left unmaintained until the toner starts sticking to the rollers, which creates a repeating ragged line on every printed page due to the rollers not being smooth anymore.

    Color laser printers are typically more expensive and higher maintenance than monochrome laser printers since they contain more imaging components. Color laser printers intended for high volume use may require supplies that monochrome printers do not use, while the least expensive consumer color laser printers are expected to wear out and fail four times faster during color printing, compared to monochrome printing.{{Fact|date=April 2007}}

    Due to current market incentives, the least expensive consumer color laser printers often cost less than the total value of the replacement parts inside the printer. The photoreceptor assembly for example may last 100,000 pages but may cost as much to replace as buying a new printer with new toner cartridges included.

    == Steganographic anti-counterfeiting ("secret") marks ==

    [[Image:Printer Stenography Illustration.png|thumb|right|An illustration of small yellow dots on white paper, generated by a color laser printer.]]
    {{mainarticle|Printer steganography}}

    Many modern color laser printers mark printouts by a nearly invisible dot [[raster]], for the purpose of identification.
    The dots are yellow and about 0.1 mm in size, with a raster of about 1 mm. This is purportedly the result of a deal between the [[US government]] and printer manufacturers to help track [[counterfeiter]]s.<ref>[http://www.eff.org/Privacy/printers/ Electronic Frontier Foundation- privacy on printers]</ref>

    The dots encode data such as printing date, time, and printer serial number in [[binary-coded decimal]] on every sheet of paper printed, which allows pieces of paper to be traced by the manufacturer to identify the place of purchase, and sometimes the buyer. Digital rights advocacy groups such as the [[Electronic Frontier Foundation]] are concerned that this is a threat to the privacy and anonymity of those who print.<ref>[http://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2008/02/eu-printer-tracking-dots-may-violate-human-rights Electonic Frontier Foundation Threat to privacy]</ref>

    == Safety hazards, health risks, and precautions ==

    === Shock hazards ===

    Although modern printers include many [[interlock|safety interlocks]] and protection circuits, it is possible for a high voltage or a residual voltage to be present on the various rollers, wires, and metal contacts inside a laser printer. Care should be taken to avoid unnecessary contact with these parts to reduce the potential for painful electrical shock.

    === Toner clean-up ===

    Toner particles are designed to have electrostatic properties and can develop static-electric charges when they rub against other particles, objects, or the interiors of transport systems and vacuum hoses. Because of this and its small particle size, toner should not be vacuumed with a conventional home vacuum cleaner. Static discharge from charged toner particles can ignite dust in the vacuum cleaner bag or create a small explosion if sufficient toner is airborne. This may damage the vacuum cleaner or start a fire. In addition, toner particles are so fine that they are poorly filtered by conventional household vacuum cleaner filter bags and blow through the motor or back into the room.

    Toner particles melt (or fuse) when warmed. Small toner spills can be wiped up with a cold, damp cloth.

    If toner spills into the laser printer, a special type of vacuum cleaner with an electrically conductive hose and a high efficiency ([[HEPA]]) filter may be needed for effective cleaning. These are called ESD-safe (Electrostatic Discharge-safe) or toner vacuums. Similar HEPA-filter equipped vacuums should be used for clean-up of larger toner spills.

    Toner is easily cleaned from most water-washable clothing. As toner is a wax or plastic powder with a low melting temperature, it must be kept cold during the cleaning process. Washing a toner stained garment in cold water is often successful. Even warm water is likely to result in permanent staining. The washing machine should be filled with cold water before adding the garment. Washing through two cycles improves the chances of success. The first may use hand wash dish detergent, with the second cycle using regular laundry detergent. Residual toner floating in the rinse water of the first cycle will remain in the garment and may cause a permanent graying. A clothes dryer or iron should not be used until it is certain that all the toner has been removed.

    === Ozone hazards ===

    As a natural part of the printing process, the high voltages inside the printer can produce a [[corona discharge]] that generates a small amount of ionized oxygen and nitrogen, forming [[ozone]] and [[nitrogen oxides]]. In larger commercial printers and copiers, a carbon filter in the air exhaust stream breaks down these oxides to prevent pollution of the office environment.

    However, some ozone escapes the filtering process in commercial printers, and ozone filters are not used in many smaller consumer printers. When a laser printer or copier is operated for a long period of time in a small, poorly ventilated space, these gases can build up to levels at which the odor of ozone or irritation may be noticed. A potential for creating a health hazard is theoretically possible in extreme cases.{{Fact|date=September 2007}}

    === Respiratory health risks ===

    According to a recent study conducted in Queensland, Australia, some printers emit sub-[[micrometre]] particles which some suspect may be associated with respiratory diseases.<ref>{{cite web|title=Particle Emission Characteristics of Office Printers|url=http://cdn.sfgate.com/chronicle/acrobat/2007/08/01/printer_es063049z.pdf}} </ref> Of 63 printers evaluated in the Queensland University of Technology study, 17 of the strongest emitters were made by [[Hewlett-Packard]] and one by [[Toshiba]]. The machine population studied, however, was only those machines already in place in the building and was thus biased toward specific manufacturers. The authors noted that particle emissions varied substantially even among the same model of machine. According to Professor Morawska of Queensland University, one printer emitted as many particles as a burning cigarette.<ref>{{cite web|title=Particle Emission Characteristics of Office Printers|url=http://www.smh.com.au/news/technology/printer-particles-as-bad-as-cigarettes/2007/07/31/1185647903291.html}}</ref>

    :"The health effects from inhaling [[ultrafine particles]] depend on particle composition, but the results can range from respiratory irritation to more severe illness such as [[Circulatory system|cardiovascular]] problems or [[cancer]]." ([[Queensland University of Technology|Queensland UT]]).<ref>{{citeweb|title=Study reveals the dangers of printer pollution|url=http://www.news.qut.edu.au/cgi-bin/WebObjects/News.woa/wa/goNewsPage?newsEventID=13495}}</ref>

    A 2006 study in Japan found that laser printers increase concentrations of [[styrene]], [[xylene]]s, and [[ozone]], and that [[Inkjet printer|ink-jet printers]] emitted [[pentanol]].<ref>{{cite web|title=Are Laser Printers Hazardous to Your Health? – Yahoo! News|url=http://news.yahoo.com/s/nf/20070802/bs_nf/54313}}</ref>

    Muhle et al. (1991) reported that the responses to chronically inhaled copying toner, a plastic dust pigmented with carbon black, titanium dioxide and silica were also similar qualitatively to titanium dioxide and diesel exhaust.<ref>{{cite web|title=11.6 METALS|url=http://www.epa.gov/nceawww1/pdfs/partmatt/April1996/0671ch11.pdf}} 070821 epa.gov</ref>

    ==See also==
    *[[Daisy wheel printer]]
    *[[Dot matrix printer]]
    *[[Inkjet printer]]
    *[[LED printer]]
    *[[Thermal printer]]
    *[[Dye-sublimation printer]]

    ==External links==

    • [http://computer.howstuffworks.com/laser-printer.htm Howstuffworks "How Laser Printers Work"]
    • [http://www.eff.org/Privacy/printers/ Is Your Printer Spying On You?] (by [[Electronic Frontier Foundation|EFF]])
    • [http://tumb1.biblio.tu-muenchen.de/publ/diss/ei/2004/hoffmann_r.pdf Detailed description, modelling and simulation of the electrophotographic print process (technical; 7.2MB)]
    • [http://www.katun.com/downloads/xerographiccolortech.pdf Xerographic Color Technology] (pdf), Katun (supplier of OEM-compatible imaging supplies, photoreceptors, and parts), July 1999

    == References ==

    [[Category:Computer printers]]
    [[Category:Non-impact printers]]
    [[Category:History of computing hardware]]
    [[Category:Digital press]]
    [[Category:Office equipment]]


    The Evolution of Color Laser Printers

    Author: Reference Number: AA-01906 Created: 2010-12-29 11:57 am Last Updated: 2013-10-08 05:04 pm


    Color laser printers have come a long way since they were introduced for home/small business use. The first HP Color LaserJet, was introduced in September of 1994. They were very expensive and slow when printing, 2 pages a minute in color and 10 pages a minute monochrome (black) at best. The print resolution was 300 DPI (dots per inch). The technology was such that it was only capable of putting down one of the four colors at a time on the ITB (Intermediate transfer belt) belt or drum. As the image was built each successive pass would lay the next color directly on top of the first and so on until the full image was produced. The completed image would be transferred to the print media by way of a secondary transfer process, transfer corona wire or conductive rubber transfer roller . This was considered multi-pass technology, as it took multiple passes to build the printed color page.

    Then single pass printers were developed and introduced to the market. The HP 4600 was introduced in May of 2002. This printer would utilize an ETB (electrostatic transport belt) . This printer was capable of speed up to 17 PPM (pages per minute).This newer technology would use four laser units (one for each color) and be capable of processing all colors simultaneously. Using a direct transfer process from belt or drum to print media provided much greater print speeds. This newer technology used an ETB belt which transported the paper through the printer via an electrostatic charge applied the paper which would hold it on the belt. Within the ETB unit were 4 separate transfer rollers, one for each color. As the media was picked up from the tray and attached to the ETB belt the image was built and transferred directly to the media. No more secondary transfer process. Relatively small color laser printers were now capable of print speeds of almost 20 pages a minute!!! These machines were still relatively expensive to purchase and operate. Toner cartridges were upwards of $ 150 per color.

    In the coming years as more manufacturers (Lexmark, Ricoh, QMS, Xerox, etc.) started getting into the exploding color laser printer market, the initial cost of the machines kept coming down as the competition increased. Now that the cost of the printers had been greatly reduced, manufacturers had to find other ways to make money. Bottom line now was on the sale of the supplies or consumables such as toners, belts, drums, etc. The printers would ship with what would become known as “starter cartridges”. These cartridges would not last very long as they were only partially filled. So the purchase of a round of cartridges was soon required. This became the industry standard. Some manufacturers would actually give you the printer with the agreement that you would purchase all your printing supplies directly from them.

    The latest wave of color printers use this technology and now for some reason returning to the ITB system once again? The print speed has been maintained with the use of multiple laser’s coupled with a shortening of the paper path. They have added new features such as a flatbed scanner, which will enable the printer to copy scan and even send faxes. These are known as AIO printers or all in one units. The initial cost has increased again with these added features and it seems the supplies or toners have gotten smaller along with the physical size of the printers .Some of the smaller units might not be cost effective to fix in some cases. Units that have major parts that are not replaceable in some cases make it impossible to fix.

    The next few years will be interesting to see which way this sector of the laser printer market will go.


    Deciphering HP Model Number Lettering

    Author: Reference Number: AA-03275 Created: 2011-04-18 12:46 pm Last Updated: 2013-10-09 12:35 pm

    HP Started naming there printer’s in a logical way. The HP Laserjet or HP Laserjet I series based on the Canon CX print engine. I believe there is one in the Smithsonian (not in use though). Moving forward with the next model was the Laserjet II series,based on the Canon SX print engine. This series was also available with two input cassettes. The was the Laserjet IID, based on the Canon TX print engine. The (D) was now the identifier for the duplex (double-sided) printing feature or option in the model name. Next in the series was the Laserjet IIID, based on the same canon TX print engine but had now incorporated HP’s Resolution Enhancement Technology or RET. In a nutshell taking a 300×300 d.p.i. (dots per inch) printer and giving it 600×600 d.p.i. quality output. Basically just splitting the dot with software (firmware) on the formatter. Still only a true 300 d.p.i. printer. This RET technology is still being used today with true 600 d.p.i. printer’s producing 1200 d.p.i. quality output. In keeping with using the Roman numeral numbering there was the Laserjet IIP and IIIP, based on the Canon LX print engine. The (P) in the model was used to designate the printer as a personal printer. Next in line was the the Laserjet IIISI based on the canon NX print engine. The (S) was used to designate that a paper stacker was resident in the printer.

    As printer models evolved and different print engines were being used HP started using plain numbering instead of the Roman numerals. In keeping with the alpha sequence the Laserjet 4 series was next. The Laserjet 4M was introduced for use with the Macintosh operating systems. Incorporated into the printer was a Postscript module and possibly some additional memory as well to support the more complex printer language. The (M) was now used to designate for use with Mac’s or Postscript printing. Another model in the 4 series was the 4L, the (L) was used as the designation for light duty ( only 1 paper tray). The series continued moving up to number 5. The Laserjet 5N, where (N) was now used to show a network option was installed. The single digit model numbers ended with the 6 series.

    HP then moved to a four digit model numbering system. This would enable the same product or model to be expanded within the series, such as the Laserjet 4000 series. The 4000T model incorporated two trays . The (T) would now be used to show that two or more paper trays(cassettes) were present. Models would use the same print engine, but with some added features, such as a faster processor or different firmware. They were able to increase the pages per minute.

    HP also introduced a wireless printing feature. This would require a wireless network on the host or computer as well. It seamed to be a short lived option. The (W) was used for this wireless feature. A stapler/stacker option was also introduced, notated by (SL). For example: a 4250 DTNSL would have a duplexer,network capabilities and a stapler/stacker device as well. The latest printer models are now using the (X) for the combination of duplexing, network capabilities along with additional input and output options. For the most part HP has continued to use a lot of there option notations.

    Alpha Description

    d Duplex

    dn Duplex & Network
    dt Duplex & Extra Tray
    f Fax
    h Hard disk (drive)
    i Imaging/Card slots
    m Mailbox
    n Network
    nw Wireless Network
    ps Postscript
    s Stacker
    sk Stapler & Stacker
    t Extra Tray
    tn Extra Tray & Networking
    wf Wi-Fi

    xh Duplex – Extra Tray, Network & Hard Disk
    xm Duplex – Extra Tray, Network & Mailbox
    xs Duplex – Extra Tray, Network & Stacker
    xsk Duplex – Extra Tray, Network & Stapler Stacker

  • Virtual Chitchatting 2:18 PM on 2013/10/10 Permalink  

    The world colouring industries report 

    The Inky Business

    Ink is classified with paints and coating in specialty chemicals. The specialty chemicals businesses comprise of:

    1. Adhesives and Sealants
    2. Agrochemical
    3. Catalysts
    4. Industrial detergents and surfactants
    5. Paints, inks & coatings
    6. Pigments & toners
    7. Powder coatings

    As the colouring industry output is the intermediate products for other industries, its growth depends on the progress and the development of end user industries.

    It is a long way to go.


    Growth in Key Industries Drives Pigments and Dyes Market

    The global market for pigments and dyes is forecast to reach 9.9 million tons and $26.53 billion by the year 2017, driven by the growth in key end-use industries. Additionally, demand in the market would stem from stringent and increasingly rigorous quality, performance and environmental standards. Increasing consumer preference for environment-friendly products, which in turn would drive the consumption of higher performance dyes and organic pigments, is expected to provide stimulus to the pigments and dyes market.

    The market for pigments and dyes responds to the coloring needs of a wide range of end-use industries, ranging from coatings to construction. With robust demand in key markets of coatings, plastics, paper and printing inks, the pigments market is forecast to register steady growth in the coming years. Aided by a choice for brighter aesthetics and higher pigment concentration, the pigments industry is expected to propel ahead at a steady rate. The industry is witnessing a fundamental shift in the form of greater preference for high-performance metal-based inorganic pigments and away from solvent-based raw materials. The dyes market, meanwhile, largely depends upon the fortunes of its principal end-user, textiles, which account for about 70 percent of the total demand.

    After a brief decline in volume and values in 2008 and 2009, which was a result of the global economic downturn, the future for global pigments and dyes market appears to be bright. Global market for pigments and dyes began to show signs of recovery in 2009 and registered positive growth in 2010, albeit by a small margin. The market, however, is expected to post significant growth in terms of volume as well as value in the coming years. Surge in the coming years would be fueled by growth in the inks, coatings and construction industries. Growing demand for high-quality value-added pigments is one of the key factors expected to result in a spurt in growth. Further, the market, although mature, would also receive a boost as companies increasingly feel the need to evolve and design their products in sync with changing requirements for new and emerging technologies. Higher rates of capacity utilization are expected to further drive prices upwards. Mounting energy costs would also considerably impact global pigments consumption.

    Asia-Pacific represents the largest and the fastest-growing regional market for pigments and dyes worldwide, as stated by the new market research report. A key trend witnessed in the recent past is the migration of manufacturing capacity from the West to low-cost countries in the Asia-Pacific region, driven mainly by stringent environmental compliance issues. China would continue to be the single-largest and fastest-growing market. Over the years, China has emerged as the leading global manufacturer, trader, as well as consumer of dyestuffs. Gradually maturing production technology and presence of strong downstream customer base within the country have been propelling demand for pigments in the country over the recent years. India is expected to be the second-largest market in terms of demand for organic pigments and dyes. The Indian dyestuff industry witnessed significant growth in the past decade due to government concessions in the form of tax and excise concessions to small-sized establishments. In addition, the industry witnessed export opportunities, subsequent to the shutting-down of several facilities in the United States and Europe, following the enforcement of strict pollution-control regulations. Europe trails behind Asia-Pacific, while the United States constitutes the next-largest market.

    Segment-wise, the inorganic pigments market represents the largest segment in volume and value terms. The organic pigments market represents the fastest-growing segment in volume terms. Given the ability to meet exact end-user needs, high-performance pigments, such as quinacridones, represent a highly potential market. Specialty pigments also represent a promising market due to their eco-friendly characteristics, besides their high performance. Nevertheless, traditional and classical products would continue to occupy leading positions in the organic pigments market; and low-priced products would gain in volume terms for applications, such as printing inks, which require lower colorant standards. Growth in the organic pigments market, however, would be limited by higher prices compared to inorganic products and limited capability to provide opacity. China has emerged as a leader in the production of dyes. Dyes are widely used in China, South Korea, India and Taiwan.

    Metallic pigments are expected to register a strong wave of growth owing to the rise in popularity of colored varieties. Eco-friendly products constitute a key growth area for the manufacturers of metallic pigments. Customers are increasingly demanding products that are eco-friendly with small carbon footprints, which will spur the growth of waterborne technology, along with applications, such as powder coatings, that reduce waste and emissions. Demand for metallic effects that combine functionality, color and travel are also increasing. Brighter prospects lie ahead for metallic pigment producers as the automotive industry starts rebounding and market conditions stabilize.

    The global pigments and dyes industry was characterized by a series of consolidations in the recent years. Market players, in order to capture market share, revitalize assets, expand sales network, and enhance technology, resorted to consolidations. Mounting concerns over environmental factors and implementation of strict regulations across the world are likely to result in market consolidation in the coming years. Major players profiled in the report include ALTANA AG, BASF SE, Cathay Pigments Inc., Clariant International Limited, DIC Corp., Sun Chemical Corp., Dainichiseika Color & Chemicals Mfg. Co. Ltd., E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Co., Ferro Corp., Heubach GmbH ,Huntsman International LLC, Ishihara Corp., Kemira Oyj, Kronos Worldwide Inc., Lanxess AG, Merck KGAA, Silberline Manufacturing Co. Inc., The Shepherd Color Co., Toyo Ink SC Holdings Co. Ltd., and Tronox Inc., among others.

    The research report titled “Pigments and Dyes: A Global Strategic Business Report,” provides a comprehensive review of the pigments and dyes markets, impact of the global recession on the market, current market trends, key growth drivers, recent product introductions, recent industry activity, and profiles of major/niche global as well as regional market participants. The report provides annual sales estimates and projections for pigments and dyes market for the years 2009 through 2017, in both value as well as volume terms, for the following geographic markets: United States, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, and Rest of World.


    The Pigment Report
    By David Savastano

    While leading pigment manufacturers saw improvements in sales in 2012, executives say they expect more changes to come in 2013.

    Much like the ink industry, pigment manufacturers have gone through some challenging times in recent years. Raw material costs and supply have been concerns, and changes in the printing market combined with the global economic downturn also impacted pigment companies. The economy has improved somewhat, and in general, pigment executives reported that they enjoyed some growth in 2012.

    “Sun Chemical Performance Pigments saw a positive upswing in the global pigments market in 2012, but still not to pre-recession levels,” said Mehran Yazdani, vice president, marketing, Performance Pigments, Sun Chemical. “That being said, we faced lower demand in Europe due to the economic downturn and stronger demand in the U.S., South America and Asia. As a leading global pigment manufacturer, we are optimistic that Sun Chemical Performance Pigments will overcome global economic challenges and see continued growth for the pigments market in 2013.”

    Don McBride, chief operating officer for Heucotech Ltd. (a Heubach company), noted that Heubach had a good year in 2012, and continued to introduce new products to the market.

    “Heubach introduced two new high performance organic pigments in 2012 (PY 151 and PV 19) to increase our color palette,” said Mr. McBride. “Sales of pigments and pigment preparations in 2012 exceeded the prior year, and the same is expected for 2013. Competition within pigment, preparation and ink industries remains ever present, and new technology to meet our customers’ needs is the best path to growth.”

    Maria Giannobile, marketing manager, Pigments, BASF Corporation, said that packaging and digital remain strong marketrs for BASF.

    “There are areas which continue to show relative strength within the packaging and digital markets,”Ms. Giannobile said. “Our focus has been on our key differentiated offerings across our range.”

    “Overall, Emerald’s business was strong, with new product offerings and an expansion of business in our traditional business markets,” said John Erbeck, product line manager, Emerald Performance Materials.

    While the publication offset and gravure markets have suffered declines, sales of packaging and digital inks have grown.

    “LANSCO Colors grew in 2012 as our customers continued to be successful with our products,” said Frank Lavieri, general manager and executive vice president for LANSCO Colors. “We experienced strong growth in 2012 in the packaging ink market, which continues to look for new pigments to make attractive consumer packaging.”

    “Business was steady for us in 2012,” said Andy Grabacki, vice president of sales for General Press Colors. “We started to see signs of a slight pickup towards the end of 2012, but 2013 has gotten off to a rough start and doesn’t show signs of picking up at least during the first half of the year.”

    “For the printing ink industry, Trust Chem saw an even bigger drop in demand than expected for publication gravure inks worldwide,” said Li Wu, co-owner and technical director of Trust Chem China. “Trust Chem worked hard despite this to overcome with new business and increased market share in sales for other types of inks. We have had special success with niche pigments and high performance pigments for specialty inks.”

    “Sincol USA experience significant growth in 2012,” said Bill Gray, business manager, Sincol USA. “Packaging inks continue as our first target segment of the ink industry. Consolidation of manufacturers and suppliers to the corrugated industry also proved beneficial to Sincol. Overall, we are quite pleased with our overall growth in 2012.”

    “In 2012, pigment manufacturers were struggling due to the decrease in the market,” said Sam Lui, president of Hangzhou Colorful Pigment Co., Ltd./Yancheng Trusty Pigment Manufacturing Co., Ltd. “We found that most customers are developing new technology to produce ink for the market.”

    “Meghmani Organics Ltd.’s Pigment Division achieved a 5% increase in terms of value,” said Yash Chitnis, head, international business – pigments and additives, Meghmani Organics Ltd. “The phthalocyanine pigment industry in India in general during 2012 was under severe pressure due to stringent environmental norms, thereby causing substantial reduction in production capacities, and reduced demands from the ink industry.”

    “With the continued volatility and uncertainly of many foreign markets, Flint Group Pigments’ global manufacturing operations, which are committed to the highest standards of compliance, have afforded our customers the comfort of stability, reliability and consistency of supply no matter where they operate,” said Craig Foster, president Flint Group Pigments, Chips & Resins.

    “Globally, net sales across all market segments continued to improve through the first half of 2012, and as of our most recent reporting, our sales were on track to finish the year stronger than the year before,” said Marisol De Jesus-Rangel, marketing director, Orion Engineered Carbons, LLC.

    Metallic and specialty pigment manufacturers also reported that they enjoyed strong years in 2012.

    “As a supplier of special effect pigments and finished inks, ECKART had a relatively good year in 2012,” said Neil Hersh, business line manager, graphic arts, ECKART America Corporation. “We did see more variability than usual in month-to-month activity throughout the year, with some softness towards the end of 2012. It was more difficult than usual to plan the year due to the unpredictability in the economic and political climate both domestically in the U.S. and globally.”

    “Brilliant had yet another very strong year of growth in 2012,” said Darren Bianchi, president of Brilliant Group. “We are seeing a rapid rise in demand for fluorescent pigments and inks globally. For us, 2013 has already started out far beyond plan, and we expect this to continue due to current fashion trends. Fluorescents are hot with designers and the textile and athletic wear markets are driving demand, and products we’ve recently developed for UV inks are also experiencing substantial growth. We’ve worked to develop a global distribution network and it has served us well.”

    “We saw increased sales to the graphic arts market in 2012,” said Martin Fay, Silberline Manufacturing Company. “This was driven primarily by increases in the Americas and Asian markets.We expect continued growth in all regions, and in particular, a turn-around in the European economies this year.”

    “A strong first half of 2012 ensured that we were able to reach the pre-downturn levels last seen before 2007 and 2008, which, in our view, seemed typical of our industry,” said Judith Goodwin, national sales manager, New Brook International. “We have been able to expand our business with existing customers and have been able to remain competitive and while satisfying the needs of new customers by adding to our core of high value, niche products.”

    Signs of Improvement in the Ink Industry

    Pigment executives said that overall, there were improvements in the ink industry, though some markets did not fare as well as others.

    “There were some areas of improvement, but this was very market segment specific,” Mr. Hersh said. “The publication and commercial printing markets continue to struggle due to structural changes in the printing industry as a result of electronic media and digital, while the label and flexible packaging markets continue to show positive signs as these growth markets are linked more to population and product consumption.”

    “Based on our interaction with key ink manufacturers, the publication segment is very sluggish and chances of recovery are slim, while there will be steady growth in the packaging segment,” Mr. Chitnis said.

    “Trust Chem expects to see significant growth in 2013, especially in applications other than printing ink and especially in our growing range of niche and high performance pigments,” Mr. Wu said. “We do not expect that the ink industry worldwide will see much growth in 2013. We are expecting price competition, especially for commodity pigments for ink, to continue to be intense.”

    “We are expecting steady growth within packaging inks,” Mr. Gray said. “On the pigment side, our parent company Sincol Corp. is just now undergoing a significant expansion in our overall capacity, along with a major investment in water treatment and environmental controls. We are convinced the future growth and supply of organic pigments will hinge on ever increasing environmental demands.”

    “We are seeing increased internalization of product in the ink industry, while greater competitive threats are commoditizing many areas of the ink market,” Mr. Erbeck said. “Finding new value by offering innovative products with specialized features are allowing us to remain strong in the ink industry.”

    “We are seeing strong signs of growth in the pigment industries, as well as strong packaging business globally for the ink industry,” said Mr. Shah. “We are very optimistic for 2013, even though we do believe the financial crisis will leave a bit of a negative footprint on consumer confidence.”

    The Raw Materials Market

    Raw materials have been a huge concern for pigment manufacturers for the past few years, as prices have skyrocketed and some key ingredients have been in short supply. The good news is that 2012 brought a more stable market for these materials.

    Mr. McBride noted that 2012 was much more stable for most of the raw materials then in recent history with respect to supply and cost.

    “We still need to stay diligent with respect to forecasting for materials with a long pipeline, but this past year was not comparable to the instability of 2010-2011,” Mr. McBride added.

    Mr. Erbeck agreed that staying on top of the raw material situation is key to maintaining supply. “This is always a challenge,” he said. “Our procurement teams are always negotiating in advance of any increases and getting ahead of the curve on supply issues.”

    “Raw materials over the last year have been relatively stable in comparison to previous years,”Ms. Giannobile said. “We’ll remain vigilant as we proceed into 2013.”

    “Overall, raw material prices and supply were stable in 2012,” Mr. Gray said. “Spot shortages continue, again mostly connected to increasing environmental requirements in all industries in China.”

    “Higher fuel prices put upward pressure on production costs across the board,” said Ms. De Jesus-Rangel. “We can produce carbon black pigments on demand in response to favorable fuel pricing and stockpile some pigments for later delivery, especially where we have long-term supply agreements with customers. We always have an eye on the future, and recent advances in pigment technology can help ink formulators improve efficiencies and performance. For example, we developed a new dry dispersion technology for aqueous systems that can dramatically decrease processing time and energy requirements and reduce or eliminate the need for dispersing aids.”

    Mr. Hersh said that metallic pigment manufacturers also saw more stability in their key raw materials.

    “Overall, the specialty chemical industry saw more stable raw material prices and availability than in the previous few years, and the same was true for our largest materials – aluminum and copper,” Mr. Hersh said. “There is still ongoing concern about future raw material supply, but that tends to be more specific to supply source as manufacturers continue to rationalize their product portfolios and also look to further consolidate.”

    Environmental regulations are causing some shortages.

    “In 2012, the strict environmental norms compelled many manufacturing companies to cut down production by almost 30% to 50%,” Mr. Chitnis said. “Further, the continuous upward fluctuation in copper prices, the recent anti-dumping imposed in India on phthalic anhydride and increase in the cost of waste water treatment has increased the prices of finished phthalocyanine pigments substantially.”

    “It was a headache,“ Mr. Lui said. “Short supply and price changes are the problems we have to face and overcome.”

    Even though raw material costs stabilized, they did so at high levels.

    “One key trend and challenge we saw in 2012 was the sustained high costs of raw materials,” Mr. Yazdani said. “Sun Chemical Performance Pigments anticipates that the raw material prices will remain at their current high levels. However, we are certainly aware of the high degree of volatility in the global economy. Therefore, we will continue to monitor the key raw material indexes and focus our manufacturing team on process and raw material productivity. In addition, we continue to see increases in regulatory compliance costs.”

    “At the moment, there is not significant instability in pricing or tight supplies for organic pigment,” Mr. Wu said. “However, there is certainly a chance this will change later in 2013 as demand increases and petrochemical prices continue to rise. In 2012 and maybe again in 2013, currency instability worldwide may have an effect on pricing. Competition has reduced margins, so increased cost would have to be pushed through quickly.”

    New Products

    New products are the lifeblood of any industry, and pigment manufacturers have launched a wide range of new products for the ink industry.

    Sun Chemical has a wide variety of new pigments for the ink industry. With its acquisition of Benda-Lutz, Sun Chemical now offers Benda-Lutz Metallic Effects, which are tailored for market-leading metallic brilliance, coverage, adhesion properties, low migration and sustainability. Sun Chemical has introduced its Flexiverse and Sunsperse APE-Free Blue 79 Dispersions for water, based on breakthrough pigment manufacturing technology. These water-based aluminum phthalocyanine blue dispersions allow for copper-free formulation without the molybdenum, selenium and solvent residuals commonly associated with conventional aluminum blue.

    Sun Chemical’s expansion of regulatory-friendly products continues with Sunsperse ECO. These APEO-, VOC- and resin-free aqueous pigment dispersions are formulated for water-based applications requiring fastness, durability and narrow color specifications.

    Sunbrite Yellow 74 Pigment is designed for aqueous systems. This monoarylide pigment is a popular choice for digital inkjet ink designers and provides the properties that are critical to quality. This pigment reduces pigment loading requirements, improves viscosity and particle size stability, optical density with the color consistency and purity for aqueous digital inkjet applications.

    “Heubach remains committed to bringing new innovation and technologies to our customers and markets,” Mr. McBride said. “Ongoing R&D for organic and inorganic pigments and pigment preparations is a mainstay for our organization. We are looking for increased strength and lower TSR values for our CICPs, several more organic high performance pigments and dry and wet preparations which address resistance properties and unique color space.”

    ECKART has been active on the R&D front, introducing new inks and pigments.

    “RotoStar UV FP66 is a series of UV flexo inks that can be printed on paper and film, offering much longer shelf-life stability than existing UV flexo products in the market, as well as creating superior metallic brilliance with increasing press speeds,” Mr. Hersh said. “We have introduced several new products for shrink sleeves: RotoStar UV Shrink Silver FP68-41002 for UV flexo and PlatinStar GX-2902 Silver for solvent flexo and gravure.

    “Luxan glass flakes have been created to provide a range of cleaner, smoother colors for the printing industry,” Mr. Hersh noted. “Due to stricter European regulations, we have introduced our FPG series of low migration offset inks, manufactured under GMP guidelines in a dedicated manufacturing facility to prevent contamination and which meet the most stringent migration requirements. MetalStar Supereco 10 is a cobalt- and mineral oil-free range of offset inks that have also been introduced to meet specific packaging requirements.”

    “For the ink industry, we have launched our new line of energy cure colors called Lucida Colors ECF for flexographic and screen applications and Lucida Colors ECS for offset applications,” Mr. Erbeck noted. “These products are designed to offer increased functionality, imparting adhesion and excellent cure to the ink maker. The chemistry allows for wide compatibility with many ink formulations and gives the user a low odor product to work with. In addition to the energy cure products, we are launching our new line of inkjet dispersions called Lucida Colors IJ -SDP. These self-dispersed pigments specifically designed for water-based inkjet inks that offer higher optical density on black, great stability and the best light stability in the market for our Pigment Yellow 180.”

    Mr. Wu noted that Trust Chem is developing new high performance pigments.

    “Trust Chem has already successfully developed some new HPPs (high performance pigments) with a reasonable price,” Mr. Wu said. “At the same time, we have started acquiring some new market share and we believe that we will get more in future. Trust Chem is especially excited about our new improved quality, low cost Yellow 155 that we have developed with special grades for water and solvent inks. We think our Yellow 155 may eventually replace hansa yellows in selected printing ink applications.”

    Mr. Wu noted that In Europe, the REACH registration process continues to be a big topic,

    “May 31, 2013 is the deadline for the registration of high volume products (100 metric tons per year), ” Mr. Wu said. “Trust Chem expects to have about 30 different pigment chemistry registered by this deadline. We believe this will be more than any other Asian supplier of organic pigment. We expect at least some of our competitors will have to stop selling some or even all of their pigment after May 31 in the European market.”

    Expectations for the Coming Year

    Despite the improvements that many pigment manufacturers saw in 2012, pigment executives said they expect more changes in 2013.

    “The pigment market is always going to be tied to the global economy and various macro effects,” Ms. Giannobile said. “Relative to other pigment markets, such as automotive or decorative,the printing industry shows less fluctuation, but we see it as a continuing challenge going forward. “

    “In the graphic arts market, the increasing use of non-impact printing methods such as inkjet means increased demand for high performance pigments at the expense of those conventional pigments used in traditional printing inks,” Mr. Yazdani said. “Overall, we expect flat to declining demand for publication offset by continued growth in packaging.

    “From the market segment viewpoint, we expect continued growth in automotive, architecture, fiber, nylon, specialties, and niche markets,” Mr. Yazdani added. “The automotive market has seen an increase in demand for unique color and effects. This trend continues to help fuel the continued growth in high performance and effect pigments.”

    Mr. Grabacki said that the offset printing market is changing.

    “The industry appears to still be shrinking, coinciding with the consolidation of printers, foreign competition, the economy, digital media and in general, less demand for print,” Mr. Grabacki said. “It does not look good for the offset market.”

    Mr. Hersh said that ECKART hopes that there will be more stability in the market. “This would allow us to better serve our customers and to plan our activities more efficiently,” he added. “As more brand owners and consumer packaging companies look to differentiate their products, metallic inks present cost effective, decorative solutions. We are looking forward to a successful 2013, and see potential growth for special effects using printed metallic inks versus alternative technologies such as metalized substrates and foil stamping.”

    “Heucotech Ltd., a Heubach company, is looking for sustained growth again in 2013 despite the tough business climate,” Mr. McBride said.

    Mr. Gray said he expects that 2013 will continue to see both consolidation and elimination of traditional pigment suppliers.

    “The cost to meet the new and newly enforced environmental regulation inside China will result in a significant number of traditional pigment sources closing their doors,” Mr. Gray added. “Sincol Corporation is well placed with its expanded plant capacity and commitment to environmental consciousness.”

    Pigment company leaders say that developing innovative new pigments are one way to ensure that their company moves forward in the coming years.

    “This year will continue to challenge us in a very competitive market, but our forward thinking and innovation will allow us to overcome these challenges,” Mr. Erbeck said. “New market offerings in energy cure and inkjet will only solidify our reach in the ink industry and keep Emerald Performance Materials strong for years to come.”

    “While we are hopeful for improvement in the economy in 2013, we are not relying on it,” Mr. Lavieri said. “We have launched several exciting new products 2012 and will launch more in 2013. We have also added more personnel and laboratory equipment to continue to find new ways to bring value to our customers.”

    “We expect pigment demand in the ink industry to be flat in 2013, especially in Europe, and expect slight improvement in the U.S.,” said Mr. Wu. “However, at Trust Chem, we are much more optimistic that we will see good growth with our significant number of new products introduced over the past two years.”

    For more information on The Pigment Report, please see http://www.inkworldmagazine.com.

    New Pigments

    The following listing includes new pigment products introduced to the ink industry last year.

    Aakash Chemicals & Dye-Stuffs
    561 Mitchell Road
    Glendale Heights, IL 60139
    Phone: (630) 469-3838
    Fax: (630) 469-2255
    Web: http://www.Aakashchemicals.com
    E-mail: bethechange@aakashchemicals.com

    New Products:

    • Akahue Methyl Violet and Akahue Methyl Violet NC, Pigment Violet 3
    • Akahue Violet MVS, Pigment Violet 27
    • Akahue Scarlet G, Pigment Red 22
    • Akahue Scarlet GNC, Pigment Red 22
    • Akahue Victoria Blue, Pigment Blue 14
    • Akahue Rhodamine Light Pink, Pigment Red 169

    Aakash Chemicals introduced some very new, high performance products. Due to a new vertical integration in methyl violet chemistry, the company is able to add technically superior, pigments to its Akahue and Akafast line of high performance pigments. Akahue Methyl Violet and Akahue Methyl Violet NC, Pigment Violet 3 are designed for both solvent-borne flexographic as well as aqueous applications. Akahue Violet MVS, Pigment Violet 27 is ideal for aqueous applications.
    Aakash Chemicals developed the following strong pigments, giving superior gloss, rheology, and transparency properties. Akahue Scarlet G, Pigment Red 22 is for aqueous applications.
    Akahue Scarlet GNC, Pigment Red 22 for solvent-based applications is an extremely versatile product and high in gloss. Akahue Victoria Blue, Pigment Blue 14, is a high strength victoria blue for paper and aqueous applications. Akahue Rhodamine Light Pink, Pigment Red 169 is a super transparent and high gloss rhodamine.

    11051 Steele Creek Road
    Charlotte, NC, 28273
    Phone:(704) 588-5280

    New Products:
    • Microlith Jet – Yellow, Magenta and Cyan.
    • Firemist Crystal Touch
    • Graphitan Vintage Black

    Microlith Jet is a line of pigment preparations for eco-solvent and uv inkjet.
    Firemist Crystal Touch is an innovative tactile effect pigment.
    Graphitan Vintage Blackis a unique lustre effect pigment for metal-free metallic effects.

    2235 Langdon Farm R
    Emerald Performance Materials – Specialties Business Group
    2235 Langdon Farm Road
    Cincinnati, OH 45237
    Phone: (800) 477-1022
    Fax: (513) 841-3771
    Web: http://www.emeraldmaterials.com
    E-mail: colors@emeraldmaterials.com

    New Products:
    • Lucida Colors Energy Curable Colorants
    • CMYK Inkjet Dispersions

    Lucida Colors Energy Curable colorants were launched in 2012, and have been well received. The new energy curable dispersions are designed to address some critical needs – low odor, high functionality combined with high pigment solids and color strength while maintaining pourability and excellent handling. They are available in full palette for flexographic and screen applications and CMYK for offset printing applications.
    The company plans to expand its products for digital printing in 2013. In addition to its Hilton Davis dyes for digital printing such as DB-19, CMYK inkjet dispersions are being designed to provide outstanding performance, such as unparalleled stability, high optical density and light fastness.

    Heucotech Ltd. (a Heubach company)
    99 Newbold Road
    Fairless Hills, PA19030
    Phone: (215) 736-0712 ext. 117
    Fax: (215) 736-2249
    Web: http://www.heubachcolor.com
    E-mail: donmcbride@heubachcolor.com

    New Products:
    • Monolite Red 301901 PV 19
    • Monolite Yellow 115101 PY 151
    • Aquis Plus RWP1460 PR 146 Preparation
    • Aquis Plus OWP1601 PO 16 Preparation

    Monolite Red 301901 is the bluish red shade PV 19.It exhibits excellent durability and lightfastness, making it useful for a variety of applications.
    Monolite Yellow 115101 is a green shade yellow pigment offering excellent lightfastness, weatherfastness and opacity.It is completely resistant to major organic solvents and is used in applications where high performance is required.
    RWP1460 is a highly pigmented naphthol red aqueous dispersion that can be used in both specialty ink and coatings applications.
    OWP1601 is highly pigmented diarylide orange aqueous dispersion that is used in packaging and specialty inks.

    LANSCO Colors
    One Blue Hill Plaza
    Pearl River, NY
    Phone: 1-888-4-LANSCO
    Fax: (845) 735-2787
    Web: http://www.pigments.com
    E-mail: Frank@pigments.com

    New Products:
    • 522 BON Maroon Red 52:2
    Comments: This pigment is a blue shade red with mid-range fastness properties that can be a cost effective option for various coatings. It is commonly used in coatings that are designed to “freshen up” the appearance of items that are frequently repainted due to high levels of wear and tear. Bon Maroon is used in formulating brush coatings as well as low cost aerosol spray paints.

    • 1073 DPP Orange 73
    Comments: This is a high performance orange pigment with excellent fastness properties that can be the most cost effective choice where outdoor durability is needed.

    Meghmani Organics Ltd.
    Meghmani House, Shree Nivas Society
    Paldi, Ahmedabad 380 007 India
    Phone: + 91 79 2664 0668/69
    Fax: + 91 79 2664 0670
    Web: http://www.meghmani.com
    E-mail: exports@meghmani.com

    New Products:
    • Pigment Blue 15:3
    Comments: Meghmani Organics Ltd. introduced a new grade of Pigment Blue 15:3 for water-based ink for higher loading 40% to 50 %.

    • Classical Azo Pigments
    Comments: Meghmani Organics Ltd. has started full-fledged marketing of selected classical azo pigments.

    New Brook International
    393 Crescent Ave., Suite C
    Wyckoff, NJ 07481
    Phone: (201) 891-7923
    Fax: (201) 891-7924
    Web: http://www.newbrookintl.com
    E-mail: jgoodwin@newbrookintl.com

    New Products:
    • Bentonite-Based Organoclays
    Comments: New Brook International now offers a full line of bentonite-based organoclays that are appropriate for the ink industry. The origin is either Western Europe or China depending on the quality and economics required.

    Orion Engineered Carbons, LLC
    4501 Magnolia Cove Drive, Suite 106
    Kingwood, TX 77345
    Phone: (832) 445-3300
    Web: http://www.orioncarbons.com
    E-mail: marisol.dejesus-rangel@orioncarbons.com

    New Products:
    • PRINTEX Nature
    Comments: Orion Engineered Carbons produces a range of high-performance carbon black pigments for printing inks and non-impact printing applications under such brand names as PRINTEX, NEROX, NIPex and SPECIAL BLACK. As a global leader, Orion draws on a portfolio of process technologies to satisfy the demands of formulators across all types of printing inks including: solvent- and aqueous-based; letterpress, screen, gravure, flexo; UV-curing; toners and inkjet.

    Silberline Manufacturing Company
    130 Lincoln Drive
    Tamaqua, PA 18252
    Phone: (570) 668-8483
    Fax: (570) 668-4227
    Web: http://www.silberline.com
    E-mail: faym@silberline.com

    New Products:
    • Flexosil finished UV inks
    • SparkleBrite pigments
    • Aquavex AD

    Comments: Silberline has been producing finished UV inks, Flexosil, for the European market for more than a year and are beginning to have sales in North America. We have also been successful with new SparkleBrite grades with a range of very small particle sizes (5-11 microns). These pigments offer excellent print performance and cost-in-use for flexographic printing. For the ever expanding water-based market, Silberline has recently developed a new family of grades, Aquavex AD, with very low VOCs and a superior level of adhesion.

    Sun Chemical Performance Pigment Group
    5020 Spring Grove Ave.
    Cincinnati, OH 45232
    Phone: (513) 681-5950
    Fax: 513-632-1316
    Web: http://www.sunchemical.com/performancepigments/
    E-mail: lynn.campbell@sunchemical.com

    New Products:
    • Benda-Lutz Metallic Effects
    Comments: Sun Chemical is rapidly expanding this new brand of metallic pigments for graphic arts. Benda-Lutz Metallic Effects are tailored for market-leading metallic brilliance, coverage, adhesion properties, low migration and sustainability.

    • Flexiverse and Sunsperse APE-Free Blue 79 Dispersions for Water
    Comments: Based on breakthrough pigment manufacturing technology, these water-based aluminum phthalocyanine blue dispersions allow for copper-free formulation without the molybdenum, selenium and solvent residuals commonly associated with conventional aluminum blue. Sun Chemical Performance Pigment’s growing line of aluminum blue preparations delivers superior quality, excellent value and regulatory peace of mind.

    • Sunsperse ECO
    Comments: These APEO-, VOC- and resin-free aqueous pigment dispersions are formulated for water-based applications requiring fastness, durability and narrow color specifications. Sunsperse ECO combines performance and stability while meeting regulatory and reporting needs.

    • Sunbrite Yellow 74 Pigment for Aqueous Systems
    Comments: This monoarylide pigment is a popular choice for digital inkjet ink designers and provides the properties that are critical to quality. It reduces pigment loading requirements, improves viscosity and particle size stability, optical density with the color consistency, and purity for aqueous digital inkjet applications.

    Trust Chem USA LLC
    1050 Main St., Suite 22
    East Greenwich, RI 02818
    Phone: (401) 398-7301
    Fax: (401) 398-7321
    Web: http://www.trustchemusa.com
    E-mail: rick@trustchemusa.com

    New Products:
    • Pigment Yellow 185
    Comments: Pigment Yellow 185 is an isoindoline yellow, a high performance yellow of special interest for solvent inks with good transparency and color strength.

    • Pigment Red 242
    Comments: Pigment Red 242 is a disazo red, high quality yellow shade red for specialty inks.

    • Pigment Yellow 180
    Comments: Pigment Yellow 180 is a benzimidazolone yellow, offering high heat stability and a new lower cost grade for ink.

    • Pigment Yellow 155
    Comments: Pigment Yellow 155 is a disazo yellow, offering high tinting strength, excellent properties and new lower cost grades for printing ink, as well as excellent soap and butter resistance.

    • Pigment Yellow 93
    Comments: Pigment Yellow 93 is an azo condensation yellow,ideal for plastics and as a niche product in ink.

    • Pigment Yellow 95
    Comments: Pigment Yellow 95 is an azo condensation yellow, ideal for plastics and as a niche product in ink.

    Yancheng Trusty Pigment Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
    Chenjiagang Chemical Zone
    Jiangsu, China
    Phone:+86 571-2285-2802
    Fax: +86 571-8265-2855
    Web: http://www.pigment.cn
    E-mail: sam.lui@pigment.cn

    New Products:
    • HC Yellow 1203 (Y.12)
    Comments: HC Yellow 1203 (Y.12) is ideal for coldset ink.

    • HC Yellow 1205 (Y.12)
    Comments: HC Yellow 1205 (Y.12) is ideal for matching DHG.

    • HC Yellow 1303 (Y.13)
    Comments: HC Yellow 1303 (Y.13) is designed for solvent-based ink and offers good transparence and good flow.

    • HC Yellow 1303F (Y.13)
    Comments: HC Yellow 1303F(Y.13) is designed for solvent-based ink, with better flow than Yellow 1303 and good transparence.

    • HC Yellow 8302 (Y.83)
    Comments: HC Yellow 8302 (Y.83) for solvent-based ink provides good transparence and good flow.

    • HC Red 5313 (R53:1)
    Comments: HC Red 5313 (R53:1) for solvent-based ink offers good transparence and good flow.

    • HC Rubine 5702 (R57:1)
    Comments: HC Rubine 5702 (R57:1) for solvent-based ink offers good transparence and flow.

    • HC Rubine 5709 (R57:1)
    Comments: HC Rubine 5709 (R57:1) is ideal for heatset ink. It offers good gloss, transparence and flow.

    • HC Rubine 5710 (R57:1)
    Comments: HC Rubine 5710 (R57:1) for heatset ink offers good gloss, transparence and flow.


    Pigments Market Report
    By Kerry Pianoforte, Editor, January 15, 2013

    While still sluggish, growth for pigment manufacturers will be fueled by new product introductions.

    Although the pigments market still is facing challenges related to raw material prices and the economy, there are some indications that 2013 will see improvements.

    “The pigments market continues to trend upward particularly when viewed against the ‘recession’ years,” said Robert Poemer, business unit leader, Heucotech, Ltd. “The percentage improvement in 2012 was also larger than that of 2011, but again the increases are relatively small. The performance also varied significantly by the sector of the coatings business. As in 2011, the sector with the most improved performance was automotive where we have seen positive growth for the last three years. The building sector is showing some signs of recovery but it cannot be termed a significant recover at this point. Again, the major questions for building sector are when will we see a return to normalcy and what will the definition of the new normalcy be?”

    Sun Chemical Performance Pigments saw a positive upswing in the global pigments market in 2012, but still not to pre-recession levels. “We faced lower demand in Europe due to the economic downturn and stronger demand in the U.S., South America and Asia,” said Mehran Yazdani, vice president, marketing, performance pigments, Sun Chemical. “As a leading global pigment manufacturer, we are optimistic that Sun Chemical Performance Pigments will overcome global economic challenges and see continued growth for the pigments market in 2013.”

    For Lansco Colors , January 2012 was a strong month and great start to the year. “Growth slowed after this, particularly in the second half of they year, but overall our customers did well in 2012,” said Frank Lavieri, executive vice president and general manager, Lansco Colors.

    “Generally speaking, 2012 was a challenging year for the pigments market,” said Li Wu, technical manager, Trust Chem. “Sales were especially soft in Europe. Worldwide we have seen a steady drop in demand for pigments for publication inks. The soft markets has put added pressure on pricing.”

    Overall, the year 2012 was a good year for coatings industry sales, according to Poemer. “The year started out with relatively robust sales through the summer months and then a slight slowdown for the balance of 2012,” he said. “Heubach’s sales for our line of high performance pigments was up slightly in 2012 with the positive driver being sales to the automotive market and soft sales to the architectural/building market soft. For 2013, we do anticipate growth along the lines of 4-5 percent. A good percentage of our growth will be fueled by the introduction of new products into our high performance line of pigments. However, this growth could be significantly impacted if the building sector building recovers more than anticipated or automotive slows. However, we don’t anticipate major changes in either for the foreseeable future.”

    Instead of relying on improvements in the still-sluggish economy, pigment makers are looking at new products to fuel growth.

    “While we are hopeful for improvement in the economy in 2013, we are not relying on it for continued growth,” said Lavieri. “We have launched several exciting new products in 2012 as we will in 2013. Additionally, we have added more personnel and laboratory equipment to continue to bring value to our customers.”

    “We did not see improvements in demand in any of our markets in 2012,” said Wu. “We are not optimistic we will see any significant improvement in the coatings market in 2013, however we do expect to continue to grow our sales through new business gained from competitors.”

    Major trends and challenges

    The year 2011 was a frustrating one for the pigment industry both for suppliers and customers. “Availability on a significant number of pigments with subsequent pricing increases were relatively prevalent,” said Poemer. “The year 2012 showed increased availability across a large number of products and therefore caused pricing to soften somewhat. For 2013, it appears the situation will remain relatively stable with respect to supply and demand.”

    Sun Chemical reported that one major trend continues to be the strong positive usage of high performance and effect pigments in virtually every market. “Another key trend and challenge we saw in 2012 was the sustained high costs of raw materials. Sun Chemical anticipates that the raw material prices will remain at their current high levels. However, we are certainly aware of the high degree of volatility in the global economy. Therefore, we will continue to monitor the key raw material indexes and focus our manufacturing team on process and raw material productivity. In addition, we continue to see increases in regulatory compliance costs.”

    One way pigments makers can stand apart from the pack, is by offering consistent, reliable products and services. “Customers today have a great choice of pigment suppliers but have learned in the last few years that there is a wide gap between the reliability of these suppliers,” said Lavieri. “There is a greater recognition that an unreliable pigment supplier is a poor business partner and this is driving a shake out of weaker companies who in the past have had patent protected monopolies. Today, buyers are more savvy and make decisions based on the entire value proposition including price, reliability and long term sustainability. Lansco Colors has a strong value proposition and is thriving in these new market dynamics.”

    “Traditionally the classical pigment market has been highly competitive,” said Wu. “This trend continues. However, we are now seeing intense competition in many of the specialty, higher performance pigments. Prices have already been driven down on all pigments, which may lead to some increase in prices as any increase in cost will need to be passed through. However, we fear short-term intense competition will further reduce margins. Trust Chem is putting more emphasis in 2013 to optimize the production process, lower production cost and improve the product design to help reduce cost. Trust Chem has had some success here in 2012 and is looking at more breakthroughs leading to reduced cost on selected pigments in 2013.

    New Developments

    Sun Chemical Performance Pigments has invested and will continue to invest heavily on high performance and special effect pigments. “An investment in high performance pigments can yield more in return for our customers than standard pigments,” said Yazdani. “High performance pigments make products that are more appealing to consumers, help businesses become more competitive, grow sales and improve margins. The high performance and special effect pigments market is important for Sun Chemical Performance Pigments and that’s why we recently acquired Benda-Lutz. The acquisition of Benda-Lutz allows Sun Chemical to expand its product portfolio in metallic effects to our core coatings markets and increase our global footprint in pigments and effects.

    “From a technical standpoint, the most important property exhibited by high performance pigments that distinguishes them from other pigments is their durability in the applications, Yazdani continued. “Some examples of this include light fastness and resistance to chemical attack and high temperatures.Use of effect pigments allows customers to highlight their products in terms of design and appearance, drawing the end use customer to their lines and providing consumer appeal. In addition, the metallic series of pigments provide functional properties to end use applications such as improved anti-corrosion, thermal stability and UV reflectance.”

    Trust Chem is working on techniques used in the synthesis of intermediates, in which formulators can reduce the cost of the intermediates used in its products.
    “Our goal is specifically reduce the cost of selected high performance pigments to make them more economically feasible in a wide range of ink, plastic and coating formulas,” explained Wu. “We are very excited by the opportunities this work is presenting and look forward to further discussing this work with our customers in 2013.”
    Heubach has started up a new production line for complex inorganic colored pigments (CICPs) in Germany that combines outstanding productivity and flexibility, according to the company.

    “This new production line enables the production of chrome rutile yellows revealing premium high tinting strength pigments,” said Poemer. “The special feature of these pigments is that they not only show extremely high tint strength but they exhibit a high level of chromaticity as well. The current focus of Heubach’s R&D department is to now ensure the availability of these brilliant pigments on large scale. This unique class of P.Br. 24 pigments is commonly used in plastics applications.”

    Heubach also participates in several R&D projects together with leading institutes and raw material manufacturers in order to develop novel corrosion protection technologies. Heubach’s latest research activities in the field of environmental-friendly anticorrosives have resulted in the development of a novel zinc-free product that exhibits high-performance and broad applicability. To date this performance has only been achieved by using zinc containing anitcorrosives. This product will be introduced in early 2013.

    Heubach has introduced MLR301901 (PV19), Monolite Red 301901, the bluish red shade PV19. It exhibits excellent durability and lightfastness making it useful for a variety of coatings applications including high end industrial paints and automotive finishes. MLY115101 (PY151), Monolite Yellow 115101, a greenish yellow shade pigment offering excellent lightfastness, weatherfastness and opacity. It is completely resistant to major organic solvents and is used in high performance industrial coatings and automotive finishes.


    Organic Color Pigments
    Eric Linak, Thomas Kälin and Yoshio Inoguchi, October 2011


    The worldwide pigments industry produces hundreds of colorant, extender and functional pigments for a wide spectrum of industrial and consumer markets.

    The migration of the pigments business to Asia, particularly China and India, continues. Since the mid-1990s, production in China and India has rapidly increased; China is now the world’s largest organic color pigment producer, especially for commodity-type pigments. Additional medium-tier to higher-value organic pigments may also migrate to China from North America, Europe and Japan. Production in Europe, the United States and Japan continues on a downward trend as the market has become globalized and gross margins have been squeezed, leading to plant shutdowns and restructurings. The volume of unfinished pigments imported to North America, Western Europe and Japan for finishing continues to decrease as more finished pigment is imported from China.

    The following pie chart shows world consumption of organic color pigments:

    Globally, printing inks account for 55-60% of demand, coatings about 20%, plastics about 15% and other industries such as textiles for the remainder. The printing market for publication of newsprint and periodicals has fallen as a result of competition from the Internet, but demand for printing inks for packaging remains strong. The next-largest market is coatings for automotive production. After bottoming out in 2009, vehicle production started to rise again in 2010. It is expected that global consumption for organic pigments will increase by 4% per year from 2011 to 2016.

    By pigment class, 50-55% of the world value share is azo pigments; phthalocyanines (blue and green) have a 20% share. High-performance and other pigments account for the remaining 25-30%. The classic azo and phthalocyanine pigment groups are characterized by lower profit margins as a result of rising competition from lower-priced imports, while the high-performance pigments group typically retains higher margins.

    Overall growth in the United States and Europe is expected to be around 2% per year on average between 2011 and 2016, as demand recovers from the poor results in 2009. The long-term trend in use of inks for newspapers and publications is downward as a result of competition from electronic media and devices. However, consumption of organic pigments for colored inks is expected to grow somewhat as a result of greater production of advertising leaflets and catalogs, and usage in packaging.

    China is the principal global supplier of red and yellow azo-based pigments and their intermediates. India is the principal global supplier of blue and green phthalocyanine-based pigments and their intermediates.

    The ink industries in North America and Europe have become largely dependent on Asian supplies of raw materials and pigments. In recent years, there have been supply disruptions of certain pigments leading to sharply rising prices for some pigments in 2010-2011.

    Supplies have been disrupted from China for several reasons, among which are the following:

    Exports of pigments from China have been subsidized by the government in the past, but authorities have removed many subsidies to encourage domestic Chinese consumption, and are now taxing some exports.
    A number of smaller Chinese producers have been put out of business because of government crackdown on polluters.
    The implementation of REACH is negatively affecting exports to Europe.

    It is likely that supplies will be subject to more fluctuations in the future. The environmental practices of Indian producers will likely come under more scrutiny from governmental authorities, which could result in closures of many small, noncomplying producers.

  • Virtual Chitchatting 2:17 PM on 2013/10/10 Permalink  

    The slicky things in the printing ink business

    by S3ra Sutan Rajo Ali
    Jakarta, 10 October 2013 14:17

    Sell the workhorse cheap, but offer the grass with the highest price possible. It is what the printer manufacturers do right now, worldwide.

    The accompanying ink cartridge that came provided with the package is extremely low. No wonder you soon shall receive the notifying and annoying message that the printer is running low on ink.

    The summed prices of both colour and black/white cartridges are ridiculously higher than if you buy the new printer alone.

    Long live capitalism.

    The genuine printing ink is highly expensive compared to any drinking alcohol. What a damn lucrative business!


    The great printer ink rip-off
    By Robert L. Mitchell, March 12, 2007 5:29 PM EDT

    This weekend I went to my local Staples to buy an ink cartridge, and faced a wall of choices – all of which were HP branded. The generics have gone away, replaced by a wall full of blue boxes of HP consumables selling at higher prices. For my printer, the difference was about $10, or 20%.

    Allegedly, Staples received a sweet deal from HP in return for quietly dumping its in-house line of generic ink products and selling only HP’s pricier brand. On hand washes the other. Good for Staples. Good for HP. Bad for me. Staples’ decision leaves me with few alternatives. The only other local business that sells the ink I need is Circuit City and they only carry one brand (Guess which?).

    While this move may be good for Staples in terms of sales of ink, it’s shortsighted. I don’t like having my choices reduced and I don’t want to pay more, so I’m ordering generics online. That’s one trip a month this consumer won’t be making to Staples. Since ink cartridge replacements were my primary motivation for going to Staples, the change means I have one less reason to go there – and fewer opportunities for the retailer to sell me other items. I’ve also sent a complaint letter to Staples’ customer service e-mail. And I’m annoyed with HP and much less inclined to buy HP printer products in the future.

    Why would Staples opt to restrict customer choice? Pressure from HP. And money. Here’s the inside scoop on what’s going on:

    According to the story “Staples dumps own-label print supplies” in the industry pub Office Products International, “Staples’ decision to stop selling certain non-OEM cartridges is being seen by commentators as a victory for printer makers in their battle for market share with third-party supplies vendors.”

    HP is thought to be negotiating with the other “big box” stores in an effort to force out the competition. Staples’ 1,500 stores sell tens of millions of dollars of printer ink and toner products. For HP, which makes fat profit margins off of consumables, big money is at stake in driving out less expensive HP-compatible products from the market.

    In the OPI story, Jim Forrest, a senior analyst at Lyra Research, explains how the payola (my word) might have been dished out. He says that Staples gets discounts, rebates and market development funds for all of its business with HP and that typically amounts to 2 percent. He speculates that the number may have been increased. “Staples have an annual turnover of about $18 billion. Everybody knows companies like HP give their retailers discounts, rebates and market development funds (MDF), which usually amounts to about two percent. “What do you think would happen if HP went to Staples and said ‘we will give you five percent if you discontinue your own brand of remanufactured cartridges’? That means they will get three percent more on $2 billion, which is worth about $60 million,” he says.

    Currently Staples does $120 million with HP and gets 30 margin points, or $45 million in profit.

    “This is the first time I can recall that one of the big boxes has yielded to pressure from one of the manufacturers,” the story quotes Forrest as saying. But, he adds, OfficeMax and other big-box stores might not play ball. They might see this as an opportunity to increase sales of private-label products. They’ll certainly get my business.

    HP isn’t the only printer vendor playing hardball: Epson is apparently trying to sue its competitors out of existence to protect its own monopoly on consumables. In a recent story, the Wall Street Journal called the $45 billion consumables business an “ink oligopoly,” noting that the price of ink is higher per ounce than perfume or caviar and that annual consumables sales are more than three times higher than are sales of the printers that use them.

    For now, at least, you can still get generics at OfficeMax. Too bad there isn’t one near me.


    Kodak inkjets target the heart of HP’s profit
    By Jon Fortt February 5, 2007: 11:26 PM ET

    Eastman Kodak (EK) today is announcing a line of consumer inkjet printers and a marketing strategy designed to hit market leader Hewlett-Packard (HPQ) where it hurts: in the profit margin.

    First, the basics.

    Kodak is introducing three printers: The EasyShare 5100 at $150, the 5300 at $200 and the 5500 at $300. The main difference between the three is that the 5100 has no 3-inch LCD screen or memory card slots, the 5300 has a screen, and the 5500 has a 2.4-inch screen and a fax machine. The two lower-end printers will be in Best Buy (BBY) stores exclusively starting in March, with the 5500 due in May; the 5300 (pictured) is positioned as the flagship product.

    The real issue, though, is the ink. Kodak will sell black ink cartridges for $10 and five-color ink cartridges for $15. At purchase, the printers will come with ink and a couple of sample sheets of photo paper.

    How do these printers stack up? I’ll put it this way. HP should worry.

    I got a chance last week to spend an hour with a couple of folks from Kodak’s consumer digital imaging group, marketing director Bob Ohlweiler and research and development director Susan Tousi. They showed me the printers, walked me through the marketing strategy and let me put out a few prints.

    My first impression is that this looks far more polished than the typical first-generation product. I can’t vouch for the reliability of the printer or the ease of setup, though these are the sorts of things an experienced consumer company like Kodak would get right; but I can say that the products exude quality and produce brilliant photos.

    Tousi told me that in Kodak’s internal tests, the quality of the new EasyShare photo printers outperformed professional-grade photo lab printers. Of course I can’t independently verify that, but after seeing what the 5300 can do with images from a couple of mid-range consumer cameras, I wouldn’t be surprised if it’s true. Ink dried quickly on the supplied photo paper, and the process of printing from a memory card onto pre-sized photo paper was quick and painless.

    One of the little innovations that make this Kodak product special: the printers read the back of each piece of pre-sized photo paper and they automatically adjust. So when we popped my memory card in and loaded 4″x6″ photo paper into the printer’s bin, the printer could tell – without being prompted through a setup process or preferences – to size my photos to fit the paper.

    Kodak’s printers are more expensive than comparable models from HP and others, but people who print a lot will be tempted by the low cost of replacement ink. And once they see the output and ease of operation Kodak’s offering, we might just have a consumer inkjet price war on our hands.


    Kodak’s Strategy For First Printer — Cheaper Cartridges
    By William M. Bulkeley, Updated Feb. 6, 2007 12:01 a.m. ET

    In a move that could shake up the $45 billion-a-year ink oligopoly, Eastman Kodak Co. unveiled its long-awaited inkjet printer, with ink cartridges priced far less than its competitors.

    Printer makers, led by Hewlett-Packard Co. hpq +2.15% , have long used the razor-and-blade pricing model, in which the hardware is sold for little or no profit. They derive most of their profits from ink, which is priced at more per ounce than perfume or caviar. Indeed, annual sales of inkjet printers and multifunction devices world-wide are less than one-quarter the annual sales of consumable ink and paper.

    Kodak, which is led by several veterans of H-P’s printer group, plans to modify that model by making more money from hardware and accepting lower profits from the ink. It says it will use a combination of new technology and alternative pricing to slash ink prices by about 50% per page. On Tuesday, it unveiled new inkjet-based multifunction devices that print, scan and copy documents, Web pages and photos. The printers, primarily intended for home rather than business use, will be priced at $150 to $300, depending on whether they have color displays and slots for camera memory cards. Analysts said the prices are each about $50 more than comparable multifunction devices now on the market.

    Each of the Kodak printers will use a $10 black-ink cartridge and a $15 color-ink cartridge — about half the prevailing ink prices. Kodak says consumers who buy high-volume paper packages will be able to print 4-inch-by-6-inch snapshots for as little as 10 cents apiece — compared with 29 cents on typical home printers and well under common retail-store prices of 19 cents each.

    Some industry watchers who have been briefed on the products think Kodak’s strategy spells trouble for inkjet-printer makers, especially second-tier vendors like Epson, a unit of Seiko Epson Corp., and Lexmark International Inc. LXK +1.13% “This will be the year the razor-and-blade model breaks,” says Charles LeCompte , president of Lyra Research, a Newton, Mass., market-research firm. He says Kodak’s low-price strategy for ink is “such a dramatic message that someone will have to respond.” The success of cartridge-refill companies, which cater to customers seeking cheaper ink rather than original cartridges and have grabbed about 30% of the world-wide ink market, shows that consumers are likely to welcome Kodak’s approach, he says.

    “This is going to change the industry,” predicts Kodak’s Philip J. Faraci , head of its digital imaging consumer group. Mr. Faraci, who was once senior vice president for inkjet systems at H-P, says: “For people who print a lot, we’re offering a really great solution.” Mr. Faraci says Kodak expects the lower price ink to be especially appealing to the top 20% of people who print at home and buy more than the average customer’s 4.6 cartridges per year.

    Not everyone is convinced that Kodak’s move will have much impact on the broad market. Ron Glaz , an analyst with market researcher IDC in Framingham, Mass., says Kodak will be successful in the niche of “people who want to print a lot of photos,” because the company’s name is associated with photography, but it is only in that segment that it will “put a lot of pressure on H-P and Epson.”

    Karl Schwenkmeyer , vice president of marketing, inkjet systems at H-P, predicts that consumers will stay with H-P. While ink price is an issue, he says, other factors such as ease of use and speed of printing are also important to buyers. He says that H-P’s market share grew to 47% in last year’s third quarter and that its ability to continue to spend more than $1 billion a year on printer research and development is resulting in continuous improvement in inkjet printers. He says that while photo printing is an important segment of the market, close to 90% of pages printed are other types of documents.

    Lexmark declined to comment.

    Kodak’s Mr. Faraci says that while the company expects photo printing to be a key motivator for people to buy its printers, it designed the devices for general-purpose home and small-office printing. The devices can print and copy up to 32 pages a minute in black and white and 22 in color, and the high-end model includes a fax machine. He says Kodak’s core market is families where both parents and children are using computers. Kodak says its research shows that over 70% of all families restrict their children’s printing because of the cost of ink.

    Mr. Faraci says that 10 years ago most consumers didn’t think about the cost of ink, and looked primarily at the cost of a printer when purchasing. But today, Kodak’s research shows that lower-price print cartridges are the single most cited feature that consumers are looking for.

    “If we’re wildly successful, we might get 1% of the market over the course of the year,” Mr. Faraci predicts. He says his goal is to have Kodak printers producing 10% of the inkjet pages printed in 2010.

    Kodak expects to start selling the new printers in March through electronics retail chain Best Buy Co. BBY +0.67% , in an exclusive retailing deal that lasts three months.

    Success of the inkjet printers is crucial to Kodak’s future as film photography fades away. Kodak has undertaken a wrenching restructuring over the past three years, taking billions of dollars in losses and laying off nearly 30,000 people as it cut costs in the face of plunging revenue from film and photo-finishing. Its digital cameras are among the top three best sellers in the U.S., but they are consumer-electronics items with low profit margins and tough competition.

    Kodak Chief Executive Antonio Perez , who headed H-P’s inkjet-printer business as an executive there in the 1990s, proclaimed two years ago that Kodak would enter the inkjet market, the main medium for consumer printing of digital photos. If the inkjet printers prove popular, they could provide the kind of high-margin, recurring revenue that film used to give Kodak.

    Kodak’s printers incorporate innovative nanotechnology in the ink and print heads, squirting droplets that are only a few atoms in size from tiny nozzles. One benefit to Kodak of having such small nozzles on the print heads is that consumers may be reluctant to refill the cartridges with ink from other providers, for fear of clogging the holes.

    Unlike most rivals, Kodak uses pigments rather than dyes in its ink, which makes prints more resistant to fading. Kodak was able to hold down the cost of its cartridges by keeping all of the electronics in the printer, unlike rivals who include some electronics in the cartridges.

    Write to William M. Bulkeley at bill.bulkeley@wsj.com


    Kodak printer sellout: Are consumers voting for lower ink prices?
    By Robert L. Mitchell, March 13, 2007 10:56 AM EDT

    In yesterday’s blog I lamented the fact that my local Staples no longer sells HP-compatible ink and toner cartridges, and that the branded products cost much more. HP’s move to maximize profits by limiting consumer choice could play into the hands of Kodak, a new player in the ink jet printer market that’s offering low-cost consumables as a way to compete against the entrenched players.

    If you’re mad as hell and don’t want to pay high prices for ink anymore, you may be responsive to Kodak’s new line of EasyShare printers. Kodak offers this bargain: you pay a bit more for the printer. In return, it will sell you the consumables for 50% less than those from HP and other established players (a 5-color cartridge is just $14.99; a black cartridge $9.99).

    Kodak has turned the current business model on its head. While HP, Lexmark and others virtually give away the “razor” to sell you the blades, Kodak expects to make a margin on the hardware. In return it will provide cheaper ink. In the long run the total cost of ownership should pay off. Kodak says users who buy Kodak paper in quantity and use its consumables can print 4 x 6 photos for about 10 cents each – about 1/3 the cost of competing printers and about half the cost of prints at your local Target or Wal Mart.

    When Kodak first announced the products last month, analysts commenting in a Wall Street Journal story were divided on its prospects (Kodak’s Strategy For First Printer — Cheaper Cartridges, available to WSJ online subscribers only). While some said Kodak’s consumer-friendly move would shake up the industry, others said only those customers that print lots of color pictures were likely to buy Kodak’s new products.

    In a posting at The Utility Belt blog last month (Kodak printers target the heart of HP’s profit), the author previewed the printers and came away impressed. His summary: “HP should worry.”

    It’s too early to say for sure, but judging by the initial response, Kodak may have hit a nerve with buyers. The product line launched this month exclusively with Best Buy. A check of the Best Buy Web site this morning showed that Kodak’s $149 low-end model, the EasyShare 5100 All-in-One Photo Printer/Copier/Scanner, was already sold out.

    But will the new printer line from Kodak perform as well as products from HP and its established rivals? The 5100 supposedly creates color prints at 22 pages per minute and can generate a 4″ x 6″ photo print in 28 seconds. I haven’t seen one yet. Perhaps readers could weigh in. Would you buy a Kodak?

    UPDATE: October 8, 2009

    In response to the number of negative comments posted here I’ve brought in another Kodak printer, the ESP-7, for testing. If you’re interested in the potential operating cost savings Kodak offers with its low-cost ink cartridges but are concerned about performance and reliability, read on.


    Ink wars: Kodak vs. HP in the ink-jet consumables battle
    By Robert L. Mitchell, July 9, 2007 12:00 PM ET

    Kodak claims that low ink prices mean its new all-in-one printers will save you money in the long run. We pit the EasyShare 5300 against HP’s Photosmart C5180 to see if those claims stand up.

    Computerworld – Kodak may still be a world leader in film processing, but it’s the new kid on the block in the area of general-purpose ink-jet printers. Its new EasyShare All-in-One 5000 series printers, out just a few months, face stiff competition from entrenched competitors such as Hewlett-Packard, Epson and Canon.

    In a gambit to differentiate itself and gain mind share, Kodak is trying to tap into alleged consumer dissatisfaction with high ink prices by selling its printers for a bit more than the competition but its cartridges for less than half the price. The company claims that its EasyShare printers have a lower total cost of ownership than competitors’ models and that users will save substantially on consumables over the life of the printer. HP begs to differ, of course: “At essentially the same prices as Kodak, HP offers six-color printing for outstanding photo quality,” an HP spokesman said.

    Kodak’s brash strategy flies in the face of the conventional wisdom in this market, which follows the classic Gillette model: “Give away” the printer at a very low margin, but rake in hefty profits on consumables. That approach has paid off handsomely for HP. The 16.3% margin earned this year by its $1.2 billion imaging and printing business, announced by Chairman and CEO Mark Hurd during the company’s May 16 earnings call, makes that unit HP’s most profitable by far, with three times the margin of its personal systems business. Epson, Lexmark and other brands follow this same model.

    But Kodak argues that it’s not fair to customers. “Consumers have been ripped off by other printer manufacturers on the cost of ink, and they’re very frustrated with that,” says Magnus Felke, director of product marketing in Kodak’s ink-jet systems group. That frustration may lead them to seek alternatives.

    Investors are also wary of that possibility. In its latest appraisal of HP, bond rating firm Fitch Ratings added a caveat to the stellar A+ it gave the company, alerting investors to “the potential long-term threat to HP’s highly profitable printer supplies business from providers of remanufactured cartridges and/or new printer business models from competitors that offer discounted ink cartridges.”

    HP has taken some defensive measures against the threat, most notably striking a bargain with retailer Staples earlier this year to drive out inexpensive generic versions of HP ink and toner cartridges. Just as HP was closing that leak in the profits dam, however, Kodak made its announcement.

    Kodak’s talking tough, but can it really overturn the ink cart? To find out whether the company’s claims about ink costs are valid, I compared Kodak’s midrange EasyShare 5300 All-In-One with HP’s Photosmart C5180 All-in-One, a popular printer whose price and features match up well with the EasyShare.

    Specs and Stats

    Kodak offers three models in the 5000 line, all of which use the same basic print engine. The basic model 5100 sells for $149. The model I tested adds a 3-in. color LCD and the ability to review and print pictures directly from a memory card; it costs $199.99. The $299.99 model 5500 adds a fax function, an automated document feeder and a duplexer for two-sided printing. (The duplexer is also available as a $79.99 option for the other two models, and all three can use a $49.99 Bluetooth adapter for wireless printing.)

    The Photosmart C5180, one of the most popular of the six entries in HP’s Photosmart series printer line, is functionally similar to the 5300, though it does include built-in network support and a few extra buttons on the front. While the Kodak 5300 has a single Copy button, for example, the C5180 offers separate buttons for black-and-white or color copies.

    Pigment vs. Dye-Based Inks

    A key differentiator between the HP and Kodak models lies in the ink technology each offers. Kodak’s printers use pigment-based inks, while the HP model I tested uses dye-based ink. Pigment-based inks suspend colorant particles in the ink, while with dye-based inks, the colorant is dissolved in the liquid.

    Dye-based inks have traditionally offered brighter colors, but prints have faded faster. Pigment-based inks have generally produced less vibrant colors, but they’ve offered greater longevity. Now both vendors claim to have solved those problems: HP says its dye-based prints will last for decades, and Kodak claims that its 5300 series inks offer color quality comparable to dye-based processes. “When you grind pigment ink into very small nanoparticles and make them homogenous, you can create colors that are just as vibrant,” says Kodak’s Felke.

    HP claims that photos that are printed on its Advanced paper, protected by glass or a protective sheet in an album, and properly stored will last 40 years, and those printed on its Premium paper will last 80 years — although all photos gradually break down as they’re exposed to light, humidity, ozone and other pollutants. Kodak says its prints have been optimized to last a lifetime even when using less expensive “porous” photo papers. For more on the difference between papers, see “The Paper Choice.”


    Both units include print, scan and copy functions. Each has a letter-size paper tray that can hold up to 100 sheets and a 4-by-6-in. tray for photo paper that can hold up to 20 sheets. Both have an LCD screen and memory-card sockets that allow you to print digital photos without going through your computer. (The Kodak unit also supports printing directly from a PictBridge-capable camera; the HP one does not.)

    Both printers also bundle various add-on software programs with the printer driver software, including basic photo organizing and editing tools. While I did not test that software for this story, I did attempt to install it, much to my chagrin: You can read about the problems I encountered with the Kodak software and the HP software in my blog.

    Officially, the C5180 sells for the same price as the 5300 — $199.99. However, the HP model is often on sale or available with a $20 rebate that brings the street price down to $179.99.

    The C5180 is also easier to find: Kodak’s printers and ink cartridges are currently available only at Best Buy stores or direct from Kodak online. In my case, the nearest Best Buy store is about 50 miles away — a long way to go for refills if I run out of ink in the middle of a job.

    Kodak’s black cartridge sells for $9.99. (The company claims that works out to an average ink cost per page of 2.3 cents, or about 434 pages per cartridge — more pages than I was able to get on my tests, as you’ll see.) Its five-color cartridge sells for $14.99, or 10 cents per page for 4-by-6-in. color prints. (In this case, my results were even better than the company’s claims.)

    Total cost of ink: $24.98, though you can get a combo pack that includes both color and black cartridges for $21.99.

    Rather than using one black and one multicolor cartridge as the 5300 does, the HP printer is equipped with six separate cartridges — one for black and one for each of the five colors it uses. The company claims that this saves the consumer money since you don’t have to buy a whole new multicolor cartridge if only one color runs out. Each HP color cartridge sells for $9.99 each, and a black cartridge costs $17.99 at Staples.

    Total cost of ink: $67.94, nearly three times as much as a set of Kodak cartridges. (HP also offers a combo pack of the five-color cartridges for $44.99.) Of course, it’s the cost per page we’re concerned with, and you’ll see how that compares later.

    Testing Methodology

    Both Kodak and HP claim to have conducted independent page-yield testing for its printers based on the International Organization for Standardization’s ISO 24711 page-yield protocol. However, while the protocol includes standard test pages for black-and-white documents and documents with mixed text and graphics, there are as yet no standard test pages for color photographs, so each vendor uses its own approach.

    To boil down the sometimes confusing test results, the Kodak EasyShare 5300 results report a yield of 342 pages for the black cartridge when printing black-and-white documents, and up to 167 pages for the color cartridge when printing 4-by-6-in. photos. The HP Photosmart C5100 results report a yield of 660 pages for black, but the results for 4-by-6-in. color prints are broken out by cartridge. Claimed page yields range from 160 pages for the yellow cartridge to 330 for cyan.

    The Paper Choice

    While practically any paper will do for black-and-white printing, the choice of photo paper grade — and brand — can make a big difference in print quality. HP offers four grades of paper, ranging from its Everyday Photo paper to its Premium Plus line. Kodak offers three grades of paper for photo printing, from plain old Photo paper to its Ultra Premium line.

    For my tests, which focused on ink costs per print, I chose to use a lower-grade paper, since higher-grade photo papers tend to use more ink. On the Photosmart C5180, that meant that I used HP’s Everyday paper. The paper HP recommends for the C5180 is its Advanced paper, which eliminated most of the paper rippling problem I describe in the main story. However, it’s also much more expensive than the Everyday paper I used for my tests: It sells for $19.99 for 50 sheets (about 40 cents per sheet) vs. $14.99 for 100 sheets of the Everyday (15 cents per sheet) — and gave me about 10% fewer prints per cartridge.

    The higher end of HP’s line, such as its Premium and Premium Plus papers, are “swellable” papers: They’re thicker and have special coatings that swell to absorb the ink, which produces a marginally better image at the cost of using more ink. The coatings also help with image longevity. HP’s Advanced and Everyday papers are “porous” papers and don’t have such coating.

    In contrast, I bought Kodak Photo Paper for $11.99 per 100-sheet package — just 12 cents per sheet. The Kodak paper that compares to HP’s Advanced paper (according to HP) is the Premium Photo Paper, which sells for $20.99 per 50 sheets at Staples, or 42 cents per sheet, slightly higher than the HP paper.

    All grades of Kodak paper are porous, which, according to Epson, is better for pigment inks. (See “Pigment vs. dye-based inks.”) Thickness of the paper varies by grade, and the most noticeable difference is between the basic Photo paper and the Premium Photo paper.

    To see how each printer performed on a better grade of paper, I ran two test prints. On the 5300 I used Kodak Premium Photo Paper, and with the C5180 I used HP Premium Photo Paper. Although I couldn’t see much difference in image quality between the HP Premium paper and the Everyday paper, Kodak photos brightened up considerably on its Premium paper. (To see for yourself, check out the image gallery that accompanies this story.)

    Lesson learned: Paper choice can make a big difference. (Note: I did encounter a few quirks in testing these photo papers. For details, see my “Choose your paper wisely” blog.)


    I conducted one test for black-and-white text pages and another for photographs. I chose to print files that I would encounter as part of my normal workflow to see how each printer would perform in a real-world home office setting.

    For the black-and-white test, I selected a 71-page report titled “The Development of Broadband Access in Rural and Remote Areas.” This PDF file includes mostly text, a few tables and several pages of footnotes. I opened it in Adobe Reader and printed copies on standard Staples multiuse paper, using the default settings, until the printer ran out of black ink.

    For the photo printing test, I printed a random selection of 350 family photographs directly from within the Windows Explorer. These included a mix of indoor and outdoor shots, with lots of people in various settings: at home, on vacation and at social events — the kinds of images most people would be printing.

    I printed three 4-by-6-in. photographs per page in the same order on each printer, using each vendor’s own brand of standard-grade 8.5-by-11-in. photo paper. Specifically, I used the entry-level photo papers both vendors offer for volume printing: Kodak Photo Paper and HP Everyday Photo Paper.

    Because both printers use some material from the color cartridges when printing black-and-white pages (both vendors say this is a very small amount; Kodak puts it at about 4 cents of color ink per black-and-white page), I replaced all the cartridges with fresh, full ones between tests. For pricing comparisons in both cases, I used the individual cartridge prices, not the prices for a combo pack.

    Head to Head

    On the black-and-white tests, the HP C5180 printed 306 pages before running out of black ink (at which point it asked if I would like to continue to print black using the color cartridges, which could have been a lifesaver in a real deadline situation).

    With the EasyShare 5300, I was able to print 353 pages before printing halted and the “Black ink cartridge needs replacing” message appeared — with no offer to continue printing with just color ink.

    Then a funny thing happened. I opened the lid on the 5300 to change the cartridge, but the phone rang and I closed it. When I turned my attention back to the printer, the out-of-ink message had disappeared.

    I continued printing and was able to increase my mileage by another 17 pages before getting the empty cartridge warning again. (If only I could do that with my car.) I tried to do the same thing with the C5180, but it didn’t help.

    On the color tests, the EasyShare 5300 cranked out 218 4-by-6-in. images on standard Kodak Photo Paper. The Photosmart C5180 reached 209 photos on HP’s Everyday paper.

    The colors in the HP output were noticeably brighter and more saturated than the Kodak images, some of which seemed a bit washed out by comparison.


    I did experience some trouble with HP’s Everyday Photo Paper: It came out so wet that the paper lost its shape and small ripples formed across the surface of the photographs. These smoothed out a bit once the paper dried, but they were still noticeable.

    When I reported these results to HP, a company representative was unhappy that I had used the Everyday Photo Paper without manually selecting it in the print menu — an option buried three layers deep in the Windows print dialog box. Once I found the proper selection, the paper still came out rippled but did dry flat. Image quality was about the same.

    Also on HP’s suggestion, I reran the entire test with HP Advanced paper. “If Everyday Photo Paper is selected in the driver, it should use less ink than the default setting,” a spokesperson for HP said. This time the C5180 stopped at just 190 photos, although there wasn’t as much rippling. (For more on my adventures with paper choices, see my “Choose your paper wisely” blog.)


    While the output from the two printers was close in quality, the bottom lines were in completely different ballparks. My per-page ink cost for black-and-white copies on the Kodak was about half that of the C5180. On the color print tests, the Kodak 5300 appears to have cleaned the HP C5180’s clock: At 7 cents a page, it cost less than a third as much to produce a 4-by-6-in. photo on the Kodak as on the HP. The complete results breakdown is at the bottom of this page.

    But the math is a bit more complicated than that. I could have continued printing color photos on the HP after replacing just the yellow cartridge for $9.99, rather than having to buy a whole multicolor cartridge for $14.99, as I would have with the Kodak. On the other hand, the cyan and magenta cartridges both ran out just three photos after the yellow one did, so that would have been another $19.98 pretty soon.

    Then there’s the paper issue. Had I specifically selected the HP Everyday paper from the printer dialog during my tests, it’s possible that the machine would have used less ink and I might have gotten a few more prints.

    These considerations notwithstanding, however, it seems clear that from an ink-cost perspective, Kodak has a big advantage. While I liked the photo quality from the C5180 better, overall I found the quality of the Kodak 5300’s images acceptable — especially given the price difference.

    On the downside, both devices use proprietary consumables, and each vendor encourages users to buy its own brand of cartridges and paper for ideal image quality. When it comes to paper, my recommendation would be to experiment with competing papers, such as the Staples house brand, to see which offers acceptable images at the lowest cost.

    As for ink, brand makes less difference for everyday black-and-white prints and basic color graphics than for photos. However, color cartridges do use proprietary inks that are optimized for each vendor’s hardware and can substantially affect image quality. For all intents and purposes, then, most people will be limited to one supplier for color ink when printing photos — which is a good reason to take a careful look at the cost of those ink cartridges.

    Cost-per-Page Breakdown

    HP Photosmart C5180 All-in-One Printer Kodak EasyShare 5300 All-in-One Printer
    List price $199.99 $199.99
    Black ink cartridge $17.99 $9.99
    Color cartridge(s) $49.95 $14.99
    Total, all ink cartridges $67.94 $24.98
    B&W pages printed 306 353
    Cost per page, black ink $0.06 $0.03
    Color pages printed 209 218
    Cost per page, color ink $0.24 $0.07

    Robert L. Mitchell is a national correspondent for Computerworld.

    1. gambit http://www.computerworld.com/blogs/node/5169
    2. Gillette http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Razor_and_blades_business_model
    3. drive out inexpensive generic versions of HP ink and toner cartridges http://www.computerworld.com/blogs/node/5162
    4. “The Paper Choice.” http://www.computerworld.com/action/article.do?command=viewArticleBasic&articleId=9025966&pageNumber=2
    5. Kodak software http://www.computerworld.com/blogs/node/5576
    6. HP software http://www.computerworld.com/blogs/node/5599
    7. ISO 24711 http://www.iso.org/iso/en/CatalogueDetailPage.CatalogueDetail?CSNUMBER=40034
    8. Kodak EasyShare 5300 results http://www.qualitylogic.com/News/kodak/EasyShare5300Summary.html#5300
    9. according to Epson http://www.epson.co.jp/e/technology/print_permanence_inkspapers.htm
    10. “Pigment vs. dye-based inks.” http://www.computerworld.com/action/article.do?command=viewArticleBasic&articleId=9025966&pageNumber=1#pigment
    11. image gallery http://www.computerworld.com/action/article.do?command=viewArticleBasic&articleId=902615911.
    12. “Choose your paper wisely” http://www.computerworld.com/blogs/node/5802
    13. “The Development of Broadband Access in Rural and Remote Areas.” http://www.oecd.org/document/43/0,2340,en_2649_201185_31718315_1_1_1_1,00.html


    Ink wars spread: Another printer vendor to offer low-cost color ink
    By Robert L. Mitchell, August 17, 2007 10:45 AM EDT

    Kodak launched the first salvo last March when it introduced a line of ink jet printers with low-cost consumables. Now a second major player is preparing to launch a similar strategy – but this time in the midrange color printer market.

    Following Kodak’s lead, a marketing vice president for a major printer manufacturer, who declined to be named, told me in a meeting this week that his company will announce next month a new color printer that uses lower cost color ink. But while Kodak focused on consumer-grade all-in-one printers with its new EasyShare line, this vendor is moving up the food chain into the more lucrative business color printing market. That move could be good news for business users that do a lot of color printing.

    With this announcement, the crack that Kodak opened in the printer industry’s current business model could be widening. That model, followed by most players, dictates that vendors sell the printer at a lower price (and smaller profit) and make up the difference with the printer’s consumables, which carry very high margins. Once the customer has purchased a printer, the vendor usually has a captive audience for ink – and a quite profitable, quite predictable revenue stream for the life of the printer. That revenue stream more than makes up for the lower up-front margins on the hardware.

    “The industry has driven the price of the units down at the expense of the consumables,” said a spokesperson at the company introducing the new printer.

    While that marketing strategy has been very profitable for HP and others, it has also irritated many customers, who feel they’re being gouged on the price of ink. “The number one complaint for color printers is consumables cost,” the spokesperson said. He claims that his company’s new printer will generate color pages for office users at the same cost per page that customers pay today for monochrome.

    But there is a catch: Customers will pay more for the printer up front. Presumably, they’ll make it back in savings from lower operating costs – if they print enough color copies to make up for the higher initial cost of buying the printer in the first place.

    Kodak’s strategy in pursuing this marketing model was to gain a toehold in the multifunction ink jet market. This vendor, however, is already an established player. The strategy, the vendor admits, is aimed at stealing market share from the industry leader: HP.

    The announcement could put additional stress on the market leader’s business model, not just because a second player has taken this tack but because this competitor chose to take the higher cost printer/lower cost consumables model up the food chain to more profitable business printer line.

    Is this a good deal for buyers? Depending on the premium that the vendor charges on the hardware and the amount of color printing the user does, the total cost of ownership could be lower. That certainly was the case with Kodak’s consumer line when I tested it against a similar HP unit for printing color photos. But the price delta between the Kodak and HP units was only $50.

    Will business users be willing to pay more up front? No matter how the complain about consumables costs, most businesses still buy based on the purchase price of the product, the spokesperson admits. Getting customers to pay a higher sticker price in the short term in return for the promise of lower operating costs in the long term may be a challenge, particularly for customers in the more cost-conscious small and mid-sized businesses.

    If this vendor’s new printer is priced aggressively, it could be disruptive. But if the price delta is too big, only those with the highest volume color printing needs will benefit. I can’t tell you the pricing until the date of the announcement, but from what the spokesperson told me, the price delta will be substantial. This vendor is also hedging its bets by continuing to sell a comparable printer that uses higher cost ink.

    The spokesperson acknowledged that the manufacturing cost of the printer and consumables between the two lines don’t differ. It’s all about where the vendor takes its margin.

    One way or another, vendors will need to get a return on investment. Today, consumables subsidize the printer’s initial cost. “No one would stay in business without the consumables. You’d have to sell them for many times greater than what they’re sold for today,” the spokesperson says. The question is just how far the pendulum can swing the other way.


    Does Kodak cut it? Low cost ink strategy one year later
    By Robert L. Mitchell, April 03, 2008 3:53 PM EDT

    One year ago Kodak entered the multifunction ink jet printer market with a radical new concept: Sell the printer for a bit more and the ink for a lot less. So did the strategy work? Yes and no.

    Kodak’s approach with the EasyShare 5000 series (and the successor ESP series which launched this month) turned the generally accepted marketing wisdom on its head. While most vendors sell ink jet MFPs at a low margin and make up the difference selling high-margin ink and paper products, Kodak went the other way, hoping to tap into frustration among frequent printers over the high cost of ink cartridges.

    Its marketing efforts seem to have struck a nerve with some consumers who were fed up with the ink jet consumables prices, particularly those who print photos. “People don’t want to spend $50 for cartridges [but] $15 [for a Kodak color cartridge] is not that big of a hit,” says IDC analyst Ron Glaz.

    Interest in the low-cost consumables strategy appears to remain high among people who do online research before choosing a printer. Nearly a year after I first posted this blog on Kodak’s strategy, it remains consistently one of my most read postings week after week – as does this in-depth comparative review of H-P and Kodak MFPs last July. In cost per print, the Kodak unit came out on top.

    As to its success, Kodak says it shipped 520,000 EasyShare 5000 series units worldwide last year – a drop in the bucket when you consider that the total market shipped 61 million ink jet MFPs in that timeframe, says Glaz.

    But Kodak isn’t trying to appeal to all consumers, just a specific subset. “Our goal is to sell to the ‘big burners’ who print a lot,” says Magnus Felke, Kodak’s ink jet product manager. Although some buyers experienced hardware and setup issues early on, he says those problems have been resolved and users are happy when they go to buy lower cost replacement cartridges. “Our customer satisfaction surveys are phenomenal. People love the fact that we’re not ripping them off on the cost of ink,” he says, repeating Kodak’s populist marketing mantra.

    (Then again, Kodak could use a mass market success, as revenues from its traditional film-based business continue to decline faster than revenues from new businesses are coming online. How ironic that the Goliath of photography now finds itself the David of the MFP ink jet photo printing business.)

    Several other factors have conspired to limit Kodak’s uptake in the ink jet MFP market. These include:

    Fierce competition. Kodak’s ink jet MFP strategy also ran into a strong headwind last year. In the U.S. the MFP ink jet market grew by 22% but prices dropped 13% according to NPD Group analyst Stephen Baker. “Unfortunately, their entry sparked renewed aggressive pricing from H-P,” as well as new competitors in the segment from Epson, Canon and a wireless printer from Lexmark. “That likely crimped their revenue,” Baker says, noting that Lexmark now sells an ink jet printer for $39. At that price, he says, we’re getting to the point where it’s almost cheaper (although not greener) to buy a new printer when you’re out of ink. (Although the industry practice of including a partially filled “starter” ink cartridge with new printers would preclude that.)

    People still buy printers based on price and features, and don’t think about consumables cost. “Nobody really puts the ink cost on the table when you’re buying a printer,” Glaz says, adding that sales people at retailers like Circuit City and Best Buy aren’t pushing the concept and that most buyers are still focused on the cost of the printer and features such as speed. “Kodak does a marvelous job selling the concept that their ink is cheap, but nobody else talks about that,” Glaz says.

    To date, not one competitor has countered with its own low-cost ink strategy. The approach seems to be to ignore it and hope that Kodak goes away.

    Most buyers don’t educate themselves prior to purchase. While car buyers may do extensive research online before stepping into a dealer showroom, IDC’s survey results show that most consumers do very little up front research before walking into a store and making a purchase. “There are people who do research online. The majority…say they’ve done very little,” says Glaz.

    Consumers don’t always get to choose their printer. Because so many home computers come in bundles, consumers often end up taking what they get, says Glaz. Typically, that’s not a Kodak product.

    Consumers aren’t using as much ink. “We’re finding that people are printing less,” says Glaz. Users have easier and more mobile access to the Web and so are less inclined to print everything out. And they are printing fewer photos at home, choosing instead to just take a CD-ROM down to their local Wal Mart, says Glaz.

    It appears, then, that Kodak will have the greatest success with knowledgeable consumers who do a lot of printing and are looking for good quality printing and the lowest cost per print – and who are willing to pay $30 or so more for a printer up front. If that doesn’t sound like a recipe for mass market printing success that’s OK with Felke. “People who don’t print a lot should stay with the alternatives because you get a better deal on the hardware if you only use one cartridge a year,” he says. (On the other hand, it doesn’t take a lot of photo prints to use up a color cartridge. Glaz estimates that the difference can be made up in cost savings after using 2-4 cartridges, depending on the models you’re comparing. See the review link above for a comparison of Kodak and H-P models)

    Even if Kodak doesn’t end up with a huge installed base, it could improve profitability at the expense of competitors by cherry picking away the most profitable group of MFP ink jet buyers: Those who do the most printing. It’s the old 80/20 rule. Consumables bring in the profits and 20% of users do most of the printing.

    “If these people print 40% more [than the average user], the revenue Kodak gets from sales will be pretty good for them,” says Glaz. At the same time, the industry leaders, such as H-P and Canon depend on those hefty margins on consumables to make up for razor-thin profits on the hardware. If they end up with a larger installed base but most of those users are using only one cartridge a year, they will be less profitable.

    From that perspective, Kodak doesn’t need to gain mass market appeal to win. Instead, its strategy could upend the system by dominating in just one important user segment.

    That’s the dream. But it will take more than a 1% market share to get there, and the competition has never been tougher.


    Kodak EasyShare: Cheap ink, solid printer?
    By Robert L. Mitchell, September 25, 2009 12:55 PM EDT

    When I wrote the blog post “Kodak printer sellout: Are consumers voting for lower ink prices?” in March 2007, I had no idea it would become a lightning rod for folks who have had problems with Kodak’s EasyShare printer (ESP) line. Two years later, that blog still gets thousands of reads a month, and the 180+ reader complaints posted there vastly outnumber the positive comments.

    If you read those comments, you might conclude that the Kodak unit is a piece junk. But it’s not that easy. I used one heavily for three months without any failures. And Kodak’s units are much cheaper to run than other ink jet printers. So I’ve brought another unit into my office to test.

    For three months after writing that first blog post, I personally tested Kodak’s EasyShare 5300 model in a head-to-head competition with HP’s C5180. I ran more than 1,000 pages of text and photo prints on the unit using a wide variety of papers. While I ran into a few glitches here and there, I experienced no failures. In addition, my cost per pagefor photo printing was one third of what HP cartridges cost, and black and white copies cost half as much. If you use a lot of ink that sounds like a pretty good deal.

    Readers who posted comments complained about many different problems, but the top issue appears to revolve around print head failures. Some people also had print quality issues (if this is you be sure to read the review as well as these tips on choosing the right printer paper for photos.) Many of those complaints identified the ESP-7, a newer model in the Kodak ink jet line. Users posted mixed reviews for the ESP-7 on Amazon.com. Ratings were polarized, with most users giving the unit either the highest rating or the lowest one on Amazon’s five-star system.

    It’s possible that I just got lucky — that I happened to receive a good unit when many others did not. On the other hand, while the blog post has become a magnet for folks who no doubt have legitimate complaints about their own experiences, it’s hard to say whether this is truly representative of the broader group of users or simply a common meeting point for those who have had issues. Dissatisfied users do tend to be more vocal.

    Kodak acknowledges that some users have had problems. “Whenever you launch into a category and you have a new product you might see some issues. But we believe that all of those are behind us now,” says Cheryl Pohlman, director of worldwide product marketing for Kodak’s ink jet lines. And she flatly denies that there are any known issues with print heads.

    Next week, I’ll be setting up a Kodak ESP 7 printer, to see how it performs over the next month or two. The unit supports wireless Wi-Fi printing – a hot feature right now for consumer ink jets, according to NPD Group, a market research firm that monitors the printer business. “A lot of consumers have had issues trying to get wireless connected [on competing printers],” says Pohlman. “Ours works really well.” We’ll see.

    Other nice features include a separate paper tray for 5×7 photos that automatically engages for single prints and a paper sensor that not only detects the type of paper inserted (photographic, regular) but whether or not you have enough paper in the tray to complete the current job.

    Let the testing begin.

    Note: I’ve done some testing since this post. Read about my Kodak ESP 7 installation experience and first impressions here.

    PS – If you have suggestions for testing or things you’d like me to look out for please put your comments below.


    HP explains why printer ink is so expensive
    By Robert L. Mitchell, May 24, 2010 12:57 PM EDT

    “There’s a perception that ink is one of the most expensive substances in the world,” says Thom Brown, marketing manager at HP.

    Well, yeah.

    One might get that feeling walking out of a store having spent $35 for a single ink cartridge that appears to contain fewer fluid ounces of product than a Heinz ketchup packet.

    Brown was ready to explain. His presentation included a series of PowerPoint slides aptly titled “Why is printer ink so expensive?” I was ready for answers.

    The key point in a nutshell: Ink technology is expensive to develop, and you pay for reliability and image quality. “These liquids are completely different from a technology standpoint,” Brown says, adding that users concerned about cost per page can buy “XL” ink cartridges from HP that last two to three times longer. (Competitors offer similar cartridges).

    The message: You get value for the money. No getting around it though: Ink is still expensive, particularly if you have to use that Photosmart ink jet printer for black and white text pages.

    Competing claims

    Then the discussion diverged a bit to slam the competition in the ink market which competes, of course, on price. Refill products aren’t as reliable, produce inferior print quality and generate fewer pages per cartridge than HP products, he says. He backed up those assertions with an HP-sponsored Qualitylogic study showing that its cartridges last longer than refilled ink cartridges (no study of cost per page, however) and an HP focus group of 17 people, half of whom Brown says were unhappy with “bargain ink.”

    While HP’s biggest brand name competitors in the ink jet space are Lexmark, Epson and Canon, Brown didn’t mention them. Instead he repeatedly hammered Kodak, the upstart printer vendor that, since entering this market three years ago, has built a marketing campaign promoting the idea that HP and everyone else is ripping off the consumer with high ink prices while Kodak sells it for much less.

    Brown asserts that Kodak has been playing fast and loose with its cost per page measurements, that users (in HP’s focus group at least) must change cartridges much more often than with HP products (HP uses individual color ink cartridges; Kodak does not) and that Kodak’s products are less reliable. “Twelve of 17 people [in the focus group] didn’t think Kodak lowered cost,” he says.

    As to measurements, there are ISO standards (ISO 24711 and 24712) for determining text and graphics page yields for ink jet printer cartridges, but none for photographic images. Brown seemed to imply that Kodak was fudging on its cost per page specs. “Where did they cut corners to get those claims?” he asks.

    Ink as technology: The argument for HP Ink

    As to value, Brown talked up the value of HP ink cartridges, which may seem to have a price per milliliter on par with liquid gold but also cost HP a fortune to develop. Brown says HP spends $1 billion a year on ink research and development (The total revenue for the printing division was $24 billion last year). Inks must be formulated to withstand heating to 300 degrees, vaporization, and being squirted at 30 miles per hour, at a rate of 36,000 drops per second, through a nozzle one third the size of a human hair. After all that it must dry almost instantly on the paper.

    HP has come a long way since its first ink jet printer came out in 1985. At that time that state-of-the-art unit had 12 nozzles in the print head and fired droplets at a rate of 10,000 per second. The technology in today’s Photosmart 8250 uses 3,900 nozzles to deliver 122 million drops per second onto the paper. You can see the difference in results here:

    HP Ink Jet Image Quality Over Time

    Image: Click for larger version. Improvement in ink jet image quality, 1985 – 2008. The reason for the improvement: Smaller dot sizes due to smaller nozzles/drops, the development of light cyan and magenta inks (lighter colors look smaller to the eye), the ability to deliver two different drop sizes (as small as 1.3 pico-liters. You can fit 4 billion pico-liters in a teaspoon). Source: HP.

    Full disclosure: How much ink do you get?

    Moving from value to cost, why doesn’t HP – or other ink manufacturers for that matter – disclose the volume of liquid in each cartridge so users can compare the per-unit costs? You can get that for a bottle of Coke, a gallon of gas, or a tube of toothpaste – but not for ink.

    That, says Brown, would just confuse the consumer. “Each system has a different way it uses ink or the drop size is different. If you looked strictly at volume you wouldn’t see those differences and it would be confusing to the customers.”

    Why is it that, whenever a vendor opposes disclosure of information on a product or service it always claims to be doing so to protect the consumer? I don’t think marketing gives consumers enough credit. Customers are smart enough to draw their own conclusions when presented with all of the facts – and should be trusted to do so

    Perhaps the real reason why fluid volume isn’t disclosed is because there’s so little in a cartridge. By my research a cartridge holds somewhere in the neighborhood of 10 to 20 milliliters. The Heinz ketchup packet? About 27. (But that’s for the new, larger, dipping style packets. The original foil package held 9 milliliters.)

    HP’s marketing team probably worries that the disclosure of such tiny volumes will make it look miserly, no matter how many pages users actually get from the product

    Which brings me to my next point: Page yields as an alternative to volume measurements. Brown says HP is the only company to include a generic maximum page yield right on its ink cartridges. But based on what? He admits that industry methods for measuring page yield are confusing to consumers, and claims that some vendors (but not HP, he says) fudge those test numbers. Furthermore, there are no photo page yield standards at all. “Manufacturers have to police themselves,” Brown says.

    All the more reason to fully disclose the unit volume of ink cartridges. Assuming the average number of picoliters per drop for a given ink jet print head, the cost per page should be relatively easy to figure from there.

    More information is always better. By not disclosing ink volumes on cartridges it looks like HP — and other vendors — have something to hide.

    HP-sponsored Qualitylogic study http://www.qualitylogic.com/2009hpinktest.pdf
    ISO 24711 and 24712 http://community.qualitylogic.com/blogs/printer/archive/2009/02/12/abc-s-of-iso-toner-and-ink-yield-standards.aspx


    Eastman Kodak files for Chapter 11 of U.S. bankruptcy code
    By John Ribeiro , January 19, 2012 02:46 AM ET

    Struggling Eastman Kodak sees opportunity in its digital capture patents, and printing and deposition technologies

    IDG News Service – Struggling Eastman Kodak said Thursday that it and its U.S. subsidiaries have filed for Chapter 11 of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code to reorganize its business.

    Kodak which has recently charged Samsung Electronics, HTC, and Apple for alleged patent infringement, faced challenges in making the transition to digital technology.

    In November, the company lowered its revenue outlook for 2011 to up to US$6.4 billion, and said it expected losses in 2011 in the range of $400 million to $600 million from continuing operations. It reorganized its business structure earlier this month.

    The company said in a statement that it and its U.S. subsidiaries filed voluntary petitions for Chapter 11 business reorganization in the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of New York.

    In a bid to raise cash, the company has since July been “exploring strategic alternatives” including sale for its digital imaging patent portfolios to take advantage of increased demand for intellectual property. It said it had over 1,100 U.S. patents that are fundamental to the digital imaging industry.

    Kodak evidently wants to take advantage of the frenzy to buy patents in the tech industry, which led for example to a consortium that included Apple, EMC, Ericsson, Microsoft, Research In Motion, and Sony to pay $4.5 billion for patents and patent applications of Nortel Networks last year. Google also announced in August that it would acquire Motorola Mobility for $12.5 billion with an eye to its patents.

    The storied photography company said on Thursday that Chapter 11 gives it the best opportunities to maximize the value in two critical parts of its technology portfolio — its digital capture patents, and its printing and deposition technologies.

    Its digital capture patents, which are essential for a wide range of mobile and other consumer electronic devices that capture digital images, have generated over $3 billion of licensing revenues since 2003, the Rochester, New York company said.

    Kodak claims to have licensed its digital imaging patents to more than 30 companies, including LG, Motorola, and Nokia.

    Kodak on Wednesday filed a lawsuit against Samsung alleging infringements of its patents related to digital imaging technology. It filed similar lawsuits last week against Fujifilm, Apple, and HTC, and also complained to the U.S. International Trade Commission alleging infringements by Apple and HTC of its digital imaging technology

    Kodak expects to complete its U.S.-based restructuring during 2013. It has closed 13 manufacturing plants and 130 processing labs, and reduced its workforce by 47,000 since 2003, as it exited from its traditional operations to creating a digital business.

    “The business reorganization is intended to bolster liquidity in the U.S. and abroad, monetize non-strategic intellectual property, fairly resolve legacy liabilities, and enable the company to focus on its most valuable business lines,” it said in a statement.

    Kodak believes that it has sufficient liquidity to operate its business during Chapter 11, and to continue the flow of goods and services to its customers in the ordinary course.

    John Ribeiro covers outsourcing and general technology breaking news from India for The IDG News Service. Follow John on Twitter at @Johnribeiro. John’s e-mail address is john_ribeiro@idg.com

    Reprinted with permission from IDG.net. Story copyright 2012 International Data Group. All rights reserved.

  • Virtual Chitchatting 12:38 PM on 2013/10/07 Permalink  

    Chasan Sochib, Sang Gubernur Jenderal Banten sejak tahun 1960-an dan Ratu Atut Chosiyah yang menerima kutukan karma berkuasa selama 12 tahun

    by S3ra Sutan Rajo Ali
    Jakarta, 11 Oktober 2013 12.38

    Jangan berkuasa lebih dari 11 tahun, atau bencana sial terkudeta atau dikudeta menjadi kenyataan.
    Secara praktis, Ratu Atut Chosiyah sudah berkuasa sejak tahun 2001, dan akan tetap berkuasa sampai tahun 2017.
    Di tahun ke-12 masa kekuasaannya, Atut harus menimpa karma dan kutukan yang sudah berlangsung sejak sejarah mulai dicatat (Common Era).

    Ratu Atut Chosiyah berkuasa setelah mengkudeta Gubernurnya sendiri, Djoko Munandar.
    Ratu Atut Chosiyah dikudeta oleh Wakil Gubernurnya sendiri, Rano Karno.

    Naik tahta diatas cucuran darah orang lain.
    Turun tahta bergelimangan dengan darah sendiri dan darah seluruh keluarganya.

    Cek flash file-nya di sini:


    dinasti politik keturunan chasan sochib


    Menguak Godfather-nya Banten, Dari Haji Chasan Sochib hingga Ratu Atut
    Senin, 07 Oct 2013

    Mengungkap “Cendananya” Banten H.Tb.Chasan Sochib atau lebih dikenal dengan sebutan Haji Kasan “GODFATHER”

    Merupakan Tokoh Banten yang paling berani, sehingga menempatkannya berhadapan dengan H.Tb.Chasan Sochib yang selama ini dikenal sebagai ‘informal leader’ atau GODFATHER di banten.

    Selama puluhan tahun tidak ada satupun tokoh yang berani berbeda pendapat dengan haji kasan, sehingga menyebabkan h kasan menjadi orang yang cenderung berlaku sewenang-wenang di Banten. Semua jabatan pada organisasi bisnis KADIN-GAPENSI dan lain sebagainya dipegang dengan maksud melakukan monopoli terhadap kesempatan bisnis yang ada di banten.

    Telah menjadi rahasia umum bila seluruh pejabat di propinsi banten, baik KAPOLDA, DANREM, KAJATI, dan lain sebagainya tidak pernah berani mengungkap kasus kasus dugaan korupsi dan pungutan terhadap para pengusaha yang dilakukan oleh haji kasan dan keluarganya.

    Terlebih kebijakan ATUT CHOSIYAH selaku anak kandungnya yang menjadi Gubernur, hampir selalu menguntungkan keluarga Haji kasan melalui H.Tb. Chaeri Wardana atau yang dikenal dengan H.Wawan.

    Tahun 1960-an, nun jauh di pe­dalaman Banten, seorang jawara bernama Tubagus Chasan Sochib melakukan pengawalan bisnis beras dan jagung antarpulau Jawa-Sumatera. Tak cukup hanya meng­awal, sang jawara mulai merin­tis bisnisnya sendiri dengan menjadi penyedia kebutuhan logistik bagi Kodam VI Siliwangi (Gandung Ismanto, Asasi, Nov-Des, 2010). Kodam Siliwangi juga berkepentingan atas kestabilan politik di Banten. Mereka membutuhkan orang lokal untuk menjadi perpanjangan tangan di daerah. Di mata para komandan Ko­dam IV Siliwangi, Banten adalah daerah yang rawan dipengaruhi oleh kekuatan komunis baik sebelum dan sesudah tragedi 1965.

    Atas dalih kepentingan politik keamanan dan ekonomi di Banten, Chasan Sochib men­dapat­kan banyak keistimewaan dari Kodam VI Siliwangi dan Peme­rintah Jawa Barat. Sebagian besar proyek pemerintah khususnya di bi­dang konstruksi banyak diberi­kan kepada Chasan Sochib. Tahun 1967, Chasan Sochib mendirikan PT. Sinar Ciomas Raya yang sampai saat ini merupa­kan perusahaan terbesar di Banten, khususnya di bidang konstruksi jalan dan bangunan fisik lainnya (van Zorge Report, Januari 21, 2010). Untuk me­man­tap­­kan bisnisnya, Chasan Sochib menguasai sejumlah organisasi bisnis seperti Kamar Dagang dan Industri Daerah Banten, Ga­bung­an Pengusaha Konstruksi Nasio­nal Indonesia Banten, dan Lem­baga Pengembangan Jasa Kon­struk­si Nasional Indonesia Banten.

    Ketika terjadi reformasi, Chasan Sochib mampu mentransformasi diri ke dalam struktur politik dan ekonomi yang baru. Meminjam kerangka teoritis Richard Robison dan Vedi Hadiz (2004), Chasan Sochib adalah the old predator yang mampu mereor­gani­sir kekuasaannya sehingga dia tak lenyap digerus arus perubah­an. Chasan Sochib mampu menjelma menjadi the new predator yang menguasai arena politik, ekonomi, sosial-budaya di Banten. Bahkan, dalam kasus Banten, Chasan Sochib jauh lebih ber­kuasa saat ini dibandingkan dengan­ era Orde Baru.

    Pada awal perubahan di Banten, Chasan Sochib sinis melihat gerakan dari sejumlah pihak yang menuntut Banten menjadi provinsi baru. Chasan Sochib khawatir bahwa perubahan ini akan mengancam keberlangsung­an relasi bisnis dan politiknya dengan­ pejabat di Provinsi Jawa Barat. Namun seiring dengan makin membesarnya arus gerakan pembentukan Provinsi Banten, Chasan Sochib segera berbalik dan berperan aktif.

    Perpindahan posisi ini menyelamatkan masa depan bisnis dan politiknya di Banten. Dengan kekuatan finansialnya, Chasan Sochib membantu gerakan peme­kar­an dan mendapatkan peng­akuan sebagai tokoh pembentuk­an Provinsi Banten. Setelah Banten menjadi provinsi, Chasan Sochib mulai lebih agresif me­nyusun kekuatan politiknya. Dulu pada masa Orde Baru, Chasan Sochib hanya bertindak sebagai client capitalism (meminjam istilah Richard Robison, 1990) yang sangat bergantung pada koneksi dengan pejabat sipil dan militer, tetapi tidak aktif dalam merancang siapa yang berkuasa atas politik Jawa Barat. Dengan adanya struktur politik yang baru, Chasan Sochib bertindak secara aktif menentukan siapa yang menjadi penguasa di Banten.

    Kepemimpinan wanita sudah dapat diterima oleh masyarakat Indonesia sejak terpilihnya Megawati sebagai Presiden Wanita pertama di Republik ini. Kepemimpinan wanita sudah menjadi tren tersendiri yang mampu mewarnai nuansa kompetisi kepemimpinan yang sebelumnya didominasi oleh kaum pria. Sudah semakin banyak perempuan yang memimpin suatu daerah, sebagai Gubernur, Wakil Gubernur, bupati maupun walikota. Sebut saja, Hj. Ratu Atut Chosiyah (Gubernur Banten), Dra. Hj. Rustriningsih, M.Si (Wakil Gubernur Jawa Tengah), Hj. Rina Iriani S. Ratnaningsih, S.Pd (Bupati Karanganyar), Hj. Airin Rachmi Diany (Walikota Tangerang Selatan), Hj. Ratu Tatu Chasanah, SE, M.Si (Wakil Bupati Serang), Hj. Heryani (Wakil Bupati Pandeglang) dan masih banyak lainnya.

    Bermula dari upaya memaju­kan Ratu Atut sebagai calon wakil gubernur dan sukses memenang­kan­nya, Chasan Sochib me­ran­cang anggota keluarga besar­nya untuk aktif terlibat di bidang politik, ekonomi, sosial dan bu­daya. Hasil­nya sangat sukses (lihat ilustrasi di atas). Chasan Sochib memang tak me­megang jabatan publik, tetapi sebagaimana pengakuan dirinya bahwa dia adalah “gubernur jenderal” menunjukkan bahwa dia adalah penguasa se sungguhnya di Banten.

    Kekhawatiran otonomi daerah akan melahirkan raja-raja kecil beralasan. Masyarakat terjebak dalam semangat primordialisme sehingga mengagungkan hubungan darah untuk melanggengkan kekuasaan, seperti yang dilakukan raja pada abad lalu.

    Otonomi daerah, tidak bisa diingkari, melahirkan patron baru dalam perpolitikan lokal. Politik kekerabatan pun kian kental terlihat, tak terkecuali di Banten. Hampir semua akses politik, ekonomi, dan sosial kemasyarakatan dikuasai kelompok tertentu yang terikat hubungan darah dan kedekatan personal.

    Sudah menjadi rahasia umum jika keluarga Gubernur Banten Ratu Atut Chosiyah menguasai sejumlah jabatan strategis dalam politik dan pemerintahan di Banten. Mereka juga terlibat dalam berbagai jabatan informal.

    Ratu Atut mengawali karier politiknya setelah Provinsi Banten terbentuk, 4 Oktober 2000. Dengan dukungan penuh dari ayahnya, Tubagus Chasan Sochib, ia terpilih menjadi Wakil Gubernur Banten pertama mendampingi Gubernur Djoko Munandar. Keduanya mendapat suara terbanyak dalam pemilihan oleh anggota DPRD Banten untuk menjadi kepala daerah periode 2002-2007.

    Karier politik Atut mulai menanjak saat Djoko dinonaktifkan sebagai gubernur, Oktober 2005, setelah menjadi terdakwa penyalahgunaan dana tak tersangka APBD Banten tahun 2003. Dana Rp 14 miliar yang seharusnya dipakai untuk membiayai penanganan bencana malah dipakai membayar dana tunjangan perumahan bagi anggota DPRD Banten periode 2001-2004 dan tunjangan kegiatan panitia anggaran DPRD.

    Meski terbukti tak memperkaya diri sendiri, Desember 2005, Djoko divonis dua tahun penjara oleh Pengadilan Negeri Serang. Ia meninggal pada Desember 2008, beberapa bulan sebelum Mahkamah Agung memutuskan tak bersalah dalam kasus penyalahgunaan dana tak tersangka APBD 2003.

    Keputusan Menteri Dalam Negeri (saat itu) M Ma’ruf menonaktifkan Djoko memuluskan jalan Atut untuk menempati jabatan Pelaksana Tugas (Plt) Gubernur Banten. Jabatan itu adalah pintu masuk pencalonan sebagai Gubernur Banten periode 2007- 2012. Ia, bersama M Masduki, dengan mudah memenangi Pemilu Kepala Daerah (Pilkada) 2006. Inilah awal praktik politik kekerabatan di Banten.

    Pilkada Kabupaten Tangerang, Januari 2008, menjadi obyek menguji coba kekuatan keluarga Atut di daerah. Adik iparnya, Airin Rachmi Diany, mencalonkan diri menjadi wakil bupati Tangerang mendampingi politisi Partai Keadilan Sejahtera (PKS), Jazuli Juwaeni. Namun, istri Tubagus Chaeri Wardana alias Wawan (adik kandung Atut) itu gagal memenangi pilkada. Suara yang mereka peroleh di bawah perolehan suara Ismet Iskandar-Rano Karno.

    Adik tiri Atut, Tubagus Haerul Jaman, mencalonkan diri menjadi wakil wali kota Serang mendampingi Bunyamin yang menjabat sebagai Bupati Serang periode 2000-2005. Pasangan ini bersaing dengan tujuh pasang kandidat lain memperebutkan sekitar 300.000 suara pada pilkada, Agustus 2008. Pasangan ini ke putaran kedua bersama pasangan Jayengrana-Deden Apriandi. Bunyamin-Jaman memenangi putaran kedua pilkada, Oktober 2008.

    Pada waktu yang hampir bersamaan, Ratu Tatu Chasanah, adik kandung Atut lainnya, mengikuti Pilkada Kabupaten Lebak. Tatu sempat melamar menjadi calon wakil bupati mendampingi Mulyadi Jayabaya, tetapi ditolak. Dia pun gagal mengikuti Pilkada Lebak yang digelar Oktober 2008.

    Kegagalan Airin dan Tatu tak menyurutkan semangat mereka. Pemilu 2009 menjadi hajat besar bagi keluarga Hasan Sochib.

    Suami Atut, Hikmat Tomet, mencalonkan diri sebagai anggota DPR dari Partai Golkar. Andika Hazrumy, anak sulungnya, sebagai calon anggota DPD. Istri Andika, menantu Atut, Ade Rossi Chaerunnisa mencalonkan diri sebagai anggota DPRD Kota Serang.

    Tatu maju menjadi calon anggota DPRD Banten dari daerah pemilihan Pandeglang. Adik ipar Atut, Aden Abdul Khaliq, juga melamar menjadi anggota DPRD Banten. Dua ibu tiri Atut, Ratna Komalasari dan Heryani, mengincar kursi legislatif. Ratna menjadi anggota DPRD Kota Serang dan Heryani menjadi anggota DPRD Pandeglang.

    Mereka memiliki modal akses politik, ekonomi, dan sosial kemasyarakatan. Keluarga besar Atut menguasai berbagai jabatan informal. Hikmat Tomet, misalnya, menjabat Ketua Dewan Kerajinan Nasional Daerah (Dekranasda) Banten. Andika menjadi Koordinator Taruna Tanggap Bencana (Tagana) Banten, Bendahara Karang Taruna Banten, dan Wakil Ketua Gerakan Pemuda Ansor Banten. Ade Rossi adalah Ketua Komite Olahraga Nasional Indonesia (KONI) Kota Serang.

    Tatu menjadi Ketua Palang Merah Indonesia (PMI) Banten dan Airin adalah Ketua PMI Kota Tangerang Selatan. Tatu juga menjabat Ketua Dewan Koperasi Indonesia Banten, Ketua Gerakan Nasional Kepedulian Sosial Banten, serta Ketua Masyarakat Agribisnis dan Agroindustri Indonesia Banten.

    Keluarga ini menguasai jabatan dalam partai politik pula. Ratu Atut menjadi salah seorang ketua di Dewan Pimpinan Pusat (DPP) Partai Golkar, Hikmat Tomet adalah Ketua Partai Golkar Banten, Tatu Ketua Partai Golkar Pandeglang, dan Tubagus Chaeri Wardana adalah Ketua Angkatan Muda Partai Golkar (AMPG) Banten. Adik tiri Atut, Ratu Lilis Karyawati (istri Aden Abdul Khaliq), adalah Ketua Partai Golkar Kota Serang.

    Tahun 2010, Tatu mencalonkan diri sebagai Wakil Bupati Serang mendampingi Taufik Nuriman. Pasangan Taufik-Tatu telah mendeklarasikan pencalonannya, Minggu lalu. Airin juga disebut-sebut akan menjajal peruntungannya dengan mencalonkan diri sebagai Wali Kota Tangerang Selatan.

    Budaya politik kekerabatan tak hanya diterapkan keluarga besar Atut. Bupati dan wali kota di provinsi muda itu pun berusaha melanggengkan kekuasaan dengan menempatkan sejumlah kerabat dalam jabatan politik dan pemerintahan serta jabatan informal lainnya. Dimyati Natakusumah dan istrinya, Irna Narulita, tahun lalu menjadi anggota DPR dari Partai Persatuan Pembangunan. Dimyati sebelumnya adalah Bupati Pandeglang. Tahun ini, Irna dikabarkan mencalonkan diri sebagai Bupati Pandeglang.

    Anak kandung Bupati Lebak Mulyadi Jayabaya, yakni Iti Oktavia, terpilih menjadi anggota DPR dari Partai Demokrat. Adik Bupati Lebak, Mulyanah, terpilih menjadi anggota DPRD Lebak. Suaminya, Agus R Wisas, menjadi anggota DPRD Banten.

    Ahmed Zaki Iskandar Zulkarnaen, anak kandung Bupati Tangerang Ismet Iskandar, pun lolos ke Senayan. Begitu pula Tubagus Iman Ariyadi, anak Wali Kota Cilegon Tubagus Aat Syafaat, terpilih menjadi anggota Fraksi Partai Golkar DPR.

    Tahun ini, Iman akan terjun dalam bursa Pemilihan Wali Kota Cilegon didampingi Edi Ariadi, Sekretaris Kota Cilegon.

    Budaya itu akan menjadi kemajuan bagi demokrasi apabila tak hanya menekankan hubungan darah, tetapi juga kompetensi dan kemampuan. Sebaliknya, jika hanya didasarkan pada hubungan darah, itu adalah kemunduran bagi demokrasi.

    Dinasti Chasan Sochin memang telah merajai politik di Banten, tetapi ada sejumlah kelompok yang terus melakukan perlawanan terhadap kekuasaan tersebut. Diantara­ lawan-lawan politik terdapat­­ elite-elite politik yang me­ng­uasai sejumlah daerah di Ban­ten dan kelompok politik Islam.

    Kelompok-kelompok elite po­­litik itu sebenarnya juga membang­un dinastinya masing-masing. Di Kabupaten Lebak, Mulyadi Jayabaya yang menjabat sebagai Bu­pati Lebak berhasil mengantar­kan kedua puterinya, Diana Jayabaya sebagai anggota DPRD Provinsi Banten dan Iti Oktavia Jayabaya sebagai anggota DPR RI. Adik perempuannya, Mulyanah, terpilih menjadi ang­go­ta DPRD Lebak. Demikian juga suami Mulyanah, Agus R Wisas, menjadi anggota DPRD Ban­ten.

    Di Pandeglang ada Dimyati Natakusumah, mantan Bupati Pandeglang (Ketua DPW PPP Banten) yang berhasil meng­antar­kan isterinya, Irna Narulita Dimyati sebagai anggota DPR RI. Di Kota Tangerang, terdapat nama Wahidin Halim yang telah ber­­kuasa sebagai Walikota Tangerang­ selama dua periode. Adiknya Wahidin, Suwandi sempat maju sebagai bakal calon Walikota Tangerang Selatan tetapi gagal.

    Di Kabupaten Tangerang, Bupati Ismet Iskandar mengantarkan kedua putera-puterinya sebagai anggota legislatif (Ahmed Zaki Iskandar Zulkarnaen terpilih se­bagai anggota DPR RI dan Intan Nurul Hikmah menjadi Wakil Ketua DPRD Kabupaten Tangerang).

    Dalam sejumlah pemilukada, elite-elite lokal berperang memperebutkan kekuasaan. Di Lebak, Mulyadi Jayabaya pernah menolak lamaran Ratu Tatu Chasanah untuk menjadi calon Wakil Bupati Lebak.

    Di Kabupaten Pandeglang, Irna Narulita Dimyati berhadapan dengan Heryani dalam pemilukada 2010. Di Kabupaten Tange­rang, Ismet Iskandar berhasil me­ng­alahkan Airin dalam pemilukada 2008. Tahun 2012, akan diada­kan Pemilukada Gubernur Banten. Wahidin Halim dan Mulyadi Jayabaya mulai meramaikan bursa pencalonan bersaing dengan Ratu Atut Chosiyah. Tensi politik cukup tinggi sehingga Chasan Sochib mengirimkan surat kecaman terhadap Wahidin dan Mulyadi.

    Kelompok politik Islam mem­punyai kekuatan yang signi­fikan di Banten. Sejak dulu, Banten dikenal sebagai wilayah yang kental nuansa Islamnya. Islam tak hanya mempengaruhi reli­giusitas tetapi juga dunia politik di Banten, seperti pemberlakuan Syariat Islam di sejumlah kabupa­ten­.

    Kelompok politik Islam menentang dinasti Chasan Sochib. Mulai dari isu akhlak ang­gota dinasti Chasan Sochib sampai pada soal rencana pemberlakuan Syariat Islam untuk Provinsi Banten yang ditolak oleh dinasti Chasan Sochib.

    Perubahan kultur politik Banten­ tak bisa bergantung pada perlawanan kedua kelompok politik diatas, yakni elite lokal dan politik Islam. Para elite politik lokal yang menentang dinasti Chasan Sochib juga melakukan praktik politik serupa, yaitu membentuk dinasti politiknya masing-masing.

    Selain itu, ada pula elite politik yang pada awalnya menentang keras kekua­saan dinasti Chasan Sochib ternyata berbalik. Taufik Nuriman (Bu­pati Serang) dan Benyamin Davnie adalah contoh dari elite politik yang berbalik posisi politiknya. Taufik Nuriman pernah berseteru de­ngan­ Chasan Sochib. Keduanya saling melaporkan pencemaran nama baik ke Kepolisian Banten.

    Namun, pada Pemilukada Ka­bupaten Serang tahun 2010, Taufik Nuriman malah meng­gan­deng Ratu Tatu Chasanah, anak dari Chasan Sochib. Benyamin Davnie sempat maju menjadi calon wakil gubernur dari PKS menantang Ratu Atut yang maju sebagai calon gubernur dari Partai Golkar dalam Pemilu­kada Provinsi Banten 2007. Da­lam pe­mi­lukada tahun 2010 di Kota Tange­rang Selatan, Benyamin Davnie mendampingi Airin yang tak lain adalah adik ipar dari Ratu Atut.

    Perlawanan yang diberikan oleh kelompok Islam juga tak bisa diharapkan. Meski mereka keras memperjuangkan keyakinan politik Islam, tak jarang mereka bersekutu dengan dinasti Chasan Sochib. Kembali pada kasus Taufik Nuriman yang didukung oleh PKS banyak mempraktekkan nilai-nilai syariat Islam di Kabupa­ten Serang, tetapi akhirnya ber­koalisi dengan dinasti Chasan Sochib.

    Sejarah Ratu Atut Chosiyah



    Hj. Ratu Atut Chosiyah dilahirkan pada tanggal 16 Mei 1962 di Kampung Gumulung, Desa Kadubeureum, Kecamatan Pabuaran, Kabupaten Serang, Banten. Ratu Atut adalah sulung dari tiga bersaudara, putra-putri pasangan Haji Tubagus Chasan Sochib dan Hajjah Wasiah. Ratu Atut menjalani masa kecil, tumbuh dan berkembang bersama lingkungan masyarakat agraris dan agamis. Ia menamatkan Sekolah Dasar di kampungnya dan melanjutkan pendidikannya (SMP, SMA, Perguruan Tinggi) di Kota Bandung.

    Di Kota Kembang ini pula, ia mulai merintis bisnisnya: berawal dari usaha kecil-kecilan sebagai supplier alat tulis dan kontraktor, kemudian berkembang pesat ke berbagai bidang, terutama perdagangan dan kontraktor. Sebagai pengusaha, Ratu Atut pernah menduduki sejumlah jabatan prestisius, antara lain: Ketua Kama Dagang dan Industri Daerah (KADINDA) Provinsi Banten, Ketua Asosiasi Distributor Indonesia (ARDIN) Provinsi Banten dan aneka organisasi lain.

    Sebagai putri Banten, Ratu Atut merasa terpanggil untuk membangun Provinsi Banten, yang terbentuk pada pertengahan tahun 2001, dengan terlibat langsung sebagai pemegang kebijakan dalam pemerintahan. Ia terjun ke dunia birokrasi dengan mencalonkan diri sebagai Wakil Gubernur Banten periode 2002-2007. Dalam pemilihan di DPRD Banten, Ratu Atut bersama calon gubernur Djoko Munandar terpilih untuk memimpin Provinsi Banten. Pada tanggal 11 Januari 2002, Hj. Ratu Atut Chosiyah resmi menduduki jabatan Wakil Gubernur Banten. Dan pada awal tahun 2006, ia dipercaya sebagai Pelaksana Tugas (Plt.) Gubernur Banten.

    Selama lima tahun Hj. Ratu Atut Chosiyah di pemerintahan, telah banyak pembangunan dan kemajuan di berbagai bidang. Hal itu bisa dilihat dari indikator-indikator ekonomi dan sosial selama lima tahun terakhir. Pada tahun 2001 pertumbuhan ekonomi Banten meningkat dari 3,72% menjadi 5,33% di tahun 2002 dan terus meningkat di tahun 2003 dan 2004 yang masing-masing mencapai 5,62% dan 5,81%. Di tahun 2005 pertumbuhan ekonomi Provinsi Banten kembali meningkat sekitar 6%. Bahkan di tahun 2006 Pemerintah Provinsi Banten, dibawah kepemimpinan Plt. Gubernur Hj. Ratu Atut Chosiyah, menargetkan pertumbuhan ekonomi sebesar 6%.

    Salah satu proyek andalan dalam rangka memacu pertumbuhan ekonomi adalah pembangunan Pelabuhan Bojonegara yang akan melengkapi dua pelabuhan besar yang sudah ada: Pelabuhan Penyembrangan Merak dan Pelabuhan Barang Cigading. Proyek Pelabuhan Bojonegara seluas 350 hektar ini rencanaya akan beroperasi pada tahun 2010 dan akan sangat signifikan mendongkrak pertumbuhan ekonomi Provinsi Banten.

    Di tengah kesibukannya, istri H. Hikmat Tomet tak melupakan kodratnya sebagai seorang istri dan seorang ibu yang harus mendidik dan membesarkan ketiga anaknya. Pengakuan atas kesuksesannya sebagai seorang ibu, pengusaha dan pemimpin pemerintahan, tampak dari sejumlah penghargaan yang diterimanya, seperti : “Anugrah Citra Perempuan Indonesia” di bidang sosial dan wirausaha dari Yayasan Pesona Indonesia, serta Anugrah Citra Kartini 2003 dari Yayasan Prestasi Indonesia.

    Disamping menggenjot roda perkonomian Banten, Ratu Atut juga sangat memperhatikan pembanguan sektor pedesaan. Beberapa program sektor pedesaan seperti program padat karya dalam bentuk pembangunan jalan lingkungan dan program penyediaan fasilitas air bersih dan sarana Madi Cuci Kakus (MCK) untuk meningkatkan kesehatan masyarakat; program Bantuan Keuangan (fresh money) yang diberikan kepada seluruh desa di Provinsi Banten; program Listrik Desa (Lisdes); serta program bantuan keterampilan dan peningkatan usaha mikro serta usaha kecil di pedesaan.

    Di bidang kesehatan, Ratu Atut telah mencanangkan program “Banten Sehat 2008”. Program ini diharapkan nantinya akan mampu menciptakan masyarakat Banten untuk hidup dalam lingkungan yang sehat baik itu secara fisik maupun sehat secara sosial kemasyarakatan. Selain itu program ini juga akan membimbing masyarakat untuk selalu berperilaku sehat. Sementara di bidang lingkungan hidup, Ratu Atut mendorong terciptanya lingkungan yang sehat. Salah satu program nyata telah diluncurkan Pemprov Banten yang bekerjasama dengan Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup yaitu program ”Super Kasih” (Surah Penyataan Kali Bersih). Program ini meyertakan dan mengajak para pengusaha untuk ikut menjaga kebersihan kali Cisadane dan Ciliwung.

    Kiprahnya dipucuk pimpinan pemerintahan Banten telah menghantarkannya sebagai sosok perempuan pemimpin yang Cakap, Bijaksana dan Teruji. Dalam pandangan banyak tokoh dan masyarakat Banten, Ratu Atut dinilai sebagai putri asli Banten yang merakyat, toleran, dan relegius. Ia juga dipandang peduli terhadap kelompok masyarakat marjinal, kaum dhuafa serta pejuang hak-hak perempuan. Dalam konteks itu pula khalayak memintanya untuk meneruskan estafet kepemimpinannya. Memenuhi panggilan tesebut dan berpijak pada pemikiran yang mendalam serta panggilan nurani maka dengan segala keikhlasan, Hj. Ratu Atut Chosiyah, SE terjun serta dalam Pemilihan Kepala Daerah (PILKADA) Banten yang telah digelar tanggal 26 November 2006 lalu.

    sumber: http://www.penghubung.banten.go.id


    PROFIL GUBERNUR BANTEN selama hampir 3 periode, 2005-2017
    7 Jun 2013 18:49 pm

    Periode 2011 – 2017

    Nama:Hj. Ratu Atut Chosiyah
    Tempat Lahir : Ciomas, Serang, Banten
    Tanggal Lahir : 16 Mei 1962
    Agama : Islam
    Suami : Drs. H. Hikmat Tomet
    Ayah : Prof. Dr. (HC) Chasan Sochib (alm)
    Ibu : Hj. Wasi’ah

    SD Negeri Gumulung Tahun 1974
    SMP Negeri 11 Bandung Tahun 1977
    SMA Negeri Bandung Tahun 1981
    Akuntansi perbankan Tahun 1984
    Universitas Borobudur, Jakarta

    Penghargaan :

    Anugerah Citra Perempuan Indonesia Bidang Sosial dan Wirausaha – Yayasan Citra Presentasi Indonesia Tahun 2001
    Anugerah Citra Kartini – Yayasan Pesona Indonesia Tahun 2002
    Anugrah Manggala Karya Kencana di Bidang Keluarga Berencana dan Keluarga Sejahtera – Presiden RI Tahun 2007
    Penghargaan Sebagai Gubernur Wanita Pertama di Indonesia Museum Rekor Indonesia (MURI) Tahun 2007
    Penghargaan Sebagai Pemprakarsa dan Penyelenggara Pembacaan dan Penandatanganan Ikrar Anti Narkoba – Museum Rekor Indonesia (MURI) Tahun 2007
    Anugerah Parahita Ekapraya Tingkat Madya sebagai Kepala Daerah yang memiliki Komitmen dalam Upaya Mewujudkan Kesetaraan dan Keadilan Gender – Presiden RI Tahun 2008
    Anugerah Unityof Diversity Award atas dedikasi dalam menumbuhkan semangat Bhineka Tunggal Ika menjadi Karakter Bangsa – Ketua Komisi Manan Award Tahun 2008
    Penghargaan Sebagai Lembaga yang Berjasa di Bidang Pertanahan Tahun 2008 – Kepala BPN RI Tahun 2008
    Penghargaan atas terjalinya hubungan kemitraan dengan baik antara Pemerintah Provinsi Banten dengan KADIN Provinsi Banten – Ketua Umum Dewan Pengurus Tahun 2008
    Penghargaan atas inisiatif dalam melaksanakan Pekan Nasional Keselamatan Jalan ke-3 tahun 2009 – Menteri Perhubungan RI Tahun 2009
    Gubernur Paling Visioner – Majalah Birokrat Tahun 2009
    Tanda Kehormatan Satyalancana Pembangunan – Presiden RI Tahun 2009
    Anugerah Aksara Madya atas kepedulian dan kinerja yang tinggi dalam percepatan pemberantasan buta aksaradi Provinsi Banten – Presiden RI Tahun 2009
    Penghargaan sebagai Tokoh Peduli Pemuda – Ketua DPP KNPI Tahun 2009
    Tanda Kehormatan Satyalancana Wira Karya – Presiden RI Tahun 2009
    Anugerah Parahita Ekapraya Madya – Presiden RI Tahun 2009
    Anugerah Penghargaan Perempuan Indonesia Peduli Kearsipan – Presiden RI Tahun 2009
    Anugerah Satya Lencana Pembangunan Bidang Koperasi dan UMK – Presiden RI Tahun 2009
    Layang Pangajen – Organisasi Pasundan 2009
    Penghargaan atas Pembinaan Provinsi Kategori Unit Pengelola Kegiatan (UPK) – Mendagri Tahun 2010
    Anugerah Amal Bhakti – Kementerian Agama RI Tahun 2011
    Penganugerahan Lencana Melati Pramuka – Presiden RI Tahun 2011
    Penganugerahan Anugerah Parahita Ekapraya (APE) Tingkat Pratam – Presiden RI Tahun 2011

    Sumber : Biro Humas dan Protokol Setda Provinsi Banten


    Ratu Atut Chosiyah Jadi Plt Gubernur Banten
    21 October 2005

    Wakil Gubernur Banten, Hj Ratu Atut Chosiyah, menjadi Pelaksana Tugas (Plt) Gubernur Banten, setelah Djoko Munandar dinonaktifkan terkait perkara korupsi dana perumahan DPRD Banten periode 2001-2004 sebesar Rp 14 miliar.

    Banten (Suara Pembaruan) – Wakil Gubernur Banten, Hj Ratu Atut Chosiyah, menjadi Pelaksana Tugas (Plt) Gubernur Banten, setelah Djoko Munandar dinonaktifkan terkait perkara korupsi dana perumahan DPRD Banten periode 2001-2004 sebesar Rp 14 miliar.

    Presiden Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono melalui Keppres No 169/M/2005 tertanggal 10 Oktober 2005, sebagai tindak lanjut surat Mendagri tertanggal 6 September 2005 menetapkan Djoko Munandar dinonaktifkan dari jabatannya sebagai Gubernur Banten dan menetapkan Hj Ratu Atut Chosiyah, Wakil Gubernur Banten, sebagai pelaksana tugas (Plt) Gubernur.

    Sejak Keppres No 169/M/2005 itu diterbitkan, Djoko Munandar terhitung sejak Selasa (11/10) tidak masuk kantor. Seluruh tugas dan wewenangnya diserahkan kepada Ratu Atut Chosiyah.

    Proses persidangaan kasus korupsi terdakwa Djoko Munandar itu memang masih berlangsung di Pengadilan Negeri Serang dengan agenda pemeriksaan saksi ahli.Terdakwa Djoko Munandar didakwa oleh JPU dari Kejati telah melakukan tindakan korupsi dengan cara memperkaya orang lain yaitu anggota DPRD Banten periode 2001-2004 sehingga menyebabkan kerugian uang negara senilai Rp 14 miliar atau sekitar Rp 13,504 miliar setelah sebagian dana itu dikembalikan ke kas daerah.

    Dalam dakwaannya, JPU dari Kejati Banten mendakwa terdakwa dengan dakwan primer, subsidair dan kumulatif. Dakwaan dibuat dalam bentuk berlapis yakni dakwaan kesatu dan dakwaan kedua.

    Dalam dakwaan kesatu primer disebutkan terdakwa dijerat dengan Pasal 2 Ayat (1) jo pasal 18 UU RI Nomor 31 Tahun 1999 sebagaimana telah diubah dengan UU Nomor 20 Tahun 2001 tentang Pemberantasan Tindakan Pidana Korupsi jo Pasal 55 (1) ke-1 KUH Pidana, jo Pasal 65 Ayat 1 KUH Pidana.

    Sementara dakwaan kesatu subsidair ditegaskan bahwa terdakwa dijerat dengan Pasal 3 jo Pasal 18 UU RI Nomor 31 Tahun 1999 sebagaimana telah diubah dengan UU Nomor 20 Tahun 2001 tentang Pemberantasan Tindakan Pidana Korupsi jo Pasal 55 (1) ke-1 KUH Pidana, jo Pasal 65 Ayat 1 KUH Pidana.

    Sedangkan dalam dakwaan kedua primer ditegaskan bahwa terdakwa dijerat dengan Pasal Pasal 2 Ayat (1) jo pasal 18 UU RI Nomor 31 Tahun 1999 sebagaimana telah diubah dengan UU Nomor 20 Tahun 2001 tentang Pemberantasan Tindakan Pidana Korupsi jo Pasal 55 (1) ke-1 KUH Pidana, jo Pasal 64 Ayat 1 KUHP.

    Semantara dalam dakwaan kedua subsidair disebutkan bahwa terdakwa dijerat dengan Pasal 3 jo pasal 18 UU RI Nomor 31 Tahun 1999 sebagaimana telah diubah dengan UU Nomor 20 Tahun 2001 tentang Pemberantasan Tindakan Pidana Korupsi jo Pasal 55 (1) ke-1 KUH Pidana, jo Pasal 64 Ayat 1 KUH Pidana. (149)

    Sumber: http://www.suarapembaruan.com/News/2005/10/21/index.html


    Posisi Plt Gubernur Banten Berada di Dua Arah
    Senin, 24 Oktober 2005

    Sejumlah kalangan menilai, posisi Ratu Atut Chosiyah, sebagai pelaksana tugas (Plt) menggantikan Gubernur Banten, Djoko Munandar, yang diberhentikan sementara oleh presiden karena diduga terlibat korupsi, berada di dua arah berlawanan antara menguntungkan dan berbahaya. Terlebih posisi tersebut, bila dikaitkan dengan rencana Ratu Atut Chosiyah, untuk bertanding di bursa pilkada tingkat provinsi yang akan digelar di penghujung tahun 2005 mendatang.

    “Posisi menguntungkan dan berbahaya tersebut, sangat tergantung dalam membentuk partner kerja dalam sisa waktu satu tahun masa kerjanya saat ini,” kata Ketua Umum Pengawas Independen Aparatur Negara (PIAN), Bangun Nugrohoi, di Tangerang, Minggu. Bangun Nugrohoi, sengaja dijumpai Suara Karya, untuk mengetahui tingkat antusias masyarakat Banten, dalam memilih gubernurnya pada masa bakti tahun 2006-2011 mendatang.

    Menurut Bangun, kecuali masyarakat perkotaan, sebagian besar masyarakat, terutama di tingkat grass root memandang penggantian kepala daerah tidak terlalu penting bahkan lebih dari itu tidak mau pusing. “Kalaupun masyarakat mau berduyun-duyun pergi ke salah satu tempat pemungutan suara (TPS) untuk pencoblosan dalam suatu acara pemilihan umum, baik tingkat daerah maupun pusat, itu tidak lebih sebagai suatu rekreasi keluar dari rumah/hiburan, serta merasa berkewajiban sebagai warga negara,”katanya.

    Tidak itu saja, masyarakat yang melakukan pencoblosan samasekali bukan bermaksud agar terjadi perbaikan pada nasib mereka atau di daerah tempat mereka berdomisili, saat seseorang yang mereka coblos di tanda gambar menjadi pemenang. Tapi lebih karena mempunyai rasa tidak enak kepada pengurus lingkungan maupun seseorang yang mereka anggap tokoh. “Biasanya masyarakat di tingkat grass root pada saat pencoblosan akan memilih orang yang mereka kenal, baik melalui media atau pernah melihat secara langsung dalam suatu acara yang melibatkan mereka. Menarik simpati masyarakat di tingkat ini, ada baiknya Ratu Atut Chosiyah, membentuk tim yang solid di sisa masa kerjanya selama satu tahun mendatang,” kata Bangun.

    Ketika ditanya, apakah tim kerja yang diwariskan oleh Djoko Munandar, saat ini dinilai sudah cukup solid, untuk mengantarkan dia sebagai pemenang dalam pilkada tingkat provinsi setahun mendatang. “Sejak saat ini, Atut, harus membangun tim yang solid dan melakukan perbaikan di sana-sini, terutama di tingkat biro dan kepala dinas strategis yang tugasnya bersentuhan langsung dengan masyarakat. Selain itu yang lebih penting lagi, beliau bersama timnya, harus pandai mengatur penggunaan APBD untuk perbaikan pembangunan

    di semua sistem ekonomi masyarakat. Seluruh kerja tim harus dilakukan evaluasi secara priodik minimal dua bulan sekali menjelang masa akhir tugasnya satu tahun mendatang,” kata Bangun.

    Perlu diingat, lanjutnya, menarik simpati masyarakat dengan membagi-bagikan dana langsung tunai, tidak saja akan dihajar oleh lawan politiknya, tapi juga tidak efektif. Untuk itu, dia harus menjadi leader took a fancy to by people because the masterpiece of.

    Di tempat terpisah, Ketua Fraksi Golkar, DPRD Provinsi Banten, Rudi, mengatakan, Atut, harus secara cermat melakukan penggantian para penjabat di lingkungan dinas dan biro dengan tepat. Namun demikian, Rudi tidak mau merinci satu persatu dinas dan biro mana saja yang dinilai tidak efektif selama ini dan perlu diganti.

    “Saya tidak mau merinci satu persatu, karena hal penggantian penjabat dan kepala biro ada mekanismenya serta hak preogratif saudara Plt. Hanya saja, perlu saya sarankan, untuk jabatan strategis penggantiannya perlu dikonsultasikan dengan DPRD serta melalui pengkajian yang independen oleh sebuah konsultan atau melibatkan pihak ke tiga,” katanya.

    Sedangkan salah seorang tokoh pendiri Provinsi Banten, Triana Sam’un, menegaskan, kepada Plt Gubernur Banten, Ratu Atut Chosiyah, diminta untuk menjalankan tugas berpedoman pada aturan serta bergerak atas kepentingan rakyat.

    “Kendati soal pemutasian penjabat teras di lingkungannya merupakan hak preogratif Plt, namun harus dilandasi atas kepentingan rakyat dan bukan sebaliknya,” kata Triana, yang disebut-sebut sebagai salah satu kandidat pilkada Provinsi Banten mendatang.

    Sementara Ketua Komisi B DPRD Provinsi Banten, Yayat Suhartono, mengancam akan mempermasalahkan Ratu Atut Chosiyah, dalam sebuah forum resmi bila dalam menjalankan tugasnya banyak melakukan kesalahan, terutama soal penggunaan anggaran. “Saya akan sikat,” kata Yayat, tanpa merinci bentuk sikat dimaksud.

    Di sisi lain, Atut, yang didesak wartawan, dalam sebuah pertemuan di lingkungan Pemda Provinsi Banten, yang dihadiri sejumlah petinggi provinsi setempat, termasuk Ketua DPRD Banten Adi Surya Darma serta Djoko Munandar, mengaku akan melakukan penggantian para pejabat di lingkungannya sesuai dengan mekanisme.

    Dalam hal-hal tertentu Atut, juga mengaku akan tetap melakukan konsultasi dengan Djoko Munandar, karena lebih senior di pemerintahan dan sudah dianggap kakak sendiri. (Wisnu)

  • Virtual Chitchatting 12:14 PM on 2013/10/07 Permalink  

    Langkah konsolidasi Penguasa Banten Ratu Atut Chosiyah ketika sudah dicekal


    Atut Kumpul dengan Keluarga dari Banten di Jakarta
    TEMPO.CO – Sab, 5 Okt 2013

    TEMPO.CO, Jakarta – Gubernur Banten Ratu Atut Chosiyah sempat menyambangi rumahnya di kawasan Kebon Jeruk, Jakarta Barat, siang tadi. Menurut salah seorang kerabat, Atut mengunjungi rumah tersebut dalam rangka acara keluarga.

    “Ada acara saja, keluarga semua dari Banten yang datang,” ujar kerabat yang menolak disebut namanya itu kepada Tempo, Sabtu, 5 Oktober 2013. Ia menuturkan, setidaknya pertemuan itu dihadiri 15 orang. Namun ia menolak membeberkan isi pertemuan tersebut.

    Menjelang sore hari, Atut bergegas dari rumahnya tersebut. Ia buru-buru menaiki mobilnya yang berpelat B 16 RAC tanpa memberi keterangan apapun. Menurut sang kerabat, Atut kembali pulang ke rumahnya di Serang, Banten.

    “Acaranya sudah beres, yang lain juga sudah pada pulang,” ujarnya. Menurut Rahno, 34 tahun, warga setempat, sempat ada sekitar delapan mobil berpelat wilayah Banten. Mobil-mobil itu terparkir di ujung jalan Blok U, Kompleks Interkon, Kebon Jeruk. “Tadi diminta enggak parkir depan rumah karena takut ngehalangin jalan,” ujarnya.

    Mobil-mobil tersebut dibilang Rahno mewah-mewah. “Ada X-Trail, Fortuner, sama Camry,” ujarnya. Iringan mobil mewah itu datang sekitar pukul 13.30 WIB dan bubar dua jam kemudian.

    Salah seorang petugas keamanan di kompleks tersebut mengatakan, Atut kerap datang ke rumah tersebut dengan menggunakan sedan hitam. “Kalau enggak seminggu, ya, dua minggu sekali,” ujar Didan, 29 tahun.

    Ia sebelumnya mengenali Atut sebagai pejabat dari Banten karena mobilnya berpelat A, dan kerap dikawal oleh mobil lain di belakangnya. “Pas ramai-ramai, baru ngeh kalau itu Gubernur (Banten),” ujarnya.

    Selanjutnya rumah Atut

    Rumah yang dikunjungi Atut terbilang istimewa dibanding rumah lain di blok tersebut. Rumah berpagar krem itu memiliki pos pengamanan sendiri yang terletak di sisi depan kanan rumah. Rumah tersebut berlantai dua, dengan paduan warna merah bata di sisi kiri temboknya. Di dalam rumah terdapat sebuah mobil dan motor yang ditutupi terpal pengaman. Mobil itu terletak di garasi depan yang ditutupi kanopi berwarna hijau.

    “Biasanya kalau lagi enggak ada acara kayak sekarang, lampu depan rumah nyala. Kayaknya memang di dalamnya enggak ada orang,” ujarnya.

    Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi resmi mencegah Gubernur Banten Ratu Atut Chosiyah bepergian ke luar negeri sejak Kamis, 3 Oktober 2013. Ratu Atut dicegah bepergian ke luar negeri selama enam bulan ke depan.

    Juru bicara KPK, Johan Budi, mengatakan Ratu Atut dicegah terkait dengan pengusutan kasus suap Ketua Mahkamah Konstitusi Akil Mochtar. Sebab, politikus Partai Golkar itu akan berstatus saksi, dan sewaktu-waktu penyidik KPK akan membutuhkan keterangannya. “Dengan maksud bahwa yang bersangkutan tidak berada di luar negeri saat keterangannya dibutuhkan penyidik,” kata Johan, Kamis malam.



    Silsilah Dinasti Banten, Abah Chasan dan Para Istri
    TEMPO.CO – 57 menit yang lalu

    TEMPO.CO, Jakarta – Gubernur Banten Ratu Atut Chosiyah menjadi sorotan ketika KPK menangkap adiknya, Tubagus Chaeri Wardana alias Wawan dalam upaya suap Ketua MK, Akil Mochtar. Gebrakan KPK, termasuk mencegah Ratu Atut ke luar negeri, disambut banyak pihak sebagai awal runtuhnya “dinasti Banten”.

    Dinasti Banten keluarga Atut berawal dari sang ayah, Tubagus Chasan Sochib. Sang jawara Banten ini pernah berujar “Sayalah gubernur jenderal.” Kalimat itu dilontarkan sang Jawara setelah Chasan mengantarkan pasangan Djoko Munandar-Ratu Atut sebagai Gubernur dan Wakil Gubernur Banten tahun 2001.

    Nama Chasan berkibar melalui perusahaan CV Sinar Ciomas yang didirikan pada1970-an. Perusahaan kontraktor itu cikal bakal PT Sinar Ciomas Raya yang sahamnya dimiliki keluarga besar Chasan.

    Proyek-proyek besar di Banten sudah pernah digarap PT Sinar Ciomas seperti pembangunan gedung dewan tahun 2006. Pelabuhan dermaga di Cigading pun digarap PT Sinar Ciomas. Pembangunan gedung DPRD Banten senilai Rp 62 miliar juga tidak lepas dari PT Sinar Ciomas.

    Chasan Sochib meninggal 30 Juni 2011. Namun, pamor keluarga ini belum luntur karena keluarga besarnya menduduki banyak posisi penting di pemerintahan maupun bisnis.

    Chasan memiliki banyak istri. Jumlah istri dan anak Chasan Sochib bukan “angka pasti”. Istri pertamanya, Wasiah, ketika diwawancarai Tempo, tak bisa menyebutkan siapa saja istri Chasan. “Ada di mana-mana,” katanya. Seseorang yang dekat dengan penerima gelar doktor honoris causa dan profesor dari Northern California University dan Global University International ini bercerita, “Chasan juga tak tahu jumlah dan nama semua anaknya.”

    Jumlah istri Chasan sebenarnya bisa terlihat dari data tentang ahli warisnya. Surat Mahkamah Agung yang diterima Tempo menunjukkan Chasan memiliki 25 ahli waris dari 6 istri.

    ** ISTRI PERTAMA, Wasiah Samsudin, menikah 2 November 1960 di Serang. Namun bercerai tahun 1991 :


    1. Ratu Atut Chosiyah :

    JABATAN : Awalnya Atut menjabat sebagai wakil gubernur pada 2001. Kariernya naik menjadi Plt. Gubernur Banten pada Oktober 2005. Puncaknya, ia berhasil menduduki jabatan Gubernur Provinsi Banten periode 2007-2012 dan 2012-2017.

    Suami : Hikmat Tomet yang menjabat anggota Komisi V Fraksi Golkar 2009-2014

    Anak pasangan Atut dan Hikmat :

    1. Andika Hazrumy menjabat sebagai anggota DPD Banten 2009-2014, Kordinator TAGANA (Taruna Siaga Bencana) Banten, Direktur Utama PT. Andika Pradana Utama, Direktur Utama PT Pelayaran Sinar Ciomas Pratama, Direktur Utama PT Ratu Hotel.

    Istri : Ade Rossi Khoerunisa menjabat sebagai anggota DPRD Kota Serang 2009-2014.

    2.Ratu Tatu Chasanah: Wakil Bupati Kabupaten Serang 2010-2015

    3. Tubagus Chaeri Wardana alias Wawan: Pengusaha dan Ketua AMPG Banten

    Istri : Airin Rachmi Diany menjabat sebagai Walikota Tangerang Selatan 2011-2016.

    Istri kedua…

    ** ISTRI KEDUA, Ratu Rapiah Suhaemi. Ia dinikahi Chasan Sochib pada 2 Mei 1969 di Serang. :

    Dari Rapiah Suhaemi, Chasan mendapat lima anak :

    1. Tubagus Haerul Jaman

    Menjabat sebagai Wakil Walikota Serang 2008-2013 dan Walikota Serang 2013-2018.

    2. Ratu Lilis Karyawati

    Menjabat sebagai Ketua DPD II Golkar Kota Serang 2009-2014.

    Suami : Aden Abdul Khaliq yang menjabat sebagai anggota DPRD Banten 2009-2014.

    3. Iloh Rohayati

    4. Tubagus Hendru Zaman

    5. Ratu Ria Mariana

    ** ISTRI KETIGA, Chaeriyah. Tubagus Chasan Sochib menikahinya pada 21 Mei 1968. Namun mereka bercerai pada 2002. Dengan istri ketiga, Chasan dikaruniani lima anak :

    1. Ratu Heni Chendrayani

    Menjabat : Pengurus Kadin periode 2012-2017. Ia menduduki posisi Ketua Komite Tetap Asuransi Kendaraan.

    2. Ratu Wawat Cherawati

    Menjabat : Pengurus Kadin periode 2012-2017. Ia menduduki posisi Komite Tetap Pengolahan & Pemanfaatan Limbah Industri Pertambangan.

    3. Tubagus Hafid Habibullah

    4. Tubagus Ari Chaerudin, aktif di Gapensi kota Serang

    5. Ratu Hera Herawati

    Istri keempat…

    ** ISTRI KEEMPAT, Imas Masnawiyah dinikahi Chasan Sochib pada 06 Juni 1969 di Pandeglang dan sudah meninggal pada 17 Februari 1986.

    Dengan istri keempat, Chasan mempunyai tiga anak :

    1.Ratu Ipah Chudaefah

    Guru di Kota Serang.

    2. Ratu Yayat Nurhayati

    3. Tubagus Aan Andriawan

    **ISTRI KELIMA, Heryani Yuhana yang dinikahi Chasan 30 Mei 1988 di Pandeglang.

    Istri kelima ini menjabat sebagai anggota DPRD Kabupaten Pandeglang periode 2009-2014. Chasan dari Heryani mendapat lima anak :

    1. Tubagus Erhan Hazrumi

    Menjabat : Direktur PT Trio Punditama.

    2. Ratu Irianti

    3. Tubagus Bambang Saepullah

    4. Tubagus Febi Feriana Fahmi

    ** ISTRI KEENAM, Ratna Komalasari dinikahi Chasan pada 8 April 1991. Ia menjabat sebaga anggota DPRD Kota Serang periode 2009-2014. Empat anak didapat Chasan dari Ratna Komalasari :

    1.Tubagus Bambang Chaeruman

    Menjabat : Bekerja sebagai kontraktor.

    2. Ratu Aeliya Nurchayati

    3. Tubagus Taufik Hidayat



    Adik Ratu Atut Disebut Penguasa Proyek Banten
    TEMPO.CO – Jum, 4 Okt 2013

    TEMPO.CO, Jakarta – Tubagus Chaeri Wardana, salah satu tersangka suap Ketua Mahkamah Konstitusi Akil Mochtar, adalah tokoh muda yang sangat disegani di Banten. Putra bungsu tokoh Banten Tubagus Chasan Sochib ini disebut-sebut sebagai penguasa proyek di kawasan ujung barat Pulau Jawa itu.

    Kiprah Chaeri alias Wawan pernah dikupas majalah Tempo pada edisi 25 September 2011. Sejumlah sumber Tempo mengatakan, Wawan bisa bertindak seolah-olah menjadi penentu anggaran dan proyek Provinsi Banten.

    Dahnil Anzar, dosen ekonomi Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa yang juga bekas anggota staf ahli DPRD Banten, mengatakan Wawan merupakan pemegang kekuasaan yang sebenarnya di klan Chasan, setelah sang ayah wafat. ”Dia punya tangan-tangan, menggunakan banyak bendera untuk proyek-proyeknya. Semua dari anggaran daerah,” kata Dahnil kepada Tempo.

    Sejumlah pengusaha membenarkan soal peran Wawan. Semua penggarap proyek diputuskan oleh suami Wali Kota Tangerang Selatan, Airin Rachmi Diani ini, dengan perusahaan yang bukan atas namanya. Sumber Tempo mengatakan proyek di Banten sering disubkontrakkan oleh Wawan ke perusahaan lain, “yang tidak ikut tender,” ujarnya. Tanpa menyetor uang, kata pengusaha ini, jangan harap mendapat proyek.

    Namun, Wawan membantah semua tuduhan yang mengarah kepadanya. Dia mengaku sudah tak lagi aktif dalam bisnis langsung dan memilih untuk membina para pengusaha melalui organisasi Kamar Dagang dan Industri Banten, sesuai dengan amanat ayahnya. ”Saya bingung kalau dianggap menguasai proyek di sini. Kalau benar, pasti saya sudah ditangkap polisi, jaksa, atau KPK,” ujarnya.

    Nyatanya Wawan kini meringkuk di sel KPK, dalam kasus suap ketua Mahkamah Kosntitusi Akil Mochtar.



    Dinasti Banten Bisa Runtuh Bila Pengusutan oleh KPK Meluas
    TRIBUNnews.com – Sab, 5 Okt 2013

    TRIBUNNEWS.COM, JAKARTA – Dua tokoh dalam “Dinasti Banten” tengah terseret dalam pusaran kasus suap mantan Ketua MK Akil Mochtar. Tubagus Chaeri Wardana alias Wawan, putra almarhum TB H Chasan Sochib atau Haji Hasan sudah meringkuk di tahanan KPK.

    Sementara sang kakak, Gubernur Banten, Ratu Atut Chosiyah dicegah ke luar negeri oleh KPK. Kalangan mahasiswa yang menggelar aksi sujud syukur di Serang, Kamis (3/10/2013) berharap penangkapan Wawan segera membawa angin perubahan di Banten. Akankah itu terjadi?

    Pengamat Politik Banten, Gandung Ismanto, kepada Tribunnews.com Jumat (4/10/2013) malam mengungkapkan analisisnya. Menurut Gandung, Dinasti Banten didukung oleh dua pilar penting yakni kelompok ulama dan jawara. “Sepanjang dua pilar ini masih mendukung, maka dinasti belum akan runtuh,” ujarnya.

    Namun bukan berarti Dinasti Banten berupa hegemoni keturunan TB H Chasan Sochib tak bisa berakhir. Menurut pria yang juga pengajar di Fisip Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa (Untirta) Serang, itu bisa terjadi bila politik transaksional antara penguasa dan pilar pendukungnya terputus.

    “Bangunan sikap politik atau dukungan mereka sebenarnya semu, karena bersifat transaksional semata di mana mereka mendapat beragam fasilitas dari pemerintah,” kata Gandung sepuluh tahun terakhir mencermati perkembangan Dinasti Banten.

    Oleh sebab itu, menurut Gandung, publik Banten berharap KPK terus menelusuri dugaan penyimpangan yang terjadi di lingkup birokrasi di Banten. Termasuk juga penyimpangan yang terkait dengan pilkada di Banten.

    “Oleh sebab itu banyak yang berharap KPK bisa mengusut hubungan hukum kasus-kasus pilkada lain seperti di Pandeglang, Serang, Tangsel dan juga Provinsi Banten. Itu bisa serius mengguncang para loyalis dinasti ini,” katanya.

    Seperti diketahui, Wawan dan Atut terseret dalam kasus dugaan suap mantan pada Ketua MK Akil Mochtar terkait pilkada Kabupaten Lebak. “Selain Lebak yang saat ini tengah dalam sidang sengketa juga pilkada Kota Serang yang berperkara adalah adik tiri Ratu Atut, Chaerul Jamal sebagai incumbent Wali Kota Serang,” ujar Gandung.

    Seperti diberitakan, Wawan dan Atut adalah tokoh penting dalam “Dinasti Banten”. Wawan yang sebagai Ketua Kadin Banten disebut sebagai mastermind sementara Ratu Atut secara formal berada di hierarki tertinggi pemerintahan Banten.


    7 Tahun tak lapor harta, Ratu Atut diimbau KPK lapor LHKPN
    Merdeka.com – Sab, 5 Okt 2013

    MERDEKA.COM. Gubernur Banten Ratu Atut diketahui telah 7 tahun tidak melaporkan harta kekayaannya ke KPK. Padahal Atut yang termasuk penyelenggara negara wajib melaporkan harta kekayaannya tiap tahun ke KPK. Atas hal itu, KPK hanya bisa mengimbau Atut untuk melaporkan harta kekayaannya ke KPK

    “Kewajiban melapor itu saat sebelum menjabat dan setelah dia menjabat,” ujar Jubir KPK Johan Budi SP .

    Johan menambahkan, meski jika tidak melapor tidak akan dikenakan sanksi, namun sebagai pertanggungjawaban kepada publik, seorang penyelenggara negara wajib melaporkan hartanya. Hal ini, lanjut Johan, berlaku juga untuk semua pejabat negara.

    “Ke semua penyelenggara negara kita sampaikan imbauan untuk sampaikan LHKPN-nya. Jadi tidak bisa dibatasi orang per orang begitu (seperti kepada Ratu Atut saja). Siapapun yang belum laporkan, ya kami imbau untuk sampaikan,” tandasnya.

    Sebelumnya, dalam situs acch.kpk.co.id, harta Atut yang tercatat hanya tertanggal 6 Oktober 2006. Di sana Ratu Atut menyampaikan laporan hartanya saat ingin mencalonkan kedua sebagai Gubernur Banten periode 2007-2012.

    Harta kekayaan Ratu Atut tersebut berjumlah Rp41.937.757.809. Atut tidak memiliki uang dollar maupun hutang. Atut juga pernah melaporkan hartanya pada 1 Oktober 2002. Saat itu total hartanya yakni Rp30.634.463.714.

    Lalu bagaimana harta kekayaan Atut yang sekarang?

    Atut sendiri telah dicegah bepergian ke luar negeri selama 6 bulan oleh KPK. Pencegahan itu berkaitan dengan kasus yang menjerat adiknya, Tubagus Chaeri Wardana yang menyuap Ketua Mahkamah Konstitusi Akil Mochtar dalam sengketa Pilkada Lebak, Banten.

    Kemarin penyidik menggeledah rumah adik kandung Atut, Tubagus Chaeri Wardana di Jalan Denpasar Jakarta. Penyidik menyita sejumlah dokumen yang dibawa dalam empat kardus dan 10 mobil mewah yang diduga milik keluarga Atut.

    Adik Atut, Tubagus ditangkap di rumahnya, beberapa jam setelah Akil tertangkap basah menerima suap dari anggota DPR Chairun Nisa . Akil menerima suap dalam bentuk uang dollar singapura dan amerika, terkait sengketa pilkada Gunung Mas Kalimantan Tengah. Total nilai suap di dua kasus sengketa itu yakni Rp 4 miliar.
    Sumber: Merdeka.com


    Soal Ratu Atut, Jawara Banten ‘Tantang’ KPK
    TEMPO.CO – 12 jam yang lalu

    TEMPO.CO, Tangerang–Jaringan Warga Untuk Reformasi (Jawara) Banten yang terdiri dari Indonesian Coruption Watch, Masyarakat Transparansi Banten, Sekolah Demokrasi, Koalisi Guru Banten, Lingkar Madani, Aliansi Independen Peduli Publik (Alipp) dan Tangerang Transparansi Watch (TRUTH) mendesak agar Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi mengusut tindakpidana korupsi yang dilakukan oleh Gubernur Banten Ratu Atut Chosiah dan keluarganya yang telah berkuasa sejak Banten berdiri.

    Tertangkapnya, Tubagus Chaeri Wardhana, adik Atut dalam kasus suap ketua Mahkamah Konstitusi, Akil Mochtar dianggap sebagai pintu masuk untuk membongkar praktek korupsi dan pencucian uang oleh dinasti Banten itu. “Pengungkapan bisa melalui TCW dan Atut yang kini sudah dicekal dan juga akan diperiksa,” ujar Koordinator Indonesian Coruption Watch, Danang Widyomoko di Serpong, Ahad 6 Oktober 2013.

    Danang mengatakan fakta yang paling anyer untuk dijadikan momentum pemeriksaan terhadap keluarga Atut adalah dari nilai harta yang tak wajar yang dimiliki oleh keluarga Atut. Ia mencontohkan, salah satunya belasan mobil mewah yang ada di rumah Wawan. “Dari mana asal harta itu? Bisnis apa TCW bisa menghasilkan harta dengan jumlah yang begitu besar?” kata Danang.

    Menurutnya, selama ini kasus korupsi yang melibatkan Atut dan kroninya hampir tidak tersentuh hukum. “Untuk itu kami mendukung KPK dan siap memberikan data-data yang diperlukan dalam pengusutan korupsi yang dilakukan TCW, Atut dan keluarganya yang lain.”

    Koordinator Alipp, Uday Suhada mengatakan persoalan dugaan korupsi yang melibatkan Atut dan kroninya cukup banyak. Ia mencontohkan, seperti dana hibah sebesar Rp 340 Milyar yang diduga digunakan untuk kampanye Atut dalam pemilihan Gubernur Banten tahun 2011 lalu. “Indikasi penyimpangannya kuat karena sejumlah penerima dana hibah itu fiktif apalagi dana itu juga mengalir ke keluarga Atut yang ada dibalik organisasi atau lembaga penerima dana hibah,” kata Uday.

    Pengamat ekonomi yang juga Dosen Universitas Sultan Agung Tirtayasa, Daniel Anzhar berpendapat korupsi di Banten sudah menggurita sehingga membuat Banten terlihat sebagai daerah yang miskin. Padahal, kata dia, secara makro dan fiscal, Banten bukan wilayah yang miskin.? Karena APBD nya saja mencapai 5 triliun,?katanya.

    Tapi dengan nilai APBD yang sebesar itu, Banten masih terlihat tertinggal dengan wilayah lain, pembangunan di wilayah Banten masih timpang. “Apalagi Banten di wilayah Selatan, infrastrukturnya rusak parah dari 700 Km jalan, 62 persennya rusak parah,” kata Daniel.



    Garuda Siap Tolak Ratu Atut
    TEMPO.CO – 5 jam yang lalu

    TEMPO.CO, Jakarta – Maskapai penerbangan Garuda Indonesia siap membantu pemerintah mencegah Gubernur Banten Ratu Atut Chosiyah, ke luar negeri. Meski pun hingga kini, belum diketahui maskapai apa yang rencananya digunakan Atut untuk terbang ke Tanah Suci.

    “Kalau (Atut) masuk daftar cegah ke luar negeri, maka Garuda boleh menolak (memberangkatkan),” kata Senior Manager Public Relations Garuda Indonesia, Ikhsan Rosan, melalui pesan singkat kepada Tempo, Minggu malam, 6 Oktober 2013.

    Ikhsan mengatakan belum tahu paket Ongkos Naik Haji yang dipilih Atut untuk berhaji. Namun katanya, jika mengikuti paket ONH reguler, maka nama Atut terdaftar di Kementerian Agama. Namun jika memilih paket ONH plus, ada kemungkinan Atut akan diterbangkan maskapai selain Garuda Indonesia.

    “Karena ONH plus dilayani juga oleh maskapai selain Garuda Indonesia yang merupakan maskapai asing,” ucapnya. Maskapai-maskapai tersebut adalah Emirates, Etihad, Qatar Airways, Saudi Airlines, Singapore Airlines dan Malaysian Airlines.

    Atut sepertinya tak menghiraukan pencegahan oleh Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi (KPK) terkait penangkapan adiknya, Tubagus Chaeri Wardana, yang diduga menyuap Ketua Mahkamah Konstitusi (MK) Akil Mochtar Rp 1 miliar. Duit suap itu diduga untuk memenangkan gugatan pemilihan kepala daerah Lebak, Banten.

    Atut yang sebelumnya dikabarkan sakit, menurut ajudannya, Linda sudah membaik. “Ibu sehat sekarang dan sedang persiapan acara zikir walimatul safar (persiapan haji), Insya Allah tanggal 9 Oktober berangkat,” kata Linda saat dihubungi Tempo, kemarin.

    Padahal Direktorat Jenderal Keimigrasian telah mencegah Atut sejak 3 Oktober 2013 atas permintaan KPK. Linda yang diajukan sejumlah pertanyaan terkait pencegahan atasannya buru-buru menyudahi pembicarannya. “Sudah ya, ini sedang persiapan (acara) di rumah Ibu di Serang,” ujar Linda sembari menutup telepon.

    Sehari setelah dicegah, pada Jumat, 4 Oktober 2013 Atut sulit ditemui wartawan. Bahkan istri Hikmat Tomet, anggota DPR RI dari Fraksi Golkar itu tidak menghadiri Rapat Paripurna Istimewa HUT ke-13 Banten di Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah Banten. Jejak Atut sempat ditemukan media melalui orang-orang terdekatnya saat mengunjungi rumah mewahnya di Kebun Jeruk, Jakarta Barat, Sabtu lalu.



    Mobil Mewah Adik Atut Pencucian Uang?
    TEMPO.CO – 3 jam yang lalu

    TEMPO.CO, Tangerang – Koordinator Indonesian Coruption Watch (ICW) Danang Widyamoko menduga mobil mewah milik Tubagus Chaeri Wardana dan istrinya Airin Rachmi Diany didapatkan dari tindak pidana pencucian uang. “Kalau lihat profilnya sangat mencurigakan, koleksi mobil mewahnya luar biasa, mungkin konglomerat paling kaya di Indonesia belum tentu punya koleksi sebanyak itu,” katanya di Serpong, Ahad, 6 Oktober 2013.

    Danang mengatakan, jika disandingkan, profil kedua orang itu cukup aneh karena Airin sebagai pengusaha tidak memiliki perusahaan yang dalam skala besar. “Berapa sih gaji wali kota? Dan Tubagus bukan sekelas pengusaha yang sebesar itu, tapi memiliki aset sebesar itu, dan ini aneh. Ini bisa masuk dalam indikasi pencucian uang, ada sesuatu yang disembunyikan,” katanya.

    ICW, kata Danang, mendesak agar Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi (KPK) menelusuri seluruh asetnya. “Ini bisa melacak asal harta sebanyak itu,” katanya. Jika menggunakan Tindak Pidana Pencucian Uang (TPPU), menurut Danang, bisa dilakukan pembuktian terbalik. “TCW dan istrinya yang akan menjelaskan,” ujarnya.

    Danang juga menilai, dalam kepemilikan mobil mewah itu akan menyeret Airin ke lingkaran kasus yang menimpa suaminya. “Otomatis KPK harus memeriksa Airin, karena ini ikatan antara suami dan istri yang hartanya sebagian dari wali kota,” kata Danang.

    Direktur Eksekutif Lingkar Madani Indonesia Ray Rangkuti juga menyampaikan kecurigaannya akan mobil mewah yang berada di rumah Tubagus di Jalan Denpasar, Jakarta. “Dua belas mobil mewah yang harganya minta ampun, aset yang luar biasa. Asalnya dari mana?” katanya. Menurut dia, kepemilikan harta sebesar itu bisa mengarah pada tindak pencucian uang.



    Pengamat: Terjadi “Tsunami” dalam Dinasti Politik Keluarga Atut
    Dani Prabowo, Senin, 7 Oktober 2013 | 12:14 WIB

    Gubernur Banten Ratu Atut Chosiyah (kiri) dan adik kandungnya Tubagus Chaeri Wardana alias Wawan (kanan) | KOMPAS IMAGES

    JAKARTA, KOMPAS.com – Lingkaran kekuasaan di lingkungan Pemerintah Provinsi Banten diduduki sejumlah kerabat Gubernur Banten Ratu Atut Chosiyah. Penangkapan dan penetapan adik kandung Atut, Tubagus Chaeri Wardana alias Wawan, oleh Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi (KPK) dengan dugaan melakukan suap terhadap Ketua Mahkamah Konstitusi (kini nonaktif) Akil Mochtar, mengagetkan publik. Ia diduga melakukan suap terkait sengketa Pilkada Lebak yang ditangani MK.

    Pascapenetapan Wawan sebagai tersangka, KPK juga mencegah Atut ke luar negeri selama 6 bulan untuk kepentingan penyidikan kasus ini. Serentetan peristiwa ini kemudian memunculkan pertanyaan, bagaimana kelanggengan dinasti keluarga Atut di Banten setelah dua sosok kuncinya harus berurusan dengan hukum?

    Pengamat politik Universitas Negeri Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa (Untirta), Gandung Ismanto, memprediksi akan terjadi “tsunami” politik di Banten.

    “Dampak terbesarnya akan terjadi ‘tsunami’ politik karena secara simbolis, Atut merupakan putri pertama dari penguasa Banten di masa lalu (Chasan Sochib, ayah Atut),” kata Gandung, Senin (7/10/2013).

    KOMPAS/HENDRA A SETYAWAN Ratu Atut Chosiyah.

    Dalam keluarga besar Chasan Sochib, kata Gandung, Wawan memiliki peran sentral di dalam dinasti kepemimpinan Atut di Banten. Ketika ayahnya masih menjadi penguasa Banten, Chasan membangun pilar kultural untuk mengonsolidasikan kekuatan para jawara di Banten. Konsolidasi kekuatan itu sampai saat ini masih terus tertata rapi, meski Chasan telah meninggal dunia. Saat ini, menurutnya, konsolidasi tersebut diwariskan kepada Wawan.

    “Itulah mengapa Wawan disebut sebagai mastermind dari dinasti Atut,” ujarnya.

    Lebih lanjut, ia mengatakan, Wawan yang saat ini menjabat sebagai Ketua Kamar Dagang dan Industri (Kadin) Provinsi Banten semakin menguatkan posisi keluarga Atut dalam lingkungan Pemerintah Provinsi Banten.

    Selain Atut dan Wawan, anggota keluarga lainnya juga menduduki posisi penting di Banten dan di tingkat pusat. Mereka adalah Hikmat Tomet (suami Atut) yang menjadi anggota Komisi V DPR RI; Andhika Hazrumy (anak pertama Atut), anggota DPD dari Provinsi Banten; dan Ade Rosi Khairunnisa (Istri Andhika), saat ini Wakil Ketua DPRD Kota Serang. Lalu, Andiara Aprilia Hikmat (anak kedua Atut), calon anggota DPR RI; Tanto Warsono Arban (suami Andiara), calon anggota DPR RI; Heryani (ibu tiri Atut) Wakil Bupati Pandeglang; Ratu Tatu Chassanah (adik kandung Atut), Wakil Bupati Serang; Tubagus Chaerul Jaman (adik tiri Atut), Wali Kota Serang; dan Airin Rachmi Diany (istri Wawan), Wali Kota Tangerang Selatan.

    “Atut yang membangun pemerintahan, dia (Wawan) yang mengatur siapa yang dipromosikan, me-nonjob-kan orang, siapa yang jadi kadis (kepala dinas), dan itu dapurnya ada di Kadin,” kata Gandung.

    Gandung mengatakan, penangkapan Wawan oleh KPK tentu saja akan memberikan dampak yang besar bagi kelangsungan dinasti Atut, terutama pada Pemilu 2014. Pasalnya, sejumlah anggota keluarga Atut mencalonkan diri sebagai anggota legislatif, seperti Andhika Hazrumy yang maju sebagai calon anggota legislatif (caleg) DPR dari daerah pemilihan atau dapil Pandeglang-Lebak; Hikmat Tomet sebagai caleg DPR dari dapil Serang-Cilegon; dan Ade Rosi Khairunnisa yang maju sebagai caleg DPR dari dapil Kota Serang.

    “Kalau sampai hal itu dimanfaatkan oleh lawan politiknya, maka tentu saja akan memberikan dampak besar bagi kelangsungan dinasti itu,” ujar Gandung.
    Editor : Inggried Dwi Wedhaswary

  • Virtual Chitchatting 8:03 AM on 2013/10/07 Permalink  

    Kasus Suap Akil Mochtar saat menjadi Ketua MK menjadi pintu masuk SBY dan para begundalnya untuk mengamputasi kewenangan MK sebagai Maker of Kings di daerah-daerah

    msopm p1


    Daftar Lengkap Kasus Sengketa Pilkada Yang Ditangani Akil Mochtar
    Oleh: Wisnu Wage
    6 Oktober 2013 | 11:49 WIB

    Akil Mochtar (antara)

    Bisnis-jabar.com, BANDUNG-Sejumlah pihak mencurigai hasil sengketa pilkada, paska tertangkap tangannya Ketua Mahkamah Konstitusi Akil Mochtar oleh KPK terkait dugaan suap sengketa pilkada.

    Kecurigaan muncul adanya kongkalikong atas sengketa Pilkada yang disidang oleh Akil Mochtar.

    Berikut daftar lengkap sengketa Pilkada yang melibatkan Akil Mochtar dalam sidangnya:

    1. Pilkada Kota Palembang
    2. Pilkada Kabupaten Empatlawang
    3. Pilkada Kabupaten Tebo
    4. Pilkada Kabupaten Waringin Barat
    5. Pilkada Kabupaten Nias Utara
    6. Pilkada Kabupaten Nias Selatan
    7. Pilkada Kabupaten Gunung Emas
    8. Pilkada Kabupaten Sumba Barat Daya
    9. Pilkada Kabupaten Lebak
    10. Pilkada Provinsi Bali
    11. Pilkada Provinsi Jawa Barat
    12. Pilkada Provinsi Sumatera Utara



    Akil Ditangkap, Ini Dua Modus Suap di MK
    TEMPO.CO – Jum, 4 Okt 2013

    TEMPO.CO, Jakarta – Sejumlah penyidik Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi menangkap Ketua Mahkamah Konstitusi Akil Mochtar pada Rabu, 2 Oktober 2013. Akil dicokok lantaran diduga menerima suap terkait sengketa hasil pemilihan kepala daerah Gunung Mas, Kalimantan Tengah, dan Lebak, Banten.

    Refly Harun, yang pernah membongkar kasus suap di MK, mengatakan suap semacam ini lazim terjadi di MK. Orang yang pernah menuding Akil meminta suap ini mengatakan ada dua modus yang bisa dilakukan untuk meraup pundi-pundi panas dari kasus sengketa semacam itu.

    Cara pertama, kata dia, hakim konstitusi bisa meminta pemenang pemilukada untuk menyetorkan uang guna memuluskan pemenangan sengketa. “Dengan mengatakan kalau seandainya tidak dikasih akan memenangkan pihak lawan,” kata Refly saat dihubungi, Jumat, 4 Oktober 2013.

    Menurut dia, cara ini mudah dilakukan terlebih apabila sejak awal hakim sudah melihat bahwa pemenang pemilukada itu menang dengan mutlak. Artinya, MK kemungkinan besar tidak akan mengabulkan permohonan penggugat.

    Hakim konstitusi tinggal menghubungi kubu pemenang itu dan meminta uang dengan alasan untuk dimenangkan dalam sengketa. “Pemenang pasti akan menyediakan uang karena takut kalah,” ujarnya.

    Modus lainnya, kata dia, bukan dilakukan oleh para hakim, melainkan orang lain yang memiliki informasi soal perjalanan kasus sengketa tersebut di MK. Ini bisa dilakukan baik dari kalangan internal MK, mantan pegawai MK, maupun orang luar. “Misalnya dengan mengatakan sudah memegang hakim,” katanya. Orang itu tinggal menghubungi kubu mana yang kira-kira akan dimenangkan oleh MK.

    Kasus dugaan suap Akil mencuat saat KPK menangkap tangan Akil Mochtar di rumahnya, kompleks Widya Candra, Jakarta, Rabu malam lalu. Akil diduga menerima suap dari kasus sengketa Pilkada Gunung Mas, Kalimantan Tengah, dan Lebak, Banten. Dalam kasus ini, KPK menyita duit Rp 3 miliar dalam bentuk dolar Singapura dan dolar Amerika, serta Rp 1 miliar dalam pecahan Rp 100 ribu dan Rp 50 ribu.

    Selain Akil, KPK juga menetapkan politikus Golkar, Chairun Nisa, sebagai tersangka. Terdapat pula tersangka lainnya, yakni Bupati Gunung Mas Hamid Bintih, pengacara Susi Tur Andyani, Dany, dan pengusaha asal Samarinda Cornelis Nalau. Dan terakhir adalah Tubagus Chairi Wardana alias Wawan, yang disebut-sebut sebagai adik kandung Ratu Atut sekaligus suami dari Airin Rachmi Diany, Wali Kota Tangerang Selatan.



    Akil Mochtar Hunuskan Senjata Dayak, Lawan!
    TRIBUNnews.com – Sab, 5 Okt 2013

    TRIBUNNEWS.COM, JAKARTA – ‘Hanya satu kata. Lawan!!! Itu adalah status Blackberry Messenger Ketua Mahkamah Akil Mochtar suatu pagi belum lama ini. Akil pun mengganti ‘display picture’ dengan senjata dayak.

    Senjata yang dipajang Akil waktu itu adalah tameng Dayak, namun tidak menampilkan gambar keseluruhan. Mungkin ini karena gambar DP di BB sebagian besar harus mengalami zoom out. Tidak ada gambar mandau.

    Seorang wartawan tiba-tiba menyelutuk di grup chat wartawan MK yang di dalamnya Akil juga masuk sebagai anggota.

    “Status Pak Akil ngeri,” kata seorang wartawan dari sebuah media nasional. Celutukan itu kemudian langsung disambar anggota grup lainnya menanyakan maksud status Akil.

    Akil pun muncul memberikan jawaban. Rupanya, Akil memang geram mengenai dua media yang memuat berita tentang Pilkada Banyuasin. Akil bahkan menyebut dua media tersebut berkonspirasi.

    Dalam berita tersebut, Akil diberitakan mengirimkan surat ke menteri dalam negeri untuk menunda pengangkatan bupati dan wakil bupati Banyuasin terpilih yakni Yan Anton Ferdian dan Suman Asra Supriono.

    “Yang penting saya tidak menerima duit. Potong leher saya,” kata Akil saat itu.

    Suasana menjadi tegang, pembicaraan dialihkan.

    Belakangan, berita tersebut ternyata hanya terbit di satu media saja. Namun, pascapenangkapan tersebut, banyak media kemudian mengangkatnya.

    Dalam berbagai kesempatan, Akil memang terlihat blak-blakan soal penegakan hukum untuk pelaku tindak pidana korupsi. Sebut saja mengenai hukum potong jari, gantung di tiang MK, dan sebagainya.

    Rabu (2/10/2013) malam, Akil ditangkap KPK. Sejak diperiksa hingga ditetapkan sebagai tersangka dalam dugaan suap sengketa Pemilukada Gunungmas Kalimantan Tengah dan Kabupaten Lebak, Akil tetap menolak disebut menerima suap.

    Saat meninggalkan KPK menuju rumah tahanan KPK, kepada wartawan, Akil mengaku tidak mengenal orang yang tiba di rumahnya membawa uang dalam pecahan dollar Singapura.


    Akil Mochtar Gelisah Sebelum Ditangkap KPK
    TRIBUNnews.com – Sab, 5 Okt 2013

    TRIBUNNEWS.COM, JAKARTA – Ketua Mahkamah Konstitusi (MK) Akil Mochtar sepertinya sudah mengetahui penangkapan dirinya oleh Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi (KPK). Hal bisa terlihat sehari sebelum KPK benar-benar menangkapnya.

    Saat memimpin persidangan Perselisihan Hasil Pemilihan Umum (PHPU) Jawa Timur, Akil terlibat tanya jawab yang sarat makna dengan saksi Saropah.

    Saropah adalah saksi yang diajukan pihak terkait atau Soekarwo – Saifullah Yusuf. Kepada Akil, Saropah mengaku penjual kopi, teh, gorengan dan tahu lontong, rujak, es, dan kolak.

    “Nanti tempo-tempo saya ke Malang, beli kopi di tempat ibu juga. He em, siapa tahu lewat kan, lho kayaknya ibu ini pernah saksi di MK kan saya berhenti. Orang enggak tahu nasib orang kan bisa saja, atau malah kebalikan ibu duduk di sini, saya malah jualan pakai gerobak, ini nasib kan tidak bisa tahu pak. Orang baik-baik hari ini terkenal, tiba-tiba sore tangkap KPK, selesai. Ya kan, republik ini enggak bisa diduga,” ujar Akil seperti dikutip Tribunnews dari risalah sidang ke IV.

    Obrolan tersebut keluar menanggapi Saropah yang tidak berjualan karena harus terbang ke Jakarta. Akil pun menyarankan Saropah agar terus jualan supaya penghasilan dia terus ada.

    Malam harinya, Akil mengunjungi wartawan di ruang media. Press room bisa dikatakan salah satu tempat kesukaan Akil karena di ruangan tersebut, Akil berbicara dengan wartawan layaknya teman sendiri.

    Saat itu Akil mencandai kedatangan seorang wartawan yang meliput di KPK ke MK. Menurutnya, kedatangan wartawan yang memang dikenal Akil tersebut terkait dengan penangkapan.

    Besoknya, atau Rabu (2/10/2013), usai persidangan PHPU Jawa Timur, Akil kembali kemudian mengunjungi press room.

    Dalam tulisan sebelumnya berjudul ‘Akil Mochtar: Dari Jamuan Makan Istana Negara Hingga Penangkapannya’, Akil tercatat ke media centre sekitar pukul 18.00 WIB dan meninggalkan wartawan pukul 20.00 WIB.

    Dua jam merupakan waktu yang sangat panjang. Selama itu, Akil banyak bercerita. Saat itu, bekas anggota DPR RI dari fraksi Golkar itu banyak bercerita dan memberikan nasehat.

    Waktu terus berjalan, tiba-tiba Akil mengatakan jika malam itu dia menerima jadwal undangan makan malam di Istana Negara. Namun, Akil memilih tinggal bercerita bersama wartawan.

    Ketika ditanya mengapa enggan pergi, Akil menjawab enteng karena acara tersebut sangat formal sehingga kurang bisa menikmati suasana.

    Akil kemudian ingin beranjak pergi. Sudah putar badan. Namun urung kembali mengobrol. Kali ini dia terlibat dalam obrolan seru dengan wartawan terkait suatu Pilkada.

    Dengan berseloroh, Akil mengatakan wartawan tersebut memiliki kedekatan khusus karena, menurut dia, hanya media wartawan tersebut yang tidak memuat keterangan penting dari dia mengenai sengketa Pilkada tersebut. Akil dan wartawan tersebut bahkan membuka komputer bersama terkait berita-berita mengenai Pilkada tersebut. Tapi semuanya dalam suasana bercanda.

    Akil kemudian mengaku capek karena sejak pagi sudah sidang. Tercatat, Akil memimpin persidangan pukul 08.00 WIB dan tepat waktu.

    Namun, pria kelahiran Putussibau, Kalimantan Barat, itu kembali menyapa seorang wartawan yang duduk di meja komputer paling ujung dekat pintu menuju lift.

    Wartawan kemudian tertawa karena ulah Akil yang terkesan plin plan hanya untuk urusan pulang saja. Selang beberapa saat, Akil kembali memutar badan. “Pasti balik lagi,” ujar wartawan seraya tertawa-tawa.

    Akil memang membalikkan badannya. Namun hanya tertawa sebentar dan menegaskan akan pulang karena benar-benar capek.

    Dua jam setelah itu, Indonesia gempar karena Ketua Mahkamah Konstitusi Akil Mochtar ditangkap KPK dalam operasi tangkap tangan di rumahnya.


    Kesedihan Istri Akil Mochtar
    TRIBUNnews.com – Sab, 5 Okt 2013

    TRIBUNNEWS.COM,JAKARTA – Istri Ketua Mahkamah Konstitusi (MK) Akil Mochtar, Ny Ratu Rita, Jumat (4/10) sore, akhirnya bisa menemui suaminya di Rumah Tahanan Negara KPK, setelah ditolak petugas keamanan.

    Kendati tak sepatah kata diucapkan, mata dan wajah Rita membersitkan amarah dan kesedihan mendalam.

    Mengenakan long dress kuning bermotif bunga, Ny Ratu tiba di kanor KPK sekitar pukul 14.30 WIB. Ia didampingi dua kerabatnya, perempuan dan laki-laki. Kedua mata Ratu sembab.

    Ia segera dipersilakan petugas keamanan masuk setelah diberi tanda pengenal dari KPK, meskipun kemarin bukan termasuk jadwal besuk.

    KPK menetapan hari besuk, Senin dan Kamis setiap pekan. Kamis (3/10) malam lalu, Ratu sempat ditolak saat ingin bertemu Akil.

    Tepatnya pukul 23.50, kala itu Ratu bersama dua orang, satu di antaranya ajudan Akil tiba di ruang tamu KPK.

    Mereka menenteng koper ukuran sedang dan bungkusan. Setelah barang bawaan dicek petugas, mereka diminta kembali. Alasan petugas, malam itu tak ada jam besuk yang diperkenankan.

    Ratu kemarin akhirnya lega setelah diperkenankan menemui Akil, meski dua kerabatnya tak boleh ikut masuk Rutan.

    “Untuk keluarga bisa membesuk di luar jam besok, asal mendapatkan izin kepala Rutan,” kata Juru Bicara KPK, Johan Budi.

    Sekitar pukul 15.50, perempuan berambut pendek itu kembali ke lobi KPK. Ia menitipkan sesuatu dalam kantong plastik merah kepada petugas keamanan.

    Ratu kemudian keluar dari Gedung KPK sekitar pukul 16.05. Ia perlu berjalan cepat menuju Innova hitam bernopol B 1693 SZJ yang menunggunya di pinggir jalan, depan Gedung KPK.
    Tak sepatah kata pun diucapkan Ny Ratu, meski dicecar pertanyaan para wartawan.

    Ratu memilih menundukan kepala dan sesekali menutupi wajah untuk menghindari jepretan kamera fotografer.

    Menurut adik Akil, Mulyani Mochtar, kakaknya sempat bingung saat ditangkap KPK. Rabu (2/10) malam lalu, Akil sedang mandi ketika diberitahu ajudannya ada tamu.

    Belum sempat berkenalan dan ngobrol dengan tamu (Chairun Nisa dan Cornelis), petugas KPK yang telah di ruang tamu langsung menangkapnya.

    “Waktu itu Pak Akil baru keluar kamar mau menemui tamu, tapi orang KPK sudah di ruang tamu,” jelas Mulyani.

    Kepada petugas KPK, Akil saat tegas menyatakan tak mengenal Chairun Nisa dan Cornelis, namun tak digubris.

    “Orang itu saya nggak kenal. Satu perempuan dan satu laki,” kata Akil, usai diperiksa penyidik.

    “Ada orang datang ke rumah saya sekitar jam sembilan (malam), ngakunya dari Kalimantan Tengah, saya masih di dalam. Terus dikasih tahu (ajudan) ada tamu,” jelasnya santai.

    Akil yang kelahiran Putussibau, Kalbar ini, saat ia keluar kamar, petugas KPK sudah terlihat. Mereka langsung menggeledah dan menemukan amplop berisi uang.

    Berarti Bapak dijebak? “Bukan dijebak, saya tidak tahu maksud dan kepentingannya apa,” tegasnya. (tribunnews/win/lau/ivo/zul)


    Akil Mochtar Ditangkap KPK
    Pasangan Cabup Lebak Diminta Rp 3 Miliar Supaya Dimenangkan MK
    Minggu, 6 Oktober 2013 21:09 WIB

    TRIBUNNEWS.COM, JAKARTA – Mahkamah Konstitusi (MK) menganulir kemenangan pasangan calon Bupati dan Wakil Bupati Lebak, Iti Octavia-Ade Sumardi (IDE), dan meminta penghitungan suara ulang.

    Pasangan cabup dan cawabup versi KPU Lebak, mengaku pernah dijanjikan menang sengketa di MK, jika membayar uang miliaran rupiah.

    “Kami ditawarkan untuk menyiapkan uang sekitar Rp 2 miliar sampai Rp 3 miliar. Kami memilih fight, karena tidak melakukan kecurangan,” ujar kuasa hukum kubu IDE, Risa Mariska, dalam diskusi ‘Menganulir Putusan Sengketa Pilkada di MK yang Terindikasi Suap,’ di Jakarta, Minggu (6/10/2013).

    Menurut Risa, pihaknya memeroleh suara 60 persen. Ia membantah ada penggalangan suara PNS untuk mendukung IDE, lantaran Iti Octavia adalah anak Bupati Lebak periode 2008-2013, Mulyadi Jayabaya. Bahkan, dalam persidangan, pemohon gagal membuktikan dalil-dalinya.

    “Dalam sidang, fakta tidak memberatkan kami, dan kami mampu membantah dalil pemohon. Tapi, hanya karena Rp 3 miliar (suap yang diterima Akil), luar biasa putusannya berbeda. Fakta hukum menang tapi kami dikalahkan politik uang,” ungkap Risa.

    Pemohon dalam sengketa Pilkada Lebak adalah Amir Hamzah-Kasmin. Mereka mengajukan gugatan ke MK karena tidak menerima perolehan suara yang diputuskan KPU Kabupaten Lebak.

    Hasil pleno KPU, pasangan IDE dapat 407.156 suara, sementara pasangan HAK yang diusung Golkar dapat 226.440 suara.

    Risa yakin, penghitungan suara ulang tak lepas dari suap yang diterima Ketua MK Akil Mochtar. Ia semakin yakin, ketika penghitungan ulang dilatarbelakangi uang suap, yang belakangan diungkap KPK dengan menetapkan tersangka Akil, Tubagus Chaeri Wardana, dan pengacara bernama Susi.

    Dalam nomor 111/PHPU.D-XI/2013 itu, MK Membatalkan Keputusan Komisi Pemilihan Umum Kabupaten Lebak Nomor 41/Kpts/KPU.Kab./015.436415/IX/2013, yang menetapkan pasangan IDE. Ternyata, putusan MK itu patut diduga hasil suap terhadap Ketua MK Akil Mochtar. (*)

    Penulis: Yogi Gustaman
    Editor: Yaspen Martinus


    Secara Etik Mahfud tak Layak Masuk Majelis Kehormatan MK
    TRIBUNnews.com – 13 jam yang lalu

    TRIBUNNEWS.COM, JAKARTA – Pernyataan Jimly Asshiddiqie terkait kedekatan Ketua Mahkamah Konstitusi (MK) Akil Mochtar dengan mantan Ketua MK Mahfud MD, perlu dijadikan perhatian. Khususnya, terkait pengangkatan Mahfud MD sebagai anggota Majelis Kehormatan MK.

    “Saya sepakat dengan Jimmly, karena kedekatan Mahfud dan Akil, rasanya kurang tepat kalau Mahfud ikut dalam majelis kehormatan,” ujar Erwin Natosmal Oemar, peneliti Indonesian Legal Roundtable, saat ditemui di Kantor YLBHI Jakarta, Minggu (6/10/2013).

    Ada beberapa hal yang membuat Mahfud dirasa kurang tepat menjadi anggota Majelis Kehormatan MK, dalam menangani kasus dugaan suap yang melibatkan Akil. Salah satunya adalah ketika muncul laporan dugaan korupsi dari Refly Harun.

    “Ketika Refly Harun melaporkan Akil, respons Mahfud malah defensif dan justru terkesan melindungi Akil. Itu kan sempat menjadi polemik saat itu,” tuturnya.

    Menurut Erwin, seharusnya Mahfud menyadari kedekatannya dengan Akil menjadikannya secara etis tidak layak berada di dalam Majelis Kehormatan, yang memutuskan nasib Akil di MK.

    “Seharusnya Mahfud tahu diri, dia secara etik tidak layak dalam majelis kehormatan. Mestinya Mahfud mengundurkan diri,” paparnya. (*)


    Inikah Surat Akil Mochtar dari Dalam Rutan?
    Icha Rastika, Senin, 7 Oktober 2013 | 08:13 WIB

    Surat yang diduga ditulis Ketua MK Akil Mochtar dari dalam tahanan KPK. | KOMPAS.com/ICHA RASTIKA

    KOMPAS.com/ICHA RASTIKA Surat yang diduga ditulis Ketua MK Akil Mochtar dari dalam tahanan KPK.

    KOMPAS.com/ICHA RASTIKA Surat yang diduga ditulis oleh Ketua MK Akil Mochtar dari dalam tahanan KPK

    KOMPAS.com/ICHA RASTIKA Surat yang diduga ditulis oleh Ketua MK Akil Mochtar dari dalam tahanan KPK

    JAKARTA, KOMPAS.com – Sebuah surat yang diduga ditulis Ketua Mahkamah Konstitusi (MK) Akil Mochtar beredar di kalangan wartawan. Surat itu diduga ditulis Akil dari balik sel Rumah Tahanan Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi (KPK). Akil telah ditetapkan KPK sebagai tersangka kasus dugaan penerimaan suap terkait Pilkada Gunung Mas, Kalimantan Tengah, serta Pilkada Lebak, Banten. Dia ditahan KPK pada Kamis (3/10/2013).

    Dalam surat yang ditujukan kepada para hakim konstitusi ini, Akil menyampaikan pengunduran dirinya, dan permohonan maaf kepada para hakim MK serta kepada semua staf dan karyawan MK.

    Surat yang berupa tulisan tangan itu pun berisi sangkalan Akil atas tuduhan KPK. Dia merasa tidak pernah tertangkap tangan tengah menerima uang suap. Berikut isi surat tersebut:

    Jakarta, 3 Oct 2013
    Kepada Yth/ yang mulia Bpk/ibu hakim konstitusi

    Ass. Wr Wb
    1. Saya mohon maaf kepada Bpk/ibu hakim konstitusi dan kpd seluruh staf dan karyawan MK
    2. Sejak tanggal surat ini saya mengundurkan diri sebagai hakim MK
    3. Walau tidak untuk dipercaya atau tidak perlu percaya kepada saya, kiranya saya perlu menjelaskan kejadian yg sebenarnya;

    A. Rabu malam saya baru sampai dirumah sekitar jam 8 lewat, mandi ganti pakaian dan berbicara dengan istri, saya diberitahu ada tamu oleh penjaga rumah kediaman. Saya menuju ke pintu mau membuka pintu lalu ada ketukan, dan pintu saya buka, dan ada petugas dari KPK memperkenalkan diri dengan mengatakan ada dua orang lagi duduk di teras halaman depan, dan diminta menyaksikan lalu saya hanya kenal dengan Chairun Nisa, yang pernah SMS beberapa waktu lalu mau bertamu ke rumah, saya jawab dengan SMS, silakan tapi jangan malam-malam karena saya ngantuk.

    Ketika saya menyaksikan kedua orang itu digeledah, dari laki-laki yang tidak saya kenal itu didapati beberapa amplop, sedangkan dari Chairun Nisa hanya didapati beberapa buah HP. Sedangkan satu orang lagi laki-laki, saya tidak pernah melihat katanya menunggu di ….. (tulisan tidak jelas).

    Saya merasa saya tidak pernah tertangkap tangan!

    Selanjutnya saya diminta ke kantor KPK untuk menjelaskan kejadian itu yang terjadi di teras rumah saya itu. Saya tidak tahu latar belakang kejadian. Saya tidak pernah meminta uang atau janji sepeserpun! Yang kemudian saya ditetapkan sebagai tersangka. Banyak saksi kejadian itu, ajudan, petugas jaga dari kepolisian dan security. Kalau kaitannya dengan pilkada Gunung Mas silahkan diamati rekaman sidang, 2 hakim anggota, 1 panitera pengganti dan panitera. Bagaimana pengambilan keputusan perkara dimaksud. Semua berlangsung sesuai prosedur dan tidak ada satupun dipengaruhi oleh saya.

    B. Pilkada Lebak : Saya lebih tidak mengerti lagi karena sudah diputus, sudah dibacakan putusan, semua proses sidang pengambilan keputusan semua dilakukan dengan musyawarah mufakat, tidak ada sama sekali saya menginteruksi, ada PP (Panitera Pengganti) dan panitera yang menyaksikan proses musyawarah tsb.

    Katanya ada SMS dari pengacara Susy kepada saya meminta dibantu perkara tersebut. Saya tidak pernah meminta meminta uang atau janji dari perkara tersebut, tapi saya dijadikan tersangka.

    4. Demi Allah Yang Maha Menyaksikan saya akan menghadapi ini dengan tabah dan yakin terhadap semua ini. Tiada pertolongan yang lebih baik kecuali dari Allah. Ditengah berita yang mendzolimi saya, menyudutkan dengan hal-hal yang aneh mengikuti perkara ini, saya tidak akan merubah sikap saya terhadap bangsa ini. Saya bukan penghianat! Walau saya harus mati untuk itu semua.

    5. Kepada Bpk/ibu Hakim, maupun kolega saya ; Jika dalam perjalanan yang panjang ini, siapa tahu istri dan anak-anak saya membutuhkan petunjuk, sekiranya Bpk/ibu jika berkenan, bila mereka bertanya hal yang perlu mereka ketahui, mohon ditegur sapa kepada mereka.

    Akil Mochtar
    Editor : Inggried Dwi Wedhaswary


    Dalam Suratnya, Akil Bantah Tertangkap Tangan dan Minta Uang
    Senin, 7 Oktober 2013 | 10:21 WIB

    Surat yang diduga ditulis Ketua MK Akil Mochtar dari dalam tahanan KPK. | KOMPAS.com/ICHA RASTIKA

    JAKARTA, KOMPAS.com – Ketua Mahkamah Konstitusi nonaktif Akil Mochtar, Sabtu (5/10/2013) malam, mengirimkan surat pengunduran diri sebagai hakim MK. Surat empat lembar dengan tulisan tangan tersebut diserahkan kepada Wakil Ketua MK Hamdan Zoelva ketika menggelar rapat permusyawaratan hakim (RPH) di lantai 16 Gedung MK. (Baca: Inikah Surat Akil Mochtar dari Dalam Rutan?)

    Dalam suratnya, Akil menjelaskan kejadian pada Rabu (2/10/2013) malam ketika dirinya ditangkap KPK, itu bukan tertangkap tangan seperti yang banyak diberitakan.

    Seperti tertulis di dalam suratnya, setiba di rumah dari kantor MK, setelah mandi dan berganti baju serta berbicara kepada istri, saat itulah, dia diberitahu penjaga rumah ada tamu.

    ”Ketika pintu saya buka, ada petugas dari KPK memperkenalkan diri dengan mengatakan ada dua orang sedang duduk di teras halaman depan (anggota DPR dari Fraksi Partai Golkar, Chairun Nisa/CN dan pengusaha asal Palangkaraya, Cornelis Nalau/CAN), dan diminta menyaksikan.”

    Akil mengungkapkan, dirinya menyaksikan kedua orang itu digeledah. Dari tamu lelaki yang tidak dikenalnya, KPK mendapati beberapa amplop, sedangkan dari Chairun Nisa yang dia kenal, KPK mendapati beberapa telepon genggam.

    ”Saya merasa, saya tidak pernah tertangkap tangan!” tulis Akil, yang kemudian diminta ke kantor KPK menjelaskan kejadian di teras itu. Dia mengatakan tak tahu latar belakang kejadian itu dan tidak pernah meminta uang atau janji sepeser pun.

    Dalam perkara Pilkada Kabupaten Lebak, Akil pun menyatakan lebih tak mengerti karena perkara tersebut sudah putus. Semua pengambilan keputusan telah dilakukan dengan musyawarah dengan mufakat.

    Juru Bicara KPK Johan Budi SP mengatakan, adalah hak tersangka untuk membantah. ”Tersangka itu punya hak ingkar. Nanti bisa dibuktikan di pengadilan,” kata Johan.(ILO/ANA/BIL)

    Sumber : KOMPAS CETAK
    Editor : Inggried Dwi Wedhaswary


    Beredar, Surat dari Akil Mochtar ke MK
    TEMPO.CO – 13 jam yang lalu

    TEMPO.CO, Jakarta–Beredar surat yang ditulis tangan Ketua Mahkamah Konstitusi Akil Mochtar. Menurut informasi, surat itu dia tulis di rumah tahanan Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi, dikirim ke MK melalui kurir. Berikut surat tersebut, yang beredar di kalangan wartawan MK:

    Jakarta, 3 Oct 2013

    Kepada Yth/yang mulia Bpk/ibu hakim konstitusi

    Ass. Wr Wb

    1. Saya mohon maaf kepada Bpk/Ibu hakim konstitusi dan kpd seluruh staf dan karyawan MK.

    2. Sejak tanggal surat ini saya mengundurkan diri sebagai hakim MK.

    3. Walau tidak untuk dipercaya atau tidak perlu percaya kepada saya, kiranya saya perlu menjelaskan kejadian yg sebenarnya;

    A. Rabu malam saya baru sampai di rumah sekitar jam 8 lewat, mandi ganti pakaian dan berbicara dengan istri, saya diberitahu ada tamu oleh penjaga rumah kediaman. Saya menuju ke pintu mau membuka pintu lalu ada ketukan, dan pintu saya buka, dan ada petugas dari KPK memperkenalkan diri dengan mengatakan ada dua orang lagi duduk di teras halaman depan, dan diminta menyaksikan lalu saya hanya kenal dengan Chairun Nisa, yang pernah SMS beberapa waktu lalu mau bertamu ke rumah, saya jawab dengan SMS, silahkan tapi jangan malam-malam karena saya ngantuk.

    Ketika saya menyaksikan kedua orang itu digeledah, dari laki-laki yang tidak saya kenal itu didapati beberapa amplop, sedangkan dari Chairun Nisa hanya didapati beberapa buah HP. Sedangkan satu orang lagi laki-laki, saya tidak pernah melihat katanya menunggu di ….. (tulisan tidak jelas).

    Saya merasa saya tidak pernah tertangkap tangan! Selanjutnya saya diminta ke kantor KPK untuk menjelaskan kejadian itu yang terjadi di teras rumah saya itu.

    Saya tidak tahu latar belakang kejadian. Saya tidak pernah meminta uang atau janji sepeserpun! Yang kemudian saya ditetapkan sebagai tersangka.

    Banyak saksi kejadian itu, ajudan, petugas jaga dari kepolisian dan security.

    Kalau kaitannya dengan pilkada Gunung Mas silahkan diamati rekaman sidang, 2 hakim anggota, 1 panitera pengganti dan panitera. Bagaimana pengambilan keputusan perkara dimaksud. Semua berlangsung sesuai prosedur dan tidak ada satupun dipengaruhi oleh saya.

    B. Pilkada Lebak : Saya lebih tidak mengerti lagi karena sudah diputus, sudah dibacakan putusan, semua proses sidang pengambilan keputusan semua dilakukan dengan musyawarah mufakat, tidak ada sama sekali saya menginteruksi, ada PP (Panitera Pengganti) dan panitera yang menyaksikan proses musyawarah tsb.

    Katanya ada SMS dari pengacara Susy kepada saya meminta dibantu perkara tersebut. Saya tidak pernah meminta meminta uang atau janji dari perkara tersebut, tapi saya dijadikan tersangka.

    4. Demi Allah Yang Maha Menyaksikan saya akan menghadapi ini dengan tabah dan yakin terhadap semua ini. Tiada pertolongan yang lebih baik kecuali dari Allah.

    Ditengah berita yang mendzolimi saya, menyudutkan dengan hal-hal yang aneh mengikuti perkara ini, saya tidak akan merubah sikap saya terhadap bangsa ini. Saya bukan penghianat! Walau saya harus mati untuk itu semua.

    5. Kepada Bpk/ibu Hakim, maupun kolega saya ; Jika dalam perjalanan yang panjang ini, siapa tahu istri dan anak-anak saya membutuhkan petunjuk, sekiranya Bpk/ibu jika berkenan, bila mereka bertanya hal yang perlu mereka ketahui, mohon ditegur sapa kepada mereka.


    Hormat Saya


    Akil Mochtar



    Akal-akalan Putusan Akil, Wani Piro?
    TEMPO.CO – 5 jam yang lalu

    TEMPO.CO , Jakarta–Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi membongkar jual-beli putusan sengketa hasil pemilihan kepala daerah di Mahkamah Konstitusi. Tempo melihat transaksi mencurigakan miliaran rupiah di rekening Akil Mochtar.

    Majalah Tempo edisi Senin 7 Oktober 2013 mengulas soal heboh penangkapan Akil Mochtar. Lama dipantau radar komisi antikorupsi, Akil menjadi target pengawasan lebih ketat sejak awal bulan lalu. Menerima informasi yang cukup sahih, pemimpin KPK menerbitkan surat perintah penyelidikan pada 4 September. Petugas meningkatkan perhatian sejak dua pekan lalu, setelah mendeteksi komunikasi yang mengindikasikan rencana penyerahan uang untuk doktor hukum dari Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, itu.

    Obyeknya adalah perkara sengketa hasil pemilihan kepala daerah Kabupaten Gunung Mas yang ditangani panel hakim dengan ketua Akil. Bupati Hambit Bintih, yang bertarung untuk periode kedua pemerintahannya, memenangi pemilihan. Tapi pesaingnya menggugat hasil pemilihan ini ke Mahkamah Konstitusi. Bupati inkumben itu merasa perlu mengamankan kemenangannya.

    Sejumlah informasi membuat nama Chairun Nisa masuk radar pengawasan. Perempuan berkerudung anggota Dewan tiga periode ini dicurigai menjadi jalur tol menuju Akil dalam “mengurus” perkara sengketa. Hambit diduga menggunakan jalur ini demi tetap menduduki kursi bupatinya.

    Menjelang putusan itu diketuk, gemerincing uang nyaring terdengar. “Informasi awalnya, pemberian uang untuk Akil akan dilakukan pada Senin malam,” kata seorang pejabat yang mengetahui perkara ini. “Ternyata mundur menjadi Rabu.”

    Petugas KPK, yang bersiaga sejak pagi, pada pukul 19.00 menyaksikan Chairun Nisa–menggunakan Toyota Fortuner putih yang dikendarai suaminya–menjemput Cornelis Nalau, teman Bupati Hambit, di Apartemen Mediterania, Tanjung Duren, Jakarta Barat. Mereka telah sepakat bersama-sama ke rumah dinas Akil. Berbincang sebentar, mereka melanjutkan perjalanan ke Widya Chandra. “Selama di mobil, tas berisi uang dipangku Cornelis,” ujar seorang petugas.

    Sempat berhenti di beberapa tempat, mobil Chairun Nisa tiba di rumah Akil sekitar pukul 22.00. Tanpa melapor ke petugas penjaga, Bendahara Majelis Ulama Indonesia itu segera membuka pintu pagar. Hampir bersamaan, Akil, yang mengenakan polo merah, membuka pintu rumah menyambut tamu malam-malamnya.

    Tiga meter dari pintu, langkah Chairun Nisa dan Cornelis terhenti. Belasan petugas KPK merangsek dan mendatangi mereka. Beberapa penjaga hendak menolong Akil, tapi langsung mundur begitu tahu yang datang petugas KPK. Selengkapnya baca Majalah Tempo.



    Akil Pernah Sesumbar Gantung Wakil Ketua DPRD Tebo
    TRIBUNnews.com – 3 jam yang lalu

    Laporan Wartawan Tribun Jambi Muhlisin

    TRIBUNNEWS.COM, MUARA TEBO – Ketua Mahkamah Konstitusi (MK) nonaktif Akil Mochtar, sebelum tertangkap Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi )KPK), ternyata pernah sesumbar di Kabupaten Tebo, Provinsi Jambi.

    Menurut pengakuan Wakil Ketua DPRD Tebo Syamsurizal, Akil pernah menebar ancaman kepada dirinya ketika mengurus sengketa pemilihan kepala daerah (pilkada) setempat pada 10 Maret 2011.

    Dalam pilkada pada putaran pertama 2011 silam, pasangan Yopi Muthalib-Sapto unggul 2.800 suara atas pasangan Sukandar-Hamdi. Pasangan calon yang disebut terakhir, lantas menggugat ke MK dan dikabulkan.

    Tebo pun menjadi kabupaten pertama di Provinsi Jambi yang pilkadanya diulang. Hasilnya berbeda 180 derajat, Sukandar-Hamdi berbalik unggul dan menjadi pemenang. Yopi-Sapto balik menggungat ke MK, namun ditolak.

    “Gara-gara aku melontarkan isu suap Rp 3 miliar dalam putusan sengketa pilkada Tebo di MK. Memang semua sidang Akil yang mimpin. Kecuali sidang putusan, dipimpin Mahfud MD,” ujar Iday, sapaan akrab Syamsurizal, Minggu (6/10/2013).

    Iday mengatakan, ketika Yopi-Sapto balik menggugat ke MK, pengacara Suka-Hamdi melontarkan pernyataan bahwa Iday pernah menyebut-nyebut isu suap. Akil yang lagi-lagi memegang palu sidang, menurutnya menjadi sangat murka.

    Dalam forum sidang, Akil mengancam akan menggantung Iday karena telah berani mengumbar isu suap Rp 3 miliar. Ancaman itu bahkan sempat menjadi headlinebeberapa media cetak di Provinsi Jambi.

    “Tapi dulu aku ngomongnya H Muhammad SEN. Duit suap untuk MK itu aki bilangnya H M Sen Rp 3 miliar, makanya menang di MK. Dia (Akil) marah sekali, dia mengancam akan gantung saya,” ujarnya lagi.

    Akil, tak sekadar mengancam akan menggantung Ketua DPC Partai Demokrat Tebo ini. Menurut Iday, Akil juga sempat mengatakan siap digantung kalau menerima suap. Kebetulan partai pengusung Sukandar-Hamdi juga sama dengan partai dimana Akil lama berkiprah, yakni Partai Golkar.

    “Tidak tahu sekarang ya, apa Akil masih siap digantung apa tidak. Yang jelas sekarang sudah jadi tersangka dalam kasus suap pilkada,” tuturnya.


    Akil Minta Apel Washington ke Bupati Gunung Mas
    TEMPO.CO – 4 jam yang lalu

    TEMPO.CO, Jakarta–Hambit Bintih memenangi pemilihan Bupati Gunung Mas yang digelar pada 4 September 2013. Berpasangan dengan Arton S. Dohong, dia unggul sekitar 7.000 suara atas pesaing terdekatnya, pasangan Jaya Samaya Monong dan Daldin. Meski tergolong menang dengan selisih aman, Hambit tak tinggal duduk berpangku tangan menunggu putusan sengketa.

    Pada 18 September lalu, Hambit bertemu dengan sejumlah pejabatnya di lounge Hotel Grand Sahid Jaya, Jalan Jenderal Sudirman, Jakarta Selatan. Sejumlah kerabat dan kepala dinas Gunung Mas juga hadir. Menurut peserta pertemuan, Hambit awalnya membicarakan masalah kesehatannya. Ia menceritakan pengalaman menjalani operasi bypass jantung di Singapura.

    Majalah Tempo edisi Senin 7 Oktober 2013 mengulas soal heboh penangkapan Akil Mochtar. Pembicaraan beralih ke hasil pemilihan bupati. Hambit menyampaikan informasi bahwa pesaingnya menggugat ke Mahkamah Konstitusi. Ia menyatakan risau terhadap upaya hukum lawan-lawan politiknya. »Kalau sampai pemilihan ulang, jadi repot,” ujar Hambit, ditirukan seorang peserta pertemuan.

    Ketika itu, Hambit bercerita baru saja bertemu dengan Chairun Nisa di ruang khusus Hotel Grand Sahid Jaya. Anggota Dewan yang terpilih dari daerah pemilihan Kalimantan Tengah itu kawan lama Hambit. Sebelum pindah ke PDI Perjuangan, mantan Kepala Dinas Pendapatan Kalimantan Tengah ini aktif di Partai Beringin.

    Di tengah pembicaraan, Hambit menerima telepon yang disebutnya dari Chairun Nisa. Berbicara sebentar, dia menyampaikan isi pembicaraan telepon itu. Menurut peserta pertemuan, Hambit ketika itu mengatakan, »Chairun Nisa mengajak saya bertemu dengan Pak Akil nanti malam.”

    Sumber yang sama mengatakan tidak mengikuti pertemuan antara Chairun Nisa, Hambit, dan Akil. Tapi, setelah itu, Hambit bercerita bahwa ia sudah sepakat menyediakan Rp 3 miliar demi mengamankan kemenangannya. Seorang kerabat dekatnya menuturkan, setelah pertemuan itu, Hambit berkeluh-kesah soal jumlah uang yang harus disediakan. »Menurut Hambit, Akil minta besar dan harus berbentuk ‘apel Washington’,” katanya. »Apel Washington” merupakan sandi yang populer dalam sidang Angelina Sondakh, terpidana suap Wisma Atlet SEA Games XXVI, Palembang, yang merujuk pada dolar Amerika Serikat.

    “Apel” dikemas dalam amplop dan disetorkan Chairun Nisa ke rumah Akil pada Rabu malam itu. Wakil Ketua KPK Bambang Widjojanto mengatakan penyerahan uang senilai Rp 3 miliar merupakan pelunasan komitmen Hambit kepada Ketua Mahkamah Konstitusi.

    Chairun Nisa, ketika ditanyai soal ini di gedung KPK, Kamis malam pekan lalu, menolak menjawab berbagai tuduhan. Ia tak mengucapkan apa pun. Selengkapnya baca Majalah Tempo.


  • Virtual Chitchatting 9:30 PM on 2013/10/06 Permalink  

    Kasus Akil Mochtar menjadi momentum bagi SBY dan kroco-kroconya menggunting MK (Maker of Kings) dalam lipatan

    kroco = tukang pukul, begundal, kacung, kurcaci, anak bau kencur

    kompas, 5 Oktober 2013 hal.5 budiarto shambazy, kini judica-thieves juga

    kompas, 5 Oktober 2013 hal.6 tajuk rencana-butuh langkah luar biasa


    Akil Mochtar Ditangkap KPK
    Minus MK, Presiden Undang Para Pimpinan Lembaga Negara ke Istana Negara
    Sabtu, 5 Oktober 2013 06:57 WIB

    Tribunnews.com, JAKARTA– Presiden Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (SBY) mengundang para Pimpinan Lembaga Negara untuk berkonsultasi membahas Mahkamah Konstitusi (MK) yang sedang menjadi sorotan perhatian masyarakat.

    Juru bicara presiden, Julian A Pasha menyampaikan pertemuan ini akan digelar pukul 13:00 WIB, di Istana Negara.

    “Melalui Mensesneg (Sudi Silalahi), Presiden mengundang seluruh pimpinan lembaga negara untuk membahas mengenai MK,” ungkap Julian melalui sambungan telepon Jumat (4/10/2013).

    Siapa saja yang diundang? Dikatakan, semua pimpinan mulai dari DPR, MPR, BPK, MA dan KY, kecuali MK, diundang dalam pertemuan konsultasi ini.

    Dijelaskan, pertemuan konsultasi ini dipandang Presiden penting agar tidak terjadi krisis kepercayaan terhadap lembaga dan simbol negara.

    “Tentu kita ketahui pasca penangkapan Ketua MK Akil Mochtar perlu ada konsultasi dengan lembaga lain demi menjaga kestabilan dan kepercayaan terhadap lembaga negara,” jelas Julian.

    Lebih lanjut Julian jelaskan pula alasan MK tak turut diundang. “Kali ini kita akan konsultasi lebih bijak soal MK dengan pimpinan negara lainnya. Itulah kenapa MK tidak hadir, tidak diundang,” tuturnya.

    Penulis: Srihandriatmo Malau
    Editor: Gusti Sawabi


    MK tak masalah tak diundang Presiden
    Sabtu, 5 Oktober 2013 20:46 WIB
    Pewarta: Victorianus Sat Pranyoto

    Sleman (ANTARA News) – Hakim Mahkamah Konstitusi Harjono tidak masalah lembaganya tidak diundang Presiden Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono dalam pertemuan lembaga tinggi negara membahas lembaganya pascapenangkapan Ketua Mahkamah Konstitusi Akil Mochtar oleh Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi

    Di Yogyakarta, Sabtu, Harjono mengatakan dengan tidak diundangnya MK, justru membuat MK secara independen bisa menyelesaikan persoalan tanpa dipengaruhi pihak lain.

    “Kami justeru akan mampu menyelesaikan permasalahan yang sedang membelit ditubuh lembaga kami secara mandiri dan independen, apalagi pertemuan itu kan membahas persoalan ditangkapnya Ketua MK Akil Mochtar yang ditangkap KPK dalam kasus suap, dan telah ditetapkan sebagai tersangka,” katanya.

    Ia mengaku tidak mengetahui secara pasti alasan tidak diundangnya MK dalam pertemuan tersebut.

    “Kami juga tidak tahu alasannya apa, karena tidak ada pemberitahuan maupun undangan sama sekali,” katanya.

    Editor: Jafar M Sidik


    MK kecewa tak diundang Presiden SBY
    Reporter : Muhammad Sholeh
    Minggu, 6 Oktober 2013 05:30:00

    Konpers MK terkait penangkapan Akil Mochtar. ©2013 Merdeka.com/dwi narwoko

    ahkamah Konstitusi kecewa terhadap sikap Presiden Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (SBY). Pasalnya, SBY tidak mengundang MK dalam pertemuan dengan para ketua lembaga negara guna membahas pasca penangkapan Akil Mochtar oleh KPK.

    “Seyogyanya pimpinan MK diundang dalam pertemuan tersebut untuk didengar keterangannya dan ikut bersama-sama para ketua lembaga negara lainnya dalam rangka mencari solusi yang terbaik sebagai jalan keluar dari dampak peristiwa tersebut,” ujar Wakil Ketua MK Hamdan Zoelva.

    Hal ini dia sampaikan saat konferensi pers dengan didampingi 7 hakim konstitusi lainnya di Gedung MK, Jakarta, Minggu (6/10) malam.

    Hamdan mengatakan bahwa delapan hakim konstitusi yang ada saat ini seolah-olah dan terkesan turut bersalah dalam peristiwa tersebut yang mengakibatkan Presiden tidak mengundang unsur pimpinan MK yang ada dalam pertemuan para ketua lembaga negara.

    “Pada pertemuan tersebut MK diperlakukan sebagai obyek, padahal UUD 1945 menempatkan MK sebagai lembaga negara juga,” kata Hamdan seperti dikutip dari Antara.

    Walaupun ada peristiwa tersebut, lanjut Hamdan, MK tidak terhalang dalam menjalankan fungsi konstitusionalnya. Hamdan menegaskan, delapan hakim konstitusi yang berdasarkan peraturan perundang-undangan tetap dapat sah menjalankan tugasnya.

    “Sampai saat ini MK tetap menjalankan tanggung jawab konstitusinalnya,” tegas Hamdan mewakili hakim konstitusi lainnya.

    Hamdan menambahkan, MK dan seluruh hakim konstitusi bertanggung jawab penuh berdasarkan sumpah jabatan, demi bangsa dan negara.

    “Putusan-putusan MK yang telah dijatuhkan selama ini berdasarkan UUD 1945 dan peraturan perundang-undangan tetap sah. Putusan MK oleh sembilan hakim konstitusi. Ketua MK berfugsi memimpin sidang dan rapat dalam pengambilan dan pengucapan putusan. Suara hakim konstitusi, termasuk ketua dan wakil ketua, dalam musyawarah adalah sama,” terang Hamdan.


    MK kecewa tak diundang Presiden
    Minggu, 6 Oktober 2013 04:08 WIB
    Pewarta: Joko Susilo

    “Seyogianya pimpinan MK diundang dalam pertemuan tersebut untuk didengar keterangannya dan ikut bersama-sama para ketua lembaga negara lainnya dalam rangka mencari solusi yang terbaik sebagai jalan keluar dari dampak peristiwa tersebut,”

    Jakarta (ANTARA News) – Mahkamah Konstitusi kecewa terhadap sikap Presiden Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono yang tidak mengundang mereka dalam pertemuan para ketua lembaga negara membahas penangkapan Ketua MK Akil Mochtar oleh KPK.

    “Seyogianya pimpinan MK diundang dalam pertemuan tersebut untuk didengar keterangannya dan ikut bersama-sama para ketua lembaga negara lainnya dalam rangka mencari solusi yang terbaik sebagai jalan keluar dari dampak peristiwa tersebut,” kata Wakil Ketua MK Hamdan Zoelva, yang didampingi tujuh hakim konstitusi lainnya saat konferensi pers di Jakarta, Minggu dinihari.

    Hamdan mengatakan bahwa delapan hakim konstitusi yang ada saat ini seolah-olah dan terkesan turut bersalah dalam peristiwa tersebut yang mengakibatkan Presiden tidak mengundang unsur pimpinan MK yang ada dalam pertemuan para ketua lembaga negara.

    “Pada pertemuan tersebut MK diperlakukan sebagai obyek, padahal UUD 1945 menempatkan MK sebagai lembaga negara juga,” katanya.

    Walaupun ada peristiwa tersebut, lanjut Hamdan, MK tidak terhalang dalam menjalankan fungsi konstitusionalnya karena masih ada delapan hakim konstitusi yang berdasarkan peraturan perundang-undangan tetap dapat sah menjalankan tugasnya.

    “Sampai saat ini MK tetap menjalankan tanggung jawab konstitusinalnya,” kata Hamdan mewakili delapan hakim konstitusi.

    Tetap bertanggung jawab

    Dia juga mengatakan MK dan seluruh hakim konstitusi bertanggung jawab penuh berdasarkan sumpah jabatan, demi bangsa dan negara.

    “Putusan-putusan MK yang telah dijatuhkan selama ini berdasarkan UUD 1945 dan peraturan perundang-undangan tetap sah,” tegas Hamdan.

    Dia mengatakan tertangkapnya Akil Mochtar karena dugaan suap dalam perkara Pilkada juga tidak akan mempengaruhi keabsahan putusan MK.

    “Putusan MK oleh sembilan hakim konstitusi. Ketua MK berfugsi memimpin sidang dan rapat dalam pengambilan dan pengucapan putusan. Suara hakim konstitusi, termasuk ketua dan wakil ketua, dalam musyawarah adalah sama,” jelasnya.

    Dalam pemberitaan sebelumnya, Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi menangkap Ketua Mahkamah Konstitusi berinisial AM yang diduga menerima uang terkait sengketa Pemilihan Kepala Daerah (Pilkada) Kabupaten Gunung Mas, Kalimantan Tengah.

    “Penyidik menangkap tangan beberapa orang di kompleks Widya Chandra, dengan inisial AM, CHN, dan CN,” kata Juru Bicara Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi (KPK) Johan Budi, dalam jumpa pers.

    Johan mengatakan, AM merupakan Ketua Mahkamah Konstitusi, sementara CHN seorang anggota Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat, dan CN seorang pengusaha.

    Di Widya Chandra, penyidik menyita uang dolar Singapura, perkiraan sementara, senilai Rp2 miliar hingga Rp3 miliar, yang diduga merupakan pemberian CHN dan CN kepada AM terkait yang diduga terkait sengketa pilkada di Kabupaten Gunung Mas, Kalimantan Tengah.

    Setelah itu, lanjut Budi, KPK juga melakukan operasi tangkap tangan di sebuah hotel di wilayah Jakarta Pusat, dan menahan dua orang yang dengan inisial HB dan DH.

    Editor: Ruslan Burhani


    MK Protes Tak Diundang Presiden
    2013-10-06 14:30:00

    JAKARTA (Lampost.Co): Mahkamah Konstitusi mempertanyakan pertemuan yang dilakukan Presiden Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono dengan sejumlah pemimpin lembaga tinggi negara, Sabtu (5/10) kemarin, tanpa mengundang Mahkamah Konstitusi.

    “Seyogyanya Pimpinan Mahkamah Konstitusi diundang dalam pertemuan tersebut untuk didengar keterangannya,” jelas Wakil Ketua MK Hamdan Zoelva usai Rapat Pleno Hakim Konstitusi di Gedung MK, Jakarta, Minggu (6/10) dini hari.

    Keputusan Presiden tidak mengundang Pimpinan MK pada pertemuan itu, kata Hamdan, membuat seolah-olah delapan hakim konstitusi lain ikut bersalah pada kasus suap ketua MK nonaktif, Akil Mochtar. “Pada pertemuan tersebut, MK diperlakukan sebagai objek. Padahal UUD 1945 menempatkan MK sebagai lembaga negara juga,” imbuh Hamdan.

    Ia mengatakan dengan mengundang pimpinan MK, Presiden bersama pimpinan lembaga lainnya bisa mencari solusi terbaik dari dampak adanya kasus suap tersebut. Pasalnya, MK pun tengah berbenah untuk memulihkan kembali citranya.

    Langkah-langkah pembenahan tersebut di antaranya menyerahkan sepenuhnya kasus pidana Akil pada penegak hukum. MK bahkan telah membentuk Majelis Kehormatan MK beberapa jam usai penangkapan Akil guna menyelesaikan masalah terkait etik dan administrasi.

    Langkah berikutnya, lanjut Hamdan, MK mengirimkan surat permintaan pemberhentian sementara kepada Presiden sesaat setelah KPK menetapkan Akil sebagai tersangka. Tidak hanya itu, MK pun menata kembali panel hakim yang semula tiga panel menjadi dua panel. “Terakhir, MK sedang merumuskan pembentukan Majelis Pengawas Etik Mahkamah Kostitusi. Ini yang belum ada,” terang Hamdan.

    Terkait sidang-sidang MK, Hamdan menegaskan akan tetap berjalan sebagaimana mestinya. “Karena masih ada 8 hakim konstitusi yang berdasarkan UU tetap dapat dengan sah menjalankan fungsinya,” imbuhnya.

    Selain itu, apabila MK menunda dalam menjalankan tugasnya, lanjut Hamdan, perkara-perkara akan menumpuk. “Akhirnya banyak perkara yang terbengkalai dan itu akan mencederai hak-hak konstitusional. Apalagi, sengketa pemilu kada paling lambat dalam waktu 14 hari kerja,” paparnya.

    Sumber: MTVN
    Editor: Adian


    Akil Mochtar Ditangkap KPK
    Hakim-hakim MK Merasa Ikut Disalahkan SBY
    Minggu, 6 Oktober 2013 21:00 WIB

    Ketua Mahkamah Konstitusi Akil Mochtar (tengah) keluar dari Gedung Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi, Minggu (6/10/2013), usai dites urine oleh Badan Narkotika Nasional.

    TRIBUNNEWS.COM, JAKARTA – Mahkamah Konstitusi (MK) memahami respons cepat Presiden SBY yang mengumpulkan para petinggi lembaga negara, untuk mencari solusi pasca-penangkapan Ketua MK Akil Mochtar oleh Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi (KPK), atas tuduhan dugaan korupsi.

    Berdasarkan hasil rapat pleno hakim MK, Sabtu (5/10/2013), MK mengakui peristiwa tersebut telah memengaruhi citra dan wibawa MK.

    “MK berpendapat, seyogianya pimpinan MK diundang dalam pertemuan tersebut, untuk didengar keterangannya, dan ikut bersama ketua lembaga negara lain, dalam rangka mencari solusi terbaik sebagai jalan keluar dari dampak atas peristiwa tersebut,” demikian dikutip Tribunnews.com dari dokumen hasil rapat pleno hakim MK.

    Para hakim MK, juga merasa bahwa mereka turut dipersalahkan dengan apa yang terjadi pada Akil Mochtar, hingga tak diundang dalam pertemuan itu.

    “Dengan demikian MK dijadikan sebagai obyek, padahal menurut UUD 1945, menempatkan MK sebagai lembaga negara juga.”

    Menurut para hakim konstitusi, peristiwa yang dialami ketua mereka, tak menghalangi institusi mereka untuk menjalani tugas konstitusi.

    “MK bertanggung jawab atas sumpah jabatan, demi bangsa dan negara.” (*)

    Penulis: Samuel Febrianto
    Editor: Yaspen Martinus

    Coki Lanang-1 jam lalu
    Pak SBY kan militer, doktrinnya adalah, kalau situasi genting, jangan percaya siapapun disekitar situ termasuk lingkungan yang terkait dengan obyek tsb. Jadi………ya bp2 Hakim MK yg mulia tak usah tersinggung……siapa tahu diantara bp2 masih ada yg suka terima suap spt Pak Akil…… Kan harus dibuktikan kalau tidak terima suap…….tenang2 sajalah……he….he…..

    Puguh Darmanto-1 jam lalu
    Saya kira pantas juga tak diundang…..karena sepertinya mereka pada bersekongkol perilaku culas……..sama dengan si Akil……DAN…HAKIM YANG LAIN MESTINYA BERINA teriak DAN TAK PERLU TAKUT DI PECAT….KALAU DI LEMBAGANYA ADA bau culas….. Yah karena gak ada yang berani terika ….maka mereka SAMA SAJA…..SAMA CULASNYA….bahkan saling melindungi……, kurang lebih hal yang demikian terjadi juga di lembaga kepolisian……..

    Prima Bareno Ismet-11 jam lalu
    Dalam 25 tahun kedepan, jangan libatkan partai poltik dalam proses rekruitmen pejabat lembaga negara. Serahkan mekanisme rekruitmen kpd presiden, yg nntnya sbg penanggung jawab langsung apabila terjadi pelanggaran hukum. DPR hanya bertugas mengawasi jalannya oprasional lembaga negara dg sistem pengawasa yg ditetapkan dlm UU dan perpu. Skr ini terkesan presiden tdk ada porsi dlm kedudukannya utk bertanggung jawab.

    Roni Isman Isman-12 jam lalu
    apapun kata anda wahai hakim MK sulit bagi rakyat untuk demikian mudahnya mempercayai anda lagi. contohnyakan sudah ada bagimana ketua anda yang gaya seakan seorang malaikat bersih dan suci tapi lihat buktinya bagimana??

    Irwandi Be-15 jam lalu
    mengingat bentuk keputusan MK adalah kolegial tetap ada kemungkinan hakim lain tidak terlibat tapai yang jadi permasalahan kenapa para hakim di MK sanagat alergi terhadap pengawasan KY dngn segala macam alasan padahal dalam konstitusi tidak ada larangan unetu melakukan pengawasan terhadap kinerja hakim MK. jadi ada apa sebenarnya ini perlu di pertanyakan mudah.mudahan tdk ada elemen masyarakat yang mengajukan reveu terhadap perpu yg akan dikeluarkan oleh presiden karena MK tidak boleh mereveu suatu peraturan perUUngan yang menyangkut dngan lembaga MK sendiri semoga kebenaran akan ter unkap di negeri ini, hidup KPK.

  • Virtual Chitchatting 6:15 PM on 2013/10/05 Permalink  

    Amunisi Bank Indonesia dalam mencegah semakin terpuruknya rupiah

    oleh S3ra Sutan Rajo Ali
    Jakarta, 5 Oktober 2013

    1. Perbanyak kontrak swap dengan pemerintah negara lain.
    2. Perbanyak stand-by loan dengan lembaga lintah darah tingkat dunia seperti Bank Dunia dan ADB. IMF, no way, Indonesia belum lama ini ngutangin IMF sebesar US$ 1 milyar.
    3. Persempit pintu keluar dollar AS hanya melalui BUMN yang bisa diawasi dan dikadalin (moral hazard, man).
    4. Naikkan reserve requirement (GWM).
    5. Turunkan plafon loan to deposit ratio (LDR).
    6. bla bla bla

    Dampaknya, cadangan devisa Indonesia naik sedikit dari

    • USD 92,997.00 juta pada bulan Agustus 2013, menjadi
    • USD 95,675.00 juta pada bulan September 2013.

    Peraturan Menteri BUMN (http://www.bumn.go.id/category/produk-hukum/peraturan-menteri/)

    Ekspansi Kredit Ditahan
    Kompas, Jumat, 27 September 2013, hal.19

    Gubernur Bank Indonesia Kumpulkan Direksi 20 Bank Besar

    Jakarta, Kompas – Bank Indonesia menahan perbankan agar tidak ekspansif menyalurkan kredit. Pengendalian kredit dilakukan dengan cara membatasi giro wajib minimum rasio pinjaman terhadap dana pihak ketiga. Bank Indonesia juga mengendalikan likuiditas perbankan.

    Pengendalian likuiditas perbankan dilakukan dengan menetapkan aturan baru tentang giro wajib minimum sekunder.

    Langkah pengendalian kredit perbankan itu untuk mengendalikan pertumbuhan ekonomi sehingga neraca perdagangan dan inflasi akan membaik. ’’Jika kredit terlalu ekspansif, likuiditas dapat terganggu. Kondisi ini bisa menimbulkan kerentanan terhadap industri perbankan,” kata Direktur Eksekutif Departemen Komunikasi Bank Indonesia (BI) Difi Ahmad Johansyah di Jakarta, Kamis (26/9).

    Giro wajib minimum (GWM) rasio pinjaman terhadap dana pihak ketiga (loan to deposit ratio/LDR) disesuaikan mulai 2 Desember 2013. GWM LDR adalah GWM tambahan yang jumlahnya dikaitkan dengan intermediasi perbankan.

    Besaran GWM LDR yang semula berkisar 78-100 persen berubah menjadi 78-92 persen.

    Saat GWM LDR ditetapkan 78-100 persen pada tahun 2010, kredit perbankan didorong untuk tumbuh. Namun, penurunan batas atas GWM LDR dimaksudkan agar bank mengerem kredit. ’’Sebenarnya sejak triwulan I-2013, beberapa bank yang konservatif sudah menurunkan pertumbuhan kredit,” kata Difi.

    Bank BCA, misalnya, menurunkan target pertumbuhan kredit tahun ini dari 20-22 persen menjadi 18 persen.

    Sebelumnya ekonom Lembaga Penjamin Simpanan, Doddy Ariefianto, memperkirakan, kredit perbankan akan tumbuh 18-19 persen tahun ini. Bank akan menahan kredit untuk beberapa sektor seperti perdagangan.

    Kelebihan likuiditas dari pengurangan batas atas GWM LDR bisa disalurkan ke GWM sekunder yang justru dinaikkan secara bertahap. Saat ini, GWM sekunder 2,5 persen dari dana pihak ketiga.

    GWM sekunder menjadi 3 persen pada kurun waktu 1 hingga 31 Oktober 2013 kemudian menjadi 3,5 persen pada 1 November hingga 1 Desember 2013. Sejak 2 Desember 2013, GWM sekunder menjadi 4 persen.

    GWM sekunder adalah cadangan minimum yang wajib dipelihara bank dalam bentuk Sertifikat Bank Indonesia (SBI), Sertifikat Deposito Bank Indonesia (SDBI), dan Surat Berharga Negara (SBN). SDBI sebagai instrumen baru diperhitungkan sebagai komponen GWM sekunder mulai 1 Oktober 2013.

    Kemarin, bankir dari 20 bank besar di Indonesia bertemu dengan Gubernur BI Agus DW Martowardojo. Menurut Difi, pertemuan semacam itu lumrah dilakukan. (IDR)

    Tekanan Rupiah Dikurangi
    Kompas, Jumat, 27 September 2013, hal.20

    BUMN Bertransaksi Lindung Nilai

    Jakarta, Kompas – Menteri Badan Usaha Milik Negara Dahlan Iskan menerbitkan peraturan menteri dengan nomor PER-09/MBU/2013 tentang Kebijakan Umum Transaksi Lindung Nilai Badan Usaha Milik Negara. Peraturan tersebut untuk mengurangi tekanan dollar AS atas rupiah.

    Lindung nilai (hedging) adalah cara atau teknik untuk mengurangi baik risiko yang timbul maupun yang diperkirakan akan timbul akibat adanya fluktuasi harga di pasar keuangan.

    Dahlan Iskan, Kamis (26/9), di Jakarta, mengatakan, peraturan itu telah ditandatangani 25 September lalu. Dahlan Iskan melalui suratnya kepada para direksi badan usaha milik negara (BUMN) yang bernomor S.600/MBU/2013, meminta direksi untuk melaksanakan transaksi lindung nilai dalam rangka memitigasi risiko pasar yang dihadapi. Pelaksanaan itu dilakukan dengan lembaga keuangan BUMN, baik bank maupun bukan bank yang memiliki kapasitas dan kapabilitas yang memadai.

    Seperti tercantum dalam Pasal 2 peraturan menteri itu, BUMN wajib melakukan identifikasi, pengukuran, pemantauan, dan pengendalian risiko pasar secara efektif dalam rangka memitigasi risiko pasar. Risiko pasar itu meliputi risiko suku bunga, risiko nilai tukar, risiko komoditas, dan risiko ekuitas. Pengendalian risiko pasar dapat dilakukan melalui transaksi lindung nilai.

    Bank Indonesia menilai kebijakan itu dinilai bisa membantu menjaga stabilitas nilai tukar rupiah terhadap dollar AS. “BI (Bank Indonesia) mendukung kebijakan itu, kata Direktur Eksekutif Departemen Komunikasi BI Difi Ahmad Johansyah, Kamis.

    Beberapa waktu lalu, BI dan Kementerian BUMN menyepakati agar PT Pertamina dan PT PLN tidak membeli dollar AS di pasar uang. Kebutuhan dollar dua perusahaan BUMN itu diadakan melalui tiga bank milik negara, yakni Bank BNI, Bank BRI, dan Bank Mandiri.

    Menteri Perindustrian MS Hidayat di Seoul, Korea Selatan, mengatakan, selama ini tiap hari PT Pertamina membutuhkan 150 juta dollar AS untuk impor. “Jadi sekarang dilarang beli di pasar spot. Dia belinya harus tiga bulan lagi. Jadi tidak mengguncangkan (pasar uang). Itu membuat pasar kita lebih likuid,” kata Hidayat, seperti dilaporkan wartawan Kompas, C Anto Saptowalyono.

    Pengamat keuangan, Farial Anwar, menilai sepatutnya aturan itu sudah dikeluarkan saat pemerintah akan menaikkan harga bahan bakar minyak.

    Pengamat keuangan, Lana Soelistianingsih, menilai perusahaan yang baik pendapatannya maupun utangnya sudah dalam bentuk dollar AS, akan relatif terbiasa melakukan lindung nilai tukar, bahkan melakukannya secara alami.

    Namun, mereka yang tidak terbiasa, tekanannya akan terasa ketika mata uang rupiah tertekan seperti saat ini. (BEN)

    Peraturan mengenai Kebijakan Umum Transaksi Lindung Nilai (Hedging) BUMN
    Kompas, Jumat, 27 September 2013, hal.20

    1. Lindung nilai adalah cara atau teknik untuk mengurangi risiko yang timbul maupun yang diperkirakan akan timbul akibat adanya fluktuasi harga di pasar keuangan.

    2. BUMN wajib melakukan identifikasi, pengukuran, pemantauan, dan pengendalian risiko pasar secara efektif dalam rangka memitigasi risiko pasar (risiko suku bunga, nilai tukar, komoditas, ekuitas).

    3. Pengendalian risiko pasar dapat dilakukan melalui transaksi lindung nilai.

    4. Objek transaksi lindung nilai mencakup aset, kewajiban, pendapatan, dan arus kas.

    5. Biaya yang timbul dan selisih kurang dari transaksi lindung nilai menjadi beban anggaran BUMN. Selisih lebihnya menjadi pendapatan BUMN.

    6. Pelaksanaan transaksi lindung nilai dilakukan melalui lembaga keuangan BUMN, bank maupun bukan bank.

    7. Prinsip pelaksanaan transaksi nilai mencakup:
    a. Tata kelola perusahaan yang baik.
    b. Penerapan manajemen risiko.
    c. Standar akuntansi dan perpajakan.

    8. Kewajiban direksi BUMN mencakup:
    a. Menyusun kebijakan lindung nilai, yakni identifikasi dan penetapan risiko pasar, objek underlying yang akan dilindungi, dan mitigasi risiko.
    b. Menyusun prosedur operasional standar.

    Sumber: Litbang Kompas, INO, disarikan dari Peraturan Menteri BUMN No.:Per-09/MBU/2013 tentang Kebijakan Umum Transaksi Lindung Nilai BUMN

    Kompas, 5 Oktober 2013, hal.19
    Pemerintah Juga Punya Dana Siaga

    Paket Baru Kebijakan Ekonomi Disiapkan

    Jakarta, Kompas – Tidak hanya Bank Indonesia yang menyiapkan dana pinjaman siaga untuk menghadapi kondisi perekonomian yang memburuk. Pemerintah Indonesia juga memiliki dana pinjaman serupa sebesar 5 milyar dollar AS untuk mengantisipasi perekonomian memburuk.

    Kepala Pusat Kebijakan Makro Kementerian Keuangan Luky Alfirman mengemukakan hal itu dalam diskusi panel bertema “Perkembangan Perekonomian Terkini, Tanggapan Kebijakan dan Pandangan ke Depan” di Universitas Paramadina, Jakarta, Jumat (4/10). “Ada dana 5 milyar dollar AS yang disiapkan sebagai deferred draw-down option,” kata Luky.

    Dana deferred draw-down option (DDO) itu merupakan dana yang disiapkan untuk keadaan tertentu. Dana serupa pinjaman siaga tersebut baru bisa digunakan saat kondisi tertentu yang memerlukan pencairannya.

    Luky menambahkan, dana DDO ini bisa digunakan saat harga obligasi tinggi. Dengan demikian, pemerintah memiliki dana cadangan.

    Dana siaga itu merupakan pinjaman dari Bank Dunia, pemerintah Jepang, Australia, dan Bank Pembangunan Asia (ADB). Dana sebesar 5 milyar dollar AS atau Rp 55 trilyun dengan asumsi kurs Rp 11.000 per dollar AS.

    “Saat kondisi buruk, yakni saat harga obligasi tinggi, bisa digunakan untuk membeli kembali obligasi,” ujar Luky.

    Sebelumnya Bank Indonesia (BI) sudah menandatangani perjanjian pertukaran devisa dengan Cina dan Jepang. Devisa yang dipertukarkan itu akan ditarik untuk menambah cadangan devisa saat kondisi memburuk dan jumlah cadangan devisa anjlok.

    Perjanjian dengan Cina sebesar 100 milyar yuan atau Rp 175 trilyun. Perjanjian dengan Jepang mencapai 12 milyar dollar AS atau Rp 132 trilyun.

    Deputi Gubernur BI Perry Warjiyo menjelaskan, pihaknya menjajaki kemungkinan menjalin perjanjian pertukaran devisa dengan beberapa negara lain. Namun, Perry menolak menyampaikan hal itu saat ini.

    Dana siaga itu digunakan untuk menambah cadangan devisa. Per akhir Agustus 2013, cadangan devisa Indonesia 92,97 milyar dollar AS.

    Kebijakan Baru

    Dalam diskusi, Luky juga memaparkan, pemerintah sedang menyiapkan kebijakan baru menghadapi kondisi perekonomian terkini. Diharapkan kebijakan itu bisa terbit pada bulan Oktober ini. “Kebijakan ini untuk menyiapkan diri jika hal buruk terjadi,” kata Luky.

    Luky, yang dicegat wartawan seusai diskusi, menolak menjelaskan lebih lanjut. Ia hanya mengatakan, kebijakan tersebut berkorelasi dengan paket kebijakan yang diterbitkan pemerintah pada Agustus lalu.

    “Terkait kebijakan ini, koordinasi terus dilakukan dengan pihak lain. Tujuannya tetap untuk mengendalikan defisit transaksi berjalan,” ujar Luky. Defisit transaksi berjalan pada triwulan II-2013 sebesar 9,8 milyar dollar AS atau 4,4 persen dari produk domestik bruto (PDB).

    Perry memaparkan, dana asing yang masuk ke surat berharga negara cukup besar, sekitar Rp 17 trilyun, sejak awal tahun hingga pekan keempat bulan September. Sebaliknya, tidak ada dana asing yang keluar. (IDR)


    Siaran Pers 11-06-2013
    Langkah Preemptive Bank Indonesia dalam Menjaga Stabilitas Moneter

    Sumber Data: Departemen Komunikasi
    Contact: Departemen Komunikasi, Fax.: (62-21) 350-1867, E-mail : humasbi@bi.go.id

    No: 15/ 8 /DKom

    Dalam rangka stabilisasi kondisi moneter sehubungan dengan pelemahan nilai tukar rupiah akhir-akhir ini, Gubernur Bank Indonesia menyatakan bahwa Bank Indonesia siap melakukan langkah-langkah yang diperlukan. Untuk itu, Rapat Dewan Gubernur Bank Indonesia pada hari ini, memutuskan untuk menaikkan suku bunga deposit facility sebesar 25 basis poin dari 4% menjadi 4.25% berlaku mulai 12 Juni 2013. Selain itu, Bank Indonesia tetap akan memenuhi kebutuhan likuiditas valas dan rupiah di pasar. Langkah ini dilakukan sebagai upaya preemptive dalam menjaga stabilitas moneter.

    Jakarta, 11 Juni 2013
    Departemen Komunikasi

    Difi A. Johansyah
    Direktur Eksekutif


    Siaran Pers 29-08-2013
    Langkah-Langkah Lanjutan Penguatan Bauran Kebijakan Bank Indonesia untuk Pengendalian Inflasi, Stabilisasi Nilai Tukar Rupiah, dan Penurunan Defisit Transaksi Berjalan

    Sumber Data: Departemen Komunikasi
    Contact: Departemen Komunikasi, Telepon : (62-21) 2981-7317 Fax.: (62-21) 386-4884, E-mail : humasbi@bi.go.id

    No: 15/ 26 /DKom

    Rapat Dewan Gubernur hari ini, Kamis 29 Agustus 2013, memutuskan untuk memperkuat bauran kebijakan lanjutan sebagai berikut. Pertama, menaikkan BI Rate sebesar 50 bps menjadi 7,00%, suku bunga Lending Facility (LF) sebesar 25 bps menjadi 7,00%, dan suku bunga Deposit Facility (DF) sebesar 50 bps menjadi 5,25%. Kedua, Bank Indonesia akan memperpendek jangka waktu month-holding-period kepemilikan Sertifikat Bank Indonesia (SBI) dari 6 bulan menjadi 1 bulan. Ketiga, memperhitungkan Sertifikat Deposito Bank Indonesia (SDBI) sebagai komponen Giro Wajib Minimum (GWM) Sekunder. Keempat, memperkuat kerjasama antar bank sentral dengan memperpanjang Bilateral Swap Arrangement (BSA) antara Bank Indonesia dengan Bank of Japan sebagai agen Menteri Keuangan Jepang. Kebijakan lanjutan ini memperkuat berbagai bauran kebijakan yang telah diputuskan sebelumnya, termasuk lelang TD Valas overnight (o/n) dan SDBI mulai hari ini, perluasan FX Swap sebagai instrumen hedging, serta kebijakan loan-to-value ratio (LTV) kredit properti dan supervisory action dalam manajemen likuiditas dan penyaluran kredit.

    1. Menyikapi cepatnya dinamika perubahan perekonomian global dan nasional akhir-akhir ini, Dewan Gubernur Bank Indonesia memandang perlu untuk menyelenggarakan Rapat Dewan Gubernur (RDG) Bulanan tambahan untuk melakukan evaluasi secara menyeluruh terhadap kondisi makroekonomi, moneter, dan sistem keuangan, yang dalam beberapa waktu terakhir mengalami tekanan dengan intensitas yang semakin tinggi, seiring dengan meningkatnya ketidakpastian ekonomi global serta masih tingginya ekspektasi inflasi dan persepsi terhadap kesinambungan transaksi berjalan. Secara khusus, Dewan Gubernur Bank Indonesia mencermati beberapa perkembangan penting indikator ekonomi, moneter dan keuangan berikut ini:

    a. Berlanjutnya ketidakpastian pengurangan bertahap (tapering) stimulus moneter oleh the Fed terus memberikan tekanan pada pasar keuangan di berbagai negara. Penarikan modal dan meningkatnya risiko investasi menyebabkan penurunan harga saham, meningkatnya yield obligasi, dan pelemahan nilai tukar di hampir seluruh negara emerging market, tidak terkecuali Indonesia. Tekanan yang tinggi pada pasar keuangan global ini terjadi di tengah melambatnya pertumbuhan ekonomi dunia dan kawasan Asia, termasuk China dan India, serta terus menurunnya harga komoditas primer, kecuali harga minyak. Kondisi ini telah memberikan tekanan pada kinerja perdagangan dan pasar keuangan Indonesia.
    b. Tekanan pada Neraca Pembayaran Indonesia (NPI) masih berlanjut, meskipun dengan intensitas yang mulai menurun. Berdasarkan data sementara ekspor dan impor hingga Juli 2013, defisit transaksi berjalan yang pada triwulan II-2013 mencapai 4,4% PDB diperkirakan akan menurun menjadi 3,4% PDB pada triwulan III-2013. Defisit terutama berasal dari neraca perdagangan migas, sehubungan dengan masih tingginya impor minyak untuk konsumsi dalam negeri. Di sisi neraca modal dan finansial, surplus diperkirakan berasal dari arus modal asing masuk dalam bentuk Penanaman Modal Asing (PMA) dan investasi portofolio, terutama pada Surat Berharga Negara (SBN), di tengah arus modal keluar investasi portfolio dari pasar saham. Kondisi ini diharapkan dapat mendukung perbaikan dalam keseimbangan NPI dan kestabilan cadangan devisa.
    c. Inflasi IHK, diukur secara tahunan (year-on-year), diperkirakan masih akan tinggi. Namun diukur secara bulanan (month-to-month), inflasi IHK pada Agustus ini akan jauh lebih rendah dari Juli yang lalu, dan diperkirakan akan mulai kembali pada pola normalnya mulai September yang akan datang. Secara keseluruhan, dengan mempertimbangkan realisasi sampai dengan Juli dan perkiraan bulan-bulan yang akan datang, Bank Indonesia memperkirakan inflasi IHK pada akhir 2013 akan berkisar 9,0%-9,8%. Tingginya inflasi terutama berasal dari volatile foods dan administered prices, sementara inflasi inti masih relatif terkendali.
    d. Tekanan pelemahan nilai tukar Rupiah masih berlanjut, baik karena tekanan pasar keuangan global sebagaimana terjadi pada hampir semua negara emerging markets, maupun karena faktor domestik terutama terkait dengan tingginya defisit transaksi berjalan dan inflasi. Pada 28 Agustus 2013, Rupiah ditutup pada Rp10.945 per dolar AS, atau terdepresiasi sebesar 11,9% secara point-to-point dari posisi akhir Desember 2012. Bank Indonesia menilai tingkat nilai tukar Rupiah dewasa ini mencerminkan kondisi fundamental serta mendukung peningkatan ekspor dan penurunan impor dalam proses penyesuaian defisit transaksi berjalan. Namun demikian, ketidakpastian perkembangan Rupiah masih relatif tinggi, tercermin pada tingginya volatilitas dan lebarnya kisaran perdagangan, antara lain karena reaksi pelaku pasar yang cenderung berlebihan (overshooting).
    e. Aktivitas perekonomian menunjukkan indikasi perlambatan sebagai dampak dari perlambatan pertumbuhan ekonomi dunia. Sampai dengan semester I-2013, pertumbuhan ekonomi Indonesia mencapai 5,9%, menurun dari kinerja 2012 yang mencapai 6,2%. Kecenderungan perlambatan ekonomi diprakirakan masih berlangsung pada semester II-2013, terutama pada investasi non-bangunan dan konsumsi swasta. Secara keseluruhan, Bank Indonesia memperkirakan pertumbuhan ekonomi 2013 akan menuju batas bawah kisaran prakiraan 5,8% – 6,2%.
    f. Kondisi likuiditas baik di pasar uang maupun pada perbankan tetap terjaga. Perkembangan suku bunga PUAB overnight relatif stabil pada sekitar 4,8% dan tidak tercatat peningkatan yang signifikan pada volume transaksi pinjam-meminjam di pasar uang. Terjaganya kondisi likuiditas perbankan tercermin pada rasio Alat Likuid terhadap Dana Pihak Ketiga yang tetap terjaga. Ketahanan perbankan tetap kuat, antara lain tercermin dari tingginya rasio permodalan dan tetap rendahnya non performing loan (NPL). Sementara itu, pertumbuhan kredit perbankan masih dalam tren menurun menjadi 19,6% (yoy) pada pertengahan Agustus 2013, mengikuti perlambatan aktivitas perekonomian di dalam negeri. Di pasar modal, kenaikan yield SBN didorong kenaikan ekspektasi inflasi dan suku bunga internasional, sementara harga saham tercatat kembali meningkat pada perdagangan 28 Agustus 2013 setelah menurun tajam dari posisi Desember 2012 akibat dampak global.

    2. Secara keseluruhan, Dewan Gubernur menilai bahwa proses penyesuaian perekonomian nasional terhadap perlambatan ekonomi terindikasi mulai berlangsung. Hal ini tidak terlepas dari bauran kebijakan moneter dan makroprudensial yang ditempuh Bank Indonesia selama ini maupun langkah-langkah koordinasi kebijakan dengan Pemerintah maupun dalam Forum Koordinasi Stabilitas Sistem Keuangan (FKSSK). Meskipun demikian, Dewan Gubernur memandang bahwa tekanan dan ketidakpastian perekonomian global ke depan masih relatif tinggi, baik terkait dengan waktu dan besarnya tapering stimulus moneter oleh the Fed, penurunan harga komoditas, maupun perlambatan pertumbuhan dunia. Sehubungan dengan itu, dalam RDG Bulanan hari ini tanggal 29 Agustus 2013, Dewan Gubernur memutuskan menempuh langkah-langkah lanjutan untuk memperkuat bauran kebijakan moneter dan makroprudensial dalam pengendalian inflasi, stabilisasi nilai tukar Rupiah, penurunan defisit transaksi berjalan, serta penguatan ketahanan makroekonomi dan stabilisasi sistem keuangan sebagai berikut:

    a. Rapat Dewan Gubernur hari ini, Kamis 29 Agustus 2013, memutuskan untuk memperkuat bauran kebijakan lanjutan sebagai berikut. Pertama, menaikkan BI Rate sebesar 50 bps menjadi 7,00%, suku bunga Lending Facility (LF) sebesar 25 bps menjadi 7,00%, dan suku bunga Deposit Facility (DF) sebesar 50 bps menjadi 5,25. Kenaikan BI Rate diharapkan dapat lebih memperkuat pengendalian ekspektasi inflasi dan memitigasi risiko kemungkinan terjadinya pengaruh pelemahan rupiah terhadap inflasi dan sebaliknya. Kebijakan ini juga sebagai bagian dari langkah untuk menekan defisit transaksi berjalan menuju pada tingkat yang sehat dan berkesinambungan.
    b. Memperkuat stabilisasi nilai tukar Rupiah sejalan dengan kondisi fundamental perekonomian. Intervensi ganda melalui pasokan valas dan pembelian SBN dari pasar sekunder terus dilanjutkan secara terukur. Untuk menambah keragaman tenor dan memenuhi kebutuhan pengelolaan liquiditas valas, lelang Term Deposit (TD) valas dengan tenor overnight (o/n) sudah dimulai sejak hari ini, di samping tenor 7, 14, dan 30 hari yang selama ini telah ada. Untuk mengelola permintaan valas oleh non-residen tanpa mengurangi aspek kehati-hatian, peningkatan rekening vostro yang berasal dari divestasi atas hasil penyertaan langsung, pembelian saham dan/atau obligasi korporasi Indonesia serta SBN dikecualikan dalam perhitungan ketentuan pinjaman luar negeri jangka pendek bank sebesar maksimum 30% dari modal, akan segera diberlakukan. Penyediaan instrumen lindung nilai (hedging) kepada perbankan dan dunia usaha ditingkatkan melalui transaksi FX Swap baik secara bilateral maupun lelang reguler setiap hari Kamis. Bank-bank dapat secara bebas menerus-transaksikan (pass-on) transaksi FX Swap dengan nasabahnya kepada bank lain atau ke Bank Indonesia. Bank Indonesia juga akan memperpendek jangka waktu month-holding-period kepemilikan Sertifikat Bank Indonesia (SBI) dari 6 bulan menjadi 1 bulan.
    c. Memperkuat pengelolaan likuiditas di pasar uang dan perbankan agar tetap terjaga untuk mendukung stabilitas pasar keuangan, industri perbankan, dan stabilitas sistem keuangan secara keseluruhan. Melalui penguatan operasi moneter, baik dengan intervensi ganda di pasar valas dan pembelian SBN dari pasar sekunder maupun operasi moneter di pasar uang Rupiah, kondisi likuiditas di pasar uang maupun perbankan selama ini tetap terjaga. Untuk memperkuat operasi moneter Bank Indonesia, manajemen likuiditas perbankan, dan sekaligus sebagai langkah-langkah lanjutan pendalaman pasar keuangan, mulai hari ini Bank Indonesia melakukan lelang Sertifikat Deposito Bank Indonesia (SDBI) dengan tenor 1 dan 3 bulan. Seperti diumumkan sebelumnya, SDBI adalah instrumen moneter Bank Indonesia dapat diperdagangkan antar-bank di dalam negeri. Selain itu, Bank Indonesia juga mempunyai instrumen term-repo dengan underlying SBI dan SBN yang sewaktu-waktu dapat dilakukan untuk mengantisipasi risiko kemungkinan terjadinya tekanan dan keketatan likuiditas di pasar uang secara industri perbankan.
    d. Memperkuat kebijakan makroprudensial untuk pengelolaan kredit dan manajemen risiko perbankan. Sebagai tindak lanjut keputusan RDG sebelumnya, penguatan ketentuan Loan-to-Value (LTV) terhadap tipe-tipe tertentu kredit kepemilikan rumah dan apartemen akan diberlakukan dalam waktu dekat. Langkah-langkah pengawasan (supervisory action) terhadap bank-bank yang penyaluran kreditnya masih tinggi juga dilakukan. Untuk memperkuat manajemen risiko likuiditas perbankan, dilakukan penguatan ketentuan GWM-LDR dan GWM Sekunder. Bank Indonesia juga akan memperhitungkan Sertifikat Deposito Bank Indonesia (SDBI) sebagai komponen Giro Wajib Minimum (GWM) Sekunder.
    e. Memperkuat kerjasama antar bank sentral dalam kebijakan moneter dan stabilitas sistem keuangan. Bank Indonesia menilai bahwa jumlah cadangan devisa yang ada masih cukup untuk menghadapi tekanan pada neraca pembayaran. Namun demikian, masih tingginya tekanan dan ketidakpastian perekonomian global ke depan memerlukan langkah-langkah antisipasi baik dengan penguatan respon bauran kebijakan maupun ketahanan dalam menghadapi gejolak eksternal, termasuk bantalan kecukupan cadangan devisa secara berlapis (second line of defense). Dalam kaitan ini, Bank Indonesia telah menandatangani perpanjangan Bilateral Swap Arrangement (BSA) dengan Bank of Japan sebagai agen Menteri Keuangan Jepang sebesar US$ 12 miliar, berlaku efektif 31 Agustus 2013. Pembahasan untuk kerjasama serupa juga sedang dilakukan dengan bank-bank sentral di kawasan.

    3. Bank Indonesia dari waktu ke waktu akan mengevaluasi perkembangan perekonomian global dan dampaknya terhadap kinerja perekonomian nasional, serta siap menempuh langkah-langkah lanjutan untuk penguatan seluruh instrumen dalam bauran kebijakan moneter dan makroprudensial yang diperlukan. Bank Indonesia juga akan terus memperkuat koordinasi dengan Pemerintah dan FKSSK untuk menjaga stabilitas makroekonomi dan stabilitas sistem keuangan, khususnya dalam pengendalian inflasi, stabilitas nilai tukar Rupiah dan pasar keuangan, penurunan defisit transaksi berjalan dan kesehatan neraca pembayaran, serta penguatan manajemen risiko dan ketahanan sektor keuangan. Berbagai langkah kebijakan tersebut disadari akan berdampak pada penurunan kinerja perekonomian dalam jangka pendek, namun diyakini dapat memperkuat kesinambungan perekonomian nasional dalam jangka menengah-panjang.

    Jakarta, 29 Agustus 2013
    Departemen Komunikasi

    Difi A. Johansyah
    Direktur Eksekutif


    Siaran Pers 18-07-2013
    Lelang Perdana FX Swap Bank Indonesia Oversubscribed

    Sumber Data: Departemen Komunikasi
    Contact: Departemen Komunikasi, Telepon : (62-21) 2981-7317 Fax.: (62-21) 346-4884, E-mail : humasbi@bi.go.id

    No.15/ 15 /DKom

    Pada hari ini, 18 Juli 2013, Bank Indonesia melaksanakan lelang FX Swap perdana dan direspon sangat positif oleh pasar. Bank Indonesia menawarkan target lelang FX Swap sebesar USD 500 juta dengan tenor 1, 3 dan 6 bulan. Jumlah penawaran yang masuk sebesar USD 1.240 juta, atau jauh melebihi target yang ditetapkan (oversubscribed). Dari jumlah penawaran tersebut, jumlah FX Swap yang dimenangkan sebesar USD 600 juta. “Hal ini menunjukkan semakin kuatnya kepercayaan pasar terhadap kondisi likuiditas di pasar domestik, khususnya likuiditas valas,” demikian ditegaskan Deputi Gubernur BI, Perry Warjiyo.

    “Lelang FX Swap merupakan bagian dari penguatan bauran kebijakan yang ditempuh Bank Indonesia, dan memiliki tiga tujuan,” demikian Perry Warjiyo menambahkan. “Pertama, lelang FX swap merupakan bagian penguatan operasi moneter Bank Indonesia untuk pengelolaan likuiditas valas dan rupiah di pasar. Kedua, lelang FX swap dimaksudkan sebagai instrumen lindung nilai (hedging) bagi investor maupun pengusaha terhadap risiko pergerakan nilai tukar Rupiah atas kebutuhan likuiditas valas dan rupiahnya. Ketiga, lelang FX Swap ini merupakan salah satu upaya Bank Indonesia dalam mendorong pendalaman pasar melalui pembentukan harga yang lebih efisien dan transparan, serta pengayaan instrumen, sehingga pelaku pasar tidak hanya bergantung pada instrumen cash market dalam pengelolaan likuiditasnya.”

    Bank Indonesia meyakini berbagai langkah penguatan bauran kebijakan yang ditempuhnya akan semakin memperkuat stabilitas nilai tukar Rupiah, pengendalian inflasi, maupun stabilitas sistem keuangan secara keseluruhan. Kenaikan suku bunga BI Rate maupun deposit facility yang telah ditempuh diyakini telah cukup untuk memitigasi dampak temporer kenaikan harga BBM terhadap inflasi sehingga diprakirakan inflasi akan kembali normal mulai September 2013. Nilai tukar Rupiah dewasa ini juga telah menggambarkan kondisi pasar dan fundamental perekonomian. Demikian pula, penyesuaian yield SBN yang telah terjadi baik di pasar primer maupun sekunder juga telah cukup tinggi. Sangat menariknya imbal hasil ini dan semakin menguatnya kepercayaan pasar merupakan momentum bagi investor untuk kembali melakukan pembelian aset keuangan di pasar domestik.

    Dalam mengantisipasi akan semakin besarnya aliran modal portofolio investasi ke Indonesia, ke depan Bank Indonesia akan melakukan lelang swap secara regular. Hal ini dimaksudkan agar FX Swap semakin dapat digunakan sebagai instrumen lindung nilai bagi investor dan semakin memperdalam pasar keuangan di Indonesia.

    Mekanisme Lelang FX Swap tersebut diatur dalam Surat Edaran No. 15/24/DPM tanggal 5 Juli 2013 Perihal Perubahan Kelima Atas Surat Edaran Bank Indonesia No.12/18/DPM Perihal Operasi Pasar Terbuka yang dapat dilihat pada: http://www.bi.go.id/web/id/Peraturan/Moneter/se_152413DPM.htm yang diterbitkan pada tanggal 5 Juli 2013.

    Jakarta, 18 Juli 2013
    Departemen Komunikasi

    Difi A. Johansyah
    Direktur Eksekutif


    Siaran Pers 2-10-2013
    Bank Indonesia dan People’s Bank of China Perpanjang Bilateral Currency Swap Arrangement

    Sumber Data: Departemen Komunikasi
    Contact: Departemen Komunikasi, Telepon : (62-21) 2981-7317 Fax.: (62-21) 386-4884, E-mail : humasbi@bi.go.id

    No: 15/ 33 /DKom

    Selasa, 1 Oktober 2013, Gubernur Bank Indonesia, Agus D.W. Martowardojo dan Gubernur People’s Bank of China, ZHOU Xiaochuan menandatangani perjanjian Bilateral Currency Swap Arrangement (BCSA). Perjanjian ini merupakan wujud nyata dari penguatan kerjasama keuangan antar bank sentral dalam kebijakan moneter dan stabilitas sistem keuangan. “Kerjasama ini mencerminkan komitmen regional dalam menghadapi kondisi ketidakpastian global dan akan berkontribusi positif dalam menjaga stabilitas makroekonomi dan keuangan domestik,” demikian disampaikan Agus D.W. Martowardojo.

    BCSA ini merupakan perpanjangan dari perjanjian sebelumnya senilai CNY100 miliar/IDR175 triliun antara Bank Indonesia dengan People’s Bank of China. Perjanjian akan berlaku selama 3 (tiga) tahun dan dapat diperpanjang sesuai persetujuan kedua belah pihak.

    Dengan adanya BCSA diharapkan akan meningkatkan perdagangan dan investasi langsung antara Indonesia dan China, membantu penyediaan likuiditas jangka pendek bagi stabilisasi pasar keuangan, dan tujuan lainnya sesuai kesepakatan kedua belah pihak. Agus D.W. Martowardojo juga meyakini bahwa kerjasama antar bank sentral ini akan semakin meningkatkan kepercayaan pasar terhadap kondisi fundamental perekonomian Indonesia.

    Jakarta, 2 Oktober 2013
    Departemen Komunikasi

    Difi A. Johansyah
    Direktur Eksekutif


    Siaran Pers 13-09-2013
    Bank Indonesia dan Pemerintah Provinsi DKI Jakarta Koordinasikan Empat Langkah Strategis Pengendalian Inflasi Di Jakarta

    Sumber Data:
    1. Departemen Komunikasi Bank Indonesia
    2. Dinas Komunikasi, Informatika dan Kehumasan Pemerintah Provinsi DKI Jakarta

    Departemen Komunikasi Bank Indonesia, Telepon : (021) 2981-7317 Fax.: (021) 386-4884, E-mail :humasbi@bi.go.id
    Dinas Komunikasi, Informatika dan Kehumasan Pemerintah Provinsi DKI Jakarta, Telepon: (021) 382-3046, Fax: (021) 382-2256, website: http://www.jakarta.go.id ; http://www.beritajakarta.com

    Gubernur Bank Indonesia, Agus D.W. Martowardojo dan Gubernur Provinsi DKI Jakarta, Joko Widodo pada hari ini, Jumat 13 September 2013 melakukan rapat koordinasi membahaslangkah-langkah strategis yang menjadi fokus program stabilisasi inflasi Provinsi DKI Jakarta, di Kantor Pusat Bank Indonesia, Jakarta. Dalam kesempatan yang sama, juga dilakukan penandatanganan Perjanjian Kerjasama antara Bank Indonesia dan Pemprov DKI Jakarta terkait Bantuan Teknis Pengembangan UMKM di Jakarta.Di samping itu, sebagai wujud dari kepedulian dan kontribusi Bank Indonesia dalam pengembangan UMKM, Gubernur Bank Indonesiabersama Gubernur DKI Jakarta kemudian melakukan kunjungan lapangan ke Blok-G Pasar Tanah Abang, Jakarta sekaligus melakukan penyerahanbantuan Program Sosial Bank Indonesia (PSBI). Untuk mendukung kelancaran transaksi perdagangan di lokasi tersebut, Bank Indonesia bersama perbankan juga memberikan layanan penukaran uang pecahan kecil serta edukasi mengenai ciri-ciri keaslian uang rupiah (CIKUR) dan alat pembayaran menggunakan kartu (APMK).

    Rapat koordinasi yang dilakukan membahas 4 (empat) langkah strategis pengendalian inflasi di Provinsi DKI Jakarta.Pertama, mengembangkan Pusat Informasi Harga Pangan Strategis (PIHPS). Kedua, memperkuat kerjasama perdagangan dengan daerah pemasok komoditas pangan strategis. Ketiga, membenahi infrastruktur yang mendukung perdagangan dan logistik,dan Keempat, mendukung pengembangan UMKM. “Empat langkah strategis yang dibahas dalam rapat koordinasi tersebut sangat diperlukan untuk mengatasi tekanan inflasi di Jakarta”, ujar Agus D.W. Martowardojo. Tingginya tekanan inflasi di Jakarta saat ini terutama bersumber dari inflasi bahan pangan. Langkah stabilisasi harga yang dilakukan oleh Tim Pengendalian Inflasi Daerah (TPID) Provinsi DKI Jakarta terus diperkuat antara lain dengan pengembangan PIHPS sebagai program prioritas tahun 2013. “PIHPS akan mempermudah akses informasi harga bahan pangan oleh seluruh masyarakat, mendorong transparansi harga dan efisiensi dalam pembentukan harga di tingkat konsumen dan produsen”, demikian Joko Widodo. Disamping itu, akan dilakukan penguatanBadan Usaha Daerah yang memiliki kewenangan dan fungsi stabilisasi harga. “Hal tersebut juga dalam rangka mendukung program cadangan pangan yang akan menjamin ketersediaan dan keterjangkauan harga pangan strategis di Jakarta”, tambah Joko Widodo.

    Dalam rangka menjaga keterjangkauan harga, Bank Indonesia juga mendukung pengembangan UMKM di Provinsi DKI Jakarta. Penandatanganan Perjanjian Kerjasama terkait Bantuan Teknis Pengembangan UMKM ditujukan untuk meningkatkan akses UMKM kepada lembaga keuangan, yang dilakukan melalui pelatihan kepada pelaku UMKM dan pengurus lembaga penyedia dana UMKM, diseminasi hasil penelitian, edukasi dan sosialisasi kepada UMKM mengenai pengelolaan keuangan, serta pertukaran informasi. Perjanjian kerjasamayang ditandatangani hari ini oleh Pemerintah Provinsi DKI Jakarta dan Bank Indonesia berlaku sampai dengan tahun 2015. Program Kerjasamatersebut dilatarbelakangi oleh masih rendahnya penyaluran kredit UMKM (secara nasional 18,8% dan DKI Jakarta 9,6%). Adapun kendala utama yang dihadapi dalam penyaluran kredit UMKM adalah keterbatasan kapasitas, kapabilitas dan eligibilitas UMKM. Untuk itu, upaya bersama dari seluruh pihak terkait, dalam mendorong pengembangan UMKM diharapkan dapat meningkatkan akses keuangan UMKM dan pada gilirannya dapat meningkatkan nilai tambah pada perekonomian, khususnya di Provinsi DKI Jakarta.

    Jakarta, 13 September 2013

    Departemen Komunikasi Bank Indonesia
    Dinas Komunikasi, Informatika dan Kehumasan Pemerintah Provinsi DKI Jakarta

  • Virtual Chitchatting 5:51 PM on 2013/10/05 Permalink  

    Reformasi TNI = Duitisasi TNI, TNI akan tinggalkan panggung dan pentas politik 

    kompas, 5 Oktober 2013 hal.2
    Reformasi TNI: Tinggalkan Politik Praktis

    Reformasi TNI, Bayar Kami, Kami akan tinggalkan panggung dan pentas politik
    Modernisasi TNI = Duitisasi TNI
    Reformasi TNI = Duitisasi TNI, TNI akan tinggalkan panggung dan pentas politik

    msopm p2


    Anggaran Militer dan Kekuatan Angkatan Bersenjata
    Fahruddin Salim ; Dosen Magister Manajemen Universitas Pancasila,
    Tim Ahli di DPR
    SINAR HARAPAN, 05 Oktober 2013

    Kekuatan pertahanan Indonesia kini sudah tidak bisa dianggap remeh. Setidaknya hal itu bisa dilihat dari kekuatan alutsista dan kekuatan militernya di kawasan Asia. Menurut lembaga analisis militer Global Firepower, kekuatan Indonesia kini berada di urutan 15 dunia sejak Juni 2013.

    Sebelumnya, tahun 2011, Indonesia masih berada di peringkat 18 besar dunia. Untuk kawasan Asia Pasifik, Indonesia tercatat sebagai negara terkuat nomor 7, jauh di atas Malaysia (33) dan Singapura (47).

    Penambahan sejumlah alat utama sistem persenjataan (alutsista) yang dibeli Kementerian Pertahanan membuat TNI makin “bergigi” di darat, laut, dan udara. Pembangunan kekuatan pertahanan memang sebuah keharusan.

    Semakin kuat, canggih, modern, efektif, dan efisien alutsista serta kekuatan militer suatu negara, menunjukkan kuatnya pertahanannya. Demikian pula, kemajuan alutsista sangat berpengaruh terhadap pertahanan suatu negara. Alutsista bahkan bisa berpengaruh terhadap kedudukan suatu negara dalam diplomasi politik internasional.

    Kekuatan pertahanan kita juga harus terus diperkuat karena kondisi geografis wilayah Indonesia dengan jumlah sebaran pulau dan sebaran penduduk yang luas dan potensi ancaman keamanan nasional yang tinggi.

    Contohnya pelanggaran wilayah perbatasan darat, gangguan keamanan di laut dan pelanggaran wilayah yurisdiksi laut, pemanfaatan ruang udara nasional secara ilegal, dan upaya-upaya penguasaan wilayah Indonesia oleh negara lain.

    Upaya pengembangan postur dan struktur pertahanan sangat terkait dengan kondisi keuangan negara. Berdasarkan Peraturan Presiden RI Nomor 5 Tahun 2010 tentang Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Menengah Nasional (RPJM) Tahun 2010–2014, terurai berbagai permasalahan di bidang pertahanan. Untuk postur pertahanan misalnya, keterbatasan keuangan negara dan skala prioritas pembangunan berdampak pada masih rendahnya anggaran pertahanan.

    Pada awal RPJMN 2004-2009, alokasi anggaran pertahanan sebesar 1,1 persen PDB, tetapi dalam pelaksanaannya justru menunjukkan penurunan. Dalam tiga tahun terakhir belanja pertahanan berturut-turut 0,92 persen PDB (2007); 0,70 persen PDB (2008); dan 0,63 persen PDB (2009).

    Menurut Buku Putih Pertahanan (Dephan, 2008) dalam rangka mewujudkan minimum essential force dalam 2-3 tahun mendatang total anggaran pertahanan diharapkan dapat mencapai di atas 1 persen dari PDB dan selanjutnya meningkat menjadi minimal 2 persen dari PDB dalam kurun waktu 10-15 tahun ke depan.

    Pengeluaran anggaran pertahanan negara kita, masih jauh di bawah negara negara di kawasan Asia Tenggara. Negara dengan wilayah terluas dan penduduk terbesar di Asia Tenggara justru anggaran milternya hanya 0,7 persen dari PDB atau hanya menduduki urutan ketujuh.

    Menurut laporan Bank Dunia dan SIPRI (2012), selama 2000-2012, persentase PDB untuk anggaran militer negara Asia Tenggara masing masing adalah Singapura mencapai 4,3 persen PDB; Brunei Darussalam 3,2 persen; Vietnam 2,2 persen; Malasyia 2,0 persen; Thailand 1,4 persen; dan Filipina 1,4; serta Indonesia berada dalam posisi terendah mencapai 0,7 persen dari PDB.

    Berdasarkan rata rata jumlah anggaran yang dikeluarkan sesuai dengan laporan yang dikeluarkan oleh SIPRI, pada periode 2000-2011, Singapura mengalokasikan US$ 7,5 miliar sehingga menempati peringkat pertama. Jumlah anggaran Indonesia hanya nomor empat terbesar, yakni US$ 3,7 miliar setelah Malasyia sebesar US$ 3,8 miliar, dan Thailand US$ 3,7 miliar.

    Dilihat dari total anggaran yang disediakan, Singapura juga menjadi yang terbesar dengan angka total US$ 70,2 miliar pada periode 2003-2011. Indonesia di posisi ketiga sebesar US$ 36 miliar setelah Malasyia US$ 38 miliar.

    Dilihat dari pengeluaran untuk sektor pertahanan, tampak jelas bahwa Singapura ingin membangun kekuatan militer yang mumpuni bahkan serius membangun hegemoni militer di Asia Tenggara.
    Bahkan dengan alokasi anggaran militernya yang tinggi terhadap PDB, telah menempatkan negara mungil di Asia Tenggara tersebut termasuk negara yang sangat militeristis. Singapura berada dalam posisi kedua setelah Israel sebagai negara paling militeristis di dunia berdasarkan indeks militerisasi global (GMI).

    Bagaimana dengan pengeluaran anggaran militer negara di Asia lainnya? Untuk membandingkan hal ini, contoh paling konkret adalah China, negara paling pesat dalam modernisasi kekuatan militer di Asia.
    Hal ini bisa dilihat dari anggaran pertahanan China yang meningkat signifikan. Dalam tahun 2013, China yang berencana untuk meningkatkan anggaran pertahanan sebesar 10,7 persen menjadi 720.200.000.000 yuan atau sekitar US$ 115.700.000.000 pada 2013. Anggaran tersebut juga setara dengan 66 persen APBN Indonesia pada 2013 yang ditetapkan Rp 1.683 triliun.

    Menurut laporan lembaga konsultan pertahanan dan keamanan IHS Jane’s (Juni 2013) China diperkirakan meningkatkan anggaran pertahanan sebanyak 64 persen menjadi US$ 207 miliar pada 2021, dibandingkan dengan India dan Indonesia yang masing-masing diperkirakan menaikkan anggaran sebesar 54 persen dan 113 persen, menurut studi tersebut.

    Negara-negara ini ingin membangun industri-industri pertahanan yang tumbuh subur dan mampu mengembangkan peralatan modern seperti jet tempur dan pesawat induk, dan mungkin mengekspor “alat-alat kelas dunia” yang menyaingi Barat dalam kurun satu dekade.

    Berdasarkan laporan rancangan anggaran pada Kongres ke-12 Rakyat Nasional China, peningkatan anggaran tersebut akan difokuskan untuk memodernisasi sistem informasi militernya, dan menjaga keamanan nasional serta menjamin kelangsungan hidup masyarakat.

    Meskipun anggaran pertahanan China ini meningkat dari tahun sebelumnya, tapi sebenarnya merupakan sedikit mengalami penurunan, mengingat pada 2012 naik 11,6 persen dan tahun 2011 mengalami kenaikan sebesar 12,7 persen. Pada 2012, China menghabiskan anggaran sekitar US$ 103,3 miliar untuk pertahanan dan militernya atau naik sekitar 11,6 persen dari tahun sebelumnya.

    Anggaran pertahanan China pada 2011 ialah US$ 119,8 miliar. Pada 2015, anggaran akan dinaikkan dua kali lipat menjadi US$ 238,2 miliar atau naik 18,75 persen per tahun dalam kurun waktu tersebut.

    Kenaikan anggaran untuk tahun 2015 itu melampaui semua anggaran dari 12 negara di Asia Pasifik, yang diperkirakan mencapai total US$ 232,5 miliar. Kisaran anggaran China itu setara empat kali belanja pertahanan Jepang pada tahun yang sama. China tampaknya ingin memperkuat pertahanannya melampaui negara-negara lain. ●

  • Virtual Chitchatting 5:49 PM on 2013/10/05 Permalink  

    Yudhi Setiawan menyibak kemaksiatan PKS, partai yang menjual nama Islam

    Kompas, 5 Oktober 2013, hal.4
    Sidang Kuota Impor Daging
    Ketika Sahabat Dekat Bertemu di Sidang

    msopm p4

  • Virtual Chitchatting 1:05 PM on 2013/10/05 Permalink  

    Ratu Atut Chosiyah yang menganggap Banten sebagai wilayah kekuasaan dan warisan keluarganya


    Ratu Atut Dicegah Sejak 3 Oktober 2013
    Jum’at, 04 Oktober 2013 | 13:48 WIB

    Ratu Atut Chosiyah. TEMPO/Seto Wardhana

    TEMPO.CO, Jakarta – Direktorat Jenderal Imigrasi Kementerian Hukum dan Hak Asasi Manusia mencegah Gubernur Banten Ratu Atut Chosiyah bepergian ke luar negeri. Kepala Bagian Humas dan Tata Usaha Direktorat Jenderal Imigrasi, Heriyanto, mengatakan pencegahan itu dilakukan sejak kemarin.

    “Pencegahan sejak 3 Oktober 2013,” katanya melalui pesan pendek, Jumat, 4 Oktober 2013. Menurut Heriyanto, pencegahan itu berlaku hingga enam bulan ke depan.

    Juru bicara Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi, Johan Budi S.P., kemarin malam mengatakan pencegahan ini dilakukan atas permintaan KPK. Alasannya, Atut berstatus sebagai saksi terkait kasus suap Ketua Mahkamah Konstitusi Akil Mochtar.

    KPK menangkap tangan Akil pada Rabu malam lalu. Akil diduga menerima suap dalam dua perkara sengketa pilkada yang ditangani MK, yakni sengketa Pilkada Gunung Mas, Kalimantan Tengah, dan Lebak, Banten. Dalam kasus ini, KPK menyita duit Rp 3 miliar dalam bentuk dolar Singapura dan dolar Amerika, serta Rp 1 miliar dalam pecahan Rp 100 ribu dan Rp 50 ribu.

    Atut dijadikan saksi lantaran KPK juga menangkap adiknya, Tubagus Chaeri Wardhana alias Wawan, pada Rabu malam tersebut. Suami Wali Kota Tangerang Selatan Airin Rachmi Diany itu diduga menyuap Akil sebanyak Rp 1 miliar terkait sengketa Pilkada Lebak, Banten. KPK menginginkan Atut bisa memberikan keterangan terkait hal ini sewaktu-waktu saat dibutuhkan oleh penyidik. Wawan sendiri telah ditetapkan sebagai tersangka dalam kasus tersebut.



    Gubernur Atut Anggap Dinasti Kekuasaan Sebagai Anugerah
    Rabu, 20 April 2011 | 14:09 WIB

    ANTARA/Widodo S. Jusuf

    TEMPO Interaktif, Tangerang – Gubernur Banten Ratu Atut Chosiah menilai kemenangan keluarganya menjadi kepala daerah di sejumlah kota dan kabupaten di Provinsi Banten merupakan anugerah. Ia mengaku belum berencana menguasai atau menempatkan kerabatnya yang lain di kota atau kabupaten yang belum dipimpin keluarganya.

    Pelantikan Airin Rachmi Diany sebagai Wali Kota Tangerang Selatan menambah luasnya wilayah “kekuasaan” keluarga besar Gubernur Banten Ratu Atut Chosiah. Terrpilihnya Airin di Tangerang Selatan menambah daftar panjang kekuasaan Atut di Banten. Setidaknya, 5 dari 8 kota/kabupaten telah dikuasai keluarga Gubernur Banten. “Saya menganggap ini adalah anugerah, ketika keluarga saya bisa menjadi kepala daerah dan memegang amanah,” kata Atut menjawab pertanyaan Tempo usai pelantikan Wali Kota dan Wakil Wali Kota Tangerang Selatan di Universitas Terbuka Pamulang, Rabu 20 April 2011.

    Dari 8 kota dan kabupaten di Provinsi Banten, 4 di antaranya dikuasai kerabat Gubernur seperti Tb Khaerul Zaman (adik Atut) sebagai Wakil Wali Kota Serang, Ratu Tatu Chasanah (adik Atut) yang semula menjabat sebagai Wakil Ketua DPRD Banten lalu terpilih menjadi Wakil Bupati Kabupaten Serang, Heryani (ibu tiri Atut) sebagai Wakil Bupati Pandeglang, dan Airin Rachmi Diany (adik ipar Atut) terpilih menjadi Wali Kota Tangerang Selatan. Praktis, wilayah daerah tingkat dua di Banten yang belum dikuasai oleh keluarga Gubernur hanyalah Cilegon, Kota Tangerang, dan Kabupaten Tangerang.

    Menurut Atut, keberhasilannya memegang kekuasaan di sejumlah wilayah di Banten, termasuk kemenangan Airin, merupakan anugerah bagi dirinya sebagai Gubernur Banten dan keluarga besarnya. “Tapi, kemenangan ini demokratis. Kemenangan ini bukan kemenangan keluarga, tapi kemenangan Kota Tangerang Selatan dan Banten secara umum,” katanya.

    Ketika ditanya apakah sudah menyiapkan keluarganya yang lain untuk memegang kekuasaan di kota dan kabupaten yang belum terpegang kerabatnya seperti Kota Tangerang, Kabupaten Tangerang, dan Lebak, Atut mengatakan,”Belum ada rencana,” ucapnya pendek.

    Menurut Atut, masalah pemilu adalah hak setiap orang. “Siapa pun memiliki hak yang sama, untuk dipilih dan memilih,” katanya lagi.



    Pesan Megawati untuk Ratu Atut
    Minggu, 02 Oktober 2011 | 19:16 WIB

    Megawati Soekarnoputri. TEMPO/Seto Wardhana

    TEMPO.CO, Serang – Ketua Umum Partai Demokrasi Indonesia Perjuangan, Megawati Soekarnoputri, mengumpulkan ribuan kadernya di Banten, Minggu, 2 Oktober 2011. Selain mengunjungi Rumah Sakit Tanpa Kelas (RS TK) Pelita Rakyat di Kampung Bojong, Desa Cikoneng, Kecamatan Anyer, Kabupaten Serang, Megawati datang untuk konsolidasi kader partai berkaitan dengan pemenangan calon gubernur dan wakil gubernur Ratu Atut Chosiyah dan Rano Karno.

    Megawati mengatakan konsolidasi partai sangat penting dilakukan untuk menghadapi pemilihan kepala daerah di daerah. Karena itu, kader PDIP harus benar-benar mempersiapkan diri untuk pemenangan pasangan Atut-Rano. “PDIP harus menang di Banten,” tegas Mega.

    Menurutnya, sebagai bangsa, kualitas kepemimpinan semakin tergerus oleh ketidakmampuan di dalam menentukan ke mana masa depan Banten. “Dulu banyak kepala daerah yang didukung PDIP, namun setelah duduk sebagai kepala daerah malah pergi ke partai lain, Jangan begitu loh ibu Atut,” kata Mega.

    Megawati juga geram terhadap pemerintah daerah Kabupaten Serang dan Pemerintah Provinsi Banten, karena hingga saat ini belum mengeluarkan izin operasi bagi Rumah Sakit Pelita Rakyat, Anyer, Kabupaten Serang yang dibangun PDIP. Padahal pembangunan rumah sakit itu, kata Megawati, bukan untuk kepentingan PDIP melainkan masyarakat.

    Menurut Megawati, partai politik wajib mengurus masalah kesehatan, pendidikan dan pangan. Bahkan partai politik juga memiliki tanggung jawab dalam meningkatkan kesejahteraan masyarakat. “Seharusnya kita berlomba melaksanakannya agar masyarakat bisa sejahtera, bukan untuk menunda-menunda, apalagi menghalangi,” kata Megawati.

    Bahkan Megawati mengaku sempat dilarang pidato saat melakukan kunjungan di Rumah Sakit Pelita Rakyat, Anyer, Kabupaten Serang. “Enggak apa-apa enggak pidato, toh saya bisa bicara di mana pun. Tapi yang membuat saya agak jengkel, kenapa belum ada izinnya? Apa urusannya ya? Katanya ingin menyejahterakan rakyat?” ujar Megawati.

    Sementara itu, Gubernur Banten Ratu Atut Chosiyah mengatakan akan segera membantu membuka pengoperasian Pelita Rakyat, Anyer, Kabupaten Serang. “Kita akan usahakan cepat bisa dioperasikan,” kata Atut usai menghadiri acara tersebut.

    Menurut Atut, dia sangat mendukung dibangunnya rumah sakit yang dilakukan oleh PDIP. Bahkan kalau bisa, kata Atut, pembangunan rumah sakit itu juga dilakukan di daerah lainnya yang ada di Banten. “Sangat mendukung sekali, karena ini akan sangat bermanfaat bagi masyarakat,” katanya.



    Ratu Atut, Kandidat Gubernur Paling Kaya
    Jum’at, 07 Oktober 2011 | 11:19 WIB

    Gubernur Banten Ratu Atut Choisyah. TEMPO/Dimas Aryo

    TEMPO.CO, Serang – Calon Gubernur Banten, Ratu Atut Chosiyah, tercatat sebagai kandidat terkaya. Kekayaan Ratu Atut paling banyak dibandingkan dua calon gubernur lainnya, yaitu Wahidin Halim dan Jazuli Juwaeni. Jumlah kekayaan Atut berdasarkan surat pemberitahuan Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi (KPK) No. B-2703/12/9/20011 tertanggal 28 September 2011, senilai Rp 37,739 miliar.

    Berdasarkan hasil pemeriksaan KPK per 6 Oktober 2006 lalu, Ratu Atut juga memiliki harta tidak bergerak senilai Rp 18,160 miliar dengan lokasi paling besar nilainya terdapat di Bandung, Jawa Barat. Adapun harta bergerak, seperti alat transportasi, Rp 3,931 miliar, harta kekayaan lainnya seperti surat berharga senilai Rp 7,855 miliar.

    Ketua Pokja Pencalonan Komisi Pemilihan Umum (KPU) Provinsi Banten Agus Supriyatna mengatakan berdasarkan surat pemberitahuan KPK tentang Laporan Harta Kekayaan Penyelenggaraan Negara (LHKPN), total kekayaan Ratu Atut Chosiyah per tanggal 8 Juli 2011 mencapai Rp 37,739 miliar. Jumlah tersebut turun jika dibandingkan pada 6 Oktober 2006 silam yang mencapai Rp 41,937 miliar.

    Wahidin Halim, berdasarkan laporan KPK per tanggal 30 Juni 2011, jumlah harta kekayaannya mencapai Rp 9,508 miliar. Jumlah ini naik dibandingkan LHKPN pada 28 Maret 2008, di mana saat itu jumlah harta kekayaan Wahidin Halim sebesar Rp 7,998 miliar. Sedangkan untuk Jazuli Juwaeni, nilai kekayaannya sebesar Rp 2,789 miliar.

    Sementara itu, Calon Wakil Gubernur Banten, Irna Narilta, tercatat memiliki harta kekayaan paling besar. Istri mantan Bupati Pandeglang, Dimyati Natakusumah, ini tercatat memiliki kekayaan sebesar Rp 22,605 miliar per 1 Juli 2011, disusul oleh Rano Karno sebesar Rp 13,014 miliar per 25 Juni 2011, dan Makmun Muzakki sebesar Rp 676,653 juta.

    “Kami mengumumkan ke publik, baik melalui media cetak maupun ditempel di kantor KPU Banten, untuk rincian harta Irna di antaranya adalah jumlah harta tidak bergerak sebesar Rp 20,704 miliar, harta bergerak sebesar Rp 1,843 miliar,” kata Ketua Pokja Pencalonan Komisi Pemilihan Umum (KPU) Provinsi Banten Agus Supriyatna, Jumat, 7 Oktober 2011.



    Kerabat Gubernur Atut “Kuasai” Banten
    Kamis, 10 Maret 2011 | 21:31 WIB

    Ratu Atut Chosiyah (kanan). ANTARA/Muhammad Deffa

    TEMPO Interaktif, Banteng – Gubernur Banten, Ratu Atut Chosiyah, Kamis, 10 Maret 2011 melantik Ibu tirinya, Heryani sebagai Wakil Bupati Pandeglang Banten. Heryani merupakan wakil dari Bupati Erwan Kurtubi. Pasangan ini dilantik untuk masa bakti 2011-2016.

    Pelantikan ini menambah panjang daftar keluarga besar Atut yang menjadi pejabat. Saat ini keluarga besar Atut hampir menguasai kekuasaan-kekuasaan di daerah itu. Inilah keluarga besar Atut yang memegang posisi penting itu.

    1. Hikmat Tomet (suami Atut)
    Ia menjadi anggota DPR dari Partai Golkar periode 2009-2014.

    2. Andika Hazrumy (anak sulung Atut)
    Ia menjabat sebagai anggota Dewan Perwakilan Daerah (DPD) asal Banten untuk periode 2009-2014.

    3. Adde Khairunnisa (menantu Atut)
    Ia menjabat sebagai Wakil DPRD Kota Serang.

    4. Tb Khaerul Zaman (adik Atut)
    Ia menjabat Wakil Wali Kota Serang.

    5. Ratu Tatu Chasanah (adik Atut)
    Ia semula menjabat sebagai Wakil Ketua DPRD Banten namun kemudian ia terpilih menjadi wakil Bupati Kabupaten Serang.

    6. Aden Abdul Khaliq (adik ipar Atut)
    Anggota DPRD I Banten.

    7. Airin Rachmi Diany (adik ipar Atut)
    Ia terpilih menjadi Walikota Tangerang Selatan.

    8. Heryani (ibu tiri Atut)
    Wakil Bupati Pandeglang.

    Banyaknya kerabat Atut yang menjabat ini bisa jadi karena pengaruh ketokohan ayahnya, Tb Chasan Sochib. Di Banten ayahnya merupakan sosok yang dikenal sangat berpengaruh.

    Dan menanggapi banyaknya kerabatnya yang menguasai jabatan itu, Atut berujar enteng. “Kebetulan saja banyak keluarga Ibu yang menjadi pejabat. Pada dasarnya semua orang Banten itu kan saudara,” kata Atut pelantikan di gedung Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah (DPRD) Pandeglang.



    Dinasti Atut Ramaikan Daerah Pemilihan Banten
    Kamis, 25 April 2013 | 16:34 WIB

    TEMPO.CO, Jakarta – Keluarga Gubernur Banten, Ratu Atut Chosiyah, ikut meramaikan bursa calon anggota legislatif untuk Pemilu 2014. Tercatat nama Andika Hazrumy dan Hikmat Tomet yang ikut mencalonkan dari partai Golkar.

    Andika Haszrumy adalah anak kandung Ratu Atut. Dia mencalonkan diri untuk daerah pemilihan Banten I yang meliputi Lebak dan Pandeglang. Andika sebelumnya merupakan anggota DPD periode 2009-2014 dari Banten. Andika juga menduduki beberapa posisi strategis di Banten seperti ketua Taruna Siaga Bencana dan bendahara Karang Taruna Provinsi Banten.

    Adapun Hikmat Tomet merupakan suami dari Ratu Atut. Dia mencalonkan diri dari daerah pemilihan Banten II yang meliputi Kota Serang, Kabupaten Serang, dan Kota Cilegon. Hikmat merupakan ketua DPD Partai Golkar Provinsi Banten.

    Menanggapi soal politik dinasti di Banten, Sekretaris Badan Pemenangan Pemilu Partai Golkar, Rully Chairul Azwar, mengatakan, “Partai hanya melihat dari peluang caleg tersebut.” Caleg yang dinaikkan di Banten, Rully menjelaskan, sama dengan dapil lainnya yang melalui proses seleksi. Persoalan politik dinasti tersebut, ia anggap hanya sebagai kebetulan.

    “Mereka adalah usulan daerah,” ujar Rully di kantornya, Kamis, 25 April 2013. Tim seleksi, kata Rully, melakukan seleksi sesuai dengan calon yang ada. Namun anggota Komisi X DPR itu tidak memungkiri jika ada pengaruh dari Ratu Atut Chosiyah selaku kader partai dan petinggi daerah.



    Keluarga Nyaleg, Gubernur Atut: Itu mah Hak Asasi
    Jum’at, 26 April 2013 | 20:00 WIB

    Gubernur Banten Atut Chosiyah serta wakilnya Rano Karno saat meresmikan jalur ganda Serpong-Parungpanjang di Tangerang, Banten, Rabu (17/4). Penumpang perhari pada jalur tersebut mencapai 69.350 orang dan diharapkan dengan adanya jalur ganda tersebut mampu mengangkut penumpang dengan kapasitas lintas 101 KA per hari menjadi 128 KA perhari. TEMPO/Marifka Wahyu Hidayat

    TEMPO.CO, Serang–Gubernur Banten Ratu Atut Chosiyah, meminta semua pihak agar tidak mempersoalkan jika keluarganya maju dalam bursa calon anggota legislatif baik di tingkat provinsi dan pusat untuk Pemilu 2014. Ratu Atut beralasan, pencalonan keluarganya sebagai anggota legislatif maupun anggota DPD merupakan hak setiap warga negara atau hak asasi manusia.

    “Itu mah hak asasi manusia, siapapun masyarakat mempunyai keinginan untuk mencalonkan untuk menjadi apa saja, silahkan saja. Kenapa sih harus diributkan. Masa iya, keluarga gubernur tidak memiliki hak yang sama dengan masyarakat Banten lainnya,” kata Atut Jumat, 26 April 2013. (Lihat: Dinasti Banten Rame-rame Jadi Caleg DPR dan DPD)

    Atut menegaskan, sangat mendukung terkait pencalonan legislatif keluarganya dalam pemilu 2014 ini, termasuk terhadap semua caleg yang ada di Banten. Mereka harus memiliki komitmen yang tinggi untuk membangun Banten ke arah yang lebih baik lagi. “Sekali lagi ibu minta, kalau sudah duduk nanti jangan lupa dengan rakyat Banten,” katanya.

    Menurut Atut, siapapun orangnya yang akan maju dalam bursa pencalonan, maka yang bersangkutan harus memiliki komitmen yang tinggi terhadap pelayanan masyarakat banten. “Jangan kalau sudah duduk nanti cuek, lupa dengan pembangunan Banten. Jadi caleg itu duduk dimana saja harus ingat Banten. Termasuk keluarga Ibu sendiri, duduk di mana saja harus berkomitmen membangun Banten,” katanya.

    Sebelumnya, Pengamat Politik Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa (Untirta) Serang, Idi Dimyati mengatakan, fenomena pencalonan sejumlah anggota keluarga kepala menjadi anggota Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat di tingkat provinsi dan pusat merupakan bentuk pembajakan demokrasi. “Demokrasi langsung telah dirusak oleh elit-elit politik dan penguasa yang ada saat ini,” katanya.

    Idi Dimyati mengatakan, partai politik harus lebih bertanggung jawab dalam hal ini. Karena efek dari adanya fenomena tersebut, maka fungsi checks and balances dari legislative akan menjadi hilang. “Efek yang terjadi yaitu tidak adanya checks and balances kepada kekuasaan,” tegas Idi Dimyati.

    Menurut Idi Dimyati, rekrutmen yang dilakukan partai politik saat ini tidak melihat kapabelitas calon yang didudukannya di legislatif. Namun lebih memilih, sosok yang didudukanya memiliki kemampuan keuangan dan bisa menang dalam Pemilu. “Sehingga saat caleg tersebut menjadi legislativ, dia akan berupaya untuk mendapatkan uang, untuk keberlangsungan mempertahankan partai dan pribadi Celeg itu sendiri,” katanya.

    Menurut Idi Dimyati, fenomena pencalonan sejumlah keluarga pejabat atau penguasa sebagai calon anggota legislatif pusat dan daerah serta DPD bukan fenomena yang aneh. Kerena fenomena tersebut telah terjadi sejak jaman dulu. “Untuk melanggengkan kekuasaan, secara manusiawi akan menempatkan orang-orang terdekatnya diposisi yang bisa mendukung dan menjaga kekuasaanya,” tegas Idi.

    Sebagaimana diketahui, pada Pemilu 2014 nanti, anak-anak kepala daerah di Banten beramai-ramai mencalonkan diri menjadi anggota Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat di tingkat provinsi dan pusat. Ada anak Gubernur Banten Ratu Atut Chosiyah, anak Bupati Lebak Mulyadi Jayabaya, dan anak Walikota Tangerang Wahidin Halim.

    Anak Gubernur Banten Ratu Atut Chosiyah yang mencalonkan diri menjadi anggota DPR adalah Andika Hazrumy. Dia maju dari Partai Golkar. Andika saat ini adalah anggota Dewan Perwakilan Daerah. Dia tak sendiri. Saudara perempuannya, Andiara Aprillia Hikmat mendaftarkan diri sebagai anggota DPD perwakilan Banten. Kalau terpilih, dia akan mengganti posisi kakaknya di Senayan.

    Menantu Ratu Atut, Ade Rossi Chaerunnisa atau istri Andika Hazrumy, yang saat ini menjabat sebagai Wakil Ketua DPRD Kota Serang, juga kembali berlaga. Kali ini dia kembali mencalonkan diri menjadi anggota DPRD Banten dari Partai Golkar. Suami Ratu Atut Chosiyah, Hikmat Tomet, yang saat ini menjadi anggota DPR dari partai Golkar juga belum akan pensiun. Hikmat kembali mencalonkan diri sebagai anggota DPR.



    Seperti Apa Dinasti Politik Ratu Atut?
    Jum’at, 04 Oktober 2013 | 10:25 WIB

    Ratu Atut Chosiyah. TEMPO/Seto Wardhana

    TEMPO.CO, Jakarta – Majalah berita mingguan Tempo pernah membahas dinasti politik klan Chasan Sochib di Banten pada edisi 25 September 2011. Dalam tulisan tersebut, terungkap kekuasaan dinasti Chasan Sochib dalam politik dan bisnis di provinsi paling barat Pulau Jawa itu.

    Di Banten, nama Chasan tersohor karena status jawara yang disandangnya. Seorang anggota Dewan Perwakilan Daerah asal Banten mengakui adanya “keseganan mendekati rasa takut” masyarakat Banten. Banyak orang tunduk kepada Chasan, dan pembentukan atau pemilihan organisasi di Banten harus seizinnya. “Kalau mau ada pemilihan pengurus, mereka minta petunjuk dulu dari Abah (sapaan Chasan),” kata sumber Tempo.

    Chasan sukses mendukung keluarganya menempati posisi penting di Banten. Empat anak dan menantunya menjadi kepala dan wakil kepala daerah. Dua yang terkenal yakni Gubernur Banten Ratu Atut Chosiyah dan Wali Kota Tangerang Selatan Airin Rachmi Diany. Atut adalah anak tertua Chasan dari istri pertama, sedangkan Airin adalah menantunya. Istri keempat Chasan, Heryani, juga menjabat Wakil Bupati Pandeglang. Menantu, cucu, dan istri Chasan yang lain menjadi wakil rakyat di pusat atau di wilayah Banten.

    Namun Atut mengatakan keluarganya bisa menempati posisi penting murni karena kepercayaan masyarakat, bukan karena ketokohan Chasan. Dia mengakui ayahnya meminta keluarga “tak hanya menjadi penonton” dalam pembangunan Banten. Tapi ia menampik keluarganya sengaja membangun dinasti di kawasan barat Pulau Jawa. “Yang mendudukkan mereka adalah rakyat, bukan saya atau ayah,” kata dia.

    Sumber Tempo yang dekat dengan Chasan mengatakan semua anggota keluarga itu selalu saling membantu jika ada yang mencalonkan diri sebagai kepala daerah. Pada saat Airin maju dalam pemilihan Bupati Tangerang, Atut berjanji kepada tim kampanye akan mengerahkan para pegawai negeri. Tapi upaya itu kandas dan Airin kalah oleh pasangan Ismet Iskandar-Rano Karno.

    Seorang petinggi partai lain mengatakan keluarga ini tak segan menggelontorkan duit miliaran rupiah untuk memenangi pemilihan kepala daerah. Saat kampanye Airin sebagai calon Wali Kota Tangerang Selatan, petinggi yang menemani Chasan makan siang itu menyaksikan suami Airin, Chaeri Wardana, ditanya soal jumlah uang yang dikeluarkan selama putaran pertama. “Dijawab Rp 72 miliar,” katanya.

    Atut membantah keluarganya mengerahkan pegawai negeri. Ia mengatakan tak pernah mau hadir di Tangerang Selatan ketika adik iparnya berkampanye. Menjelang pemilihan gubernur, Atut menyatakan sudah mengeluarkan surat edaran agar bupati dan wali kota serta pegawai negeri berlaku netral. “Surat ini sudah disebar sebelum saya mendaftar ke KPU,” ujarnya.



    Ini Dia Dinasti Politik Banten Ratu Atut Chosiyah
    TRIBUNnews.com – 15 jam yang lalu

    TRIBUNNEWS.COM, JAKARTA – Operasi tangkap tangan yang dilakukan Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi(KPK) di Widya Chandra dimana Ketua Mahkamah Konstitusi, Akil Mochtar jadi tersangka kini memunculkan babak baru. Nama Gubernur Banten Ratu Atut Chosiyah kini disangkutpautkan.

    Tidak lama usai operasi tangkap tangan, KPK pun mengambil langkah sikap dengan mengeluarkan pencegahan bepergian ke luar negeri kepada Ratu Atut Chosiyah. Keputusan tersebut dikeluarkan setelah sang adik Tubagus Chaery Wardana alias Wawan ditetapkan sebagai tersangka pemberi suap kasus pilkada Kabupaten Lebak.

    Suami Wali Kota Tangerang Selatan Airin Rachmi Diany itu pun kini harus mendekam di tahanan.

    Dengan penetapan status tersangka kepada Tubagus Chaery Wardana tersebut kini memperlebar perkara ke ranah politik, dimana hal tersebut dikaitkan dengan dinasti politik Ratu Atut.

    Dikutip dari berbagai sumber, pada tahun 2006 diketahui, Ratu Atut terpilih menjadi Wakil Gubernur Banten melalui pemilihan langsung, hanya beberapa bulan setelah Pilkada. Atut kemudian menjadi gubernur menggantikan Gubernur Djoko Munandar yang terseret kasus korupsi.

    Atut kemudian sukses menjadi gubernur Banten di Pilkada tahun 2012 berdampingan dengan Rano Karno.

    Selama kepemimpinan Atut, banyak saudaranya yang mendapat tempat strategis di Banten. Pada tahun 2008, adiknya Haerul Zaman terpilih menjadi Wakil Wali Kota Serang, kemudian menjadi Wali Kota Serang setelah sang Wali Kota meninggal.

    Kemudian tahun 2010 Ratu Atut Chasanah yang juga adik Ratu Atut, terpilih menjadi Wakil Bupati Serang. Tak lama setelah itu tepatnya tahun 2011, Heryani yang juga ibu tiri Atut terpilih menjadi Wakil Bupati Pandeglang. Di tahun yang sama, istri Tubagus Chaeri Wardana (adik Atut) yaitu Airin Rachmi Diany terpilih menjadi Wali Kota Tangerang Selatan.

    Keluarga terdekat Atut juga sukses di ranah politik menunggangi Partai Golkar. Suami Atut, Hikmat Tomet, menjadi anggota DPR RI periode 2009-2014 dan dijagokan lagi oleh Golkar sebagai caleg di Pemilu 2014. Anak Atut, Andika Hazrumy, kini duduk di DPD RI mewakili Banten dan menjadi caleg Golkar untuk DPR RI di Pemilu 2014 mendatang.

    Anak tiri Atut, Tanto Warbono Arban juga diajukan menjadi anggota DPRD I Banten di Pemilu 2014 mendatang.

    Tidak hanya itu, sebut saja Rosi Khoerunnisa yang juga saudara ipar Atut kini menjabat sebagai Wakil Ketua DPRD II Serang dan akan diusung Golkar untuk DPRD I Banten pada Pemilu 2014. Saudara Atut lain yang akan maju menjadi DPD RI 2014 dari Banten adalah Andiara Aprilia Hikmat.


    5 Wilayah Banten di Bawah Klan Atut Chosiyah
    TEMPO.CO – 1 jam 0 menit lalu

    TEMPO.CO, Jakarta – Gubernur Banten Ratu Atut Chosiyah kini menjadi sorotan karena masuk daftar pencegahan oleh Imigrasi atas permintaan Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi. Menurut Wakil Ketua KPK Busyro Muqoddas, Atut adalah saksi penting ihwal sengketa pilkada Lebak, Banten. KPK menangkap Ketua Mahkamah Konstitusi Akil Mochtar karena diduga menerima suap dari Tubagus Chaeri Wardhana, adik Atut, terkait dengan putusan sengketa pemilihan Bupati Lebak, Banten, di daerah yang dipimpin Atut.

    Pemimpin di wilayah Banten memang banyak dijabat keluarga Atut. Provinsi Banten terdiri atas empat kabupaten dan empat kota, yakni
    1. Kabupaten Serang,
    2. Kabupaten Tangerang,
    3. Kabupaten Pandeglang, dan
    4. Kabupaten Lebak.

    Adapun kota administratif adalah:
    1. Kota Serang,
    2. Kota Cilegon,
    3. Kota Tangerang, dan
    4. Kota Tangerang Selatan.

    Di wilayah itu, tak kurang dari lima pemimpin daerah dijabat klan Atut. Mulai dari Atut sendiri, adik, adik tiri, ipar, bahkan hingga ibu tiri. Wali Kota Tangerang Selatan saat ini dijabat ipar Atut, yakni Airin Rachmi Diany. Dia adalah istri Chaeri Wardhana, adik Atut Chosiyah.

    Lalu, ada Tubagus Haerul Jaman, adik tiri Atut, yang terpilih sebagai Wali Kota Serang. Berikutnya adalah Tatu Chasanah, adik Atut, anggota DPRD Banten yang kemudian terpilih sebagai Wakil Bupati Serang. Terakhir adalah Heryani, ibu tiri Atut, yang menjabat Wakil Bupati Pandeglang. Keempat pilkada itu sempat digugat di Mahkamah Konstitusi, tetapi mereka akhirnya menang.

    Adapun Atut belum bisa dimintai komentar. Atut tidak hadir dalam acara rapat paripurna istimewa HUT ke-13 Banten. Sebelumnya, dalam setiap acara besar, Atut dan keluarganya selalu hadir. Dalam suatu kesempatan, Atut mengatakan keluarganya bisa menempati posisi penting karena kepercayaan masyarakat dan bukan ketokohan Chasan Sochib, ayahnya. »Yang mendudukkan mereka adalah rakyat, bukan saya atau ayah,” kata Atut.



    Pengamat: Gubernur Atut Tidak Membangun Banten
    TEMPO.CO – 1 jam 3 menit lalu

    TEMPO.CO, Jakarta – Pengamat politik dari Universitas Agung Tirtayasa Gandung Ismanto menilai banyak ketertinggalan yang dialami oleh pemerintah Banten selama dipimpin oleh Ratu Atut Chosiyah. Menurut Gandung, ketertinggalan Banten ini mengherankan mengingat pendapatan daerah yang hampir mencapai angka Rp 5 triliun.

    “Terbilang lambat pertumbuhannya. Secara makro banyak indikator yang menjelaskan itu,” kata Gandung saat dihubungi lewat sambungan telepon, Sabtu, 5 Oktober 2013.

    Gandung memperinci beberapa kondisi dari berbagai data riset yang dia terima. Kemiskinan Provinsi Banten masih tertinggi secara nasional karena mencapai 800 ribuan jiwa. Temuan ini sangat kontras jika dibandingkan pada saat ini APBD-nya nyaris mencapai Rp 5 triliun. Jauh berbeda dengan pada saat provinsi ini berdiri, yang hanya mengantongi pendapatan sebanyak Rp 400 miliar.

    Menurut dia, peningkatan APBD Banten ini sangatlah luar biasa. Namun, nyaris tidak ada artinya jika mengingat angka pengangguran yang tak kunjung turun dari 30 persen. Angka ini juga tergolong tertinggi menurut skala nasional. Belum lagi, angka kematian bayi dan ibu hami yang masih tinggi, yaitu 32 persen. “Ini sepadan dengan Provinsi Sulawesi Barat dan Papua Barat. Levelnya sama untuk angka kematian bayi dan ibu hamil,” katanya.

    Selanjutnya: Atut dinilai tak banyak berperan membangun Banten…

    Bagi masyarakat Banten, kata Gandung, Atut bukanlah gubernur yang mempunyai kepemimpinan baik. Dia dianggap sebagai perempuan biasa dan pesolek. Dia dinilai lebih mempedulikan citra diri daripada tugasnya sebagai gubernur untuk memajukan Provinsi Banten menjadi lebih baik. “Secara alamiah, Banten bisa maju tanpa adanya keterlibatan dari pemerintah. Karena diuntungkan secara geografis, berdekatan dengan Jakarta,” katanya.

    Kini, Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi berencana memeriksa Gubernur Banten Ratu Atut Chosiyah dalam kaitan dengan kasus dugaan suap kepada Ketua Mahkamah Konstitusi Akil Mochtar. “Dia (Atut) adalah saksi penting dalam kasus dugaan suap terkait sengketa pilkada di Lebak,” kata Wakil Ketua KPK Busyro Muqoddas.

    KPK sudah mengajukan permintaan pencegahan ke luar negeri atas Atut Chosiyah. Komisi meminta Direktorat Jenderal Imigrasi mencegah politikus Partai Golkar itu selama enam bulan, berlaku sejak Kamis lalu. Sumber Tempo di KPK menyebut peran Atut diduga memerintahkan Chaeri Wardhana “mengamankan” sengketa pilkada Bupati Lebak, Banten, di Mahkamah Konstitusi. “Penyiapan duit Rp 1 miliar sepengetahuan Atut,” ujar sumber tersebut.

    Chaeri Wardhana adalah adik Atut yang ditangkap KPK, Rabu lalu. Dia ditangkap bersama advokat Susi Tur Andayani, yang menangani perkara sengketa pemilihan Bupati Lebak. KPK menyita uang Rp 1 miliar yang diduga uang suap terkait dengan sengketa tersebut.



    Ini Alasan Pemerintah Ingin Hapus Dinasti Politik
    Kamis, 21 Februari 2013 | 17:59 WIB

    Ganjar Pranowo. Tempo/Pribadi Wicaksono

    TEMPO.CO, Jakarta – Kementerian Dalam Negeri bermaksud membatasi hak politik calon kepala daerah yang berasal dari satu garis keturunan atau sedarah. Pembatasan itu akan dimasukkan dalam rancangan undang-undang tentang pemilihan kepala daerah. Pemerintah menjamin pembatasan tak akan melanggar hak politik seseorang.

    “Nantinya, anak, istri, suami, atau saudara kandung kepala daerah tidak boleh maju dalam pilkada. Paling tidak ditunda dalam satu periode pemilihan,” kata Direktur Jenderal Otonomi Daerah Kementerian Dalam Negeri, Djohermansyah Djohan, dalam rapat Panitia Kerja RUU Pemilihan Kepala Daerah di Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat, Kamis, 21 Februari 2013.

    Fenomena dinasti politik terjadi di berbagai daerah. Kasus terbanyak terjadi di Banten. Ratu Atut, Gubernur Banten, memiliki sanak saudara yang berstatus sebagai kepala daerah di provinsi itu. Fenomena itu bakal dibatasi melalui revisi Undang-Undang 32 Tahun 2004 tentang Pemerintah Daerah. “Kami ingin membangun politik yang sehat.”

    Kementerian Dalam Negeri mencatat 30 kasus yang disebut sebagai dinasti politik. Dari jumlah itu, 13 persennya berdasarkan hubungan kakak-adik, suami-istri 1,5 persen, dan ayah-anak 1,1 persen. Djohermansyah menilai dinasti politik membatasi hak politik orang lain. “Kalau demokrasi yang fair silakan, tapi kadang calon turunan ini hanya membonceng popularitas tanpa kemampuan yang mumpuni,” kata Djohermansyah.

    Kementerian merilis beberapa daerah yang diperintah dinasti politik. Selain di Banten, contohnya ada di Bangkalan, Jawa Timur. Muhammad Makmun Ibnu Fuad, 27 tahun, terpilih menjadi bupati menggantikan ayahnya, Fuad Amin, yang sudah berkuasa dua periode.

    Wakil Ketua Panja RUU Pemilihan Kepala Daerah Ganjar Pranowo tak sependapat dengan pembatasan itu. Menurut dia, kasus yang tercatat masih terbilang kecil, hanya 5,1 persen. “Harus ada penelitian yang konkret sebelum kita memutuskan,” kata politikus PDI Perjuangan ini.



    Mendagri Resah Pejabat Daerah Mewah-mewahan
    Kamis, 25 April 2013 | 20:45 WIB

    Menteri Dalam Negeri, Gamawan Fauzi. ANTARA/Wahyu Putro A

    TEMPO.CO, Jakarta–Menteri Dalam Negeri Gamawan Fauzi mengingatkan pejabat-pejabat daerah di seluruh Indonesia supaya tidak mengutamakan anggarannya untuk kepentingan mereka. “Rumah pejabatnya mewah, mobilnya mahal, kantornya megah, ini kan tidak pantas. Justru prioritas anggaran itu untuk masyarakat,” kata dia diHotel Bidakara, Jakarta, Kamis, 25 April 2013.

    Menurut Gamawan, beberapa kali dia menerima keluhan dari Presiden Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono yang menyoroti penggunaan dana pemerintah daerah. Di beberapa daerah, pejabatnya terlihat bermewah-mewahan padahal penduduk miskinnya masih di atas 20 persen.

    “Belanja aparaturnya makin tinggi, ada yang sampai 72 persen. Artinya tinggal 28 persen untuk orang atau masyarakatnya,” ujar dia.

    Pemerintah pusat, kata dia, saat ini sedang melakukan evaluasi terhadap sejumlah daerah yang membelanjakan anggarannya dengan tidak tepat sasaran. Termasuk sejumlah daerah otonom baru. “Buka semua APBD-nya satu per satu. Awal Mei ini akan saya bahas dengan UKP4, dan nanti akan diserahkan kepada presiden hasil evaluasinya,” kata mantan gubernur Sumatera Barat ini.

    Soal sanksi, Gamawan tidak mengatakan secara spesifik. “Belum. Nanti akan kita peringatkan satu per satu,” kata dia.


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